Ernest L Abel

Ernest L Abel
Wayne State University | WSU · Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology

Ph. D.

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413
Publications
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10,748
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Publications

Publications (413)
Article
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In the late fifteenth century, a hideous contagious disease, never previously seen or heard of, swept across Europe. It was “so cruel, so distressing, so appalling,” said Joseph Grünpeck (1473–1532), “that until now nothing more terrible or disgusting has ever been known on this earth”. The “never previously seen or heard of” disease was syphilis....
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This note surveys behavioral syndromes named after cities. Ten such syndromes are examined and are categorized in terms of their tourism, hostage taking, and metaphorical associations.
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An eponym is a person, real or fictitious, after whom something has been named. Eponyms have been an integral part of medical nomenclature and history for centuries, but their continued use, including their spelling, is contentious. This article reviews the history of the term, disagreements concerning its lexical legitimacy, and arguments pro and...
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Female rats, aged 2–3, 11–12, and 18–20 months were tested for cin old rats, but blood alcohol levels at time of awakening were lowest in older, compared with younger animals, suggesting a greater responsiveness of brain tissues to the hypnotic effects of ethanol in older rats or, alternatively, a more rapid development of central acute tolerance i...
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This article discusses the etiquette ‘rules’ governing the name suffixes, Jr. and Roman numerals II, III, and so on. One of the main issues considered is how those suffixes change upon the death of a parent or relative. Other issues consider punctuation and formatting.
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The drug was administered daily for 6 consecutive days and compared with placebo controls. There was no change in water consumption. There was a depression in food intake and an increase in the time spent exploring other “stimulus” animals. Both effects became more marked on the latter days of testing suggesting possible sensitization to the drug.
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A single injection into adult male rats of the marihuana homologue, pyrahexyl, disrupted the suppressive effect in a CER situation of a stimulus previously paired with shock. The latency to resume the operant in the pyrahexyl-injected Ss was one-half that shown by control animals. Three possible explanations for the effect are discussed.
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Neonatal rats raised by dams treated with marijuana extract during pregnancy gained less weight and reared significantly less in an open field than neonates raised by nondrug-treated dams.
Article
The rate of blood ethanol disappearance was faster in lactating compared with virgin female rats and was also faster in lactating females nursing 10 sucklings than in those nursing 2 sucklings. The increased rate of blood ethanol disappearance was not associated with an increased consumption of ethanol. Serum sodium levels were lower in lactating f...
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Older animals “slept” twice as long as younger animals following injection of ethanol (4 g/kg), although blood alcohol concentrations at time of awakening were not significantly different. Older mice also slept approximately twice as long as younger mice following injection of pentobarbital Na (50 mg/kg). Ethanol (3 g/kg) depressed gross motor acti...
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Names, the journal of the American Name Society, has been publishing articles on names since 1953, but, in the fifty-plus years of publication, Names has yet to publish any studies on the names of the authors who have contributed to the journal. This article examines the names of these contributors in terms of academic associations, prosody, and di...
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Charles Dickens created almost a thousand fictional characters, many of whom have become synonyms for distinctive types of people or their pecu- liar traits. This article surveys seventeen Dickensian eponyms, cites their first appearance as such, and provides examples of their usage in magazines, books, and the Internet.
Article
This study examined the relationship between affiliation with one of three denominations within Judaism representing a conservative-liberal continuum of Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform Judaism. The criterion for affiliation was burial in a cemetery maintained by these denominations. Longevities of married congregants born 1850-1910 were compared...
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Prenatal alcohol use, a leading preventable cause of birth defects and developmental disabilities, remains a prevalent public health concern in the United States. This study aims to detect the proportion and correlates of prenatal alcohol use in the prenatal care settings in Alabama. Prenatal care settings were chosen because of their potential as...
Article
To determine the effects of increasing maternal age and related maternal and possibly paternal factors. A US database of more than 8 million births was analyzed to determine the relationships between maternal age, maternal ethnicity, marital status, maternal smoking and paternal age on twinning rates. Twinning rates increased proportionally with ma...
Article
The longer life spans of females compared to males has been attributed to the effects of sex hormones. Since experimental tests of this possibility in humans are unethical, indirect studies have been relied on for evidence. The present study offers such indirect evidence by comparing life spans of female and male opera singers, since sex hormones a...
Article
Birthdates of professional female and male baseball players active from 1943 to 1954 (the beginning and final years for professional female leagues) were matched for year of birth and league years and then compared by birth quarters, with a cutoff date beginning August 1. A relative age effect was noted for males, as there was a significantly diffe...
Article
Researchers have noted a physical resemblance (homophily) between human sex partners. To date, these studies and their related interpretations have been based on heterosexual couples. The present study compared physical resemblances between gay, lesbian, and heterosexual couples, using 40 photographs of each from national newspapers, which were rat...
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This study examined the influence of religion on women's decision to retain their birth names after marriage. Samples (N = 2575) were derived from wedding announcements in the New York Times, a major US newspaper. Multivariate analysis, controlling for age and year of marriage, indicated that the net effect of religion accounted for 2.6 percent of...
Article
Alcoholism's heritability has been convincingly documented but the question of why a disorder that is so damaging to the individual and to society should continue to persist is still baffling. A widely held assumption is that whatever genotype is involved, its components must originally have conferred survival value else it would never have evolved...
Article
The authors examined the association between birth month and longevity for major league baseball players. Players born in the month of November had the greatest longevities whereas those born in June had the shortest life spans. These differences remained after controlling for covariates such as birth year, career length, age at debut, height, and...
Article
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a clinically identifiable diagnosis, consisting of pre- and/or postnatal growth retardation (below the third percentile), characteristic facial features, including a thin upper lip, indistinct philtrum and short palpebral fissures (two standard deviations below normal for age), and neurobehavioral abnormalities (Abel...
Article
Photographs of men and women holding dogs were analyzed for side-holding preferences. A significant majority of women in dog-themed magazines held dogs on their left sides, similar to reports of women holding infants. Men did not show the same left-sided preference, which is also consistent with other studies. The implications of these results for...
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Three studies showed that medical doctors and lawyers were disproportionately more likely to have surnames that resembled their professions. A fourth study showed that, for doctors, this influence extended to the type of medicine they practiced. Study 1 found that people with the surname "Doctor" were more likely to be doctors than lawyers, whereas...
Article
For many people, names have symbolic power that extends to their timing of death. This study examined the relationship between the symbolic significance of the first letters in the names of professional athletes (baseball, football, hockey, and basketball) and their longevity. A similar analysis was performed for doctors (radiologists, dermatologis...
Article
Using mortality data derived from tombstones in two Midwestern cemeteries, we compared the "widowhood effect" (decreased survival following the death of a spouse) among Jews and Catholics. Jewish men and women were both more likely to die sooner after the death of their spouses compared to Catholic men and women. Life table survival analysis indica...
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Although only recently legalized in many countries, women's boxing is gaining increasing worldwide popularity. However, participation of women in this hypermasculinized sport is inconsistent with long-standing cultural expectations of femininity. This survey catalogs the nicknames given to women boxers, obtained from two online data bases (Women's...
Article
The authors assessed the relationship of mortality salience, as represented by birthdays, on the day of death. Preliminary studies considered the role of possible artifacts such as seasonality of birth and death, and time units for evaluation. On the basis of terror management theory's concept of "mortality salience," the authors hypothesized that...
Article
We determined if the “relative age” effect, wherein older students in an age cohort in early grades do better academically, extends to birthdates of applicants to medical schools, and if birthdates are related to the success of their applications. We examined birthdays of applicants from Michigan to Wayne State University's School of Medicine, rela...
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After surveying some of the origins for American placenames associated with the Devil, we determined the prevalence of those placenames including their cognates, e.g., Satan or equivalents in other languages, e.g. Diablo, and related terms such as Hell and its synonyms, e.g. Hades, compared to placenames with angel or Heaven and their equivalents,...
Article
Analysis of an Internet database of pets' names showed owners were more likely to give anthropomorphic names to pets living within homes than those living outside.
Article
In most marriages, husbands are older than wives at the time of marriage. The extent of this age difference is referred to as age heterogamy. Studies of age heterogamous marriages have found men and women married to younger spouses live longer than those married to spouses that are the same age at time of marriage. In this study we examined the rol...
Article
Information on tombstones from a large cemetery in New York State were analyzed for gender discrimination. Criteria for gender bias were indications of familial relationships, absence of surnames, and absence of maiden names combined with surname for married women. Overall, females were far more likely to be identified in terms of familial relation...
Article
Batting and pitching records and career lengths of 312 sets of brothers who became major league baseball players were compared. Older brothers at non-pitching positions (N = 262) had significantly higher batting averages and longer careers than their younger siblings. Differences for pitchers were not statistically significant. The results corrobor...
Article
The distribution of birth months and quarterly birth months of NASCAR drivers (N = 1054) showed significant differences in quarterly birth month distributions between drivers. The highest percentage (27.1%) of drivers were born April-June. Data for the other three periods ranged from 23.6% to 24.7%. The finding was discussed in the context of the "...
Article
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This study tested Levi-Strauss's hypothesis that birds are more likely to be given human names than are dogs or other pets. The hypothesis was not supported. Instead, dogs (and cats) are much more likely to be given human names. The results were interpreted in terms of the relationships people feel with different kinds of pets. Pets housed outside...
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We tested McCann's precocity-longevity hypothesis, which proposes that early career achievement is related to premature death, for Major League baseball players (N = 3,760). Age at debut was the definition for precocity. We controlled for possible artifacts of life expectancy selection, the "healthy worker" effect, player position, and body-mass in...
Article
The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between daily coffee consumption and nonmelanoma skin cancer. This study was a cross-sectional analysis of women enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study (n=93 676). As nearly all cases of self-reported nonmelanoma skin cancer occurred among Caucasian women (97.8%), we fo...
Article
We compared final written letters and spoken phonemes and syllable length in the names of male (N = 250) and female (N = 197) Golden Retrievers to determine if the same gender-stereotyping trends occurring in humans also appeared in dog names. Names were taken from a website of the most popular Golden Retriever names in English speaking countries....
Article
A recent report of a six-fold increase in prevalence of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a fatal neurodegenerative disease, in soccer players prompted a similar investigation in National Football League players in the United States. Using the internet, a retrospective analysis indicated 8 of the 3,891 players who played or debuted after 1960 ha...
Article
The objective of this study was to assess the relationship between electric blanket use and prevalence of endometrial cancer for women. Information relating to women enrolled in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Data Set (n=93 676) used to test the relationship factors associated with endometrial cancer included older age at screening, yo...
Article
Heights and weights of right- and left-handed major league baseball pitchers (N=5780) were analyzed, adjusted for birth year. Right-handed pitchers were about 1.6 cm taller and 1.9 kg heavier than left-handed pitchers. The results corroborated other studies and suggest body size is related to handedness, although the average difference in height be...
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Pets are considered as part of the family in many households. As such, the names people give their pets ought to resemble the names they give their children in terms of sex-stereotypic phonological characteristics. A previous study indicated that this was true for Golden Retriever dogs. The present study determined 1) if such sex stereotyping was t...
Article
The longevities of deceased major league baseball players who died prior to 1950 (N=3835) and whose initials formed acronyms, words, or names with "positive" or "negative" affect, as rated a priori by two judges, were compared with those for a group of neutral controls matched for birth year and career length, using the Berkeley standardized mortal...
Article
Several studies have reported evidence that death is often associated with significant ceremonial events like holidays and birthdays, a phenomenon variously called the "anniversary reaction," "holiday effect," "birthday blues," etc. This article, using data from the social security death index (SSDI), shows how evidence for this phenomenon can aris...
Article
We investigated the "healthy athlete effect" (HAE) in American professional football. Ages of death of professional football players who debuted prior to 1940 were obtained and differences between those ages and age-adjusted life expectancies were examined to determine if longevity increased with career length, controlling for birth year, body mass...
Article
We investigated the effect of having a nickname on the longevity of major league baseball players. Ages of death, birth year, and career lengths of major league baseball players who debuted prior to 1950 were obtained and we compared longevities of players with nicknames with those who did not have a nickname. After controlling for these factors in...
Article
Full-text available
Fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) is a pattern of anomalies occurring in children born to alcoholic women. The main features of this pattern are pre and/or postnatal growth retardation, characteristic facial abnormalities, and central nervous system dysfunction, including mental retardation. Since its clinical recognition in 1973 it has progressed from...
Article
We investigated the "healthy worker effect" (HWE) in major league baseball. Ages of death of major league baseball players who debuted between 1900 and 1939 were obtained and differences between those ages and age-adjusted life expectancies were examined to determine if longevity increased with career length, controlling for decade in which a playe...
Article
Full-text available
The authors compared the longevity of all baseball players alive at the time of their induction into the Baseball Hall of Fame with age-matched controls who were likewise alive at the time of the Hall of Famer's induction, and also matched them for career length, player position, and body-mass index, to assess if fame in sports is associated with i...
Article
One of the great puzzles about Sophocles' play, Oedipus Tyrannus, is that the prophecy around which the story is built seemingly has no basis. Likewise puzzling is Oedipus' many character flaws, least of which is his total obliviousness to his city's immediate past. This article argues that although Sophocles framed the story as a man condemned by...
Article
We examined the association between month of birth and completed suicides among major league baseball players (N = 76). More than twice as many players born in August committed suicide (N = 19) than any other birth month. This association was statistically significant when birth month was corrected for differences in days of the month. The differen...
Article
We examined the relationship between educational attainment and suicide rate in the United States for 2001. Suicide rates, adjusted for age, were compared with percentage of college graduates, median household income, and poverty in 50 states in 2001. The correlations of suicide rates with educational attainment and median household income were bot...
Article
We examined the association between month of birth and completed suicides among major league baseball players (N=76). More than twice as many players born in August committed suicide (N=19) than any other birth month. This association was statistically significant when birth month was corrected for differences in days of the month. The differences...
Article
We examined the relationship between educational attainment and suicide rate in the United States for 2001. Suicide rates, adjusted for age, were compared with percentage of college graduates, median household income, and poverty in 50 states in 2001. The correlations of suicide rates with educational attainment and median household income were bot...
Article
The purpose of this study was to determine whether major league baseball players live lontger than the general public. Ages of death of major league baseball players who debuted between 1900 and 1950 were obtained, and differences between ages of death and age-adjusted life expectancies were determined by analysis of variance and t-tests, taking in...
Article
We examined two alternative explanations, one demographic, the other sociological, for the uneven distribution of birth months of Major League baseball (MLB) players active between 1880 and 1999. Beginning in 1900, players born between August and October were significantly overrepresented, and this uneven distribution was almost identical for the n...
Article
We examined two alternative explanations, one demographic, the other sociological, for the uneven distribution of birth months of Major League baseball (MLB) players active between 1880 and 1999. Beginning in 1900, players born between August and October were significantly overrepresented, and this uneven distribution was almost identical for the n...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on the effects of acute administration of alcohol in animals, especially rats and mice. Experimental acute administration of alcohol involves methods and approaches that differ from the chronic administration. The main method for the former is intubation. While animals can also be chronically intubated, chronic treatment now ty...
Article
We re-examined the relationship between handedness and age at death for major league baseball players who died before 2002. This study extended the most recent examination of this issue by 13 years allowing us to compare 870 left-handers, 4,092 right-handers, and 1,092 bimanual players. Our study also took into account year of birth and player's po...
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This study examines the nicknames of American Civil War Generals. Beyond categorizing these names in terms of “external” physical or behavioral characteristics, and “internal” word play, this analysis offers a context and a semantic paradigm for understanding their referential and expressive aspects, and the prevailing cultural values associated wi...
Article
Not all heavy drinkers become intoxicated. We sought to improve predictability of intoxication of heavy drinkers. Based on criteria for heavy drinking in the National Household Survey on Drug Abuse (NHSDA), we identified characteristics related to heavy drinking. We then created a dichotomous heavy drinker typology variable (yes/no) and determined...
Article
Maternal alcohol use during pregnancy is associated with a wide range of adverse outcomes for the child. Many women who drink during pregnancy also have male partners who abuse alcohol. Existing data on paternal effects of alcohol abuse during the preconceptual period and at the time of conception are reviewed. Epidemiological data offer some suppo...
Article
We reexamined the relationship between month and season of birth and handedness in male professional baseball players listed in Lahman's Baseball Archive Vol. 4.5 database. The sample of 8,016 individuals (left-handed = 1,658; right-handed = 6,358) played major league baseball between 1900-2001. A slightly higher, but statistically significant, per...
Article
The magnitude of peak blood alcohol levels (BALs) and duration of exposure are critical determinants of alcohol's effects. This technical report provides BAL data for different doses (2, 3, 4, 5, or 6 g/kg) administered as single (at 12:00 h) or dual doses (at 07:00 and 12:00 h) of alcohol when administered by intubation at several time points (0.5...
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We sought to determine the attitudes of obstetricians, pediatricians, and family practice physicians in Michigan concerning involvement of the criminal justice system in preventing drug and alcohol abuse during pregnancy. Physicians were sent a questionnaire by mail asking for their agreement with statements concerning the involvement of the crimin...
Article
Although paternal alcohol exposure has been shown to affect the growth and behavior of offspring, the mechanisms underlying these effects still remain to be elucidated. This study examines one possible mechanism, namely, altered genomic imprinting as reflected by changes in sperm cytosine methyltransferase messenger RNA (mRNA) levels. Male rats wer...
Article
Background: Although paternal alcohol exposure has been shown to affect the growth and behavior of offspring, the mechanisms underlying these effects still remain to be elucidated. This study examines one possible mechanism, namely, altered genomic imprinting as reflected by changes in sperm cytosine methyltransferase messenger RNA (mRNA) levels. M...
Article
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of maternal and paternal age on Native American and Caucasian infants. Data were abstracted from birth records compiled in North Dakota from 1978 to 1992. Native Americans had a 45% higher risk for preterm births, a 140% higher risk for low birth weight (LBW) (<2500 g), and a 131% higher risk for...
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While there is no doubt that the era of the 'gin epidemic' was associated with poverty and social unrest, the surge in gin drinking was localized to London and was a concomitant, not the cause, of these problems. The two main underlying social problems were widespread overcrowding and poverty. The former was related to an unprecedented migration of...
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Medical historians have searched for evidence that the characteristics of fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) were recognized long before its modern description in 1973. This search has often focused on the 'gin epidemic' in 18th century London, and especially William Hogarth's Gin Lane, which some authors allege reflects an awareness of the facial charac...
Article
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Since its discovery almost 30 years ago, the fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS) has been characterized in the USA, as a major threat to public health. In part because FAS resonated with broader social concerns in the 1970s and 1980s about alcohol's deleterious effect on American society and about a perceived increase in child abuse and neglect, it quickl...
Article
Pregnant rats were fed a control diet or high saturated fat diet (lard) for 6 weeks prior to breeding and continued to consume these diets during pregnancy. Beginning on gestation day 8, rats in each diet group were intubated with 5.5 or 0 g/kg alcohol. Rats in the 0 g/kg group were pair-fed to those in their respective 5.5 g/kg groups. Offspring w...

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