Erna Magnusdottir

Erna Magnusdottir
University of Iceland | HI · Biomedical Center

Ph.D.

About

35
Publications
5,132
Reads
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1,826
Citations
Citations since 2016
7 Research Items
1052 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Additional affiliations
September 2016 - present
University of Iceland
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
November 2012 - August 2016
University of Iceland
Position
  • Research Associate
November 2007 - November 2012
University of Cambridge
Education
September 2001 - September 2007
Columbia University
Field of study
  • Genetics, Cell Biology
September 1996 - June 1999
University of Iceland
Field of study
  • Biochemistry

Publications

Publications (35)
Article
Full-text available
The microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF) is a critical regulator of melanocyte development and differentiation. It also plays an important role in melanoma where it has been described as a molecular rheostat that, depending on activity levels, allows reversible switching between different cellular states. Here, we show that MITF di...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the important role that monozygotic twins have played in genetics research, little is known about their genomic differences. Here we show that monozygotic twins differ on average by 5.2 early developmental mutations and that approximately 15% of monozygotic twins have a substantial number of these early developmental mutations specific to o...
Preprint
Full-text available
The microphthalmia associated transcription factor (MITF) is a critical regulator of melanocyte development and differentiation. It also plays an important role in melanoma where it has been described as a molecular rheostat that, depending on activity levels, allows reversible switching between different cellular states. Here we show that MITF dir...
Article
Full-text available
Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia (WM) is a non-Hodgkin lymphoma, resulting in antibody-secreting lymphoplasmacytic cells in the bone marrow and pathologies resulting from high levels of monoclonal immunoglobulin M (IgM) in the blood. Despite the key role for BLIMP1 in plasma cell maturation and antibody secretion, its potential effect on WM cell bio...
Preprint
Full-text available
Despite the extensive erasure of DNA methylation in the early human germline, nearly eight percent of CpGs are resistant to the epigenetic resetting in the acutely hypomethylated primordial germ cells (week 7-9 hPGCs). Whether this occurs stochastically or represents a relatively conserved layer of epigenetic information is unclear. Here we show th...
Preprint
Full-text available
Waldenström's macroglobulinemia (WM) is a non-Hodgkin lymphoma, affecting antibody-secreting lymphoplasmacytic cells in the bone marrow. BLIMP1 is a key transcriptional repressor which drives the transition from B cells to plasma cells and is essential for antibody secretion. Despite this, a potential role for BLIMP1 in WM has not yet been explored...
Article
Vertebrate pigmentation is a process directed by various transcriptional regulators, that drive the specification of melanoblasts from neural crest cells, their proliferation and migration, and terminal differentiation into melanocytes, culminating in the generation of pigment and it's distribution to surrounding keratinocytes. The transcription fa...
Article
Germ cells are the precursors to the gametes that carry genetic and epigenetic information between human generations and generate a new individual. Because germ cells are specified early during embryogenesis, at the time of embryo implantation, they are inaccessible for research. Our understanding of their biology has therefore developed slowly sin...
Article
[ Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B 369 , 20130543 (5 December 2014; Published online 27 October 2014) ([doi:10.1098/rstb.2013.0543][2])][2]. The title of the paper should read as ‘Primordial germ cell specification: a context-dependent cellular differentiation event’. []: /lookup/doi/10.1098/rstb.2013.
Article
Full-text available
During embryonic development, the foundation of the germline is laid by the specification of primordial germ cells (PGCs) from the postimplantation epiblast via bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) and WNT signalling. While the majority of epiblast cells undergo differentiation towards somatic cell lineages, PGCs initiate a unique cellular programme dr...
Article
Full-text available
Primordial germ cells (PGCs) are the precursors of sperm and eggs, which generate a new organism that is capable of creating endless new generations through germ cells. PGCs are specified during early mammalian postimplantation development, and are uniquely programmed for transmission of genetic and epigenetic information to subsequent generations....
Article
Meiotic recombination contributes to genetic diversity by yielding new combinations of alleles. Individuals vary with respect to the genome-wide recombination counts in their gametes. Exploiting data resources in Iceland, we compiled a data set consisting of 35,927 distinct parents and 71,929 parent-offspring pairs. Within this data set, we called...
Article
Full-text available
Sequence polymorphisms linked to human diseases and phenotypes in genome-wide association studies often affect noncoding regions. A SNP within an intron of the gene encoding Interferon Regulatory Factor 4 (IRF4), a transcription factor with no known role in melanocyte biology, is strongly associated with sensitivity of skin to sun exposure, freckle...
Article
Transitions in cell states are controlled by combinatorial actions of transcription factors. BLIMP1, the key regulator of primordial germ cell (PGC) specification, apparently acts together with PRDM14 and AP2γ. To investigate their individual and combinatorial functions, we first sought an in vitro system for transcriptional readouts and chromatin...
Article
Full-text available
Primordial germ cells (PGCs) and somatic cells originate from postimplantation epiblast cells in mice. As pluripotency is lost upon differentiation of somatic lineages, a naive epigenome and the pluripotency network are re-established during PGC development. Here we demonstrate that Prdm14 contributes not only to PGC specification, but also to naiv...
Article
Development of mammalian primordial germ cells (PGCs) presents a unique example of a cell fate specification event that is intimately linked with epigenetic reprogramming. Cell fate commitment is governed by transcription factors which, together with epigenetic regulators, instruct lineage choice in response to signalling cues. Similarly, the rever...
Article
Full-text available
Epigenetic reprogramming in early germ cells is critical toward the establishment of totipotency, but investigations of the germline events are intractable. An objective cell culture-based system could provide mechanistic insight on how the key determinants of primordial germ cells (PGCs), including Prdm14, induce reprogramming in germ cells to an...
Data
Table S3. List of Up- and Downregulated Genes upon Prdm14 and Klf2 Overexpression in EpiSCs Compared to the Factors Overexpressed Individually upon Transfer to Serum and LIF on Feeder Cells
Article
Full-text available
The zinc-finger PR domain transcriptional repressor Blimp-1/Prdm1 plays essential roles in primordial germ cell specification, placental, heart, and forelimb development, plasma cell differentiation, and T-cell homeostasis. The present experiments demonstrate that the mouse Prdm1 gene has three alternative promoter regions. All three alternative fi...
Article
Mice with a T cell-specific deletion of Prdm1, encoding Blimp-1, have aberrant T cell homeostasis and develop fatal colitis. In this study, we show that one critical activity of Blimp-1 in T cells is to repress IL-2, and that it does so by direct repression of Il2 transcription, and also by repression of Fos transcription. Using these mechanisms Bl...
Article
Full-text available
T cell-specific deletion of Blimp-1 causes abnormal T cell homeostasis and function, leading to spontaneous, fatal colitis in mice. Herein we explore the role of Blimp-1 in Th1/Th2 differentiation. Blimp-1 mRNA and protein are more highly expressed in Th2 cells compared with Th1 cells, and Blimp-1 attenuates IFN-gamma production in CD4 cells activa...
Article
T cell-specific deletion of Blimp-1 causes abnormal T cell homeostasis and function, leading to spontaneous, fatal colitis in mice. Herein we explore the role of Blimp-1 in Th1/Th2 differentiation. Blimp-1 mRNA and protein are more highly expressed in Th2 cells compared with Th1 cells, and Blimp-1 attenuates IFN-gamma production in CD4 cells activa...
Article
Full-text available
The cornified layer is a compacted lattice of lipid-embedded corneocytes that provides an organism's barrier to the external environment. Cornification is the final differentiative step for epidermal keratinocytes and involves dramatic cell condensation before death. Using conditional gene deletion in mice, we identified the transcriptional repress...
Article
Full-text available
The B lymphocyte-induced maturation protein 1 (Blimp-1) transcriptional repressor is required for terminal differentiation of B lymphocytes. Here we document a function for Blimp-1 in the T cell lineage. Blimp-1-deficient thymocytes showed decreased survival and Blimp-1-deficient mice had more peripheral effector T cells. Mice lacking Blimp-1 devel...

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