Erling Holden

Erling Holden
Norwegian University of Life Sciences (NMBU) · Department of Ecology and Natural Resource Management (INA)

PhD

About

59
Publications
54,832
Reads
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2,259
Citations
Introduction
Erling Holden is Professor in renewable energy at Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Faculty of Environmental Sciences and Natural Resource Management. Holden has worked with issues related to energy, transport and sustainable development since 1988. Since 2008 he has also worked with projects related to renewable energy projects’ local impacts in pursuing a sustainable energy policy.
Additional affiliations
April 2015 - April 2018
University of Oslo
Position
  • Professor
September 2012 - September 2014
Norwegian University of Science and Technology
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • Sept 2013 to sept 2014: 20% position
September 2012 - present
Høgskulen på Vestlandet
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (59)
Article
Obra en que se revisan las políticas de movilidad urbana aplicadas (y las teorías en que se basan) en los países de la Unión Europea desde 1992, año en que se pusieron en marcha una serie de medidas para hacer más eficientes, ecológicos y rápidos los sistemas de transporte, siempre con el objetivo de impulsar su sustentabilidad; plantea el autor la...
Article
Full-text available
The United Nations sustainable development goals are under fire. By attempting to cover all that is good and desirable in society, these targets have ended up as vague, weak, or meaningless. We suggest a model for sustainable development based on three moral imperatives: satisfying human needs, ensuring social equity, and respecting environmental l...
Article
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No clear definition of sustainable development exists to guide politicians in solving challenges at the global or regional levels. Rather, the concept's use has increasingly reflected socially desirable attributes of solutions to local- and project-level problems, but these ignore the global challenges that the concept was meant to address. We retu...
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The results of a recent survey conducted in eight residential areas in the Greater Oslo Region support the hypothesis that there is a connection between land use characteristics and household consumption of energy and transport. Findings from the survey also lend great support to the compact city as a sustainable urban form. However, three distinct...
Article
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Sustainable passenger transport policies are most often directed towards everyday travel and ignore the large and expanding amount of leisure travel. The paper examines whether policies aimed at reducing energy consumption and CO2 emissions for everyday travel may have the opposite effect on leisure travel by reviewing studies of three sustainable...
Article
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Given democracies’ moderate success in combatting climate change, some have questioned whether democracy makes it harder, not easier, to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Two decades of research, however, has not provided an unequivocal answer. Recent studies argue that this is because democracy has been measured with a single indicator, rather than...
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The global energy system is presently unsustainable and, even worse, is on a trajectory moving away from becoming sustainable. Thus, changing the present energy system is crucial, and importantly, it is also a prerequisite for achieving most of the UN's Sustainable Development Goals. We argue that we need sustainable energy narratives to show how w...
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Meeting one sustainable development goal on human needs, social justice, or environmental limits can make it harder (or easier) to meet others. The extent to which countries succeed in reconciling these goals is context specific but depends largely on how we organize society and on what policy options and strategies we use. We present a model for s...
Article
Almost three decades after the concept of sustainable mobility was first presented by the EU in 1992, our transport system and transport behavior are still unsustainable. Without major changes in policies and practices, the unsustainability of the transport system will continue well towards the end of this century. The mainstream understanding and...
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The concept of sustainable mobility has had a relatively short life, first being used about 30 years ago. In that time, some progress has been made, but transport is still not contributing enough to the internationally set reduction targets for carbon emissions. This paper provides a conceptual review that presents nine narratives addressing elemen...
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The distributed nature of many renewable energy technologies allows for new ownership models as well as frequent ownership changes. We analyse whether a change in ownership negatively affects community attitudes toward a hypothetical small-scale hydropower plant. We use a two-stage framing experiment and a student sample. We find that a change in o...
Book
This book examines the international experience with sustainable development since the concept was brought to world-wide attention in Our Common Future, the 1987 report of the World Commission on Environment and Development. Scholars from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds engage with three critical themes: negotiating environmental limits; equi...
Article
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It is now almost three decades since the concept of 'sustainable mobility' first appeared in the 1992 EU Green Paper on the Impact of Transport on the Environment. This paper reviews the literature and reflects on how societies' understanding and interpretation of the concept of sustainable mobility has evolved. We track this evolution over six dim...
Book
Thirty years ago, the UN report Our Common Future placed sustainable development firmly on the international agenda. The Imperatives of Sustainable Development takes the ethical foundations of Our Common Future and builds a model that emphasises three equally important moral imperatives – satisfying human needs, ensuring social justice, and respect...
Chapter
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The chapter is the introduction to our latest book: "The Imperatives of Sustainable Development: Needs, Justice, Limits" (Routledge, 2017). The book is available at https://www.routledge.com/sustainability
Book
Full-text available
Thirty years ago, the UN report Our Common Future placed sustainable development firmly on the international agenda. The Imperatives of Sustainable Development takes the ethical foundations of Our Common Future and builds a model that emphasizes three equally important moral imperatives – satisfying human needs, ensuring social justice, and respect...
Article
Full-text available
A clear understanding of the global-level sustainable development concept is necessary before applying it to projects at a national, local or firm level. Such lower-level projects may concern managing production and consumption of energy, organisation of cities and using land productively. However, the sustainable development goals adopted at the U...
Article
Full-text available
A clear understanding of the global-level sustainable development concept is necessary before applying it to projects at a national, local or firm level. Such lower-level projects may concern managing production and consumption of energy, organisation of cities and using land productively. However, the sustainable development goals adopted at the...
Article
Full-text available
This introduction to the special issue on sustainable mobility sets our four challenges to the current system of mobility: the complex and systemic nature of mobility patterns; the lack of consensus about the precise nature of a more sustainable system of mobility, echoing wider divisions between strong and weak understandings of sustainability; th...
Article
Full-text available
We argue that there is no clear definition of the concept sustainable passenger transport to help guide politicians in solving challenges at the global or regional level. Rather, the use of the concept has to an increasing extent reflected socially desirable attributes of local- and project-level problems, but these ignore the global challenges the...
Article
Full-text available
Strategies for sustainably using biofuels must be thoroughly assessed at several levels. First, the use of biofuels must comply with sustainable development's main dimensions. Second, the use of biofuels must comply with sustainable transport's main dimensions. Third, gains from using biofuels strategies must compare favorably to gains from other s...
Chapter
Ecological Footprint is a resource accounting method that measures how much land and sea area a human population requires to produce the resources it consumes and to absorb its wastes under prevailing technology. The sum of these constitutes an Ecological Footprint indicator. Biocapacity is the capacity of ecosystems to produce useful biological ma...
Chapter
After decades of unsustainable land use planning, the need for sustainable urban forms is now emerging. Unfortunately, no consensus on which form to promote has yet been reached, though two dominant and contradictory theories about sustainable urban form currently prevail: the compact city and the dispersed city. Ultimately, which form to promote w...
Article
Full-text available
One of the least comfortable themes [of sustainable development] is sustainable consumption. Taken seriously, it is likely to require major changes in the lifestyles of those living in most developed countries – something that none of us finds easy. (Sir Aaron Klug, President of the Royal Society, in Heap & Kent 2000: iii) In Agenda 21 – the action...
Article
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This article analyses the relationship between environmental attitudes and energy use in the home and for transport by Norwegian households. Quantitative surveys were used to find statistical correlations, and qualitative analyses to reveal mechanisms that influence the ability to behave in an environmentally friendly way. Three theses about attitu...
Article
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The Climate Bank project is a work that Vestlandsforsking (VF) makes for Sparebanken Sogn og Fjordane. In 2009, focuses on wind power project, but included are also a sub-project to develop an online knowledge base on climate and environment for use by the bank. This report is from the wind power project. This sub-project is conducted in collaborat...
Article
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The aim of this article is to provide a simple and coherent framework for assessing the sustainability of present and future development policies. First, we present the major characteristics of the sustainability concept along three dimensions and suggest how these dimensions can be measured. Second, we construct a diagram, the sustainable developm...
Article
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This paper compares 16 alternative energy chains in a Well-to-Wheel analysis including three indicators: energy use, emissions of climate gases and emissions of local/regional pollutants. The analysis includes a private car which uses natural gas, biological fuels, electricity and hydrogen, respectively. The analysis shows that an alternative which...
Article
This article discusses the use of alternative fuels in the development of the environmentally friendly car and the promotion of sustainable mobility. Based on well-to-wheel analyses and ecological footprint assessments, this article confirms that the environmentally friendly car truly exists. There is substantial potential for reducing the ecologic...
Article
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This paper presents the results of a four-yearresearch project (1997–2001) entitled `Housingas a basis for sustainable consumption'. Theoverall aim was to obtain more empirical andtheoretical knowledge about the connectionbetween physical urban planning and householdconsumption. This knowledge provides a platformfor discussing principles and practi...
Article
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The need for households in rich countries to develop more sustainable consumption patterns is high on the political agenda. An increased awareness of environmental issues among the general public is often presented as an important prerequisite for this change. This article describes how the study team compared the ecological footprints of "green" a...
Article
The environmental company strategy of the case company Oslo Sporveier includes scenarios for the development of person transport in Oslo up to year 2016. The basis for three different scenarios is described. This paper presents the use of scenarios as background for environmental reporting. Emissions, energy, land and time use from person transport...
Article
The research presented in this article shows that the extent of environmentally harmful household consumption varies substantially with the physical/structural conditions in housing areas. The empirical results regarding urban size, density, and distance to the city centre can be related to the concept of the compact city. This is a concept which h...
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An important element in the discussion regarding sustainable development in our part of the world is directed towards the large growth in private consumption, and the clash of interests that arises between this growth and sustainable development requirements. A considerable part of private consumption can be related to our houses and the living sit...
Article
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In this article I raise the question of how various planning theories relate to the two normative conceptual systems of democracy and sustainable development. The issue under consideration is to what extent various normative planning theories on their own or in combination most satisfactorily can reconcile the requirements of a sustainable developm...
Article
Full-text available
This article focuses on when and how green attitudes direct sustainable household consumption. In a household survey, 941 residents in Greater-Oslo reported their individual and their household's consumption of energy and transport, as well as family structure, income and housing facilities. The analyses show that six conditions improve attitude-be...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
Impart empirical and theoretical knowledge of the characteristics of a sustainable energy system