Erin A Casey

Erin A Casey
University of Washington Tacoma | UW Tacoma · Faculty of Social Work

About

70
Publications
14,598
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1,701
Citations
Citations since 2016
33 Research Items
1325 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
Additional affiliations
September 2006 - December 2016
University of Washington Tacoma
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (70)
Article
Background and objective: Globally, men are at greater risk of mortality and serious physical consequences from COVID-19 infection than women, but are less impacted by the pandemic’s impact on labor force participation and increased childcare responsibilities. Outside of gender identity, however, it is unclear whether men’s beliefs about gender may...
Article
While research shows that adult intimate partner violence (IPV) and harsh parenting of children co-occur, less information is available about whether specific types or patterns of IPV create greater risk for harsh parenting, and whether these patterns vary by gender. This study used latent class analysis (LCA) to examine unique patterns of IPV perp...
Chapter
The bystander approach for sexual assault prevention, rooted in the understanding that violence is a community issue, necessitating a shift in cultural norms that support the use of violence against women, has gained traction in recent years. This approach offers the benefit of moving away from addressing men as potential perpetrators, yet evidence...
Chapter
As programming geared toward engaging men and boys in the primary prevention of sexual violence has proliferated and matured, so has the evidence base regarding the effectiveness of this approach. The purpose of this chapter is to review and summarize the current empirical evidence base regarding the impact and effectiveness of evaluated prevention...
Article
Responding to the dearth of literature regarding sexual and relationship violence prevention programming on nonresidential university campuses, this study investigates how students and staff conceptualize prevention on commuter campuses. We use qualitative analysis of data from interviews with personnel, and focus groups with students on three comm...
Article
This exploratory study examined the flow of research evidence through systems that address intimate partner violence (IPV), including victim services, law enforcement, and criminal justice organizations. Qualitative interviews with representatives of these disciplines assessed how respondents define, acquire, and share research evidence. Findings s...
Article
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Despite advances in practitioner-researcher partnerships, barriers to the uptake of research evidence in practice sectors that address intimate partner violence (IPV) persist. The purpose of this exploratory study was to examine how practitioners across victim services, criminal justice, and law enforcement systems assess the usefulness and credibi...
Article
At a societal level, postfeminist and neoliberal companion discourses have minimized structural determinants of dating abuse while elevating individual characteristics such as personal responsibility and agency. Adolescent survivors of dating abuse most frequently seek help from their peers; thus, the substance of that support is critical to reduce...
Article
Emerging research suggests that holding gender-equitable attitudes (GEA) is associated with decreased risk of gender-based violence perpetration and increased willingness to engage in violence preventative actions among men. GEA, defined here as support for political, economic, and social equity across gender in both public and private spheres, may...
Article
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Within men’s activism to address gender inequities and prevent gender-based violence, and social justice movements more broadly, questions about the usefulness and limitations of the term ‘allyship’ have surfaced. Moreover, studies demonstrate that social justice activists with privilege often perpetuate inequalities, perhaps despite their best int...
Article
The Social Work Grand Challenge to ensure healthy youth development necessarily involves a focus on violence prevention, including the prevention of sexual and dating violence during adolescence. The experience of sexual and dating violence is associated with numerous and often long-lasting detrimental mental, physical, and social outcomes, many of...
Article
Separate lines of research show that men overestimate the extent of male peers’ sexual activity, and independently, that sexually aggressive men believe that other men approve of coercive behavior. This study examined the intersection of these lines of inquiry, testing whether the degree of male participants’ misperception of other men’s sexual beh...
Article
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Efforts to engage men and boys to prevent gender-based violence (GBV) have proliferated rapidly throughout much of the world. These efforts can be seen in marked expansion of community-based prevention programming, as well as in policy support for such involvement. Many of the most innovative, best developed programs and most rigorously evaluated h...
Article
This exploratory study brings together two lines of inquiry on (a) college campus-based responses to sexual and intimate partner violence among students, and (b) the characteristics, experiences, and challenges unique to commuter students and commuter institutions of higher education. Using qualitative analysis of 14 in-depth interviews with campus...
Article
Full-text available
The transition to fatherhood can be a time of stress and excitement for expectant and new fathers. At the same time, the impact of men’s use of intimate partner violence (IPV) during and following pregnancy on women is well documented. Currently, a lack of programmatic efforts to engage men during the transition to fatherhood to interrupt IPV exist...
Article
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As global efforts to engage men in preventing gender-based violence (GBV) continue to grow, understanding male participants’ perceptions of prevention events is needed. Data from a global sample of 319 men who had attended GBV prevention events were used to (a) assess men’s perceptions of what topics were covered, (b) determine whether profiles of...
Article
The transition to fatherhood has been shown to be a stressful time for men, and their experiences of identifying and accessing formal and informal support are mixed. However, research on the experience of men who use intimate partner violence (IPV) during the transition to fatherhood is limited. The evidence documenting the prevalence and short- an...
Article
Full-text available
Given the increasing prominence of both bystander-based approaches to gender-based violence (GBV) prevention and of proactively engaging men and boys to join efforts to end GBV, understanding the factors that support men’s antiviolence bystander behavior is important. This study examined correlates of willingness to engage in violence preventative...
Article
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Objective This paper aims to describe men’s perceptions of the nature and content of events implemented globally to involve men in ending gender-based violence and to explore the degree to which the features of men’s prevention events differ across geographic regions. Method Data from 319 adult, male-identified individuals from 53 countries who had...
Article
Although research has identified factors that support and hinder proactive bystander behaviors among adolescents, less is known about the more specific bystander responses viewed by youth as feasible, or whether these responses are likely to be ultimately helpful in the context of bullying and teen dating violence (TDV). Goals of this exploratory s...
Article
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As engaging men in gender-based violence prevention efforts becomes an increasingly institutionalised component of gender equity work globally, clarity is needed about the strategies that best initiate male-identified individuals' involvement in these efforts. The purpose of this study was to examine the perceived relevance and effectiveness of men...
Article
Bystander intervention programs have been introduced as innovative strategies to empower teens to intervene proactively when they witness bullying and dating violence (TDV) in their social environments. While there is promising research on the individual-level factors that influence students' willingness to intervene, there has been limited investi...
Article
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Background Emerging adulthood is an age of particularly risky behavior. Substance misuse during this phase of life can be the beginning of longer-term problems, making intervention programs particularly important. This study’s purposes were to identify alcohol use profile subgroups, describe the preintervention characteristics of each, and assess h...
Article
Context: Heterosexually active men who wish to prevent conception, but are not willing to use condoms consistently, need to discuss birth control with female partners. Improving the understanding of correlates of men's intention to have such discussions is one step toward supporting this health-facilitating behavior. Methods: A sample of 372 het...
Article
Full-text available
Organizations addressing gender-based violence (GBV) increasingly include men as partners in prevention efforts. However, little is known about men who get involved in those efforts and what specific actions they take. We present analyses of data from an international sample of men involved in gender-based prevention work that aimed to describe (a)...
Article
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Parallel bodies of research have described the diverse and complex ways that men understand and construct their masculine identities (often termed "masculinities") and, separately, how adherence to traditional notions of masculinity places men at risk for negative sexual and health outcomes. The goal of this analysis was to bring together these two...
Article
Full-text available
Engaging men and boys as participants and stakeholders in gender-based violence (GBV) prevention initiatives is an increasingly institutionalized component of global efforts to end GBV. Accordingly, evidence of the impact of men’s engagement endeavors is beginning to emerge, particularly regarding interventions aimed at fostering gender equitable a...
Article
Full-text available
Data from an international sample of 392 men who had attended gender-based violence (GBV) prevention events were used to examine motivations for involvement in GBV prevention work. Participants responded to an online survey (available in English, French, and Spanish). The most commonly reported reasons for involvement included concern for related s...
Article
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Data from an online community sample of young men were analyzed to test predictors of sexual assault perpetration. We used structural equation modeling to test the relative contributions of specific sub-types of childhood adversity to subsequent sexual aggression. Mediators included hostile masculinity, impersonal sexual behavior and attitudes, and...
Article
Assessing the practical or clinical significance (CS) of an intervention program’s outcomes is useful in determining its effectiveness. The CS approach gives information beyond traditional analyses by quantifying the proportions of people who meaningfully improve and deteriorate. We link latent transition analyses (LTA) to the CS literature and use...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Despite the proliferation of bystander approaches to prevent aggression among youth, theoretical models of violence-related bystander decision making are underdeveloped, particularly among adolescents. The purpose of this research was to examine the utility of 2 theories, the Situational Model of Bystander behavior (SMB) and the Theory...
Article
This study used latent class analysis to empirically identify subgroups of men based on their exposure to childhood maltreatment (i.e., emotional neglect and abuse, physical neglect and abuse, and sexual abuse). It then examined subgroups' differential perpetration of adult intimate partner violence (IPV; both psychological and physical), violence...
Article
Full-text available
Engaging men in addressing violence against women (VAW) has become a strategy in the global prevention of gender-based violence. Concurrently, Western public health frameworks have been utilized to guide prevention agendas worldwide. Using qualitative methods, this study describes how global anti-violence organizations that partner with men concept...
Article
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This study presents descriptive findings from in-depth interviews with 29 representatives of organizations in Africa, Asia, Europe, Oceania, and North and South America that engage men and boys in preventing gender-based violence. In particular, the findings suggest that strategies are responsive to the specific cultural, economic, and contextual c...
Article
Full-text available
Intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization is linked to sexual risk exposure among women. However, less is known about the intersection of IPV perpetration and sexual risk behavior among men. This study used data from a diverse, community sample of 334 heterosexually active young men, aged 18 to 25, across the United States to examine whether an...
Article
Estimates suggest that between 10% and 25% of adolescents have experienced some form of physical violence within a dating relationship, and one in four college-age women experiences attempted or completed sexual violence on campus. Bystander programs focus on equipping young adults with the skills to safely intervene when they witness behaviors tha...
Article
Research on heterosexual men's sexual expectations has focused on self-described personal traits and culturally dominant models of masculinity. In a pair of studies, we used a sexual scripts perspective to explore the range and diversity of young men's thoughts about sex and relationships with women and to develop measures for assessing these scrip...
Article
Heterosexual men's sexual safety behavior is important to controlling the U.S. epidemic of sexually transmitted infections (STIs), including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). While sexual safety is often treated as a single behavior, such as condom use, it can also be conceptualized as resulting from multiple factors. Doing so can help us achieve...
Conference Paper
Background Given persistently high rates of sexual violence in the U.S, and the consistent finding that most perpetrators of sexual assault are male (Black et al., 2011), researchers have continued to refine the knowledge base regarding risk factors for sexual aggression among men. The confluence model of sexual aggression (Malamuth et al., 1991)...
Conference Paper
Background Bullying and teen dating violence (TDV) are related and serious social problems with long-term mental health and school achievement implications. Prevention interventions increasingly incorporate “bystander” components designed to reduce aggressive behavior by encouraging young people to challenge abusive or disrespectful behavior amon...
Conference Paper
BACKGROUND & PURPOSE Youth-centered bystander programs have been introduced as innovative approaches to prevent teen dating violence (TDV). Bystander programs equip youth with the competencies to positively intervene when they witness a range of abusive behaviors among their peers. To date the bystander literature has focused exclusively on the in...
Article
Full-text available
As gender-based violence prevention programs around the world increasingly include efforts to engage men and boys as antiviolence allies, both the profound benefits and the inherent complexities of these efforts are emerging. Acknowledging and exploring tensions associated with engaging men is an important element of thoughtfully fostering men’s an...
Conference Paper
Introduction: Driving under the influence of substances, referred to as impaired driving, continues to be a major cause of suffering, injuries, and death. For example, more than 10,000 people died in alcohol-impaired driving crashes in 2010 in the U.S., comprising a third of driving fatalities. Compared to other age groups, incidence of impaired dr...
Conference Paper
Introduction Engaging men as partners has been promoted worldwide as an important strategy in the primary prevention of Violence Against Women (VAW). Concurrently, Western public health frameworks have been increasingly utilized to guide violence prevention agendas globally. However there has been limited discussion into how anti-violence organiza...
Conference Paper
Background and Purpose HIV and STIs are of concern to social workers because they disproportionately affect young people and people of color. Much HIV/STI prevention research has used social cognitive models, such as the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), to understand sexual risk taking and these models typically significantly predict intention to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background & Purpose Given the persistent prevalence of Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) in the lives of girls and women, there has been an increased global emphasis on the importance of conducting primary IPV prevention strategies at multiple ecological system levels (Casey & Lindhorst, 2009). Engaging men as allies in addressing IPV has been prom...
Article
Whereas gendered sexual scripts are hegemonic at the cultural level, research suggests they may be less so at dyadic and individual levels. Understanding "disjunctures" between sexual scripts at different levels holds promise for illuminating mechanisms through which sexual scripts can change. Through interviews with 44 heterosexually active men an...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Ending violence against women is a global priority (United Nations, 2010; WHO, 2009). Global efforts to end violence against women must address gender and gender roles and include involving men (WHO, 2007). While Flood (2010) argues that ending violence against women necessarily involves men, the role of men engaged in this work is relativ...
Article
As bystander approaches become increasingly prevalent elements of sexual and domestic violence prevention efforts, it is necessary to better understand the factors that support or impede individuals in taking positive action in the face of aggressive or disrespectful behavior from others. This study presents descriptive findings about the bystander...
Article
Full-text available
As ally movements become an increasingly prevalent element of social justice efforts, research is needed that illuminates effective strategies to initially engage members of privileged social groups in anti-oppression work. This study presents descriptive findings regarding ally engagement strategies and barriers from a qualitative study of a parti...
Article
Despite growing male participation in ending violence against women, little is known about the factors that precipitate men's engagement as antiviolence "allies." This study presents findings from a qualitative analysis of interviews with 27 men who recently initiated involvement in an organization or event dedicated to ending sexual or domestic vi...
Article
Although substantial numbers of women seeking Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) report domestic violence, few receive mandated services through the Family Violence Option (FVO). This study used transcripts ofinterviews between welfare caseworkers and their clients to identify and classify the responses made by workers to client disclos...
Article
Although peer networks have been implicated as influential in a range of adolescent behaviors, little is known about relationships between peer network structures and risk for intimate partner violence (IPV) among youth. This study is a descriptive analysis of how peer network "types" may be related to subsequent risk for IPV perpetration among ado...
Conference Paper
Background and Purpose: Sexual and domestic violence prevention programs that engage men as anti-violence allies are increasingly globally prevalent. Mirroring other ally-building efforts, men's anti-violence movements typically aim to educate men about violence, to critically analyze connections between notions of masculinity and aggressive beha...
Article
Although sexual assault prevention programs have been increasingly successful at improving knowledge about sexual violence and decreasing rape-supportive attitudes and beliefs among participants, reducing sexually assaultive conduct itself remains an elusive outcome. This review considers efforts to support change for individuals by creating preven...
Article
Data from male participants in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health are used to examine childhood predictors of late adolescent and early adulthood sexually coercive behavior and adolescent mediators of these relationships. A path analysis shows that experiencing sexual abuse as a child has a direct effect on perpetrating subsequent...
Chapter
Schools place a high premium on creating safe learning environments for their students, and they possess exciting potential to foster climates of respect that render hurtful or harassing behavior rare and unacceptable. With their ability to draw staff, teachers, youth, and parents into school-wide prevention efforts, school personnel are uniquely s...
Chapter
Full-text available
Nearly all youth are directly or indirectly affected by peer-to-peer sexual harassment or assault. Adolescents are more likely to be victims of sexually aggressive crimes than any other age group, and up to 15% of young women report rape. This chapter summarizes recent literature on effective sexual violence intervention approaches with adolescents...
Article
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Despite a high prevalence of domestic violence among welfare clients, most studies of the implementation of the Family Violence Option (FVO) under welfare reform find that women rarely receive domestic violence services in welfare offices. This study reviews findings from current research on the factors that improve the likelihood that women will r...
Article
Although many interventions for youth rely, explicitly or implicitly, on group effects, sparse theoretical or empirical attention has been paid to the rationale for choosing a small-group design. The present study assesses the role of friendship closeness among youth in prevention intervention groups in shaping their HIV risk-related attitudes, int...
Article
Full-text available
Ending violence against women and dismantling the societal conditions that support it is a pri- mary aim of sexual violence prevention work. Until sexual violence is drastically reduced, however, we also need to continue to help girls and women develop self-protection skills that can be used in the face of an assault threat. Research suggests that...
Article
Although there are now several adolescent HIV and STD preventive interventions of demonstrated efficacy in the literature, little is understood about the portability of these interventions. This study replicated Stanton's Focus on Kids intervention, developed for inner city African American adolescents, in a different population, transferring it to...
Article
Although recent statistics hint that rates of reported rape and child sexual abuse began to decline in the 1990s, little is known about changes in the characteristics of victimizations over time or about the implications of these changes for policy and services. This investigation uses data from a general population survey to examine sexual assault...
Article
Full-text available
Although research demonstrates a link between child sexual abuse and sexual revictimization in adolescence or adulthood, less is known about specific mechanisms that increase women's vulnerability to reassault. This study examined experiential and outcome differences between survivors of a single assault, survivors of ongoing abuse by a single perp...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports on the restructuring of a large, private nonprofit, child welfare agency, and includes a description of the change objectives, the process of planning and implementing the changes, and the impact of the changes. The findings discussed here focus on changes in staff turnover and performance as well as staff perceptions of the cont...

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