Erik Petrus

Erik Petrus
Czech Technical University in Prague | ČVUT · Faculty of Architecture (FA ČVUT)

Architect

About

2
Publications
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Citations since 2017
2 Research Items
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20172018201920202021202220230.00.51.01.52.0
20172018201920202021202220230.00.51.01.52.0
Introduction
I am doing research about Townhouses and the creation of suitable and attractive housing in Czech republic area. The terraced house, also known as the townhouse, is a specific type of family house, higher terraced house with multiple living rooms. Usually with three or more floors. The height significantly exceeds the width of the house. The townhouses represents a new type of housing, specially like way of densifying urban areas and it is also linked to the desire to decrease urban sprawl. The aim of the doctoral study is to produce information on this building type, typology, spatial parameters, characteristics and urban contitions in blocks of houses.

Publications

Publications (2)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of the report is to offer a comprehensive picture of townhouse development plans in the European context. From the examples of Denmark, the Netherlands, Germany and the United Kingdom. A townhouse is a type of higher urban family house with multiple living rooms. Usually with three or more floors. The height significantly exceeds the width...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The aim of the paper is to offer a comparison between a burgher's house and a modern townhouse. The current townhouse is a type of family, higher townhouse with more living rooms. Usually with three or more floors. The height significantly exceeds the width of the house. Townhouse is a type of family urban house with a strong connection to public s...

Projects

Project (1)
Project
ABSTRACT The topic of dissertation is the introduction of "townhouses" as a kind of individual housing in the urban environment. Townhouse is a type of family, terraced house with multiple living rooms. Usually with three or more floors. The height significantly exceeds the width of the house. With regard to common construction structures, technical and spatial solutions, such as common parking, energy, etc., it is more of a hybrid typology. That is, a combination of individual housing and apartment building. From an urban point of view, townhouses represents a type of urban living, especially as an example of high density low-rise housing. Currently, no similar type of housing has been realized in the Czech Republic, but from a historical point of view, the townhouse is similar to the burgher houses, which represented a traditional townhouse combining a place for housing and work. Over time, the livelihood has turned into a representative function. The main objective is to find a suitable type of towhouse focused on the environment of the Czech Republic. The effort is to provide a comprehensive picture of this type of urban terraced single family house. Correctly define what the townhouse is. Find the appropriate target group that wants to live in townhouses and analyze their housing requirements. To analyze typology and spatial characteristics of townhouses and their connection with the urban pattern in view of the context of Czech legal legislation. Based on these goals, the work is then structured. The first phase of the research deals with the definition of the term "townhouse" itself, with the analysis of the traditional burgher houses, which is the historical period of today's townhouses, and with the provision of overviews of the current state of the problems in the world. The second phase focuses on finding a suitable target group of residents who would like to live in townhouses and analyze their housing requirements. The third stage compiles spatial and layout types based on the analysis and comparison of spatial and layout types of townhouses. The fourth stage compiles the stopping system of ensembles based on the analysis of already realized stopping systems of ensembles from the point of view of the form of esembles, urban parceling, location on plot and connection to the urban pattern, and Stage 5 deals with the analysis of the relevant Czech legal framework and the legal relation to the topic. The selection of examples of buildings and their ensembles is analyzed from examples from Germany, the Netherlands, Denmark, the United Kingdom and the United States, where this type represents one of the types of individual housing in the urban environment. GOALS In related with the main objective, 5 sub-objectives respectively 5 basic questions were constructed, which then structure the whole work: 1. What is a townhouse? - The goal is to define the exact concept of a townhouse. Finding the meaning and origin of the word "townhouse". Should we take over this term in the Czech Republic and use it, or is it better to introduce a new Czech term? The typology of townhouses is common in historical buildings in the form of burgher houses. What did he represent and what was the significance of a burgher house for society and for the builder himself? What was the significance in the historical sense that it is located in the city? How did this type manifest itself in its form and typology? How did i show up in the urban pattern of the city? Why has this type disappeared over time in our country? The Townhouse is a type of individual living, and its modern form is known mostly in Germany, the Netherlands, Denmark, the United Kingdom and the United States. What constitutes a modern townhouse for the city? 2. Is there someone who wants to live in townhouses? - The goal is to find out if there is a target group in the Czech Republic that would like to live in townhouses. Analysis of the target group and their housing requirements. What constitutes a modern townhouse for the company and for the builder himself? 3. What is their characteristic? - Determine of the spatial and typology types, from the point of view of the house typology, typology of the housing units and their spatial organization. The spatial characteristics of individual rooms and room parameters will also be examined. 4. What is their connection to the urban pattern? - On the basis of the selected examples of selected sets, the aim is to determine a stopping systems of ensembles, from the point of view of mutual parceling, the size of the plots, the location of the individual houses towards the plot, the engagement of the houses, the orientation towards the public and the private space. In addition, the form of development, the spatial organization of ensembles and their permeability, residential density, the privacy level hierarchy, height arrangement and, last but not least, the linking of the ensembles to the urban pattern will be examined. 5. What are the conditions under which conditions? - Compilation of the Czech legislative framework for the construction of townhouses, their ensembles and their critical reflection.