Erich Rome

Erich Rome
Fraunhofer Institute for Intelligent Analysis and Information Systems IAIS | IAIS · Business Unit Preventive Security

Dr.-Ing.

About

83
Publications
16,168
Reads
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1,335
Citations
Introduction
Erich Rome currently works at the Business Unit Preventive Security, Fraunhofer Institute for Intelligent Analysis and Information Systems IAIS. Erich does research in Artificial Intelligence, Software Engineering, modelling & simulation for Critical Infrastructure Protection, and risk analysis specifically for climate change adaptation. He is currently involved in the EU H2020 project 'ARCH', the ERA-NET AXIS project 'UNCHAIN' and a national German project titled 'ERCI'.
Additional affiliations
September 2019 - present
Fraunhofer Institute for Intelligent Analysis and Information Systems IAIS
Position
  • Researcher
June 2019 - March 2021
Fraunhofer Institute for Intelligent Analysis and Information Systems IAIS
Position
  • ARCH
Description
  • EU H2020 research project. Coordinator: FHG. My role: Member of Ethics and Security Advisory Group
January 2019 - September 2019
Fraunhofer Institute for Intelligent Analysis and Information Systems IAIS
Position
  • AI4EU
Description
  • EU H2020 research project. Coordinator: Thales. My role: Task leader T3.1
Education
January 1992 - February 1995
Universität Bremen
Field of study
  • Engineering Sciences (Computer Science)
September 1975 - October 1983
University of Bonn
Field of study
  • Computer Science (Informatik)

Publications

Publications (83)
Article
Shifting from effect- towards cause-oriented and systemic approaches in sustainable climate change adaptation requires a solid understanding of the climate-related and societal causes behind climate risks. Thus, capturing, systemizing, and prioritizing factors contributing to climate risks are essential for developing cause-oriented climate risk an...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The EU-H2020 project ARCH aims to develop and adapt tools and methods for assessing and improving the resilience of historic areas to climate-related and other natural hazards [1]. One of these tools is CIPCast, a scenario simulation and decision support system for the analysis and forecast of risks and vulnerabilities of critical infrastructure co...
Chapter
Full-text available
Consequences of climate change, like more frequent extreme weather events, are major challenges for urban areas. With diverse approaches for adaptation strategy development available to cities, comparability with respect to risks, vulnerabilities, and adaptation options is limited. The lack of standardized methods and approaches to prioritize and s...
Chapter
This chapter gives an introduction to risk-based vulnerability assessment of urban infrastructure regarding the consequences of climate change, by describing an approach developed as part of the EU-funded research and innovation project Climate Resilient Cities and Infrastructures. The approach is modular, widely applicable, and supported by a suit...
Chapter
Extreme weather events resulting from climate change are severe threats to urban population centers with their high density of residents and economic assets. The combination of climate change‐related impacts and the trend towards increasing urbanization necessitates improvements to municipal climate change adaptation planning processes, which are a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Public transit networks are critical components of urban infrastructure threatened by climate change and related extreme weather events. These events include sudden, heavy precipitation, pluvial and fluvial flooding, and landslides , which can significantly affect network components like stops, switches, or track segments. The ongoing trend towards...
Chapter
Crisis management is a complex process, handling critical situations caused by natural or human-made hazards. In the response phase, crisis managers often have limited time to react on unexpected events. Hence, sufficient training during the preparedness phase of crisis management plays a vital role for correct behaviours under time pressure. Signi...
Article
Full-text available
Urban population centers are especially vulnerable to extreme weather events and climate change. Local decision makers demand standardized processes, methods, and tools enabling them to design and implement climate adaptation strategies for their specific contexts. The project “Climate Resilient Cities and Infrastructures – RESIN” aims at providing...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Urban population centers are especially vulnerable to extreme weather events and climate change. Local decision makers demand standardized processes, methods, and tools enabling them to design and implement climate adaptation strategies for their specific contexts. The project “Climate Resilient Cities and Infrastructures – RESIN” aims at providing...
Book
Full-text available
This book collects the tutorial material developed by the authors during the six editions of the Master Classes and Courses on Modelling, Simulation and Analysis of Critical Infrastructures. These training events attracted more than 200 students from all over Europe and represented the cornerstone instrument for the training program developed insid...
Chapter
Full-text available
The EU FP7 Network of Excellence CIPRNet has developed CIPRTrainer, an application that provides a new capability for training crisis management (CM) staff. It enables exploring different courses of action and comparing their consequences (what-if analysis) in complex simulated crisis and emergency scenarios. The simulation employs threat, impact,...
Book
This book constitutes revised selected papers from the 10th International Conference on Critical Information Infrastructures Security, CRITIS 2015, held in Berlin, Germany, in October 2015. The 18 full and 6 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 54 submissions. They are organized in topical sections named:...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper an overview of the first results of FP7 CIPRNet project is presented. Particularly, we demonstrate CIPRNet services for critical infrastructure protection (CIP) stakeholders. The role of the proposed services is to support decisions in the CIP domain. Moreover, those services are expected to serve as the underpinnings for the European...
Technical Report
In CIPRNet, a demonstrator of a federated modelling, simulation and analysis (MS&A) tool for critical infrastructure protection (CIP) is being designed [DoW]. It will put into practice methodologies and technologies (tools, models, software and other components) developed by the different work packages of the project. The purposes of this deliverab...
Conference Paper
Modelling and simulation is an important tool for Critical Infrastructure (CI) dependency analysis, for testing methods for risk reduction, and as well for the evaluation of past failures. Moreover, interaction of such simulations with external threat models, e.g., a river flood model, or economic models enable consequence analysis and thus may ass...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Die europaweit wachsende Abhängigkeit von kritischen Infrastrukturen wie Energieversorgung, Telekommunikation, Transportwesen oder Wasserstraßen birgt Risiken von internationalem Ausmaß. Durch Naturkata-strophen, terroristische Anschlage, menschliches Versagen oder technische Störungen der Informationstechnik und Telekommunikation können große Regi...
Article
Full-text available
“In the next century, planet earth will don an electronic skin. It will use the Internet as a scaffold to support and transmit its sensations. This skin is already being stitched together. It consists of millions of embedded electronic measuring devices: thermostats, pressure gauges, pollution detectors, cameras, microphones, glucose sensors, EKGs,...
Conference Paper
Developed societies have a high level of preparedness for natural or man-made disasters. But such incidents cannot be completely prevented, and when an incident like an earthquake or an accident in a chemical or nuclear plant hits a populated area, rescue teams need to be employed. In such situations it is a necessity for rescue teams to get a quic...
Article
This paper presents a Knowledge Base System (KBS) as a key component of a federated simulation framework aimed at investigating the dependencies among Critical Infrastructures (CIs). The KBS, based on the ontological formalism, represents the properties and the relations of each simulation domain and the dependency relations among different domains...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Critical infrastructures (CI) such as telecommunication or the power grids and their dependencies are getting increasingly complex. Understanding these - often indirect -dependencies is a vital precondition for the prevention of cross sector cascading failures of CI. Simulation is an important tool for CI dependency analysis, the test of methods fo...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a Knowledge Base System (KBS) as a key component of a federated simulation framework aimed at investigating the dependencies among Critical Infrastructures (CIs). The KBS, based on the ontological formalism, represents the properties and the relations of each simulation domain and the dependency relations among different domains...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Project co-funded by the European Commission within the Seventh Framework Programme (2007–2013) Dissemination Level PU Public X PP Restricted to other programme participants (including the Commission Services) RE Restricted to a group specified by the consortium (including the Commission Services) CO Confidential, only for members of the consortium...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This document provides a detailed description of the final concepts for the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) architecture for federated distributed simulation of Critical Infrastructures. Rathnam [Rath04] defines a federated simulation as the parallel execution of a group of simulations wherein information is exchanged between individ...
Article
Full-text available
Based on concepts of the human visual system, computational visual attention systems aim to detect regions of interest in images. Psychologists, neurobiologists, and computer scientists have investigated visual attention thoroughly during the last decades and profited considerably from each other. However, the interdisciplinarity of the topic holds...
Book
Bonn, Germany, September 30-October 2, 2009 (4th International Workshop on Critical Information Infrastructures Security (CRITIS '09) <4, 2009, Bonn>) ISBN-13 978-3-642-14378-6
Technical Report
Full-text available
This document describes the work performed for the proof of the technical concepts for interoperability of Critical Infrastructure (CI) simulators that were developed within DIESIS. For this purpose, a demonstrator had to be developed that realises some of the proposed technical and technological core concepts. The prototypical demonstrator consist...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Critical Infrastructures (CI) that are vital for a society and an economy, such as telecommunication systems, energy supply systems, transport systems and others, are getting more and more complex. Dependencies emerge in various ways, due to the use of information and communication technologies, legislation, market liberalisation, and other factors...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Presented in this paper is a complete system for robust autonomous navigation in cluttered and dynamic environments. It consists of computationally efficient approaches to the problems of simultaneous localization and mapping, path planning, and motion control, all based on a memory-efficient environment representation. These components have been i...
Article
Conference Paper
Critical Infrastructures (CIs) and their protection play a very important role in modern societies. Today’s CIs are managed by sophisticated information systems. These information systems have special views on their respective CIs – but can frequently not manage dependencies with other systems adequately. For dependency analysis and management we n...
Chapter
In this position paper, we present an outline of the MACS approach to affordance-inspired robot control. An affordance, a concept from Ecological Psychology, denotes a specific relationship between an animal and its environment. Perceiving an affordance means perceiving an interaction possibility that is specific for the animal's perception and act...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Critical Infrastructures (CIs) and their protection play a very important role in modern societies. Today's CIs are managed by sophisti-cated information systems. These information systems have special views on their respective CIs – but can frequently not manage dependencies with other systems adequately. For dependency analysis and management we...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This work focuses on the relevance of visual attention in affordance-inspired robotics. Among all approaches in robotics related to Gibson's concept of affordances the dealing with attention cues is only rudimentary. We are introducing this concept within the perception layer of our affordance-inspired robotic framework. In this context we present...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Information sharing between companies within the field of critical infrastructures seems necessary to reduce the risk of failures. However, there are a couple of factors like sensitivity of the information or the difficulties of cross-sector communication hindering an effective information exchange. Therefore, it is suggested to develop a standardi...
Book
Attentionhasbeenrepresentingacorescienti?ctopicinthedesignofAI-enabled systems within the last decades. Today, in the ongoing debate, design, and c- putationalmodelingofarti?cialcognitivesystems,attentionhasgainedacentral position as a focus of research. For instance, attentional methods are considered in investigating the interfacing of sensory an...
Article
Full-text available
Systems which simulate human visual attention are suited to quickly find regions of interest in images and are an interesting preprocessing method for a variety of applications. However, the scale-invariant computation of features in several feature dimensions is still too time consuming to be applied to video streams at frame rate which is necessa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This work is about the relevance of Gibson's concept of affordances (1) for visual perception in interactive and autonomous robotic systems. In extension to existing functional views on visual feature representations (9), we identify the importance of learning in perceptual cueing for the anticipation of opportunities for interaction of robotic age...
Conference Paper
This work is about the relevance of Gibson’s concept of affordances [1] for visual perception in interactive and autonomous robotic systems. In extension to existing functional views on visual feature representations, we identify the importance of learning in perceptual cueing for the anticipation of opportunities for interaction of robotic agents....
Book
Full-text available
Proceedings of the International Seminar "Towards Affordance-Based Robot Control" <2006, Dagstuhl Castle>
Article
In this paper, we present a new bimodal attention system for robotic applications capable of processing data from different sensor modes simultaneously. Considering several sensor modalities is an obvious approach to regard a variety of object properties. Nevertheless, conventional attention systems only regard the processing of camera images. In c...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We present a new, sophisticated algorithm to select suitable training images for our biologically motivated attention system VOCUS. The system detects regions of interest depending on bottom-up (scene- dependent) and top-down (target-specific) cues. The top-down cues are learned by VOCUS from one or several training images. We show that our algorit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper we present VOCUS: a robust computational attention system for goal-directed search. A standard bottom-up archi- tecture is extended by a top-down component, enabling the weighting of features depending on previously learned weights. The weights are derived from both target (excitation) and background properties (inhi- bition). A singl...
Chapter
A key property of neural processing in higher mammals is the capability to focus resources, by selectively directing attention towards the most important sensory inputs of the moment. Attention research has shown rapid growth over the past two decades, as new techniques have become available to study higher brain function in humans, non-human prima...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we present teU eU:00 talrepU#U on a novel application of visual atte tion mechanisms for the seURRzK of points of intefi6: in an arbitraryscetr The imagingsegin use is a multi-modal 3D laser scanner In a single 3D scan pass, it is capable of providing range data as weK as a gray-scale inteKz: yimage The scanner is mounted on top of an...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we present experimental results on a novel application of visual attention mechanisms for the selection of points of interest in an arbitrary scene. The imaging sensor used is a multi-modal 3D laser scanner. In a single 3D scan pass, it is capable of providing range data as well as agray-scale intensity image. The scanner is mounted o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper we present experimental results on a novel ap- plication of visual attention mechanisms for the selection of points of interest in an arbitrary scene. The imaging sensor used is a multi-modal 3D laser scanner. In a single 3D scan pass, it is capable of providing range data as well as a gray-scale intensity image. The scanner is mounte...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The combined modeling and control task for a multi-joint sewer inspection system is described. The robot, called MAKRO1.1 is of worm-like shape and designed for pipes of 30 to 60 cm width. Since the control of more than 20 degrees of freedom is not a simple task, we need simulation of the robots kinematics before and during every run. In this case,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
. MAKRO is an autonomous sewer robot designed for navigating in sewer pipes. In order to find its way to a specified goal manhole, it has to solve the self-localization problem. The sewer environment contains only few features that are usable as landmarks for re-localization, namely inlets, pipe joints and branching pipes. This paper describes how...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we propose a method for the detection of salient non-local structures in vector graphics. Non-local structures may consist of similar graphical objects—the constituents of a vector graphics—or of objects which are orderly arranged. They may be perceived immediately, but they are not explicitly represented in the internal description o...
Conference Paper
25th Workshop of the Austrian Association for Pattern Recognition (ÖAGM/AAPR)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Mobile agents performing dynamic sensing without control on information acquisition rely on arbitrarily distributed information. The integration of irrelevant, ambiguous or misleading evidence may result in poor classification performance. In contrast, active fusion schemes seek to acquire evidence that is most appropriate to the current task, e.g....
Conference Paper
A mobile robot with the task to detect objects of interest in its sensor patterns has to cope with ambiguous information. This paper defines the corresponding fusion process as a sequential decision problem with the objective to disambiguate initial object hypotheses. Reinforcement learning is proposed to develop efficient fusion strategies in term...