Erich Brenner

Erich Brenner
Medizinische Universität Innsbruck · Institute for Clinical and Functional Anatomy

MD/PhD, MME

About

279
Publications
95,096
Reads
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3,113
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2017 - present
Medizinische Universität Innsbruck
Position
  • Managing Director
October 2013 - September 2017
Medizinische Universität Innsbruck
Position
  • Managing Director
March 2004 - October 2013
Medizinische Universität Innsbruck
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Education
February 2000 - March 2002
Universität Bern
Field of study
  • Medical Education
October 1996 - October 2003
Leopold-Franzens-Universität
Field of study
October 1990 - September 1996
Austrian Medical Association
Field of study

Publications

Publications (279)
Article
This review deals with the art of (anatomical) embalming. The first part contains a brief historical review of the history of embalming, starting with ancient cultures such as the Egyptians and the lesser known Chinchorro culture, then going down the centuries and describing the anatomical techniques developed over the last two centuries. The secon...
Article
Full-text available
Previously, we have reported on the legal and ethical aspects and current practice of body donation in several European countries, reflecting cultural and religious variations as well as different legal and constitutional frameworks. We have also established good practice in body donation. Here we shall further extend the legal and ethical framewor...
Article
Venous valves are still discussed controversially, mainly because it is still uncertain whether primarily missing or insufficient valves or the weakness of the venous walls cause varices. Furthermore, the distribution and frequencies of major superficial tributary veins (MSTVs), which should discharge the great saphenous vein (GSV) between the term...
Article
Full-text available
Breast-cancer-related lymphoedema, either caused by the tumour itself or its therapy, can be found in approximately 24% of all patients. It results in disabilities, psychological distress and reduced quality of life. Therefore, proper therapy for this entity is very important. Guidelines recommend a therapy in two phases, an intensive phase I for 3...
Article
Lipohyperplasia dolorosa (LiDo) – commonly referred to as lipedema – is a painful disproportionate but symmetrical fat distribution disorder of the extremities. An accompanying proportional symmetrical adipose tissue proliferation in the sense of coincidental obesity can complicate the diagnosis and treatment of LiDo. Surprisingly, no valid anthrop...
Article
Full-text available
As elsewhere, the cadavers of Nazi victims were used at the ‘Alpenunversität Innsbruck’ for the education of medical students. They were also used by members of the Institute of Anatomy and the Institute of Histology for scientific research and publications. In 2018, over 300 drawers were discovered in a laboratory anteroom of the Innsbruck Histolo...
Chapter
Die subtile Kenntnis der Anatomie des epifaszialen Venensystems sowie seiner Verbindungen zum tiefen Venensystem ist eine unabdingbare Voraussetzung für jeden, der sich der invasiven Therapie der Varikose zuwendet. Sie ist eine Grundvoraussetzung, um strategische und taktische Überlegungen bei der Planung von Behandlungsmaßnahmen bei dieser nicht h...
Article
Full-text available
The functions of the subclavius muscle (SM) are described as stabilization of the sternocla-vicular joint (SCJ) and resisting elevation of the lateral end of the clavicle. During systematic cadaveric dissections, we observed additional fibrous structures, previously described as variants of the anatomy, extending from the SM and inserting into the...
Article
The attitudes of medical students towards the clinical importance of neuroanatomy have been little studied. Because it has been reported that medical students find neuroanatomy difficult and can have „neurophobia‟, here we test the hypothesis that early-stage medical students across Europe have a low regard for neuroanatomy‟s clinical relevance. Th...
Article
Objectives: Cellular senescence could play a role in the development of venous disease. Superficial venous reflux at the saphenofemoral junction is a common finding in patients with primary varicose veins. Furthermore, reflux in this essential area is associated with higher clinical stages of the disease and recurrent varicose veins. Therefore, th...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives External valvuloplasty (eVP) is a reconstructive surgical method to repair the function of the terminal and preterminal valves. We evaluated the 6-month outcomes of eVP regarding the diameter of the great saphenous vein (GSV). Methods Patients from five vein centres were included in this observational study. Follow-up involved detailed...
Conference Paper
Das pelvine Stauungssyndrom beruht in weiten Teilen auf der komplexen anatomischen Situation der Beckenvenen und ihren zahlreichen Anastomosen. Bedingt wird diese Komplexität zum Teil durch die diffizile Entwicklung des Venensystems des (unteren) Stammes. Aus anatomischer Sicht sind folgende Faktoren relevant: • Die venöse Drainage der Beckenorgane...
Article
Zusammenfassung Hintergrund: Venensporne in der linken V. iliaca communis sind eine bekannte Entität, insbesondere im Zusammenhang mit schweren tiefen Beckenvenenthrombosen. Allerdings sind fundierte Kenntnisse über diese Sporne nur spärlich vorhanden. Es wurden 5 Formen von Venenspornen beschrieben: zentrale Sporne, Adhäsionen, Brücken, Klappen un...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: The Austrian Competence Level Catalogue for Medical Skills clearly states the importance of teaching communicative and social competence in the different subject areas of undergraduate medical and dental education. This paper aims to present an overview of the academic courses at the Medical University of Innsbruck that explicitly address the...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the following investigation was to explore Max Clara’s (1899–1966) early academic activity in Italy at the University of Padua. While Clara’s career during the National-Socialist Party dictatorship was extensively studied in literature, little to no information is available regarding Clara’s early academic years, with particular regard t...
Chapter
An essential part of the gastrointestinal tract is the pancreas, a gland which is both exocrine and endocrine and which is located retroperitoneally dorsal to the omental bursa. Anatomically, a head, neck, body, and tail are distinguished, but physiologically, the main part of the endocrine islets is in the pancreatic tail. Presumably, Herophilos o...
Article
In Giacomini’s first description (1873), a vein was reported that runs via the popliteal fossa (without entering the popliteal vein) to the dorsal thigh and then passed to join the great saphenous vein. Since then, numerous other types of termination (including those that lead into the popliteal vein) have been published. In clinical practice, howe...
Article
Full-text available
This investigation aims to summarize hitherto scattered pieces of evidence of the early biography of Max Clara, especially considering his connections with the Histological Institute of the University of Innsbruck. Max Clara was born in 1899 in South Tyrol, at that time part of the Habsburg Empire. After high school in Bozen and his participation i...
Chapter
Das Lymphatische System hat die Aufgabe, die in die Extrazelluläre Matrix aus den Blutkapillaren filtrierte Flüssigkeit aufzunehmen und abzutransportieren. Das Lymphatische System beginnt in der Peripherie mit zwei- oder dreidimensionalen Netzen initialer Lymphgefäße. Diese initialen Lymphgefäße nehmen die interstitielle Flüssigkeit auf, die aus de...
Article
Ende Juni 2020 hat die Redaktion verschiedene lymphologische Einrichtungen in Deutschland, Österreich, Italien und der Schweiz angeschrieben, ob sie bereit wären, die Frage „Wie hat sich die Symptomatik bei Lymphödempatientinnen und -patienten nach der Wiedereröffnung der Lymph-Kliniken nach dem COVID-19-Lockdown verändert/verschlechtert?“ aus Sich...
Article
Lymphedema is one of the complications of varicose vein therapy. Pittaluga and Chastanet found lymphedema in only 0.25 % after surgical intervention. Flessenkämper and colleagues were able to show that this occurs in 2.8 % (high ligature and stripping) to 9.2 % (endovenous laser ablation), depending on the therapy method used. One of the possible r...
Article
Full-text available
Neuronal diversity in the cochlea is largely determined by ion channels. Among voltage-gated channels, hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated (HCN) channels open with hyperpolarization and depolarize the cell until the resting membrane potential. The functions for hearing are not well elucidated and knowledge about localization is cont...
Article
Objectives Recurrent varicose veins after surgery are a frequent burden and the saphenofemoral junction is the most common source of reflux. Pre-existing branches of the common femoral vein near the saphenofemoral junction, which may increase due to haemodynamic or other reasons, could play a role in the development of recurrent varices. There exis...
Article
This article describes the influence of COVID-19 on the development of lymphedema. It summarizes the specific pandemic-related recommendations for patients with lymphedema published by the different medical associations. For example, key phlebological and lymphological societies have published a consensus paper in which they have agreed to a Venous...
Article
Background: Varicosis of the great saphenous vein (GSV) is a common disease. Most of the therapeutic concepts attempt to remove or destroy the truncal vein. However, the absence of the GSV could be harmful for further treatments of artherosclerotic disease as the GSV is often used as bypass graft in lower extremity or coronary artery revascularisat...
Article
From an anatomical point of view, recurrences at the saphenofemoral junction (SFJ) could result from various sources. For one, it could be caused by a recanalisation of an originally occluded great saphenous vein (GSV). Secondly, another vein in the junction region could take over the function of the GSV and dilate. A third variation is a – more or...
Article
Background Peripheral nerve pathologies of the upper extremity are increasingly assessed by high-resolution ultrasonography (HRUS), yet rapid identification of nerve segments can be difficult due to small nerve diameters and complex regional anatomy. We propose a landmark-based approach to speed up and facilitate evaluation and intervention in this...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In fundoplication, mobilization of the distal oesophagus and proximal stomach is essential to obtain a sufficient tension-free intra-abdominal oesophageal length for creation of an efficient antireflux barrier. Most surgical literature and anatomical illustrations do not describe nerve branches running from the diaphragm to the stomach...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Background: The functions of the subclavius muscle (SM) are described as stabilization of the sternoclavicular joint (SCJ) and resisting elevation of the lateral end of the clavicle. During systematic cadaveric dissections we observed additional fibrous structures, previously described as variants of the anatomy, extending from the SM and...
Article
Einleitung: Die Diagnostik des Lipödems basiert bislang auf rein klinischen Befunden, objektive Parameter fehlen bislang. Ziel dieser Studie ist es, einen möglichen Zusammen-hang zwischen einer standardisierten, sonographisch gemessenen Kompressibilität der subkutanen Fettschicht sowie dem Vergleich der Hautfettfalten an Abdomen und Oberschenkel un...
Article
Full-text available
The scientific interest in cadmium (Cd) as a human health damaging agent has significantly increased over the past decades. However, particularly the histological distribution of Cd in human tissues is still scarcely defined. Using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS), we determined the concentration of Cd in 40 different human tis...
Article
Full-text available
We report a very rare case of a unilaterally absent piriformis muscle in a 60 year old woman. Accompanying variations comprised a common gluteal artery (instead of two distinct superior and inferior gluteal arteries), and an absent gemellus inferior muscle. The contralateral left side showed a normally developed piriformis muscle. In hominoids, the...
Article
Full-text available
Since Vienna University’s 1997/98 inquiry into the background of Eduard Pernkopf’s anatomical atlas, German and Austrian anatomical institutes have been forced to confront their past, particularly the widespread procurement of bodies of victims of National Socialism. This paper focuses on the Anatomical Institute in Innsbruck, which received bodies...
Article
Die neun Ursachen und das Fehlen einer einheitlichen Definition chronischer Wunden zeigen unter Berücksichtigung diverser Komorbiditäten die Schwierigkeiten einer einheitlichen Beurteilung. Trotz der Widerlegung zahlreicher Mythen bleibt der Verbandwechsel die große Schmerzquelle für den Betroffenen. Zahlreiche mögliche Ansätze aus Pharmakologie, P...
Article
Aims: Injection therapies play an increasingly decisive role in the treatment of lower back pain. Cumulative studies could show the benefits of ultrasound-guided instillation procedures in the cervical and lumbar spine. We conducted this study to provide a new simple sonographic approach for pararadicular injections of the sacral spinal nerves and...
Article
Very often, descriptions of the scientific discovery of the lymphatic system start with Gaspare Aselli, probably because of his so captivating account. Nevertheless, there was prior and even very old evidence of the lymphatic vessels, which was of course known to Aselli himself, as he cited most of these antique references. In fact, the first insig...
Chapter
Urine is produced in the two kidneys, conveyed by their respective pelvises and ureters to the bladder where it is stored temporarily, and finally exuded via the unique urethra at the individual’s convenience. The kidneys and the ureters form the paired upper urinary tract; the bladder and the urethra build up the unpaired lower urinary tract.
Article
The superficial venous system of the leg starts with the epifascial veins, i.e. the various subcutaneous venous networks, the accessory saphenous veins, superficial epigastric vein, the superficial iliac circumflex vein, and the external pudendal veins. These flow into the two intrafascial veins, the great and the small saphenous veins. These, in t...
Article
In der letzten Ausgabe der Zeitschrift Lymphologie in Forschung und Praxis habe ich über die Beziehung zwischen Lymphsystem und dem Starlingschen Gleichgewicht berichtet. Trotz sorgfältiger Literaturrecherche ist mir der Lapsus unterlaufen, dass ich eine äußerst relevante Publikation von Prof. Dr. Hubert Schad in ausgerechnet dieser Zeitschrift übe...
Article
Per definitionem ist ein Ulcus ein tiefliegender Substanzdefekt der Haut (oder Schleimhaut) mit Durchbrechung der Basalmembran. Typische Arten von Ulcera sind das Ulcus cruris, das Malum perforans bei Polyneuropathie (häufig in Kombination mit Diabetes mellitus), der Dekubitus („Druckgeschwür“), das arterielle/venöse Ulcus oder ein neoplastisches U...
Article
The practice of human and veterinary medicine is based on the science of anatomy and dissection courses are still irreplaceable in the teaching of anatomy. Embalming is required to preserve body donors, for which process formaldehyde (FA) is the most frequently used and well characterized biocidal substance. Since January 2016, a new occupational e...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Problemstellung: Die Lehre in der Anatomie ist einem umfassenden Druck unterworfen; zahlreiche andere Disziplinen fordern Ressourcen, vor allem Unterrichtszeit. Die konsistente Einbindung neuer wissenschaftlicher Erkenntnisse sowie das Eingehen auf populär-wissenschaftliche Schlagzeilen muss daher für die anatomische Lehre oberste Pflicht sein. Zwe...
Article
Background In laparoscopic fundoplication the mobilisation of the distal esophagus and the proximal stomach are mandatory in order to obtain enough intraabdominal esophageal length and to enable a posterior fundoplication. In surgical literature and in most anatomic illustrations there are no nerves described between diaphragm and stomach. Moreover...
Article
Introduction: Neuronavigation is widely used for intracranial neurosurgical procedures and commonly based on the standard reference array being fixed to the headholder. Some cases, however, require the reference array to be attached directly to the head. The objective of this cadaveric study is to compare the operational accuracy of a head-mounted...
Article
Full-text available
Design and implantation of bionic implants for restoring impaired hair cell function relies on accurate knowledge about the microanatomy and nerve fibre pathways of the human inner ear and its variation. Non-destructive isotropic imaging of soft tissues of the inner ear with lab-based microscopic X-ray computed tomography (microCT) offers high reso...
Article
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung In seiner bahnbrechenden Arbeit aus dem Jahr 1896 leitete Ernest Henry Starling ab, "dass eine Resorption der Flüssigkeit durch die Blutgefäße durch Rückwärtsfiltration (zumindest) in den Bindegeweben der Extremitäten, in den Muskeln und in allen Drüsenstrukturen (…) unmöglich ist". Dennoch wurde - und wird teils immer noch - angen...
Article
In his pioneering work in 1896, Ernest Henry Starling determined "that an absorption of fluid by the blood vessels by a process of backward filtration is impossible in the connective tissues of the limbs, in muscles and inali glandular structures (...)." Nevertheless, it has been - and still is - accepted and taught that continuous capillaries filt...
Article
Full-text available
Stable posture and body movement in humans is dictated by the precise functioning of the ampulla organs in the semi-circular canals. Statistical analysis of the interrelationship between bony and membranous compartments within the semi-circular canals is dependent on the visualization of soft tissue structures. Thirty-one human inner ears were prep...
Data
Flow chart of the modules used in Amira®. The labels were cropped to the size of the SCCs to reduce computing time. Arithmetic modules were used to extract the volumes of the membranous labyrinth, the perilymphatic spaces and a representation for the bony labyrinth. Volumes were then down sampled and thinned by Distance-Ordered Thinner modules. The...
Data
Selected sites of bony labyrinth excision along the centroid of individual specimens. (A) Posterior centerline cut off plane; (B) Superior centerline cut off plane; (C) Lateral centerline cut off plane on the opposite side of the ampulla; (D) Lateral centerline cut off plane on the side of the ampulla; (E) Common crus cut off plane.
Data
Selected sites of membranous labyrinth excision along the centroid of individual specimens. (A) Posterior ampulla start node; (B) Posterior centerline cut off plane; (C) Superior ampulla start node; (D) Superior centerline cut off plane; (E) Lateral centerline cut off plane on the opposite side of the ampulla; (F) Lateral ampulla start node; (G) La...
Data
Centerlines of 31 manually segmented SCC bony labyrinths aligned along Reid's coordinate system. The average centerlines of all the specimens in bold (green) for the bony labyrinth and dashed lines (red) for the membranous labyrinth. (A) Centerlines of the bony labyrinth on the sagittal plane. (B) Centerlines of the bony labyrinth on the coronal pl...
Data
Cross-sectional area of the bony labyrinth arrayed on the centerline of the bony labyrinth. Shown are the average cross-sectional areas of the bony labyrinth in the posterior SCC (A), superior SCC (B), lateral SCC (C), and the common crus (D). The average area is represented by the red line (bold). Light gray areas indicate the values lying in the...
Data
Extracted cross-sectional images. (A) Cross-sectional image of the perilymphatic space; (B) Membranous labyrinth; (C), and the actual μCT image; (D) Overlay of (A–C).
Article
Full-text available
Background Recent findings on the pathogenesis of frontal migraine headache support, besides a central vasogenic cause, an alternative peripheral mechanism involving compressed craniofacial nerves. Supported further by the efficiency of Botulinum Toxin injections as a new treatment option in frontal migraine headache patients. Methods The supraorb...
Article
Full-text available
Pain is an important criterion for diagnosing lipedema. This pain, however, has not been properly investigated or characterized in the literature, and in most cases, authors have settled for putting forward hypotheses. Comparison of these hypotheses with actual findings, if even available, it becomes obvious that many of these hypotheses cannot be...
Article
Full-text available
We describe the heart from a 79-year-old woman with no medical history of cardiac complaints. Her heart shows a regular right coronary artery (RCA) and a variant left coronary artery (LCA) arising from the right sinus of Valsalva. The common stem of the RCA and the LCA is extremely short. The LCA depicts a preinfundibular course with a cranial-ante...
Article
Full-text available
Many studies have been undertaken to assess the attitudes of medical students to the clinical importance of gross anatomy. However, much less is known about their attitudes towards the clinical importance of histology. Using Thurstone and Chave methods to assess attitudes, over 2,000 early stage medical students across Europe provided responses to...
Article
We would like to present the case of paraplegia due to venous spinal ischaemia, which occurred after sclerotherapy of leg veins and subsequent to previous venous surgery. After exclusion of other pathogenetic causes such as surgery, tumescent local anaesthesia or neurological, infections, cardiological and haemosteaseological causes, this complicat...
Article
Full-text available
Teres major muscle (TM) and latissiumus dorsi muscle (LD) are frequently used in muscle transfers around the shoulder girdle. Some authors have suggested harvesting techniques in which the muscle is detached in continuity with a bone segment. Information on the bony attachment footprint of these muscles is lacking. The purpose of this study was to...
Article
Introduction: Based on randomized trials, carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is the standard procedure for patients with a 50-99% symptomatic carotid stenosis and carefully selected patients with an asymptomatic high-grade carotid stenosis. Carotid artery stenting (CAS) is a technical alternative for patients with a high surgical risk or difficult anato...
Article
Full-text available
Anatomical variants can be found throughout the whole body. Especially in the knee region, some variability has been reported concerning the osseous, tendinous, and muscular system. Beside a few cases of patellar tendon aplasia, no anatomical variations of this tendon are known. We present a rare case of a doubled patellar tendon as an anatomical v...
Article
Full-text available
Pain is an important criterion for diagnosing lipedema. This pain, however, has not been properly investigated or characterized in the literature, and in most cases, authors have settled for putting forward hypotheses. Comparison of these hypotheses with actual findings, if even available, it becomes obvious that many of these hypotheses cannot be...
Poster
Full-text available
Beschreibung Das Lipödem ist eine chronische und progrediente Erkrankung des subkutanen Fettgewebes, die durch dicke Beine, Allodynie, orthostatische Ödeme sowie einer Hämatomneigung nach Bagatell-traumata gekennzeichnet ist. Das Lipödem ist Diät-resistent. Bezeichnenderweise sind das Gesäß und andere Abschnitte der unteren Extremitäten symmetrisch...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Enlighten Max Claras relation with and influence on members of the Institute of Histology and Embryology in Innsbruck. Research in literature and newspaper databases, personal files and secondary literature. Initially, Clara began his academic career at the Institute of Histology and Embryology in Innsbruck as demonstrator, and in 1923 as an assist...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Development of a new vascular and tissue casting solution Introduction: Injection of arteries and veins with curing substances facilitates the study of sustenance areas. Among the substances used hitherto belong waxes, amalgam, acrylic paints, latex, gelatin, silicone, or epoxy or acrylic resins. These substances have several weak points – to diffe...
Conference Paper
Der Schmerz ist ein diagnostisches Kriterium für das Lipödem. Diese Schmerzen sind allerdings in der Literatur nur unzureichend untersucht und charakterisiert, meist begnügen sich die Autoren mit Hypothesen. Der Vergleich dieser Hypothesen mit den tatsächlichen Befunden, soweit solche überhaupt vorliegen, zeigt, dass viele der Hypothesen eher nicht...