Eric W. Welch

Eric W. Welch
Arizona State University | ASU · School of Public Affairs

PhD

About

163
Publications
40,603
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
5,022
Citations
Introduction
Current projects: NSF CoPe: Cascadia; NSF ERC: Planning Grant: I-BREATHE; NSF SMA RAPID: Institution logics and data for COVID research; NSF OISE EAGER: Social Innovation for Resilience in Global Collaborative Research; Science and Engineering Workforce Opinion Panel Survey (SciOPS) See: https://www.sci-ops.org/; NSF DGE: Connecting Nuances of Foreign Status, Prof Networks, and Higher Ed; EU H2020: Global governance of genetic-based research and development in coffee; See: https://csteps.asu.edu
Additional affiliations
July 2014 - January 2022
Arizona State University
Position
  • Professor (Full)
August 1998 - June 2014
University of Illinois at Chicago
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Education
August 1993 - May 1998
Syracuse University
Field of study
  • Public Administration; Science and Technology Policy

Publications

Publications (163)
Article
Full-text available
The study responds to the growing call for a more systematic approach to research on organizational responses to extreme events (Boin and Van Eeten 2013; Christensen et al. 2016; Fischbacher-Smith 2010; Roux-Dufort 2007). It develops and tests an integrated framework based on the organizational adaptation and learning theory to shed light on how pu...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, international and national policies have intensified monitoring and control over the access, exchange and use of biological materials. New regulative institutions addressing concerns about ownership and safety, as well as fairness and equity, are increasingly intermingled with informal practices and norms of exchange, raising the b...
Article
Full-text available
Climate change can bring about large-scale irreversible physical impacts and systemic changes in the operating environment of public organizations. Research on preconditions for organizational adaptation to climate change has produced two parallel lines of inquiry, one focusing on macro-level norms, rules and expectations and the other on meso-leve...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Post COVID-19 Implications for Genetic Diversity and Genomics Research & Innovation: A Call for Governance and Research Capacity http://www.fao.org/3/cb5573en/cb5573en.pdf
Article
Cyber-incidents threaten the confidentiality, efficiency, and integrity of digital information systems, causing privacy risks, economic losses, and reputational damages, and exposing managerial limitations. Although these phenomena are becoming more frequent in public agencies, research to date has mainly focused on private sector organizations and...
Article
This study expands the scope of research on academic entrepreneurship to include academic inventors who actively engage in late-stage commercialization. It investigates post-patent involvement of academic scientists in the development of products based on their patented inventions. Using data from a 2010 national survey of 798 academic inventors li...
Article
Inclusion in the workplace is defined as the extent to which individuals perceive that they are part of significant processes in organizations. This article explores the determinants of workplace inclusion by asking: How does the demographic composition of social networks inside and outside of the workplace affect perceived inclusion in the workpla...
Chapter
Broadband internet use is often heralded for its transformative potential in a broad range of policy areas, but there is scarce evidence on whether this is so, and how it can be utilized most effectively by organizations and communities. While the attribution of change to programmatic efforts is a familiar challenge in evaluation research, broadban...
Chapter
To better understand the effects of broadband use, there must first be a commitment from policymakers to support evaluation. This volume has made an argument about why policymakers should undertake this investment and has outlined needs and strategies for advancing this knowledge. It has also examined the profession of broadband evaluation itself....
Preprint
Full-text available
Research on the role of social capital in disaster recovery shows mixed results. Recent studies have attempted to resolve the conflicting findings by focusing on how different forms of social capital contribute to recovery outcomes. However, these studies have generally ignored the temporal effects of social capital on disaster recovery. This study...
Article
Full-text available
Public managers’ efficacy is an important psychological enabler of organizational performance. Building on Eden’s theory of means efficacy, we argue managerial efficacy can derive from resources and capabilities both internal and external to the manager. As extant studies emphasize internal abilities (i.e. self-efficacy) in conceptualizing manageri...
Article
Full-text available
Much of the available evidence regarding COVID-19 effects on the scientific community in the U.S. is anecdotal and non-representative. We report findings from a based survey of university-based biologists, biochemists, and civil and environmental engineers regarding negative and positive COVID-19 impacts, respondent contributions to addressing the...
Article
Survey alert letters improve response rates and assure potential respondents that the research is legitimate and of high quality. Pre-notification by mail increases response rates for web surveys because it represents a second mode of communication and contributes to increases in respondent trust and study legitimacy. Due to work-from-home orders i...
Chapter
Full-text available
Different norms, rules and practices (referred as institutions) organize the exchange of germplasm to address broader global challenges such as advancement of science and innovation, food security, sustainable agriculture and global equity. Some of these institutions are now embedded in various treaties and national regulations. This chapter demons...
Article
Full-text available
Foreign-born academic scientists have been consistently shown to be more productive than the native-born in the United States with regard to research and patents. However, no study has yet analyzed whether the foreign-born are also more likely to commercialize their research after having it patented. This paper utilizes a 2010 survey of academic in...
Article
Full-text available
The tension between bureaucratic and democratic values has characterized significant debates in the field of public administration. In this paper, we ask, does public managers’ confidence in their organizational administrative capacity affect citizen participation? Using managerial confidence in organizational response capacity (ORC) during crises...
Article
Full-text available
Survey alert letters improve response rates and assure potential respondents that the research is legitimate and high quality. Pre-notification by mail increases response rates for web surveys because of the multi-mode use and increases in respondent trust. Due to the work-from-home orders in response to COVID-19, postal alert letters are unlikely...
Chapter
Concerns about electronic information security in government have increased alongside increased use of online media. However, to date, few studies have examined the social mechanisms influencing electronic information security. This article applies a socio-technical framework to model how technical, organizational and environmental complexities lim...
Article
Academic scientists who access and use biological materials are embedded in an increasingly complex arrangement of conflicting scientific, commercial, regulatory and ethical institutional logics. This paper examines how scientists navigate and respond to these conflicting institutions. Using in-depth interviews with 40 academic scientists in four f...
Conference Paper
Scientists are experiencing more and more regulations over biological materials exchange. These regulations result in paperwork and increase scientists’ perceived procedural complexity when they request biological materials from other scientists in their networks. To help scientists deal with complicated procedures and enhance their research activi...
Article
Chinese scientists constitute the largest group of foreign-born tenure-track faculty in science and engineering (S&E) fields in the USA, and have become a target of recent Chinese government efforts seeking to attract them back to China. This study examines the differences of collaboration networks between Chinese scientists and US-born scientists...
Chapter
Full-text available
Increasing concern about global sustainability has ushered in a diverse set of regulatory policies that aim to encourage sustainable business practices and outcomes. This chapter sheds light on how these regulatory policies affect multiple aspects of companies’ sustainable supply chain practices. It begins by describing sustainable supply chain str...
Article
This paper examines how extreme weather conditions influence urban public transport ridership with a particular focus on the role of bus stop shelters. Using bus ridership data from the Salt Lake City metropolitan area, we find that extreme weather such as very high and low temperatures, and heavy rainfall reduces public transport ridership, while...
Article
Extreme weather events often disrupt the operation of public transit systems, and challenge the capacity of transit agencies to effectively respond to them. In this paper, we draw upon a recent nationwide survey of 273 public transit agencies in metropolitan regions across the United States to understand the factors that influence their scope of ada...
Article
The increase in extreme weather events due to climate change poses serious challenges to public transit systems. These events disrupt transit operations, impair service quality, increase threats to public safety, and damage infrastructure. Despite the growing risk of extreme weather and climate change, little is known about how public managers reco...
Article
This genomics global governance research study presents the dynamics and the evolving nature of salient challenges that global genomics initiatives encounter in designing new models for data management, exchange, and collaboration across disciplines, sectors, and countries. Using a multiple case study approach, we assessed and compared organization...
Article
Full-text available
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/nph.14993/full Over the last decade, there has been an ongoing revolution in the exploration, manipulation and synthesis of biological systems, through the development of new technologies that generate, analyse and exploit big data. Users of Plant Genetic Resources (PGR) can potentially leverage these ca...
Article
Academic productivity is realized through resources obtained from professional networks in which scientists are embedded. Using a national survey of academic faculty in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) fields across multiple institution types, we examine how the structure of professional networks affects scholarly productivi...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This scoping report focuses on the potential implications of new synthetic biology and genomic research trajectories on the International Treaty for Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA or ‘Treaty’). Specifically, it provides an introductory examination of how the evolving technological, legal and institutional context surround...
Article
Full-text available
Over the years, researchers in public institutions and universities have accessed genetic materials from a variety of sources, freely exchanged them with fellow researchers and institutions and shared their research results with foreign and local collaborators. The 2010 Nagoya Protocol regulating access to genetic resources is set to change this sc...
Article
This paper examines how human and social capital affect the production of medical innovation outputs along the translational research continuum. Despite efforts like the NIH CTSA program to institutionalize translational research, significant gaps exist between the different stages of the translational process due in large part to the compartmental...
Article
Full-text available
The production of scientific knowledge is an inherently social process making professional networks important for producing science outcomes. Although prior work has demonstrated the connection between collaboration and productivity, most research that examines scientist networks begins from the perspective that structure predicts productivity. Ins...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report presents findings from the 2016 national survey of local governments on public participation, technology use, data sharing, and work life as part of a long-term research study interested in understanding the relationships between technology and civic engagement in local governments sponsored by the Center for Science, Technology, and En...
Article
Reduction of global food insecurity depends upon the mobilization of genetic diversity for agricultural research and innovation. Yet increased regulation of genetic materials is profoundly affecting the way agricultural research is conducted, particularly international research that requires access to diverse germplasm. This study draws from an int...
Technical Report
Full-text available
NOVEMBER 2016 Key messages  Network analysis provides a mechanism to both understand how information and communication structures vary across sites, and to identify opportunities for intervening in ways that may improve communication flows.  Farmer-expert network structures differ between Lushoto and Rakai. Farmers and expert organizations are mo...
Article
Since the 1970s, travel training programs, which provide a short-term training to people with disabilities and older people to teach them independent travel skills required to use fixed-route transportation, have spread across the United States. But the authors note that currently, there is no integrative framework for evaluating the training progr...
Article
Concerns about electronic information security in government have increased alongside increased use of online media. However, to date, few studies have examined the social mechanisms influencing electronic information security. This article applies a socio-technical framework to model how technical, organizational and environmental complexities lim...
Technical Report
Full-text available
As part of the “Policy Action for Climate Change Adaptation” (PACCA) project this info note summarizes findings of a project activity entitled “Influencing and linking policies and institutions from national to local level for the development and adoption of climate‐resilient food systems in East Africa” undertaken by researchers from Bioversity In...
Technical Report
Full-text available
As part of the Policy Action for Climate Change Adaptation (PACCA) project, this info note summarizes findings of a project activity entitled “Influencing and linking policies and institutions from national to local level for the development and adoption of climate‐resilient food systems in East Africa” undertaken by researchers from Bioversity Int...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates the tradeoffs that providers of genetic materials make between constructing a benefits arrangement and establishing use restrictions. The analysis makes use of individual- and project-level data collected from university and government researchers in the United States. Results show, for instance, that although most genetic r...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines how personal research collaboration and advice networks of academic faculty in six fields of science and engineering affect three kinds of satisfaction: satisfaction with rewards; satisfaction with reputation of department and institution; and satisfaction with professional recognition and visibility of research. The study inclu...
Article
This study examines the determinants of Environment Management System (EMS) adoption by public wastewater treatment facilities in the US. Based on the literature, it considers the range of regulatory, market and political influences on EMS adoption. The paper also incorporates prior work on publicness theory to articulate possible sectoral differen...
Article
The adoption of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in public organizations promises to better connect managers with citizens, increase public participation in government decision making, improve the efficiency of service delivery, decrease uncertainty, and improve information dissemination. While each of these outcomes is important f...
Article
The use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in public organizations increasingly holds the potential to improve transparency, accountability, and public participation, by providing a more effective and efficient disclosure of information to the citizens and organizations and by providing channels for interaction with the government...
Article
Full-text available
Corporate social responsibility (CSR) has become a mandate for strategic managers and is often an important element of a differentiation strategy, but there is little research on how managers can make socially responsible decisions within the context of competitive strategy. In this study we explain how data envelopment analysis (DEA) results can b...
Article
In this research, we aim to explore the adoption of social media initiatives in the increasingly global higher education market. We will collect survey data from individuals in different administrative positions at large public universities in Singapore and the United States. We are particularly interested in the consequences for information flows...
Article
Social media comprises a set of new technologies that enable richer data exchange in highly decentralized, dynamic, and loosely structured versatile virtual environments. Social media technology is expected to enhance participation, learning, and knowledge production in government settings, aligning traditional structural and authority boundaries w...
Article
We employ the individual-opportunity nexus perspective to conceptualize entrepreneurial commitment of academic scientists as the pursuit and attainment of external grant funding. We develop and test a model of network characteristics and cognitive biases that predict the likelihood that scientists will commit to a grant opportunity and the likeliho...
Article
Full-text available
Genetic drift (GD) randomly impacts small breeds and imported populations and therefore can impact policies focused upon conserving animal genetic resources. This paper evaluates GD for a population of Meishan pigs imported into the U. S. and explores the ramifications of GD on access and benefit sharing (ABS) of genetic resources under the Nagoya...
Chapter
Full-text available
The open systems movement proposes legal and organizational arrangements to encourage resource exchange and increase the potential for research collaboration and innovation. It is attracting increasing attention from actors seeking collaborative solutions to complex global challenges that cut across issues, agencies and scales. The G8 effort to est...
Article
Full-text available
There is currently no generally accepted method for identifying the community of translational researchers when evaluating Clinical and Translational Science Centers. We use data from the multiyear evaluation of the University of Illinois at Chicago Center for Clinical and Translational Science (CCTS) to investigate the complexities of reliably ide...
Article
Full-text available
R.V.) 2 Bioversity International, Regional Office for the Americas, c/o CIAT, Abstract: There is growing recognition that sustainable intensification of agricultural production systems and their successful adaptation to changes in climate will depend upon the improved access to, and use of, genetic diversity. This paper analyzes how the collection,...
Conference Paper
The adoption of information and communication technologies (ICT) in public organizations promises to better connect managers with citizens, increase public participation in government decision making, improve the efficiency of service delivery, decrease uncertainty, and improve information dissemination. While each of these outcomes is important fo...
Article
Scholars have expressed concern that the Nagoya Protocol (NP) might hinder academic research by constraining the exchange and use of genetic resources (Jinnah and Jungcurt, 2009). This paper investigates current genetic resource exchange and use practices as a first step to better understand how the Protocol might affect US agricultural research. T...
Article
Social media comprises a set of new technologies - including Twitter and Facebook, but others as well - that enable richer data exchange in highly decentralized, dynamic, and loosely structured, versatile virtual environments (Parameswaran & Whinston, 2007). Social media technology is expected to generate "cultures of participation" marked by colla...
Article
Although the rise of big data, open government, and social media implies greater data sharing, data exchange involves a complex social process. Based on prior research, this paper hypothesizes that greater data sharing will occur in agencies that demonstrate characteristics of interdependency, asymmetries of power and influence, and imposed require...