Eric William Neilson

Eric William Neilson
Natural Resources Canada | NRCan · Canadian Forest Service

PhD Ecology; MSc Primate Conservation

About

16
Publications
13,321
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955
Citations
Introduction
I work at the Canadian Forest Service, contributing to boreal caribou recovery. By modeling boreal caribou demographic responses to landscape and climate, we will make predictions about boreal caribou habitat and population stability under climate change.
Additional affiliations
September 2009 - November 2010
Oxford Brookes University
Position
  • Master's Student
January 2007 - March 2007
Colobus Conservation
Colobus Conservation
Position
  • Volunteer

Publications

Publications (16)
Article
Full-text available
Increases in frequency of anthropogenic and natural disturbances exacerbated by climate change are disrupting animal movement patterns and, in turn, species distribution and abundance. Habitat models are a valuable approach for predicting how a species or population is distributed across habitats. However, in these models, the environmental charact...
Article
Full-text available
Effective species conservation efforts require insight into whether a species’ extent of occurrence may shift due to changing climate, habitat loss, or both. The extent of occurrence of the threatened boreal population of woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou; caribou) has contracted due to environmental and anthropogenic disruption, with fur...
Article
Full-text available
Extreme weather events (EWEs) are expected to increase in stochasticity, frequency, and intensity due to climate change. Documented effects of EWEs, such as droughts, hurricanes, and temperature extremes, range from shifting community stable states to species extirpations. To date, little attention has been paid to how populations resist and/or rec...
Article
Full-text available
Ecology and management programs designed to track population trends over time increasingly are using passive monitoring methods to estimate terrestrial mammal densities. Researchers use motion‐sensing cameras in mammal studies because they are cost‐effective and advances in statistical methods incorporate motion‐sensing camera data to estimate mamm...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: The influence of humans on large carnivores, including wolves, is a worldwide conservation concern. In addition, human-caused changes in carnivore density and distribution might have impacts on prey and, indirectly, on vegetation. We therefore tested wolf responses to infrastructure related to natural resource development (i.e., human footpri...
Article
Full-text available
Article impact statement: Resources should target leading edges of species’ climate envelopes rather than populations at the trailing edge of climate change. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, it has been argued that the effect of predator fear exacts a greater demographic toll on prey populations than the direct killing of prey. However, efforts to quantify the effects of fear have primarily relied on experiments that replace predators with predator cues. Interpretation of these experiments must consider two important c...
Article
Full-text available
Occupancy models are increasingly applied to data from wildlife camera-trap (CT) surveys to estimate distribution, habitat use, or relative abundance of unmarked animals. Fundamental to the occupancy modeling framework is the temporal pattern of detections at camera stations, which is influenced by animal population density and the speed and scale...
Article
Full-text available
Human disturbance can alter predation rates to prey in various ways. Predators can use human disturbance to facilitate hunting, thereby increasing exposure to prey. Conversely, when predators avoid human disturbance and prey do not, prey refugia are generated. Because the direction and magnitude of such effects are not always predictable, it is imp...
Article
Full-text available
Areas near human disturbance may become prey refugia when predators avoid human activities more than their prey leading to decreased predation rates and/or increased prey population growth. Alberta’s Athabasca oil sands region (AOSR) is home to moose (Alces alces) and wolf (Canis lupus) populations and is characterized by extensive human disturbanc...
Article
Full-text available
The Bawean warty pig (Sus blouchi) is an endemic pig species confined to the 192 km2 large island of Bawean in the Java Sea, Indonesia. Due to a lack of quantitative ecological research, understanding of natural history and conservation requirements have so far been based solely on anecdotal information from interviews with local people and study o...
Article
Full-text available
In-situ oil sands development (ISD) involves a network of facilities, wells, roads and pipelines to extract and transport subsurface bitumen. This technology is rapidly expanding and there is uncertainty whether ISDs restrict animal movement, leading to increased extinction probabilities for some wide-ranging species. Here we test for effects of si...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The purpose of the Wildlife Effectiveness and Connectivity (WHEC) program was to consider the overall efficacy of setbacks for corridors as a conservation tool and make recommendations on appropriate widths. We determined the function and importance of the Athabasca River and its main tributaries as corridors for wildlife in the Athabasca Oil Sands...
Article
Full-text available
1.Reliable assessment of animal populations is a long-standing challenge in wildlife ecology. Technological advances have led to widespread adoption of camera traps (CTs) to survey wildlife distribution, abundance, and behaviour. As for any wildlife survey method, camera trapping must contend with sources of sampling error such as imperfect detecti...
Article
Full-text available
Long-term monitoring programs, wildlife surveys, and other research involving species population assessment require reliable data on population status. Given the logistically challenging nature of some species’ habitats and cryptic behaviors, collecting these data can prove to be a considerable barrier. We used detection/nondetection data from pile...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
The effect of human disturbance on the spatial components of predation in a moose-wolf system