Eric A Moulton

Eric A Moulton
Harvard Medical School | HMS · Departments of Anesthesia and Ophthalmology

O.D., Ph.D

About

59
Publications
16,086
Reads
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3,728
Citations
Citations since 2017
16 Research Items
2233 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300400
Additional affiliations
November 2016 - present
Boston Children's Hospital
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
April 2012 - present
Boston Children's Hospital
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
March 2005 - March 2012
McLean Hospital
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
September 1997 - December 2004
University of Maryland, Baltimore
Field of study
  • Neuroscience

Publications

Publications (59)
Article
Full-text available
Purpose To examine neural mechanisms underlying photophobia in individuals with chronic ocular surface pain using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Design Cross-sectional case/control analysis Methods 16 subjects from the Miami Veterans Affairs eye clinic underwent comprehensive ocular surface evaluations and were surveyed for ocular...
Article
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Supraspinal mechanisms of pain are increasingly understood to underlie neuropathic ocular conditions previously thought to be exclusively peripheral in nature. Isolating individual causes of centralized chronic conditions and differentiating them is critical to understanding the mechanisms underlying neuropathic eye pain and ultimately its treatmen...
Article
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Though corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) is an increasingly available and effective treatment for keratoconus, few reports have considered its impact on pain-related physiology in depth. This comprehensive narrative review summarises mechanisms underlying pain in CXL and clinical care possibilities, with the goal of future improvement in managem...
Article
Chronic pain and depression are two frequently co-occurring and debilitating conditions. Even though the former is treated as a physical affliction, and the latter as a mental illness, both disorders closely share neural substrates. Here, we review the association of pain with depression, especially when symptoms are lateralized on either side of t...
Article
Throughout the body, damage to peripheral nerves normally involved in nociception may produce a constellation of symptoms-including irritation, itchiness and pain. The neurobiological processes involved in corneal symptoms of dry eye (DE) and neuropathic corneal pain (NCP) have not been clearly considered in terms of nociceptive processing. The con...
Article
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Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by social deficits and atypical facial processing of emotional expressions. The underlying neuropathology of these abnormalities is still unclear. Recent studies implicate cerebellum in emotional processing; other studies show cerebellar abnormalities in ASD. Here, we elucidate the spatiotemporal acti...
Article
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In some patients, migraine attacks are associated with symptoms of allodynia which can be localized (cephalic) or generalized (extracephalic). Using functional neuroimaging and cutaneous thermal stimulation, we aimed to investigate the differences in brain activation of patients with episodic migraine (n = 19) based on their allodynic status define...
Article
Background Photophobia is a potentially debilitating symptom often found in dry eye disease (DE), migraine and traumatic brain injury (TBI). Methods We conducted a review of the literature via a PubMed search of English language articles with a focus on how photophobia may relate to a shared pathophysiology across DE, migraine and TBI. Results DE...
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C-fibers are unmyelinated nerve fibers that transmit high threshold mechanical, thermal, and chemical signals that are associated with pain sensations. This review examines current literature on measuring altered peripheral nerve morphology and discusses the most relevant aspects of corneal microscopy, especially whether corneal imaging presents si...
Article
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Numerous pathologies can contribute to photophobia. When considering light transduction alone, photophobia may be triggered through melanopsin pathways (non-image forming), rod and cone pathways (image-forming), or some combination of the two. We evaluated a 39 year old female patient with longstanding idiopathic photophobia that was exacerbated by...
Article
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Purpose: To evaluate the changes in anterior corneal topography induced by short-time wear of scleral contact lenses (SLs) in keratoconic subjects with and without a history of corneal cross-linking (CXL). Methods: Nine keratoconic patients (14 eyes) were fitted with 18.5 mm SLs for optical rehabilitation. Subjects were divided into 2 groups: 7 ey...
Article
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Objectives Damage to the posterior cerebellum can cause affective deficits in patients. In adults, cerebellar infarcts result in thermal hyperalgesia and affect descending modulation of pain. This study evaluated the effect of resection of low‐grade cerebellar tumors on pain processing in human children. Methods Twelve pediatric patients treated w...
Article
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Over the past three decades, insights into the role of the cerebellum in emotional processing have substantially increased. Indeed, methodological refinements in cerebellar lesion studies and major technological advancements in the field of neuroscience are in particular responsible to an exponential growth of knowledge on the topic. It is timely t...
Article
126Background: Acute cerebellar infarctions have been shown to lead to affective and cognitive deficits in pediatric patients. However, the consequences of cerebellar insult on pain processing are unknown. Recent evidence not only suggests that the cerebellum plays a role in affective processing, but it also demonstrates increased activity in this...
Article
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The cornea is supplied principally by the ophthalmic branch of the trigeminal nerve and is the most densely innervated organ in the human body. Under normal conditions, the corneal nerve terminals incorporate sensors that monitor the thickness and integrity of the tear film, which are essential for meaningful vision. A disrupted tear film or direct...
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Purpose: To determine the benefits provided by centrally red-tinted contact lenses on visual acuity, contrast sensitivity (CS), photophobia, and quality of life in patients with degenerative retinal diseases. Methods: We evaluated the impact of centrally red-tinted hydrogel contact lenses on nine patients (aged 15 to 22 years) with severe photop...
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Various lines of evidence accumulated over the past 30 years indicate that the cerebellum, long recognized as essential for motor control, also has considerable influence on perceptual processes. In this paper, we bring together experts from psychology and neuroscience, with the aim of providing a succinct but comprehensive overview of key findings...
Article
Gray matter loss in cortical regions is a normal ageing process for the healthy brain. There have been few studies on the process of ageing of the brain in chronic neurological disorders including migraine. In migraine patients, the insula cortex has altered structure and function reflecting its pivotal position in interoception, salience, nocicept...
Article
The amygdala is a key brain region with efferent and afferent neural connections that involve complex behaviors such as pain, reward, fear and anxiety. This study evaluated resting state functional connectivity of the amygdala with cortical and subcortical regions in a group of chronic pain patients (pediatric complex regional pain syndrome) with a...
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The hypothalamus has been implicated in migraine based on the manifestation of autonomic symptoms with the disease, as well as neuroimaging evidence of hypothalamic activation during attacks. Our objective was to determine functional connectivity (FC) changes between the hypothalamus and the rest of the brain in migraine patients vs. control subjec...
Article
The amygdala, a small deep brain structure involved in behavioral processing through interactions with other brain regions, has garnered increased attention in recent years in relation to pain processing. As pain is a multidimensional experience that encompasses physical sensation, affect, and cognition, the amygdala is well suited to play a part i...
Article
Although cerebellar alterations have been consistently noted in the addiction literature, the pathophysiology of this link remains unclear. The cerebellum is commonly classified as a motor structure, but human functional neuroimaging along with clinical observations in cerebellar stroke patients and anatomical tract tracing in non-human primates su...
Article
Chronic pain is a common ailment present worldwide and across all age groups. It is concomitant with a plethora of other medical syndromes, including migraine and other headache disorders, chronic back pain (CBP), phantom limb pain, fibromyalgia (FM), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS), complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS), pain disorder, chronic pros...
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Full-text available
The cornea has been a focus of animal electrophysiological research for decades, but little is known regarding its cortical representation in the human brain. This study attempts to localize the somatotopic representation of the cornea to painful stimuli in human primary somatosensory cortex using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). In th...
Article
This resource addresses the increasingly sophisticated neuroimaging techniques that have allowed researchers to begin to define functional and anatomical characteristics of migraine and other less-common types of headache. Of particular focus is how imaging is changing the way we understand migraine. This includes changes in function, structure and...
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The discovery of cortical networks that participate in pain processing has led to the common generalization that blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) responses in these areas indicate the processing of pain. Physical stimuli have fundamental properties that elicit sensations distinguishable from pain, such as heat. We hypothesized that pain intensit...
Article
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The habenula, located in the posterior thalamus, is implicated in a wide array of functions. Animal anatomical studies have indicated that the structure receives inputs from a number of brain regions (e.g., frontal areas, hypothalamic, basal ganglia) and sends efferent connections predominantly to the brain stem (e.g., periaqueductal gray, raphe, i...
Article
This review and meta-analysis aims at summarizing and integrating the human neuroimaging studies that report periaqueductal gray (PAG) involvement; 250 original manuscripts on human neuroimaging of the PAG were identified. A narrative review and meta-analysis using activation likelihood estimates is included. Behaviors covered include pain and pain...
Article
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The cerebellum is reliably activated during both acute and chronic pain conditions, but it is unclear whether the response to aversive painful stimuli can be generalized to other aversive stimuli. We hypothesized that cerebellar activation during pain reflects higher-level encoding of aversive stimuli. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging...
Article
Full-text available
During migraine attacks, alterations in sensation accompanying headache may manifest as allodynia and enhanced sensitivity to light, sound, and odors. Our objective was to identify physiological changes in cortical regions in migraine patients using painful heat and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and the structural basis for such chan...
Article
The cerebellum is classically considered to be a brain region involved in motor processing, but it has also been implicated in non-motor, and even cognitive, functions. Though previous research suggests that the cerebellum responds to noxious stimuli, its specific role during pain is unclear. Pain is a multidimensional experience that encompasses s...
Article
Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) methods, we evaluated the effects of lamotrigine vs placebo in a double-blind 1:1 randomized trial. Six patients with neuropathic pain were recruited for the study. All subjects had baseline pain >4/10 on a visual analog scale (VAS) and allodynia to brush as inclusion criteria for the study. Patien...
Article
Photophobia, or painful oversensitivity to light, occurs in a number of clinical conditions, which range from superficial eye irritation to meningitis. In this case study, a healthy subject with transient photophobia (induced by the overuse of contact lenses) was examined using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). While being scanned in a...
Article
Background: Previous reports have indicated that ketamine anesthesia may produce significant improvement if not complete recovery of patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS). Aims: Here we report on a patient who had CRPS affecting mainly the right side of her body who underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) scans prior...
Article
Though somatotypic representation within the face in human primary somatosensory cortex (S1) to innocuous stimuli is controversial; previous work suggests that painful heat is represented based on an "onion-skin" or segmental pattern on the face. The aim of this study was to determine if face somatotopy for brush stimuli in S1 also follows this seg...
Data
Patient medications (0.06 MB DOC)
Article
Full-text available
Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) in paediatric patients is clinically distinct from the adult condition in which there is often complete resolution of its signs and symptoms within several months to a few years. The ability to compare the symptomatic and asymptomatic condition in the same individuals makes this population interesting for the i...
Article
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Though human pain imaging studies almost always demonstrate activation in the cerebellum, the role of the cerebellum in pain function is not well understood. Here we present results from two studies on the effects of noxious thermal heat and brush applied to the right side of the face in a group of healthy subjects (Group I) and a group of patients...
Article
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The brainstem contains descending circuitry that can modulate nociceptive processing (neural signals associated with pain) in the dorsal horn of the spinal cord and the medullary dorsal horn. In migraineurs, abnormal brainstem function during attacks suggest that dysfunction of descending modulation may facilitate migraine attacks, either by reduci...
Data
Design matrix. Demonstration that variance of the observed signal was minimized by using a large number of time points/number of stimuli.
Article
Full-text available
A 53-year old woman with tic doloureaux, affecting her right maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve (V2), could elicit shooting pains by slightly tapping her teeth when off medication. The pains, which she normally rated as > 6/10 on a visual analog scale (VAS), were electric shock-like in nature. She had no other spontaneous or ongoing backgro...
Article
The aim of this study was to differentiate the processing of nociceptive information, matched for pain intensity, from capsaicin-induced hyperalgesic vs. control skin at multiple levels in the trigeminal nociceptive pathway. Using an event-related fMRI approach, 12 male subjects underwent three functional scans beginning 1 h after topical applicati...
Article
Full-text available
An understanding of how the brain changes in chronic pain or responds to pharmacological or other therapeutic interventions has been significantly changed as a result of developments in neuroimaging of the CNS. These developments have occurred in 3 domains : (1) Anatomical Imaging which has demonstrated changes in brain volume in chronic pain; (2)...
Article
Full-text available
Functional magnetic resonance imaging was used to study patients with chronic neuropathic pain involving the maxillary region (V2) of the trigeminal nerve in patients with spontaneous pain and evoked pain to brush (allodynia). Patients underwent two functional scans (2-3 months apart) with mechanical and thermal stimuli applied to the affected regi...
Article
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There are limited data addressing the question of sex differences in pain-related cerebral processing. This study examined whether pain-related blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) signal change measured with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) demonstrated sex differences, under conditions of equivalent pain perception. Twenty-eight h...
Article
Background: Based largely on data from animal models, migraine is hypothesized to involve changes in neural function in brain areas that mediate nociception--specifically, the trigeminal nerve, spinal trigeminal nucleus, and thalamus. These hypotheses about migraine pathophysiology can be tested directly in humans for the first time, with recent a...
Article
Full-text available
Cortical responses to painful and nonpainful heat were measured using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) region of interest analysis (ROI) of primary somatosensory cortex (S1), secondary somatosensory cortex (S2), anterior cingulate (ACC), supplementary motor area (SMA), insula, and inferior frontal gyrus (IFG). Previous studies indicated...

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