Eric Maes

Eric Maes
National Institute of Criminalistics and Criminology | INCC NICC · Department of Criminology

PhD Criminology

About

244
Publications
62,016
Reads
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618
Citations
Citations since 2017
87 Research Items
293 Citations
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Introduction
I studied Criminology at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (Lic., 1993) and obtained my PhD in Criminological Sciences in 2008 from the same university with a study on the history of the Belgian prison regime. My main research interests focus on penological topics, such as (the history of) prison regimes, the implementation of prison sentences and community sanctions, electronic monitoring, conditional release, pre-trial detention and alternatives, sentence calculation, and recidivism studies.
Additional affiliations
February 2008 - present
National Institute of Criminalistics and Criminology
Position
  • Senior Researcher (Ph.D.)
February 2007 - January 2015
Sentence Implementation Court
Position
  • Deputy member (assessor strafuitvoeringszaken, gespecialiseerd in penitentiaire zaken), Sentence Implementation Court Antwerp
October 2004 - January 2007
Parole Board
Position
  • Deputy member (assessor strafuitvoeringszaken, gespecialiseerd in penitentiaire zaken), Parole Board Brussels
Education
March 2002 - February 2008
KU Leuven
Field of study
  • Criminological Sciences
October 1991 - September 1993
KU Leuven
Field of study
  • Criminology
October 1989 - July 1991
KU Leuven
Field of study
  • Criminology

Publications

Publications (244)
Article
In: Fatik, Tijdschrift voor Strafbeleid en Gevangeniswezen, 39 (nr. 173, januari-februari-maart 2022), 19-27.
Article
Full-text available
Doctor in de Criminologische Wetenschappen OE Strafrecht en Criminologie Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid Doctoral thesis Doctoraatsthesis
Article
Full-text available
In: Contemporanea, Tijdschrift van de Belgische Vereniging voor Nieuwste Geschiedenis, XXXVIII (nr. 3), https://www.contemporanea.be/nl/article/20223recensiemaesprisons
Presentation
Full-text available
In the context of the group of cases Vasilescu v. Belgium (leading case - application no. 64682/12), the Belgian authorities have submitted in March 2022 an action plan with several measures to tackle overcrowding and degrading conditions of detention in Belgian penitentiary facilities. They emphasises also the need for alternatives to (pre-trial)...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Belgium does not yet have any periodical reconviction studies or statistics on reconviction on a national scale. Nevertheless, over the past decade, especially within the NICC, investments have been made in the development of research on recidivism and criminal careers. Recent developments, such as the creation of a specialised NICC-research unit o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The accumulation of sentences remains a poorly documented aspect of the implementation of sentences. It involves both the simultaneous enforcement of sentences of the same nature (e.g. several prison sentences) and sentences of a different nature (e.g. a prison sentence and work penalty). The cases that arise in practice are in fact very diverse an...
Conference Paper
In Belgium, the care offered to prisoners who use drugs is being in development. Based on this observation, the Federal Public Service for Public Health, in collaboration with the Federal Public Service for Justice, have set up a pilot project since December 2017 aiming at the care of this specific population in three prisons of the country. The ob...
Conference Paper
For the past 10 years, Belgium has made some investments in research projects to close a nationwide knowledge gap on recidivism and criminal careers. One of these projects aims at producing reliable statistics on these phenomena, on the basis of an Integrated Historical Database (IHD). The data to feed into the IHD was extracted from a conviction d...
Article
Full-text available
In: e-legal, Revue de droit et de criminologie de l'Université libre de Bruxelles *** https://e-legal.ulb.be/volume-n06/la-peine-ne-s-arrete-pas-a-la-sortie-de-prison/le-cumul-des-peines-dans-un-contexte-de-sortie-de-prison *** Video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-ecDy3-rCHk&t=768s *** Powerpoint: https://grepec.usaintlouis.be/wp-content/uploads...
Presentation
Full-text available
https://gompel-svacina.eu/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/2022_01_20_Webinar_NL_Maes_Thema_1.pdf
Presentation
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https://gompel-svacina.eu/wp-content/uploads/2021/11/2022_01_20_Webinar_NL_Maes_Context-en-stand-van-zaken.pdf
Book
Full-text available
[ENG] In Belgium, the calculation, execution and accumulation of sentences and measures raise numerous questions. For those directly involved and their families, it is often a very radical but inextricable tangle. Even many insiders within the world of justice often have no answer. - When does the (custodial) sentence handed down by the judge begi...
Book
Full-text available
[ENG] In Belgium, the calculation, execution and accumulation of sentences and measures raise numerous questions. For those directly involved and their families, it is often a very radical but inextricable tangle. Even many insiders within the world of justice often have no answer. - When does the (custodial) sentence handed down by the judge begi...
Chapter
In: Maes, E. & Jonckheere, A. (Eds.). Strafberekening, uitvoering en cumul van straffen (pp. 85-130). Antwerpen/’s-Hertogenbosch: Gompel&Svacina. ISBN 978-94-6371-343-6
Chapter
Full-text available
In: Maes, E. & Jonckheere, A. (Eds.). Strafberekening, uitvoering en cumul van straffen (pp. 15-18). Antwerpen/’s-Hertogenbosch: Gompel&Svacina. ISBN 978-94-6371-343-6
Chapter
In Maes, E. & Jonckheere, A. (Eds.). Strafberekening, uitvoering en cumul van straffen (pp. 19-46). Antwerpen/’s-Hertogenbosch: Gompel&Svacina. ISBN 978-94-6371-343-6
Chapter
In Maes, E. & Jonckheere, A. (Eds.). Strafberekening, uitvoering en cumul van straffen (pp. 209-211). Antwerpen/’s-Hertogenbosch: Gompel&Svacina. ISBN 978-94-6371-343-6
Chapter
In Jonckheere, A. & Maes, E. (Eds.). Calcul, exécution et cumul des peines (pp. 81-124). Antwerpen/’s-Hertogenbosch: Gompel&Svacina. ISBN 978-94-6371-344-3
Chapter
Full-text available
In Jonckheere, A. & Maes, E. (Eds.). Calcul, exécution et cumul des peines (pp. 13-16). Antwerpen/’s-Hertogenbosch: Gompel&Svacina. ISBN 978-94-6371-344-3
Chapter
In Jonckheere, A. & Maes, E. (Eds.). Calcul, exécution et cumul des peines (pp. 17-44). Antwerpen/’s-Hertogenbosch: Gompel&Svacina. ISBN 978-94-6371-344-3
Chapter
In Jonckheere, A. & Maes, E. (Eds.). Calcul, exécution et cumul des peines (pp. 199-201). Antwerpen/’s-Hertogenbosch: Gompel&Svacina. ISBN 978-94-6371-344-3
Article
Full-text available
In: Justice & sécurité/Justitie & veiligheid (JSJV) https://nicc.fgov.be/upload/publicaties/jsjv18_fr.pdf
Article
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In: Justice & sécurité/Justitie & veiligheid (JSJV), #18 (december 2021) https://nicc.fgov.be/upload/publicaties/jsjv18_nl_0.pdf
Presentation
Full-text available
Le cumul des peines reste un aspect de l’exécution des peines peu documenté. Nombreux sont les acteurs qui concourent à cette exécution, avec des pratiques parfois différenciées en raison d’interprétations divergentes, de l’influence de la coutume et d’un cadre normatif relativement lacunaire. Dans cette présentation nous interrogeons ainsi la faço...
Article
In this article, the decision-making process of prison leave is discussed, and a discussion is given of the current impact of covid 19-measures for prison leave.
Article
Full-text available
In: Fatik, Tijdschrift voor Strafbeleid en Gevangeniswezen, 38 (nr. 169, januari-februari-maart 2021), 16-22. *** In deze bijdrage blikken we terug op recente wijzigingen in de besluitvorming omtrent uitgaansvergunningen (verder: UV) en penitentiaire verloven (verder: PV). Als startpunt nemen we de bevindingen van een onderzoek uit 2012-2013 dat do...
Article
Full-text available
In: Panopticon, Tijdschrift voor strafrecht, criminologie en forensisch welzijnswerk, 42(2), 97-115. ISSN 0771-1409 *** Phoning behind bars. An exploratory study into in-cell telephony *** Abstract: Information and communication technologies have begun to enter into the penitentiary systems, adding a digital dimension to the detention experience (M...
Article
Full-text available
In: Panopticon, Tijdschrift voor strafrecht, criminologie en forensisch welzijnswerk, 42(2), 189-195.
Article
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In: Panopticon, Tijdschrift voor strafrecht, criminologie en forensisch welzijnswerk, 42(1), 1-6.
Article
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in: Newsletter CEP (Confederation of European Probation), October 2020 https://www.cep-probation.org/dealing-with-crime-in-ordinary-times-as-in-times-of-crisis-a-solution-to-reduce-pre-trial-detention/
Article
In: Neue Zeitschrift für Kriminologie und Kriminalpolitik/Nouvelle Revue de Criminologie et de Politique Pénale/New Journal of Criminology and Crime Policy, 2020, 1(1), 5-11. *** In Belgien nehmen die Formen von strafprozessualen Interventionsformen, die vor einer Verurteilung zur Anwendung kommen können, sog. strafprozessuale Ersatzmassnahmen, ei...
Article
Full-text available
In: Fatik, Tijdschrift voor Strafbeleid en Gevangeniswezen, 37 (nr. 166, april-mei-juni 2020), 12-18. ISSN 0772-5167
Article
Purpose This paper aims to report the findings of an evaluation study concerning the Central Registration Points (CRPs) for drug users in Belgian prisons. CRPs support drug users to link with community-based services. Design/methodology/approach The study applied a multi-method approach that involved an exploratory literature review; a secondary a...
Article
Sexual offenses are often part of a larger criminal career also encompassing nonsexual crimes. However, most sexual offending typologies focus on an individual’s most recent sexual offense. We compare data from Belgian and Dutch national conviction cohorts and use latent class analysis to distinguish groups of individuals based on their history of...
Article
Full-text available
Prison leave decision-making remains largely unknown, operating as a black box in which applications enter and decisions come out, without knowing what happens in between. Prison leave decision-making in Belgium is no exception to this. After a prisoner submits an application for prison leave, the prison director has to provide a written opinion ab...
Article
Full-text available
In: Panopticon, Tijdschrift voor strafrecht, criminologie en forensisch welzijnswerk, 41(1), 10-41 *** Prison overcrowding dominates penal policies and sentence implementation in Belgium for about three decades and will probably continue to do so in the future. This article describes and analyses Belgian sentence implementation policies of the last...
Article
Daders van zedendelicten worden vaak getypeerd op basis van een specifiek delict, bijvoorbeeld het laatst door hen gepleegde zedendelict. Het is onduidelijk of typologieën van deze daders op basis van hun criminele voorgeschiedenis hierbij aansluiten of tot nieuwe inzichten leiden. Deze studie identificeert verschillende typen criminele carrièrepat...
Book
Full-text available
This book marks the 20th anniversary of the Department of Criminology of the National Institute of Criminalistics and Criminology (NICC). On the occasion of this anniversary, a series of research seminars were organised, during which NICC researchers, practitioners and international experts engaged in a dialogue on several key research themes. They...
Chapter
Full-text available
The result of a year of work, deep thought and moments of camaraderie, this book marks the 20th anniversary of the Criminology Department of the National Institute of Criminalistics and Criminology (NICC). For just over one year, the members of the Criminology Department looked back to their past, but they especially tried to project themselves int...
Chapter
Pre-trial detention has received almost continuous attention since the creation of the Department of Criminology of the National Institute of Criminalistics and Criminology (NICC). Many research projects have focused on this exceptional measure – considered an ultimum remedium – and the alternatives designed to limit its use. The scientific interes...
Chapter
As a (mainly) applied research department, the Criminology Department of the National Institute of Criminalistics and Criminology (NICC) has only recently begun addressing questions related to recidivism, since 2011-2012. Although this was largely unplanned, a posteriori several reasons for this shifting research attention to recidivism can be ment...
Article
In: Champ Pénal/Penal Field, Vol. 16, (online, 22 November 2019). ISSN 1777-5272 https://journals.openedition.org/champpenal/11099
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The overuse of pre-trial detention and problems of prison overcrowding resulted in the adoption of new legislation on pre-trial detention in Belgium in 1990. One of the major innovations was the introduction of the measure of ‘release under conditions’ (an alternative for issuing or prolonging an arrest warrant) which gives investigating judges/cou...
Article
Full-text available
In: Fatik, Tijdschrift voor Strafbeleid en Gevangeniswezen, 36 (nr. 163, juli-augustus-september), 5-13. ISSN 0772-5167. Eind december 2012 werd het elektronisch toezicht in het Belgisch recht ingevoerd als modaliteit van uitvoering van een aanhoudingsmandaat. Daarmee werd een nieuw hoofdstuk gebreid aan de expansie van het elektronisch toezicht al...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Objective. Every year 7,3 million people are killed in traffic worldwide. Human error and non-compliance to the rules are the most important causes for serious traffic accidents. The objective of the present study is therefore to determine the profiles and risk factors associated with traffic (re)offending in Belgium. Method. The data originate fr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In 1990 Belgium adopted new legislation on pre-trial detention. Besides procedural adaptations strengthening the rights of the defence, an important innovation concerned the introduction of the measure of ‘release under conditions’. This alternative for issuing or prolonging an arrest warrant gave investigating judges/courts the opportunity to rele...
Chapter
[Omschrijving uitgeverij die Keure]: “Brieven aan jonge criminologen” is een mooi geïllustreerd boek dat 41 brieven bevat van criminologen op een hoogtepunt in hun carrière, gericht aan jonge criminologen die er net aan beginnen. Het boek illustreert de diversiteit aan beroepsuitwegen voor (jonge) criminologen en laat zien dat criminologen van alle...
Article
In: Champ pénal/Penal Field, 16/2019 (online) *** https://journals.openedition.org/champpenal/10921 *** Pretrial Detention in Belgium. An Empirical Study of Explanatory Factors of the Use of the Arrest Warrant and its Length *** This paper presents the main results of an empirical study aiming at providing an explanation of the evolutions of t...
Technical Report
Full-text available
http://www.belspo.be/belspo/brain-be/themes_4_Strategic_en.stm#SOC *** Context *** Sex offences have attracted a lot of public and policy attention in the last decades. In Belgium, the Dutroux case led to unseen public protests and important policy changes. Elsewhere, similar horrifying events have taken place, also affecting in important ways po...
Article
Full-text available
The right to liberty is recognized to everyone until the moment of his conviction. This principle, however, is subject to exceptions, particularly in view of the need for the investigation of judicial cases. Pre-trial detention and less severe measures than incarceration can thus be ordered but an observation of practices in seven European countrie...
Article
Full-text available
In this article we describe the recidivism, in Belgium, of incarcerated alcohol- and/or drug users who were referred to the prison-based registration points (PbRP) between 2011 and 2013 and subsequently were released from prison (n= 2,758). The prison based registration points engage in continuity and support between prison and the community throug...
Article
Full-text available
in: Panopticon, 40(1), 29-45 (ISSN 0771-1409) Title: PrisonCloud for inmates. Limits to digital normalization? Abstract: Digital media and technology are affecting our lives in profound ways. The ongoing digitalization has even been called a new industrial revolution. For a long time, prisons have been considered as total institutions. Social devel...
Presentation
Full-text available
In the aftermath of several affairs of sexual abuse, over the last decades in Belgium practical initiatives and policy measures have been developed that target sex offenders. Until recently, little was known in Belgium about the prevalence and nature of recidivism of sex offenders. In this presentation, statistics about recidivism and risk factors...
Article
Full-text available
In the aftermath of several affairs of sexual abuse, over the last decades in Belgium practical initiatives and policy measures have been developed that target sex offenders. Until recently, little was known in our country about the prevalence and nature of recidivism of sex offenders. In this contribution, statistics about recidivism and risk fact...
Article
Full-text available
Since long, the delinquency of sex offenders has been the focus of many assumptions. These include the ideas that sex offenders are prone to commit new offences, that they are repeating (identical) sex offences and that they do not seize to offend. Such ideas suggest sex offenders are a distinct group. Based on the study of criminal careers of sex...
Presentation
Full-text available
La surveillance électronique séduit actuellement de nombreux pays européens. Dans le cadre des mesures présentencielles, elle est mobilisée, soit comme mesure alternative à la détention préventive, soit comme modalité d’exécution des mandats d’arrêt. La contribution vise à présenter les usages actuels de la surveillance électronique dans 7 pays eur...
Technical Report
The main objective of the SOCPREV research was to gain a good insight into a subject that has been rarely studied in Belgium, namely the content and the evaluation methods of good and promising practices aimed at the social prevention of drug-related crime in Brussels, Flanders and Wallonia (Strebelle 2002: 73). The research was conducted between A...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The main objective of the SOCPREV research was to gain a good insight into a subject that has been rarely studied in Belgium, namely the content and the evaluation methods of good and promising practices aimed at the social prevention of drug-related crime in Brussels, Flanders and Wallonia (Strebelle 2002: 73). The research was conducted between A...
Research
Full-text available
The aim of our research was to understand what factors shape the use of PTD, how it actually is justified in practice and whether these justifications are convincing in the light of the two basic human rights guarantees. The study was conducted in seven countries: Austria (AT), Belgium (BE), Germany (DE), Ireland (IE), Lithuania (LT), the Netherlan...
Article
Full-text available
For decades institutional food has been studied to learn about wider developments in foodways in the past and present. Prison diets offer additional value to these studies in that prisoners’ food has specific connotations (e.g., control or extra punishment) and that it should not exceed common diets outside the prison (the so-called less-eligibilit...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
For several decades now, Belgium faces serious problems of prison overcrowding. Especially since the beginning of the nineties of last century the prison population rose exponentially. Not only did the number of convicted offenders more than double over the last 30 years, the population held in remand custody also increased significantly. The new p...
Poster
Full-text available
A significant part of the Belgian prison population has a history of (problematic) alcohol and/or drug use: two-third ever used illegal substances, of which one-third used such products during detention. About 30% of the prison population is held in remand custody or convicted for drug offences (possession/trafficking of illegal drugs), compared to...
Technical Report
The project Process and outcome study on prison based registration points in Belgium (PROSPER) aimed at the evaluation of Central Registration Points (CRPs) for substance users in Flemish, Brussels and Walloon prisons. The study was carried out on behalf of the Federal Public Planning Service Science Policy (BELSPO) and was made possible by the co-...
Presentation
Full-text available
Gespecialiseerde opleiding voor toekomstige magistraten van de strafuitvoeringsrechtbanken (Instituut voor Gerechtelijke Opleiding, FOD Justitie)

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Projects

Projects (14)
Archived project
Développement d'un guide de bonnes pratiques visant l'implémentation de projets en prison à destination des détenus consommateurs de drogues