Eric Laurent

Eric Laurent
University Bourgogne Franche-Comté · Department of Psychology, Besançon

B.S., M.S., Ph.D.

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115
Publications
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Publications

Publications (115)
Article
Whether burnout is a form of depression is unclear. The aim of this study was to examine the relevance of the burnout-depression distinction by comparing attentional processing of emotional information in burnout and depression. Eye tracking technology was employed for assessing overt attentional deployment. The gaze of 54 human services employees...
Article
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I review the data on human visual perception that reveal the critical role played by non-visual contextual factors influencing visual activity.The global perspective that progressively emerges reveals that vision is sensitive to multiple couplings with other systems whose nature and levels of abstraction in science are highly variable. Contrary to...
Article
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Many of us “see red,” “feel blue,” or “turn green with envy.” Are such color-emotion associations fundamental to our shared cognitive architecture, or are they cultural creations learned through our languages and traditions? To answer these questions, we tested emotional associations of colors in 4,598 participants from 30 nations speaking 22 nativ...
Article
There is no consensus on whether burnout constitutes a depressive condition or an original entity requiring specific medical and legal recognition. In this study, we examined burnout–depression overlap using 14 samples of individuals from various countries and occupational domains (N = 12,417). Meta-analytically pooled disattenuated correlations in...
Article
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This study tested the influence of mood on the perception of the sitting affordance in two experiments. The objective of Experiment 1 was to evaluate participants' perception of the sitting affordance, without mood induction. Forty-three participants assessed their maximum sitting height (SHmax) from different seat heights (perceptual SHmax) before...
Article
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Suicidal behaviors (SBs) are often associated with impaired performance on neuropsychological executive functioning (EF) measures that encourage the development of more specific and reliable tools. Recent evidence could suggest that saccadic movement using eye tracking can provide reliable information on EF in depressive elderly. The aim of this st...
Conference Paper
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The colour category PURPLE is strangely heterogeneous, potentially due to the use of different cognates. We asked French speakers from Algeria, France, and Switzerland (n = 274) to produce up to three free associations with violet (basic term), pourpre, and lilas (non-basic terms). We counted 2,075 associations. We developed a coding scheme that i)...
Poster
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“I could have done better”. You have most likely heard or said this on many occasions before. Sometimes, we produce a motor performance that is not the expected one. In the present research, we investigated the role of mood in the moderation of expectations derived from the perception of the sitting affordance. In Experiment 1, 43 participants (27...
Poster
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When we need to reach an object, we have an expectation regarding this action possibility, that is about the fact that we can reach this object or not. According to the learned helplessness theory (Seligman, 1975), expectations concerning action are impaired in depression, because no gratification ensue from action. This study aimed to investigate...
Article
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A sample of 1015 educational staff members, exhibiting various levels of burnout and depressive symptoms, underwent a memory test involving incident encoding of positive and negative words and a free recall task. Burnout and depression were each found to be associated with increased recall of negative items and decreased recall of positive items. R...
Article
Burnout has been viewed as a work-induced condition combining exhaustion, cynicism, and professional inefficacy. Using correlational analyses, an exploratory structural equation modeling (ESEM) bifactor analysis, structural regression analyses, and a network analysis, we examined the claim that burnout should not be mistaken for a depressive syndro...
Article
Across cultures, people associate colours with emotions. Here, we test the hypothesis that one driver of this cross-modal correspondence is the physical environment we live in. We focus on a prime example – the association of yellow with joy, – which conceivably arises because yellow is reminiscent of life-sustaining sunshine and pleasant weather....
Poster
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While symbolic meanings of colour might be the making of cultural customs (e.g., white vs. red worn at weddings in Western world vs. China/Japan), little is known whether emotion associations with colour are also culture-specific, or rather universal. We performed a comprehensive, systematic survey on conceptual colour-affect associations in 30 cou...
Article
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Burnout has been defined as a job-induced syndrome combining emotional exhaustion, depersonalization/cynicism, and a sense of reduced personal accomplishment. In this article, we expand on past analyses of burnout by reviewing key, yet overlooked, problems affecting the construct. We concomitantly examine the implications of these problems for the...
Article
Burnout has been defined as a job-related syndrome combining pervasive fatigue and loss of motivation. In recent years, evidence has mounted that burnout may reflect a depressive condition. In this study, we expanded on past investigations of burnout-depression overlap by focusing on interpretation biases toward ambiguous information among the two...
Article
In this 257-participant study (76% female; mean age: 44.84), we examined two ideas that are widespread among burnout researchers: (a) the idea that burnout is primarily related to occupational-level factors; and (b) the idea that burnout should be considered a sentinel indicator in research on negative occupational outcomes. We investigated the lin...
Article
Objective. Several studies have demonstrated saccadic eye movement (SEM) abnormalities in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) when patients performed prosaccade (PS) and antisaccade (AS) tasks. Some studies have also showed that SEM abnormalities were correlated with dementia rating tests such as the MMSE. Therefore, it has been suggested that SEMs could prov...
Chapter
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The aim of this chapter is to provide an overview of the burnout syndrome, a condition initially described in psychology in the mid-1970s. We start by depicting the pioneering phase of burnout research that led to the introduction of the burnout construct in the scientific literature. We then describe the shift from initial exploratory and mainly q...
Article
In this commentary, we discuss seldom-noticed methodological problems affecting biological research on burnout and depression and make recommendations to overcome the limitations of past studies conducted in this area. First, we suggest that identified subtypes of depression (e.g., depression with melancholic features and depression with atypical f...
Research
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Our e-letter is available here: http://www.cmaj.ca/content/189/39/E1236/reply#cmaj_el_733494
Research
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Our e-letter is available here: http://bjp.rcpsych.org/content/190/1/81.2.e-letters
Chapter
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Depression researchers have long considered depressive disorders to be associated with specific cognitive processes. In the current chapter, we examine the relationship between depressive disorders (especially major depressive disorder [MDD]) and perceptual-cognitive processing of emotional contents. We describe some characteristics of depressive p...
Article
To the Editor: Underwood and colleagues¹ published an article related to depression in new fathers. In their study, the authors assessed paternal antenatal depression symptoms (PADS) and paternal postnatal depression symptoms (PPDS). From their analyses, the authors drew conclusions about the first practical action to take, which would consist of “...
Poster
Full-text available
Purpose. This study aimed at: (a) documenting burnout-depression overlap; (b) introducing a method for assessing job-related depression; (c) examining the links between job-related depression, job (dis)satisfaction, and job-induced turnover intention (JITI). Design/Methodology. The study involved 286 female school employees from New Zealand. Depres...
Conference Paper
Introduction. More than 40 years after the introduction of the construct in the literature, the status of “burnout” remains unclear. Whether burnout is anything other than a depressive syndrome has been increasingly discussed in recent years. Objectives. We examined the extent to which burnout can be considered distinct from depression. Methods....
Article
The “burnout syndrome” has become popularly known since it was described in the 1970s and is today an emblem of work-related ill-health. Its phenomenological and nosological status, however, remains strongly debated. In this viewpoint article, we defend the controversial position that burnout is a depressive syndrome, based on theory-driven reasoni...
Article
Although the relationship between age-related cognitive decline and saccadic eye movement (SEM) deficits has been outlined, specific cognitive alterations underlying age-related changes in saccadic performance remain unclear. This study attempted to better understand the nature of aging effects on SEMs. We compared SEMs in younger and older adults...
Article
We examined the overlap of burnout with depression in a sample of 184 New Zealand schoolteachers. Burnout and depressive symptoms were strongly correlated with each other (r = .73; disattenuated correlation: .82) and moderately correlated with dysfunctional attitudes, ruminative responses, and pessimistic attributions. All the participants with hig...
Book
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Que ce soit dans la vie privée ou dans la vie professionnelle, les concepts employés pour décrire les états affectifs sont multiples : humeur, émotion, burnout, dépression, bipolarité. Les auteurs du présent ouvrage distinguent ces concepts et abordent les aspects théoriques et pratiques de l’humeur normale et de l’humeur pathologique. Ils présent...
Chapter
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Chapter
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http://www.deboecksuperieur.com/ouvrage/9782353273546-de-lhumeur-normale-la-depression-en-psychologie-cognitive-neurosciences-et
Chapter
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Les mouvements oculaires font partie de ces activités motrices réalisées quotidiennement et, généralement, sans en avoir conscience. Ils peuvent cependant être le reflet du fonctionnement cognitif et émotionnel, les rendant ainsi particulièrement intéressants pour l’étude des pathologies psychiatriques comme la dépression. Débutée il y a plusieurs...
Chapter
Full-text available
Initialement décrit en psychologie dans les années 1970, le « syndrome du burnout » est demeuré difficile à caractériser. En particulier, la possibilité de distinguer le burnout des syndromes dépressifs, sous leurs formes cliniques et subcliniques, est restée controversée. Dans ce chapitre, nous présentons une analyse logique de la distinction burn...
Article
A study was conducted in order to examine the emotional effects of content and hue interacting in the same image. To achieve this goal, self-reported (based on Self-Assessment Manikin [SAM] scale), physiological (pupil diameter and skin conductance response), and behavioral (eye movement) measures were used in response to a set of photographs selec...
Conference Paper
Introduction. Burnout has been assumed to result from job stress. However, evidence for a causal relationship between job stress and burnout is limited. In the present study, we examined the extent to which job stress and global stress predicted burnout one year later. Method. A total of 249 French schoolteachers (mean age: 41; 71% female) took pa...
Article
In the present article, we discuss (1) the importance of assessing and statistically considering both clinical and subclinical forms of depression when examining the relationship between neuroticism and short-term plasticity within the working memory neural network, and (2) the hypothesis of an antagonism between neuroticism and conscientiousness i...
Article
Introduction: Slowing of information processing speed (IPS) is often considered one of the primary deficits seen in multiple sclerosis (MS). IPS is usually measured by tasks that involve many cognitive functions. The aim of this study was to determine whether similar IPS slowing can also be observed during two simple, timed, psychomotor crossing-o...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The analysis of eye movements (EM) by eye-tracking has been carried out for several decades to investigate mood regulation, emotional information processing, and psychomotor disturbances in depressive disorders. Method: A systematic review of all English language PubMed articles using the terms “saccadic eye movements” OR “eye-tracking...
Article
OBJECTIVES: Burnout has been viewed as a phase in the development of depression. However, supportive research is scarce. We examined whether burnout predicted depression among French school teachers. METHODS: We conducted a 2-wave, 21-month study involving 627 teachers (73% female) working in French primary and secondary schools. Burnout was asses...
Article
Emotional pictures are commonly used as visual stimuli in a number of research fields. Choosing relevant visual stimuli to induce emotion is fundamental in attachment and affective research. Attachment theory provides a theoretical basis for the understanding of emotional and relational problems, and is especially related to two specific emotions:...
Article
The “burnout syndrome” has been defined as a combination of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment caused by chronic occupational stress. Although there has been increasing medical interest in burnout over the last decades, it is argued in this paper that the syndrome cannot be elevated to the status of diagnos...
Article
Purpose. Whether burnout and depression represent distinct pathologies is unclear. The aim of this study was to examine whether burnout and depressive symptoms manifest themselves separately from each other or are so closely intertwined as to reflect the same phenomenon. Methods. A two-wave longitudinal study involving 627 French schoolteachers (7...
Presentation
Full-text available
Introduction. Whether burnout is anything other than a (job-related) depressive syndrome is unclear. A growing body of research suggests that the overlap of burnout with depression has been largely underestimated. Objectives. The aim of this longitudinal study was to examine whether burnout at baseline helped predict depression at follow-up when de...
Poster
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Introduction. It has been assumed that a key difference between burnout and depression is that burnout is job-related and situation-specific whereas depression is context-free and pervasive. This view has recently been challenged at a theoretical level and additional empirical investigation has been called for. Objectives. The aim of this study was...
Presentation
Full-text available
Introduction Key to the distinctiveness of the burnout construct is the idea that burnout is etiologically anchored in the occupational context and mainly dependent on job-related factors. This idea, however, needs further empirical validation. Objectives The aim of the present study was to examine whether burnout is more strongly associated with c...
Article
We examined whether interpersonal rejection sensitivity (IRS) – the hallmark of atypical depression – prospectively predicted burnout, controlling for baseline symptoms, history of depressive disorders, antidepressant intake, gender, age, and length of employment (mean between-assessment duration: 21 months; n = 578; 74% female). IRS was related to...
Article
Burnout has become popularly known. There is a worrying discrepancy, however, between this popularity and the definitional clarity of the phenomenon. In our view, priority should be given to systematic clinical observation in order to clarify the nosological status of burnout and allow researchers to propose—if justified—sound diagnostic criteria f...
Article
Whether burnout and depression cover the same psychopathology remains to be elucidated. To date, subtypes of depression have been overlooked in research on the burnout–depression overlap. Our aim was to estimate the prevalence of depressive disorders in workers with burnout while examining the overlap of burnout with the atypical subtype of depress...
Conference Paper
Background. Burnout is usually defined as a combination of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and reduced personal accomplishment (RPA). Our aim was to examine the intertwining of burnout with anxiety and depression. Methods. This study included 5575 teachers. The Maslach Burnout Inventory was used to assess burnout. Depression was assessed...