Eric Klopp

Eric Klopp
Universität des Saarlandes | UKS · Bildungswissenschaften

Dr.

About

66
Publications
8,611
Reads
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148
Citations
Introduction
Eric Klopp is research associate at the chair for Personality Development and Education at the Department of Education, Saarland University. His research focuses on epistemological beliefs, scientific competencies and argumentation, learning from worked examples and error-based learning, as well as statistical methods, especially latent variable models.
Additional affiliations
May 2012 - present
Universität des Saarlandes
Position
  • Research Associate
September 2006 - April 2012
Capidema
Position
  • Head
Education
April 2012 - July 2014
Universität des Saarlandes
Field of study
  • Bildungswissenschaften
October 1999 - August 2006
Universität des Saarlandes
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (66)
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigates the combination of an epistemological sensitization and two different critical thinking instructions, i.e., the general and infusion approach, in the context of epistemological change induced by the presentation of resolvable scientific controversies. In a randomized study, we tested the hypothesis that the presentati...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper aims at clarifying the questions regarding the effects of the scaling method on the discrepancy function, and in turn on the test statistic, of the metric measurement invariance (MI) model. We provide examples and a formal account showing that neither the choice of the scaling method in general nor the choice of a particular ref-erent in...
Preprint
Full-text available
The present study investigates the combination of an epistemological sensitization and two different critical thinking instructions, i.e., the general and infusion approach, on epistemological change induced by the presentation of resolvable, scientific controversies. In a randomized study, we tested the hypothesis that the presentation of resolvab...
Chapter
Full-text available
In measurement invariance (MI) analysis, the metric invariance model is central. One prominent scaling method restricts the loading of a reference indicator (RI) to unity in all groups to identify the metric MI model. It has recently been argued that this scaling method is problematic when the RI’s loading in the population is not invariant, claimi...
Chapter
Full-text available
In exploratory factor analysis, determining the number of factors is an essential task for which a variety of criteria exists. Determining the number of factors has recently been discussed in the context of model selection, in which the use of information criteria is common. Studies investigated the use of the AIC and the BIC, but until now, there...
Conference Paper
Epistemische Überzeugungen (EÜ) sind eine wichtige Voraussetzung für wissenschaftliches Denken (Fischer et al., 2014) und sollten daher bei Studierenden gefördert werden. Eine Möglichkeit hierzu ist die Präsentation wissenschaftlicher Kontroversen (Rosman et al. 2016). Klopp und Stark (2022) haben hierzu eine Intervention vorgestellt, welche die Pr...
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigates the effects of an intervention presenting resolvable, scientific controversies and an epistemological sensitization measure on the changes in psychology students' epistemological beliefs. Drawing on the notion that the presentation of resolvable scientific controversies induces epistemological doubt and the notion tha...
Article
Full-text available
Although the reciprocal relationship of teacher burnout and teacher self-efficacy (TSE) is well documented, the literature still lacks studies investigating their (latent) changes and interrelations of change over time. By applying a latent change regression model in our study, we aimed to contribute to this research gap by examining changes in bur...
Conference Paper
1. Objectives or purposes. The critical reflection of teaching processes is a core competency of teachers and pre-service teachers, and a fundamental prerequisite for this competency is sophisticated epistemic beliefs (Lee-Brownlee et al., 2017). The developmental approach to epistemic beliefs distinguishes three epistemic development stages: absol...
Conference Paper
In measurement invariance analysis, the metric invariance model is central because it is besides the configural model one ingredient involved in testing if metric MI holds. To achieve identification of the metric MI model, one highly popular scaling method restricts the loading of a so-called reference indicator (RI) to unity in all groups. Rece...
Conference Paper
Evaluativistische epistemische Überzeugungen sind eine wichtige Voraussetzung zur Entwicklung einer fortgeschrittenen wissenschaftlichen Argumentationskompetenz (Kuhn, 1991). Im Rückgriff auf das Entwicklungsmodell epistemischer Überzeugungen (Weinstock, 2006), das die drei Ausprägungen Absolutismus, Multiplizismus und Evaluativismus beschreibt, is...
Conference Paper
In exploratory factor analysis, determining the number of factors is an essential task for which a variety of criteria exists. Recently, determining the number of factors has been discussed in the context of model selection, in which the use of information criteria is common. Some studies investigated the use of the AIC and the BIC but up to now...
Preprint
Although the reciprocal relationship of teacher burnout and teacher self-efficacy (TSE) is well documented, the literature still lacks studies investigating their (latent) changes and interrelations of change over time. By applying a latent change regression model in our study, we aimed to contribute to this research gap by examining changes in bur...
Article
Full-text available
Latent variables in structural equation models do not have an observable scale. Hence, researchers resort to scaling methods, such as fixed marker, effects coding, or fixed factor, to assign scales to the latent variables. The use of such procedures results in numerically different estimates, in spite of a single underlying population model. In thi...
Preprint
Full-text available
We investigate the effects of manifest residual variances, indicator communalities, and sample size on the χ 2-test statistic of the metric measurement invariance model when the model is misspecified, i.e., there is at least one population loading that violates metric measurement invariance. First, we demonstrate the choice of the scaling method do...
Article
Full-text available
Comparing the effects of two or more explanatory variables on a dependent variable in structural equation models, with either manifest or latent variables, may be hampered by the arbitrary metrics which are common in social sciences and psychology. A possible way to compare the effects is the comparison of standardized regression coefficients by me...
Article
Full-text available
Argumentation competence is an essential skill to be acquired in university education. However, there is a lack of advanced argumentation competence even for graduate students. To foster argumentation competence, typical interventions focus on example-based learning. Another approach is learning from advocatory errors. The combination of both appro...
Book
Full-text available
This book is dedicated to the topic of generating data using the think-aloud method. It updates and extends a collection of German papers published more than a decade ago (Schneider, 2001). This predecessor to the present book focused on the cognitive processes involved when respondents answer items of personality questionnaires. It collected works...
Preprint
Argumentation competence is a major skill to be acquired in university education. However, there is a lack of advanced argumentation competence even for graduate students. To foster argumentation competence, typical interventions focus on example-based learning. Another approach is learning from advocatory errors. The combination of both approaches...
Preprint
Full-text available
Comparing the effects of two or more explanatory variables on a dependent variable in structural equation models, with either manifest or latent variables, may be hampered by the arbitrary metric which are common in social sciences and psychology. A possible way to compare the effects is the comparison of standardized regression coefficients by mea...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this contribution, we investigate the effects of manifest residual variance, indicator communality and sample size on the χ2-test statistic of the metric measurement invari- ance model, i.e. the model with equality constraints on all loadings. We demonstrate by means of Monte Carlo studies that the χ2-test statistic relates inversely to manifest...
Conference Paper
Recently, Guenole and Brown (2014) investigated the influence of (partial) measurement non-invariance on the regression parameters in multiple-group structural equation models (MG-SEM). They showed that in a simple regression model, there is a systematic pattern of over- or underestimation of the regression coefficient in a focal group in compariso...
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction In exploratory factor analysis (EFA), determining the number of factors is an essential task for which a variety of criteria exists. Recently, determining the number of factors has been discussed in the context of model selection (Preacher et al., 2013). In model selection, the use of information criteria like the AIC or BIC is common...
Conference Paper
Epistemic beliefs are a major prerequisite for scientific thinking and argumentation. Especially evaluatist epistemic beliefs are beneficial for an adequate scientific argumentation. Thus, evaluatist epistemic beliefs should be fostered. This study examines the effects of two intervention approaches, the indirect and the direct approach, on the cha...
Preprint
Full-text available
Latent variables in structural equation models do not have an observable scale. Hence researchers resort to scaling methods, such as fixed marker, effects coding, or fixed factor, to assign scales to the latent variables. The use of such procedures results in numerically different estimates, in spite of a single underlying population model. In this...
Preprint
Full-text available
The present study investigates the effects of an intervention presenting resolvable, scientific controversies and an epistemological sensitization measure on the changes in psychology students’ epistemological beliefs. Drawing on the notion that the presentation of resolvable scientific controversies induces epistemological doubt and the notion tha...
Poster
Die Vermittlung von Argumentationskompetenz ist ein wesentliches Ziel einer universitären Ausbildung. Insbesondere in der Psychologie ist wissenschaftliches Argumentieren Teil wissenschaftlicher Kompetenz (Dietrich et al., 2015). Allerdings zeigen Studierende häufig Schwächen, wissenschaftlich kompetent zu argumentieren (Stark, 2005). Typische Argu...
Conference Paper
Theoretischer Hintergrund. Epistemische Überzeugungen sind ein wichtiges Konstrukt in der Pädagogischen Psychologie, da fortgeschrittene epistemische Überzeugungen wichtige Voraussetzungen für wissenschaftliches Denken und Argumentieren sind (Klopp & Stark, 2016). Aus diesem Grund ist die Kenntnis von Entwicklungsverläufen von epistemischen Überzeu...
Article
In this paper, we explain the reasons behind constraint interaction, which is the phenomenon that the results of testing equality constraints may depend heavily on the scaling method used. We find that the scaling methods interfere with the testing procedures because scaling methods determine which transformations of population quantities model par...
Article
A growing body of studies has emphasized the need to consider method effects due to positively and negatively worded items for a better understanding of the factorial structure of psychological constructs. In particular, several researchers identified such method factors besides the content factor for various scales measuring Need for Cognition (NF...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Evidence on the developmental trajectory of epistemic beliefs is important because epistemic beliefs are prerequisite for teaching and learning processes. An important distinction in this context is whether epistemic beliefs change in mean level or conceptually, i.e. whether epistemic conceptual change occurs. This requires methods that allow us to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The critical reflection of teaching processes is a core competency for teachers and therefore an important goal for pre-service teacher university training. A key prerequisite for this competency is sophisticated epistemic beliefs. Thus, pre-service teachers’ sophisticated epistemic beliefs have to be fostered. We developed an intervention that foc...
Conference Paper
Estimated parameters in statistical models usually represent population parameters. A classical example is a regression model with observed variables. The estimated slopes and intercept represent the respective population parameters. But this is no longer the case when latent variables are invoked in the model. This results from the necessity to sc...
Conference Paper
In multi-group and longitudinal studies, it is important to test for metric measurement invariance (MI). Recently, it has been pointed out that currently used test procedures for MI are not complete in the sense that additional assumptions about the referent indicator's invariance are needed in order to conclude that actual data satisfy MI (Raykov,...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this paper, we explain the reasons behind constraint interaction, which is the phenomenon that the results of testing equality constraints may depend heavily on the scaling method used. We find that the scaling methods interfere with the testing procedures because scaling methods determine which transformations of population quantities model par...
Article
The aim of this study is to investigate whether worked examples are effective in fostering psychology students’ explanation competence. Explanation competence is a context-specific cognitive disposition that enables a person to construct a causal model of an observable psychological phenomenon by drawing on psychological theories. We set up a train...
Conference Paper
Eine in der Lehrerbildung geforderte Kompetenz ist die an bildungswissenschaftlichen Erkenntnissen orientierte Reflexion von Lehr- und Lernprozessen (KMK, 2004). Eine zentrale Voraussetzung hierfür sind angemessene epistemologische Überzeugungen (Lunn-Brownlee et al., 2017), die subjektive Annahmen über die Natur des Wissens beschreiben. Im entwick...
Poster
Epistemologische Überzeugungen spielen im Lehramtsstudium eine zentrale Rolle (Lunn-Brownlee, 2017), da diese eine wichtige Voraussetzung für die geforderte Kompetenz zur evidenzbasierten Reflexion von Lehr- und Lernprozessen sind (KMK, 2004). Daher ist es nicht nur von Interesse, Möglichkeiten zur Förderung epistemologischer Überzeugungen zu entwi...
Conference Paper
In multi-group and longitudinal studies, it is important to test for metric measurement invariance. Recently, several authors have pointed out that currently used test procedures for measurement invariance (MI) do not fully test for MI and that additional assumptions about the invariance of the referent indicator are needed in order to conclude tha...
Conference Paper
For achieving model identification, latent variables must be scaled. In the literature, several methods have been developed for scaling latent variables: the fixed marker method, the fixed factor method, and the effects coding method. When using the fixed marker method, model identification is achieved by setting one loading per latent variable to...
Conference Paper
Wissenschaftliches Argumentieren ist ein wesentliches Element wissenschaftlicher Kompetenz im Fach Psychologie (Dietrich et al., 2015). Eine wichtige Voraussetzung adäquaten Argumentierens ist evaluatistisches epistemologisches Denken. Da epistemologisches Denken durch die Sozialisation in einer Domäne erworben wird (Klopp & Stark, 2016), stellt si...
Conference Paper
Die Vermittlung von Argumentationsfähigkeit ist das Ziel einer universitären psychologischen Ausbildung. Allerdings zeigen Studierende Schwächen, adäquat wissenschaftlich zu argumentieren (Stark, 2005). Zur Förderung der Argumentationsfähigkeit können verschiedene Ansätze herangezogen werden. Ein bewährter Ansatz ist das Lernen aus Fehlern (Wagner...
Article
The project „Theorizing in Practice“ uses typical theory application errors to foster applicable educational knowledge for the theory-based explanation of complex school situations. Earlier studies showed positive effects of error-based learning environments. However, a seminar concept expanding the learning environment by adding theoretical reflec...
Research
Full-text available
In multi-group and longitudinal studies, it is important to test for metric measurement invariance. Recently, several authors have pointed out that currently used test procedures for measurement invariance (MI) do not fully test for MI and that additional assumptions about the invariance of the referent indicator are needed in order to conclude tha...
Conference Paper
Wissenschaftliches Argumentieren ist ein zentrales Element wissenschaftlicher Kompetenz im Fach Psychologie (Dietrich et al., 2015). Eine wichtige Voraussetzung einer adäquaten wissenschaftlichen Argumentation ist evaluatistisches epistemologisches Denken. Evaluatismus stellt nach Absolutismus auf der ersten und Multiplizismus auf der zweiten die n...
Poster
Die Erklärung von Verhalten ist nicht nur ein definierendes Merkmal der Psychologie als Wissenschaft, sondern auch ein wesentliches Merkmal wissenschaftlicher Kompetenz im Fach Psychologie (Dietrich et al., 2015). Wissenschaftliche Erklärungen beantworten unter Rückgriff auf eine psychologische Theorie die Frage, warum ein bestimmter Sachverhalt, z...
Poster
Epistemologische Überzeugungen sind wichtige Voraussetzungen für adäquates Argumentieren, insbesondere dann, wenn konfligierende Sachverhalte verhandelt werden (Braten et al., 2012). Epistemologische Überzeugungen werden als Einstellungen über die Rechtfertigung von Behauptungen aufgefasst (Klopp & Stark, 2016). Ausgehend von dieser Auffassung stel...
Conference Paper
Studies have shown that pre-service teachers' explanations of pedagogical situations are based on naïve conceptions of explanation. Building on our integrated framework of personal epistemologies a training program was developed to change students’ conceptions of explanation from a naïve to a scientific conception, i.e. to induce a conceptual chang...
Chapter
Full-text available
Zusammenfassung. Ein Großteil der Forschung zu epistemologischen Überzeugungen findet unten dem Paradigma interindividueller Differenzen statt, aus dem eine Traitkonzeption epistemologischer Überzeugungen resultiert. Diese Sichtweise wurde von verschiedenen Autoren kritisiert. Die Kritikpunkte betreffen hauptsächlich die Domänenabhängigkeit epistem...
Poster
Epistemologische Überzeugungen sind wichtige Voraussetzungen für adäquates Argumentieren, dies gilt insbesondere dann, wenn konfligierende Sachverhalte verhandelt werden (Braten et al., 2012). Nach Klopp und Stark (im Druck) werden epistemologische Überzeugungen als Einstellungen über die Rechtfertigung von Behauptungen aufgefasst. Diese spielen im...
Article
Abstract The aim of the current study is to specify scientific competencies in sociology and to discuss their usefulness for professional practice. To this end we introduce a theoretical model of scientific com- petencies in sociology. To identify building blocks of scientific competencies in sociology, we drew on the Structure of Intellect-model (...
Article
The aim of the present study was to introduce a general theoretical model of scientific competencies in higher education and to adapt it to three social sciences, namely psychology, sociology, and political science, by providing evidence from expert interviews and program regulations. Within our general model, we distinguished and specified four bu...
Presentation
Full-text available
Ein Großteil der Forschung zu epistemologischen Überzeugungen findet unten dem Paradigma interindividueller Differenzen statt, aus dem eine Traitkonzeption epistemologischer Überzeugungen resultiert. Diese Sichtweise wurde von verschiedenen Autoren kritisiert. Die Kritikpunkte betreffen hauptsächlich die Domänenabhängigkeit epistemologischer Überze...
Article
Theory application competences for the explanation of complex school situations are a key skill for teachers. Such theory application competences are regarded as a key skill for teachers. However, student teachers often commit typical errors in the process. To utilize these errors instructionally, an integrated learning environment based on advocat...
Chapter
Full-text available
Die Anwendung wissenschaftlichen Wissens zur Erklärung komplexer schulischer Situationen ist eine der Grundlagen effektiven Lehrerhandelns im Schulalltag. Eine solche Theorienutzungskompetenz im Sinne der Fähigkeit zu wissenschaftlich reflektiertem Handeln wird als Schlüsselqualifikation von Lehrkräften erachtet. Daher wurde in verschiedenen Studie...
Poster
As a result of the Bologna process, competency-based curricula and assessment are required in university contexts (German Rectors’ Conference, 2005). Therefore, the assessment of students’ scientific competencies is of utmost importance in higher education. In the context of this research, scientific competency is defined as the ability to think an...
Article
Full-text available
Im Rahmen einer experimentellen Feldstudie (n = 288) wurde die Lernwirksamkeit einer integrierten Lernumgebung in Pflichtseminaren des bildungswissenschaftlichen Lehramtsstudiums untersucht. Die integrierte Lernumgebung basierte auf ausgearbeiteten Lösungsbeispielen, die in einen authentischen Kontext narrativ eingebettet waren. Instruktionale Basi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Epistemological beliefs are an important topic in educational research. However, there are several theoretical and methodological issues requiring a critical reflection. The first issue concerns the definition of epistemological beliefs and its distinction from related constructs like beliefs about learning. It was proposed to delineate epistemolog...
Thesis
Die vorliegende Arbeit befasst sich mit epistemologischen Überzeugungen. Epistemologische Überzeugungen sind ein Konstrukt in der Psychologie, welches die Annahmen eines Individuums über die Struktur des Wissens sowie den Prozess des Wissenserwerbs bezeichnet (Hofer, 2002). Die Forschung über epistemologische Überzeugungen erlebte in der letzten De...
Article
Full-text available
An experimental field study at a German university was conducted in order to test the effectiveness of an integrated learning environment to improve the acquisition of knowledge about empirical research methods. The integrated learning environment was based on the combination of instruction-oriented and problem-oriented design principles and consis...
Article
Full-text available
The acquisition of diagnostic competence is seen as a major goal during the course of study in medicine. One innovative method to foster this goal is problem-based learning with erroneous worked examples provided in a computer learning environment. The present study explores the relationship of attitudinal, emotional and cognitive factors for learn...

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