Eric Chevet

Eric Chevet
French Institute of Health and Medical Research | Inserm

PhD Université PARIS XI Orsay - 1996

About

290
Publications
120,175
Reads
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24,173
Citations
Citations since 2016
130 Research Items
16712 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,5002,0002,500
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,5002,0002,500
201620172018201920202021202205001,0001,5002,0002,500
Additional affiliations
March 2015 - present
French Institute of Health and Medical Research
Position
  • Group Leader
Description
  • Endoplasmic Reticulum proteostasis in oncogenesis
January 2015 - present
Centre Eugène Marquis, Université Rennes 1, Inserm, Rennes
Position
  • Group Leader
January 2007 - December 2012
Education
September 1993 - December 1996
Université Paris-Sud 11
Field of study
  • Molecular cell biology

Publications

Publications (290)
Article
Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most deadly type of malignant brain tumor, despite extensive molecular analyses of GBM cells. In recent years, the tumor microenvironment (TME) has been recognized as an important player and therapeutic target in GBM. However, there is a need for a full and integrated understanding of the different cellular and molecular c...
Article
Full-text available
IRE1α is one of the three ER transmembrane transducers of the Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) activated under endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. IRE1α activation has a dual role in cancer as it may be either pro- or anti-tumoral depending on the studied models. Here, we describe the discovery that exogenous expression of IRE1α, resulting in IRE1α a...
Article
Full-text available
The AGR2 and AGR3 genes have been shown by numerous groups to be functionally associated with adenocarcinoma progression and metastasis. In this paper, we explore the data available in databases concerning genomic and transcriptomic features of these two genes: the NCBI dbSNP database was used to explore the presence and roles of constitutional SNP...
Preprint
Full-text available
Inositol Requiring Enzyme 1 (IRE1) is a bifunctional serine/threonine kinase and endoribonuclease. It is a major mediator of the Unfolded Protein Response (UPR), which is activated during endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Tumor cells experience ER stress due to adverse microenvironmental cues such as hypoxia or nutrient shortage and high metabolic...
Article
Full-text available
IRE1α is constitutively active in several cancers and can contribute to cancer progression. Activated IRE1α cleaves XBP1 mRNA, a key step in production of the transcription factor XBP1s. In addition, IRE1α cleaves select mRNAs through regulated IRE1α-dependent decay (RIDD). Accumulating evidence implicates IRE1α in the regulation of lipid metabolis...
Article
Full-text available
ER stress is mediated by three sensors and the most evolutionary conserved IRE1α signals through its cytosolic kinase and endoribonuclease (RNase) activities. IRE1α RNase activity can either catalyze the initial step of XBP1 mRNA unconventional splicing or degrade a number of RNAs through regulated IRE1-dependent decay. Until now, the biochemical a...
Preprint
The AGR2 and AGR3 genes have been shown by numerous groups to be functionally associated to adenocarcinoma progression and metastasis. We explore in this paper the data available in databases concerning genomic and transcriptomic features concerning these two genes: the NCBI dbSNP database was used to explore the presence and roles of constitutiona...
Article
In this special interview series, we profile members of The FEBS Journal Editorial Board to highlight their research focus, perspectives on the journal and future directions in their field. Eric Chevet is Research Director at the French National Institute of Health (INSERM) and Director of the INSERM Unit U1242 ‘Oncogenesis, Stress, Signaling’ in t...
Article
Full-text available
The unfolded protein response (UPR) is activated to cope with an accumulation of improperly folded proteins in the Endoplasmic reticulum (ER). The Inositol requiring enzyme 1α (IRE1α) is the most evolutionary conserved transducer of the UPR. Activated IRE1 forms ‘back-to-back’-dimers that enables the unconventional splicing of X-box Binding Protein...
Preprint
Full-text available
Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) and Death Receptor (DR) signalling are cellular stress pathways frequently activated towards pro-tumoral cellular outputs in cancer. Experimental evidence has highlighted functional links between the UPR and signalling by the DR TRAIL-R1/2. Herein, we demonstrate that the UPR sensor IRE1 controls the expression of th...
Article
Full-text available
This protocol describes a flow cytometry approach to evaluate antibody responses against SARS-CoV-2 transmembrane proteins in COVID-19 positive patient sera samples without the need of specific laboratory facilities for viral infection. We developed a human cell-based system using Spike-expressing HEK293T cells that mimics membrane insertion and N-...
Preprint
Full-text available
Inositol Requiring Enzyme 1 (IRE1) is a bifunctional serine/threonine kinase and endoribonuclease. It is a major mediator of the Unfolded Protein Response (UPR), which is activated during endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Tumor cells experience ER stress due to adverse microenvironmental cues such as hypoxia or nutrient shortage and high metabolic...
Chapter
IRE1α (inositol-requiring enzyme 1 alpha, referred to IRE1 hereafter) is an Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) resident transmembrane enzyme with cytosolic kinase/RNAse activities. Upon ER stress IRE1 is activated through trans-autophosphorylation and oligomerization, resulting in a conformational change of the RNase domain, thereby promoting two signaling...
Article
Full-text available
IRE1α (inositol requiring enzyme 1 alpha, referred to IRE1 hereafter) is an Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) resident transmembrane enzyme with cytosolic kinase/RNAse activities. Upon ER stress IRE1 is activated through trans-autophosphorylation and oligomerization, resulting in a conformational change of the RNase domain thereby promoting two signaling...
Article
Full-text available
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is the most common gynecologic disorder. Even with the recent progresses made towards the use of new therapeutics, it still represents the most lethal gynecologic malignancy in women from developed countries. The discovery of the anterior gradient proteins AGR2 and AGR3, which are highly related members belonging to...
Article
Full-text available
AGR2 is an endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) known to be overexpressed in many human epithelial cancers, and is involved in cell migration, cellular transformation, angiogenesis, and metastasis. This protein inhibits the activity of the tumor suppressor p53 and its expression levels can be used to predict cancer...
Article
Full-text available
Raman spectroscopy is an imaging technique that has been applied to assess molecular compositions of living cells to characterize cell types and states. However, owing to the diverse molecular species in cells and challenges of assigning peaks to specific molecules, it has not been clear how to interpret cellular Raman spectra. Here, we provide fir...
Article
Recent studies indicate that neurodegenerative processes that appear during childhood and adolescence in individuals with Wolfram syndrome (WS) occur in addition to early brain development alteration, which is clinically silent. Underlying pathological mechanisms are still unknown. We have used induced pluripotent stem cell-derived neural cells fro...
Preprint
Full-text available
Aims: Colon cancer is one of the most common leading causes of death worldwide. Prognostic at an early stage is an efficient way to decrease mortality. The Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)-resident protein anterior gradient-2 (AGR2), a Protein Disulfide Isomerase (PDI) is highly expressed in various solid tumours and is involved in tumour microenvironmen...
Article
Therapies targeting the tyrosine kinase receptor HER2 have significantly improved survival of patients with HER2+ cancer. However, both de novo and acquired resistance remain a challenge, particularly in the brain metastatic setting. Here we report that, unlike other HER tyrosine kinase receptors, HER2 possesses a binding motif in its cytosolic jux...
Article
Full-text available
SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has elicited a unique mobilization of the scientific community to develop efficient tools to understand and combat infection. Like other coronavirae, SARS-CoV-2 hijacks host cell secretory machinery to produce viral proteins that compose the nascent virions; including Spike (S), Envelope (E) and Membrane (M) proteins, the most e...
Article
The Unfolded Protein response is an adaptive pathway triggered upon alteration of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) homeostasis. It is transduced by three major ER stress sensors, among which the Inositol Requiring Enzyme 1 (IRE1) is the most evolutionarily conserved. IRE1 is an ER-resident type I transmembrane protein exhibiting an ER luminal domain that...
Article
Full-text available
In this article we discuss implications of the recent discovery of glycoRNAs found to be present at the cell surface of mammalian cells which was reported by Flynn et al. Cell 2021.
Article
With the current issue of The FEBS Journal, we are introducing a new category of invited review article contributions on Emerging Methods and Technologies. These articles provide an overview and discussion of recent, emerging methods that significantly advance and improve research efforts in the different fields of molecular and cellular research o...
Article
Full-text available
The unfolded protein response (UPR) is an adaptive mechanism that regulates protein and cellular homeostasis. Three endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane localized stress sensors, IRE1, PERK and ATF6, coordinate the UPR in order to maintain ER proteostasis and cell survival, or induce cell death when homeostasis cannot be restored. However, recent st...
Chapter
The endoplasmic reticulum, as the site of synthesis for proteins in the secretory pathway has evolved select machineries to ensure the correct folding and modification of proteins. However, sometimes these quality control mechanisms fail and proteins are misfolded. Other factors, such as nutrient deprivation, hypoxia or an increased demand on prote...
Article
Full-text available
A Correction to this paper has been published: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41556-021-00673-2.
Article
The human Anterior GRadient 2 (AGR2) protein is an Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER)-resident protein which belongs to the Protein-Disulfide Isomerase (PDI) superfamily and is involved to productive protein folding in the ER. As such AGR2, often found overexpressed in adenocarcinomas, contributes to tumour development by enhancing ER proteostasis. We prev...
Article
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) stress signaling is an adaptive mechanism triggered when protein folding demand overcomes the folding capacity of this compartment, thereby leading to the accumulation of improperly folded proteins. This stress signaling pathway is named the Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) and aims at restoring ER homeostasis. However, if...
Preprint
Upon accumulation of improperly folded proteins in the ER, an adaptive pathway named the UPR is triggered to restore ER homeostasis. The induction of stress genes controlling ER dynamics is a condition sine qua non for an effective UPR. Although this requirement has been extensively characterized, the transcriptional mechanism underlying this proce...
Preprint
Full-text available
The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has elicited a unique international mobilization of the scientific community to better understand this coronavirus and its associated disease and to develop efficient tools to combat infection. Similar to other coronavirae, SARS-CoV-2 hijacks the host cell complex secretory machinery to produce properly folded viral proteins...
Article
Full-text available
In 2008, we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, this topic has received increasing attention, and many scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Thus, it is important to formulate on a regular basis updated guidelines for monit...
Preprint
Full-text available
In 2008, we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, this topic has received increasing attention, and many scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Thus, it is important to formulate on a regular basis updated guidelines for monit...
Article
NUPR1 is a stress response protein overexpressed upon cell injury in virtually all organs including the exocrine pancreas. Despite NUPR1’s well established role in the response to cell stress, the molecular and structural machineries triggered by NUPR1 activation remain largely debated. In this study, we uncover a new role for NUPR1, participating...
Preprint
Full-text available
the PDF can be download freely on pubmed. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33634751/
Cover Page
Full-text available
In 2008, we published the first set of guidelines for standardizing research in autophagy. Since then, this topic has received increasing attention, and many scientists have entered the field. Our knowledge base and relevant new technologies have also been expanding. Thus, it is important to formulate on a regular basis updated guidelines for monit...
Article
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress signaling has long been associated with various pathological states in particular with the development of diseases with an underlying inflammation, such as diabetes, liver or cardiovascular dysfunctions, and cancer. ER stress signaling is mediated by three stress sensors. The most evolutionarily conserved one, the...
Article
Sustaining both proteome and genome integrity (GI) requires the integration of a wide range of mechanisms and signaling pathways. These comprise, in particular, the unfolded protein response (UPR) and the DNA damage response (DDR). These adaptive mechanisms take place respectively in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and in the nucleus. UPR and DDR al...
Article
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most severe primary brain cancer. Despite an aggressive treatment comprising surgical resection and radio/chemotherapy, patient's survival post diagnosis remains short. A limitation for success in finding novel improved therapeutic options for such dismal disease partly lies in the lack of a relevant animal mode...
Article
Full-text available
Similar to other RNA viruses, SARS-CoV-2 must (1) enter a target/host cell, (2) reprogram it to ensure its replication, (3) exit the host cell, and (4) repeat this cycle for exponential growth. During the exit step, the virus hijacks the sophisticated machineries that host cells employ to correctly fold, assemble, and transport proteins along the e...
Article
Full-text available
Sigma receptor 1 (SigR1) is an endoplasmic reticulum resident integral membrane protein whose functions remain unclear. Although the liver shows the highest expression of SigR1, its role in this organ is unknown. SigR1 is overexpressed in many cancers and its expression is correlated to hormonal status in hormone-dependent cancers. To better unders...
Article
Full-text available
IRE1α (inositol requiring enzyme 1 alpha) is one of the main transducers of the unfolded protein response (UPR). IRE1α plays instrumental protumoral roles in several cancers, and high IRE1α activity has been associated with poorer prognoses. In this context, IRE1α has been identified as a potentially relevant therapeutic target. Pharmacological inh...
Article
Full-text available
Similar to other RNA viruses, SARS-CoV-2 must (1) enter a target/host cell, (2) reprogram it to ensure its replication, (3) exit the host cell, and (4) repeat this cycle for exponential growth. During the exit step, the virus hijacks the sophisticated machineries that host cells employ to correctly fold, assemble, and transport proteins along the e...
Preprint
Full-text available
The control of protein homeostasis (a.k.a. proteostasis) is associated with the primary functions of life, and therefore with evolution. However, it is unclear how the cellular proteostasis has evolved to adjust the protein biogenesis needs with environmental constraints. Herein, we describe an approach to evaluate proteostasis during evolution, an...
Data
Protocols and data sets for docking and MD simulations of Methotrexate, Cefoperazone, Folinic acd and Folic acid interaction with IRE1. All docking data based on Glide (Schrödinger), and all MD simulations are based on the Gromacs software. 2D interaction maps from the initial docking of the four molecules to the four Lysine sites, and from snapsho...
Article
Full-text available
The molecular connections between homeostatic systems that maintain both genome integrity and proteostasis are poorly understood. Here we identify the selective activation of the unfolded protein response transducer IRE1α under genotoxic stress to modulate repair programs and sustain cell survival. DNA damage engages IRE1α signaling in the absence...
Article
Full-text available
Inositol Requiring Enzyme 1 (IRE1) is a bifunctional serine/threonine kinase and endoribonuclease that is a major mediator of the Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) during endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress. Tumour cells experience ER stress due to adverse environmental cues such as hypoxia or nutrient shortage and high metabolic/protein folding demand...
Article
Full-text available
Significance Poorly irrigated tumors exhaust nutrients from their environment. On the other hand, innate immune cells, such as neutrophils and macrophages, have been frequently shown to infiltrate tumors and promote an immunosuppressive environment. Our results show that, when nutrients are low, tumor cells secrete factors related to wound healing...
Preprint
In the past decades many studies reported Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) resident proteins to localize to the cytosol but the mechanisms by which this occurs and whether these proteins exert cytosolic functions remain unknown. We found that select ER luminal proteins accumulate in the cytosol of glioblastoma cells isolated from mouse and human tumors....
Preprint
Full-text available
Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) stress is a hallmark of various diseases. Cells cope with ER stress through the activation of an adaptive signaling pathway named the Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) which is mediated by three ER-resident sensors. The most evolutionary conserved of the UPR sensors is IRE1alpha that elicits diverse downstream effects throu...
Article
Full-text available
The B7 family member, B7H6, is a ligand for the natural killer cell receptor NKp30. B7H6 is hardly expressed on normal tissues, but undergoes upregulation on different types of tumors, implicating it as an attractive target for cancer immunotherapy. The molecular mechanisms that control B7H6 expression are poorly understood. We report that in contr...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Mutations in CALR observed in myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) were recently shown to be pathogenic via their interaction with MPL and the subsequent activation of the Janus Kinase - Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription (JAK-STAT) pathway. However, little is known on the impact of those variant CALR proteins on endoplasmi...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Mutations in CALR observed in myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) were recently shown to be pathogenic via their interaction with MPL and the subsequent activation of the Janus Kinase – Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription (JAK-STAT) pathway. However, little is known on the impact of those variant CALR proteins on endoplasmic...
Preprint
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most severe primary brain cancer. Despite an aggressive treatment comprising surgical resection and radio/chemotherapy patients survival post diagnosis remains short. A limitation for success in finding novel improved therapeutic options for such dismal disease partly lies in the lack of a relevant animal model...
Article
Full-text available
: Discrimination between properly folded proteins and those that do not reach this state is necessary for cells to achieve functionality. Eukaryotic cells have evolved several mechanisms to ensure secretory protein quality control, which allows efficiency and fidelity in protein production. Among the actors involved in such process, both endoplasmi...