Eric Beauregard

Eric Beauregard
Simon Fraser University · School of Criminology

PhD Criminology

About

230
Publications
99,960
Reads
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4,810
Citations
Citations since 2016
138 Research Items
3632 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
Introduction
Currently working on hostage and barricade incidents project as well as cases of abductions. Also continuing working on various projects related to sexual violence, more specifically on sexual homicide.
Additional affiliations
August 2005 - June 2007
University of South Florida
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (230)
Article
Full-text available
Individuals who commit sexual offenses against children have been shown to be distinctive from adult offenders across both individual and crime characteristics. However, an examination of the literature shows that there are gaps in the research related to whether sadism manifests differently between those who target child compared to adult victims....
Article
Individuals who commit sexual offenses against children have been shown to be distinctive from adult offenders across both individual and crime characteristics. However, an examination of the literature shows that there are gaps in the research related to whether sadism manifests differently between those who target child compared to adult victims....
Article
Full-text available
Criminological theories and widespread assumptions about crime suggest that the modus operandi involved in sexual crimes should have changed over time given various contextual changes, such as better criminological knowledge (e.g., forensic awareness) as well as improved investigative techniques (e.g., forensic evidence analysis). The aim of this s...
Article
Full-text available
Research focusing on the role of adverse childhood experience (ACE) of individuals involved in sexual homicide (SH) is scarce. Theoretical models of SH have postulated a connection between these adverse experiences and the development of internal risk factors. However, such assumptions have never been empirically tested. Therefore, the current rese...
Article
Research focusing on the role of adverse childhood experience (ACE) of individuals involved in sexual homicide (SH) is scarce. Theoretical models of SH have postulated a connection between these adverse experiences and the development of internal risk factors. However, such assumptions have never been empirically tested. Therefore, the current rese...
Article
The purpose of this study is to explore cases of missing persons suspected of being criminal. Specifically, this research aims to empirically describe the circumstances surrounding criminal disappearances and examine whether there are different subcategories within these cases using a victimological framework. The data used in this study come from...
Article
The focus of the current study is to examine the collection and analysis of traces that are related to crime scene behaviors in sexual homicide cases as well as the factors influencing the solving of these crimes. Using 230 sexual homicide cases from the SHielD database, we computed two neural network models based on the multi-layer perceptron algo...
Article
Although relatively rare, sexual homicide has stimulated research efforts to better understand and intervene in the prevention of such crime. However, specific high-risk victims such as sex-trade workers have been understudied. To contribute to the limited scientific literature on this topic, the current study examines the characteristics of the se...
Article
Background Although sadistic child sexual abuse (SCSA) is rare, existing typologies of child sexual abuse have identified the existence of sadistic subtypes in child molestation, as well in the sexual homicide of children. Nonetheless, no study has sought to determine whether there is heterogeneity in the manifestation of sexual sadism between sadi...
Article
Full-text available
Résumé de l'article Cette étude a pour objectif de déterminer si les agresseurs sexuels sadiques constituent une population hétérogène. Notamment, le premier objectif de cette étude consiste à déterminer s’il existe des groupes distincts d’agresseurs sadiques en fonction de la manière dont se manifestent leurs fantaisies sexuelles déviantes. Le sec...
Article
This study examines the sexual victimization of illicit drug users. Specifically, this research follows a lifestyle/routine activities framework to examine contexts of victimization associated with illicit drug uses. The sample uses in this study includes 264 cases of sexual offending where illicit drug users were targeted. To conduct a comparison...
Article
The purpose of this study is to examine factors influencing victim resistance during rape. Specifically, this study aims to understand which factors impact victim resistance using a multivariate approach focused on situational aspects related to offender, victim, and crime context characteristics. The sample includes 2,017 rape cases where victims...
Article
Purpose. This study investigates criminal nomadism—an individual's propensity to engage in continuous or intermittent interurban travel as a way to cope with the consequences of their criminal lifestyle and/or as a strategy to adapt to the reality of being a “career criminal.” Methods. The criminal-career itinerary across Canada of 448 men convict...
Article
This study aims to determine the factors associated with the victim’s death in sadistic sexual crimes. Specifically, this article examined whether the lethal outcome is more likely to be associated with an escalation of violence during the crime-commission process, an instrumental motivation, or the manifestation of specific sadistic fantasies. We...
Chapter
Sexual offending represents one of the most difficult crimes to investigate by the police due in part to the various complexities involved. For instance, contrary to most forms of crime, the sole presence of forensic evidence (e.g., DNA) is often not enough to charge and convict a suspect. In many cases, the notion of consent will need to be debate...
Chapter
Due in part to the relatively low number of cases that result in sexual homicide, both investigators and clinicians report difficulties in gaining practical experience to inform how to best manage these offenders. Therefore, it becomes of the utmost importance to provide practitioners with knowledge to help identify male offenders that are more at...
Article
This study aims to examine whether sexual sadism manifests itself differently between sadistic sexual murderers and determine whether these differences are influenced by offender, victim, and crime characteristics, as well as by situational constraints. The sample used in this study consists of 285 cases of sadistic sexual homicides committed in Fr...
Article
This study aims to provide a theoretically grounded analysis of the crime-commission process of solo females involved in sexual offending, using crime scripts. The sample includes 93 cases of sexual assaults perpetrated by female offenders in an extrafamilial context. Latent class analysis was used to identify the scripts involved in female sexual...
Chapter
Criminal investigations typically oppose two main actors: the offender – who takes precautions to avoid leaving evidence – and criminal investigators, who must act in light of the evidence at their disposal. Although successfully engaging in criminality does not require special skills, as evidenced by the lack of premeditation involved in most crim...
Chapter
Full-text available
When it comes to solving a sexual homicide, criminal investigators are faced with a difficult but important task. In most cases, suspect identification is challenging because these crimes are mostly perpetrated by unknown offenders with no relationship with the victims. Moreover, sexual homicides may be characterized by unusual and seemingly irrati...
Article
Full-text available
Studies have shown that it is possible to link serial crimes in an accurate fashion based on the statistical analysis of crime scene information. Logistic regression (LR) is one of the most common statistical methods in use and yields relatively accurate linking decisions. However, some research suggests there may be added value in using classifica...
Article
Purpose Serial offenders have been described as more forensically aware, better able to control their victim, and ultimately, more adept at eluding detection. Despite these assertions, there is a lack of research examining differences in “criminal expertise” (i.e. offense-related skills and competencies) between serial and non-serial offenders. The...
Article
The purpose of this study is to explore the crime-commission process involved in the sexual victimization of children perpetrated by juveniles. Specifically, this study aims to explore the interconnectedness of pre-crime, crime, and post-crime phases with victimological characteristics using a criminal event perspective. The sample used in this stu...
Article
Cette étude s’intéresse au processus victimologique des agressions sexuelles extrafamiliales envers les personnes âgées. Basé sur les théories victimologiques interactionnistes, le processus victimologique est analysé à partir des caractéristiques des victimes, du contexte victimologique et des caractéristiques de victimisation. L’échantillon utili...
Article
This study examines the specificities of sexual homicides involving male victims. First, this study aims to identify characteristics specific to SH involving male victims by comparing them to SH involving female victims and determine whether rational choice approach and routine activities theories are useful to explain the crime-commission process....
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Concerns about the value of features of psychopathy to explanations of offending may be driven by challenges with testing this relationship as opposed to the construct’s limited predictive validity. The current study introduced psychopathology network modeling as an analytic strategy capable of addressing these challenges through a more...
Article
Purpose The anger/sadistic model is one of several typologies proposed for sexual homicide events. This paper aims to empirically test this model by examining sexual homicide cases. Empirically validating these typologies provides greater validity and reliability toward the sexual homicide classification systems that are useful in police investigat...
Article
The phenomenon of “senseless” or “motiveless” homicide refers to homicides that lack an objective external motivation. Despite the unique challenges these homicides pose to police, few empirical studies have been conducted on the topic and are limited to clinical studies using small samples. To overcome existing empirical shortcomings, the current...
Article
Full-text available
Although there has been considerable variation in the application of expertise to offending populations, one aspect that is widely agreed upon is that expertise is best represented on a continuum from novice to expert. The present study, therefore, investigated criminal expertise in 877 hybrid offenses that involve sexual assault and robbery (i.e.,...
Article
Full-text available
Criminal expertise relates to the notion that some individuals may develop domain-specific offending skills that differentiate them from those with less skills or experience (i.e., novices). In the expertise literature, burglary has emerged as a distinct type of “expert” offense, therefore the current study sought to determine whether criminal expe...
Article
Full-text available
Past studies on criminal expertise showed that some sexual offenders possess skills related to avoiding detection. An important question that remains unaddressed in the literature, however, is whether unsolved cases can be used as a “proxy” for expertise. The present study sought to provide the first empirical examination of criminal expertise in a...
Article
Motiveless homicides are usually defined as homicides in which a victim is killed by an offender and a motive was not determined by the police investigation. Motiveless does not mean that the police do not know the motive for the homicide, but rather that no other motive could accurately and objectively explain the reason for why the homicide occur...
Article
This study investigates the role of alcohol consumption on the choices, decisions, and actions taken by the offenders during the crime-commission process. Specifically, this research aims to compare four different situations: neither the offender nor victim consumed alcohol, only the victim consumed alcohol, only the offender had consumed alcohol,...
Article
This study aims to identify dimensions of intervention for juveniles involved in sadistic crimes based on both sadism manifestations and criminogenic factors. The sample used in this study consists of 124 juveniles involved in sadistic crimes committed in France. Exploratory factor analyses were used to identify dimensions of intervention based on...
Article
Full-text available
Filicide is the purposeful killing of one or more children by a parent, step‐parent, or other parental figure. Revenge filicide is a poorly understood, rare form of filicide in which a parent murders their child to cause emotional harm to the child's other parent. This descriptive study presents an international case series consisting of 62 revenge...
Article
Full-text available
The phenomenon of "senseless" or "motiveless" homicide refers to homicides that lack an objective external motivation. Despite the unique challenges these homicides pose to police, few empirical studies have been conducted on the topic and existing studies are limited to clinical studies using small samples. To overcome existing empirical shortcomi...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of expertise applied to the criminal context assumes that offenders are driven by the abilities to both maximize the payoffs and minimize the risks associated with the crime-commission. This study tested the articulation between these two types of decisions taken by stranger rapists to successfully commit their crime. Specifically, this...
Article
Purpose – Early classification systems of fire setting have suffered from several limitations, including the lack of empirical validation and the focus mainly on the offender motivation behind this type of crime. More recent research shows that looking at the crime scene behaviors may present a more fruitful approach for helping to solve fire setti...
Article
Purpose This paper aims to explore the presence of overkill in sexual homicide. More specifically, the study examines whether overkill is a valid indicator of an organized or disorganized sexual homicide. Moreover, the study tests the presence of various patterns of sexual homicide involving overkill. Design/methodology/approach The sample used in...
Article
Full-text available
Cette étude s’intéresse à l’influence que peut avoir la présence de comportements paraphiliques sur le processus criminel des violeurs et sur le modus operandi qu’ils utilisent pour mener à bien leur acte. L’objectif de cette recherche est de tester plusieurs dimensions des comportements paraphiliques telles que leur présence ou non, leur nombre, a...
Article
Background Research on sexual homicide of child victims is scarce. Studies focusing on the lethal outcome in sexual crimes involving adult victims suggest that those offenders who end up killing their victims present both specific individual and crimecommission process characteristics. Nevertheless, recent studies indicate that findings with adult...
Article
Full-text available
Les agressions sexuelles d’enfants sont considérées comme l’une des formes de crimes les plus graves. Malgré l’octroi de moyens humains et financiers importants aux forces de police, certains de ces crimes ne sont pas résolus. La perspective non discrétionnaire suggère que les agresseurs adoptent des comportements particuliers qui diminuent leurs r...
Article
Despite environmental criminologists emphasizing the role that both space and time play in the occurrence of crime, there is still only a small literature on the temporal rhythms of criminal behavior, especially those of sexual violence. Drawing from routine activities theory, this research uses circular statistics to investigate the temporal patte...
Article
This study investigates the role of criminal dismemberment in sexual homicide crime-commission process. Specifically, this research aims to empirically determine whether criminal dismemberment is a rational behavior aimed at avoiding detection or an expression of sexual deviance. The sample used in this study comes from the Sexual Homicide Internat...
Article
Foreign object insertion (FOI) is considered as an unusual behavior and has been defined as the involuntary insertion of any object, by another individual, into any orifice of the victim. Although there is some research on the prevalence and nature of FOI in sexual homicides, there is very little on the characteristics of cases where FOI occurs, an...
Article
Purpose: The study examines violent sexual offenses against elderly victims that resulted in either serious injuries or death and explore whether certain components of the crime-commission process explain the different outcomes. The study investigates the question of whether a lethal outcome in elderly sexual assaults is the result of an escalation...
Article
Purpose: Rational choice approach assumes that offenders make decisions to gain more than what it costs to commit the crime. However, studies have shown that not all offenders take actions at the crime scene in order to get rid of forensic evidence. This study focuses on the sexual murderers and aimed to determine which factors influence their deci...
Preprint
Les agressions sexuelles d'enfants sont considérées comme l'une des formes de crimes les plus graves. Malgré l'octroi de moyens humains et financiers importants aux forces de police, certains de ces crimes ne sont pas résolus. La perspective non discrétionnaire suggère que les agresseurs adoptent des comportements particuliers qui diminuent leurs r...
Article
This study aims to empirically explore the patterns of necrophilic behaviors in sexual homicide. More specifically, the study investigates offender, victim, and crime characteristics of sexual homicides where necrophilic acts were perpetrated, to determine whether the primary motivation to kill is associated with the attainment of corpses or whethe...
Article
This study used cluster analysis in 126 homicide cases based on Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI; Morey, 1999). PAI was implemented by 126 homicides and then dichotomously coded for the presence or absence of cut‐off PAI scale score in order to create criteria for analysis. These cases were input for the agglomerative hierarchical cluster usin...
Article
Extensive efforts have focused on preventing or reducing the prevalence of sexual assault and sexual homicide of children and adults. Offender, victim, offence, and environmental factors have been associated with sexual assault injury and death more broadly, however, little to no prior research has investigated the role of these factors in explaini...
Article
This study aims to empirically explore the crime-commission process of juvenile sexual homicide offenders (SHOs). First, a comparison between the crime-commission process of juvenile and adult SHOs is undertaken, while as a second step, this study also provides an empirical classification specific to juvenile SHOs. The sample used in this study con...
Article
The current study investigates the modus operandi specificities for the sexual abuse against the elderly. A comparison between sex crimes against adult and elderly victims is conducted following the criminal event approach. The comparison is based on the precrime, crime, and postcrime phases of the modus operandi, operationalized through 53 variabl...
Article
Purpose: To examine the variability in the journey-to-crime and journey-to-victimization in stranger rapes when disaggregated by offender motive. Using crime pattern theory as the theoretical framework, a series of pre-offense factors are used to explain these differences. Methods : Two-step cluster analysis is first used to identify motive subtyp...
Article
Purpose To examine the variability in the ‘journey-to-crime’ and ‘journey-to-victimization’ in stranger rapes when disaggregated by offender motive. Using crime pattern theory as the theoretical framework, a series of pre-offense factors are used to explain these differences. Methods Two-step cluster analysis is first used to identify motive subty...
Chapter
In criminology, the rational choice perspective assumes that offenders decide whether or not to commit a crime by weighing the effort, rewards, and costs involved in alternative courses of action. One of the most important costs for offenders is to be identified and arrested by police. In order to avoid arrest, offenders have to rely on specific st...
Article
The current study investigates body disposal patterns in sexual homicide and examines whether offender’s behavior differ between solved and unsolved cases. To address these two research questions in line with rational choice perspective, a series of logistic regression analyses was conducted on a sample of 250 solved, and 100 unsolved sexual homici...
Article
Background: For several years, studies have produced general scripts of child sexual abuse. These scripts provided an analysis of each individual step of the crime-commission process, neglecting the connection between each of these steps. Objective: The purpose of this study is to use the crime script analysis to explore child sexual abuse as a who...
Article
This study investigates the role of sexual sadism in the crime-commission process of sexual homicide (SH) involving child victims. A comparison between sadistic and nonsadistic cases involving child victims is conducted by examining the crime context, crime characteristics, methods of killing, body recovery characteristics, and forensic awareness s...
Article
This article-based on a national data set (N = 173)-focuses on extrafamilial sexual homicides and their spatial mobility. The study combines the location of the crime scene and the offenders and victims' residences in mobility crime triangles. The findings reveal that most of the homicides fall within the categories of offender mobility and total m...
Article
Sexual homicides involving elderly victims are rare and unusual crimes, and research specifically focusing on these homicides is almost inexistent. The current study investigates the crime commission process as well as the motivations underlying elderly sexual homicides. The sample comes from the Sexual Homicide International Database (SHIelD) incl...
Article
The current study aimed to identify distinct types of crime scene behaviors based on the criminal planning and motivation of offenders with mental illness in South Korea. Furthermore, our study examined the relationships between the identified types of crime scene behaviors in terms of the offenders' sociodemographic characteristics, modus operandi...
Article
Full-text available
Although similar subtypes of sexual homicide have been described cross-nationally, no study has directly examined whether two samples from different jurisdictions are comparable. This study therefore aimed to examine whether any substantively meaningful subtypes of sexual homicide cases could be identified in each sample, and if so, whether these s...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of Review This review presents recent findings of research focusing on sexual homicide. Firstly, we examine international comparative studies of victim, offender, and crime characteristics. Secondly, we review an important body of literature that compares developmental and psychological as well as the decision-making process of sexual murde...
Poster
Full-text available
Sexual homicide studies have examined the offender’s modus operandi to model the crime-commission process. However, prior research has focused on the modus operandi at the pre-crime, and the crime phase, neglecting the post-crime phase. This phase is crucial for investigators, as not only body disposal locations represent the most objective crime l...
Article
Despite a recent increase in the number of studies published on sexual homicide (SH), several of these studies have been based on small and nonrepresentative samples. This study aims to describe and compare two samples of SH from France (n = 412) and Canada (n = 350) where data have been collected and coded with the same tool. The data include vari...
Article
Full-text available
This research investigates violent stranger rapes and the factors leading these cases to sexual homicides. Variables relating to modus operandi characteristics on one part and offender behavior on the other part are examined using conjunctive analysis of cases configuration to identify the different combinations leading to a lethal outcome. Using a...
Article
Purpose Victim resistance has been shown to have an important impact on the outcome of sexual assaults. Thus, the factors that affect a victim’s likelihood of various levels of resistance are relevant to consider, given the possibly detrimental effect these actions can have on crime outcome. While not intended to blame the victim in any way, it is...
Article
The current study investigates the question of the specificity of sexual homicide offenders by comparing three types of crimes: sexual homicide, nonsexual homicide, and violent sexual assault. The comparison is based on victim, offender and modus operandi characteristics throughout 102 variables. The sample has been taken from a French national pol...
Article
The sexual homicide of a child is an unusual event and very few studies have been conducted on the topic. Previous studies have mainly focused on the differences between sexual homicide of child and adult victims. The current study aims to identify a typology of sexual homicide of children based on modus operandi, offenders’ and victims’ characteri...
Article
The Sexual Homicide Crime Scene Rating Scale for Sexual Sadism (SADSEX-SH) is a rating scale which dimensionally measures the degree of offender sexual sadism in suspected sexual homicide cases. Scoring is accomplished using crime scene and related investigative information. Preliminary norms for the SADSEX-SH prototype indicate that it correctly c...
Article
Purpose: Despite the importance of understanding factors related to solving sexual crimes, there have been very few studies conducted on the topic. Further, these studies tend to focus on homicides exclusively and often neglect the fact that offenders may adopt certain behaviors that increase their chances of avoiding detection (i.e., investigative...
Article
Full-text available
A central aim of research on psychopathic personality disturbance (PPD) involves identifying core features of the construct. Such aims have been addressed primarily through prototypicality studies and research using item-response theory. More recently, the logic of social network analysis was extended to psychopathology research to examine which sy...