Eric M. Anderman

Eric M. Anderman
The Ohio State University | OSU · Department of Educational Studies

Ph.D.

About

151
Publications
149,787
Reads
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12,419
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2007 - present
The Ohio State University
Position
  • Professor (Full)
August 1994 - June 2007
University of Kentucky
Position
  • Professor (Full)
August 1994 - June 2007
University of Kentucky
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Education
September 1989 - May 1994
University of Michigan
Field of study
  • Education & Psychology
September 1985 - June 1986
Harvard University
Field of study
  • Education
September 1981 - May 1985
Tufts University
Field of study
  • Psychology and Spanish

Publications

Publications (151)
Article
Full-text available
Teacher attitudes and instructional strategies impact success of human sexuality programs. Limited prior research has examined the relations of teachers’ attitudes and instruction to the development of adolescents’ sexual self-efficacy beliefs. This study examined how adolescents’ perceptions of their health teachers (i.e., teacher value of content...
Article
Full-text available
Student perpetrated violence against teachers is widespread, yet few studies differentiate teacher experiences of violence by school level (i.e., elementary, middle, and high school). This study, based upon 2,558 pre-kindergarten through 12th grade teacher survey responses, revealed differences in types of student aggression against teachers by sch...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this chapter, we reflect on 30 years of research on the relationships between academic motivation and academic integrity. We review studies framed within five prominent theoretical perspectivestheories (attribution theory, goal orientation theory, social-cognitive theory, expectancy-value theory, and self-determination theory). We then suggest t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In studying students' sexual health outcomes, it is important to consider the influences of their peers. This study presents findings of multiple models examining if peer attitudes about waiting to have sex and use condoms moderate the relationship between students' expectancies for success and value of a sexual health curriculum and their self-eff...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The present study examines how 4th and 5th grade students’ collective efficacy (N=87) changed across a three-unit digital civic learning social studies curriculum and how students’ engagement related to their collective efficacy. Students participated in small-group discourse and worked with group members to solve civic-related dilemmas. Results fr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We studied the feasibility of an innovative blended learning curriculum for early adolescents intended to foster citizenship skills through collaborative dialogue. Our curriculum was implemented during the 2020-2021 academic year, which afforded an opportunity to study feasibility under constrained classroom contexts. We conducted qualitative analy...
Article
Middle school brings rapid developmental changes for adolescents, and parent engagement is as essential as ever. However, what worked for parent-teacher partnerships in elementary school doesn’t fit so well in middle school. Adolescents are building their autonomy, and teachers must help empower parents’ efforts to bolster students as independent l...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
We tested whether early adolescents’ fulfillment in basic psychological needs predicts their sense of purpose. Additionally, we investigated how students’ levels of fulfilled psychological needs moderate the association between students’ purpose and different learning goals, respectively. Finally, we explored the role of purpose as a mediator that...
Article
We examine the relationships of executive functioning problems (EFP) to academic cheating in a sample of 855 adolescents. Participants completed assessments of inattention, hyperactivity, and depression using the BASC-2, as well as peer-reports of externalizing behavior. After controlling for known predictors of cheating (e.g., demographics and dep...
Article
Full-text available
Adopted youth often do not achieve in school as well as their non-adopted peers. We used data from the High School Longitudinal Study to examine high school and postsecondary achievement outcomes in adopted youth. We compared outcomes for domestically adopted youth, internationally adopted youth, and non-adopted youth. Results indicate that domesti...
Article
Much attention has been given to investigating specific self-regulatory processes within a single goal context, yet little is known about how students manage to pursue multiple goals. We adopted a multi-method approach to examine the content of college students’ (N = 365) multiple goals, interrelations of goals in a goal network, and the role of se...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, the Columbus City School district transitioned to virtual learning in Spring-2020 and has not resumed in-person learning. Through community partnerships, an evidence-based sexual health curriculum, Get Real, was completed in 5 middle schools pre-pandemic. However, Get Real, along with most sexual health education progr...
Article
Full-text available
We examined the relationships between teachers’ communication styles and students’ perceptions of the classroom goal structure. Within the context of high school health classes focused on teaching about HIV/STD/pregnancy prevention, we surveyed 456 students about their teachers’ immediacy behaviors, efforts to make course content relevant, and thei...
Article
Prior work has documented that internationally adopted youth can experience learning difficulties, yet research exploring academic motivation in this population is scant. Moreover, no prior international adoption studies have investigated precursors to motivation. Guided by expectancy-value theory, we attempted to address this gap in the literature...
Article
Full-text available
Much research has been dedicated to supporting school communities in combating the problem of school violence. However, violence directed toward teachers is under‐investigated, and knowledge of how to support teachers is limited. This qualitative study used conventional content analysis to assess teachers' recommendations for preventing and improvi...
Article
The articles in this special issue review the impressive bodies of research that have been generated from achievement motivation theories, emphasizing developments over the past 20 years. In this commentary, I first discuss some of the most noteworthy contributions that have emerged from each of the theories. I then discuss the extent to which ther...
Article
The main aim of the present study was to identify different subgroups of perfectionists and how perfectionism group-membership is related to achievement goals and to five educational outcomes (i.e., school satisfaction, positive affect, negative affect, school burnout and academic achievement). The sample comprised 667 undergraduate students (63.3%...
Article
Feedback is a powerful means for promoting learning, but not all forms of feedback are equally effective. Guided by a large body of feedback research, we argue that personalized feedback provides a particularly important opportunity for enhancing motivation and achievement among middle school students. In this article, we review the extant literatu...
Article
School violence is a significant public health concern that occurs in many forms. Physical aggression can cause serious bodily injury and long‐term negative effects, and both teachers and students experience significant rates of physical aggression. There are few studies examining teachers’ experiences of physical aggression. Studies that go beyond...
Article
Objective: The prevalence of verbal aggression in schools is well documented; however, most of this research focuses on verbal aggression between students. Examination of student verbal aggression toward teachers is limited. This qualitative investigation explores events that frequently precede and follow student verbal aggression toward teachers u...
Article
Despite prior studies documenting learning difficulties among internationally adopted youth (IAY), none has explored academic motivation within this population. The current study addressed this gap by examining expectancies for success and task values in math and science among internationally adopted, domestically adopted, and nonadopted high-schoo...
Article
The authors examined 1,781 rural students' reading motivation and behavior across the transition from middle to high school. Using expectancy-value theory, they investigated how motivational variables predicted changes in reading behavior and achievement across the transition in terms of their expectancies, values, and out-of-school reading behavio...
Article
Full-text available
Violence perpetrated against teachers is prevalent and has the potential to adversely affect teachers’ well-being, efficacy, and longevity in the profession. In this study, we examined teachers’ reactions after having experienced violence, specifically examining the roles of attributional processes. In collaboration with the American Psychological...
Article
Violence against educators is a significant understudied phenomenon that has been largely ignored by policy makers and funders. The primary goal of this paper is to advance measurement and research on educator safety and victimization. We conducted a comprehensive systematic review of the extant literature (1988 to 2016). Although the number of stu...
Article
Academic dishonesty occurs at alarming rates in higher education. In the present study, we examined predictors of academic cheating behaviors, and beliefs in the acceptability of cheating, in disliked courses at two large universities, using structural equation modeling. Perceived mastery and extrinsic goal structures were related to beliefs about...
Article
Academic cheating occurs frequently in schools. Cheating is a deliberative act, in that students make a conscious decision to engage in academic dishonesty. Students’ achievement goals, which are malleable, often guide the ways that students make such decisions. Educators can incorporate various instructional practices and support academic policies...
Article
This article describes an initiative undertaken by a coalition of psychologists (Coalition for Psychology in Schools and Education) from the American Psychological Association (APA) to identify the top twenty principles from psychological science relevant to teaching and learning in the classroom. These principles are identified along with their ba...
Article
Psychological science has much to contribute to preK-12 education because substantial psychological research exists on the processes of learning, teaching, motivation, classroom management, social interaction, communication, and assessment. This article details the psychological science that led to the identification, by the American Psychological...
Article
Research on academic motivation offers important implications for instruction. In this article, we review four current and prominent motivation frameworks that are particularly influential: expectancy-value theory, achievement goal orientation theory, self-determination theory, and social cognitive theory. The basic tenets of each theory are review...
Book
The third edition of the Handbook of Educational Psychology is sponsored by Division 15 of the American Psychological Association. In this volume, thirty chapters address new developments in theory and research methods while honoring the legacy of the field's past. A diverse group of recognized scholars within and outside the U.S. provide integrati...
Article
Full-text available
Extant scholarship has primarily examined demographic predictors of teacher victimization. Teacher multiple victimization, or the extent to which teachers experience multiple types of violence, has not been examined. Using social-ecological theory, we examine correlates of violence among 2,324 teachers who reported having been victimized at least o...
Article
The purpose of this study is to examine the relations between principals’ perceived autonomy support from superintendents, affective commitment to their school districts, and job satisfaction. We also explore possible moderation effects of principals’ career experiences on these relations. Data were collected from K-12 public school principals in t...
Article
Background There is much interest in assessing growth in student learning. Assessments of growth have important implications and affect many policy decisions at many levels.AimsIn the present article, we review some of the different approaches to measuring growth and examine the implications of their usage.SampleSamples used in research on growth m...
Article
Teachers in U.S. schools report high rates of victimization, yet previous studies focus on select types of victimization and student perpetrators, which may underestimate the extent of the problem. This national study was based on work conducted by the American Psychological Association Classroom Violence Directed Against Teachers Task Force and is...
Article
Full-text available
Research on learning theories is central to most of the articles that have appeared in Theory Into Practice (TIP) over the past 50 years. Scholarship on this topic in many ways undergirds all articles that provide discussions of ways of moving theory into practice within the broad field of education. Indeed, one could easily argue that all research...
Article
Full-text available
Violence directed toward teachers has been understudied despite significant media and empirical investigation on school violence, such as student-to-student victimization and bullying. To date, there are relatively few published studies scattered across many countries. To address this void, the American Psychological Association, in collaboration w...
Article
We investigated the relation of students’ perceptions of mastery goal structure and of teacher support. Original formulations of achievement goal theory proposed that social-relational aspects of classrooms were integral to perceptions of a mastery goal structure, but these components have not survived in current conceptions of goal theory. Recent...
Article
Giving a quiz or a test after sex education courses may not be the best way to ensure that students use what they've learned in class to make good decisions after class. Possessing facts about sex does not guarantee that students will adopt healthy strategies and make wise decisions in the future.
Article
Full-text available
Violence directed against K-12 teachers is a serious problem that demands the immediate attention of researchers, providers of teacher pre-service and in-service training, school administrators, community leaders, and policymakers. Surprisingly, little research has been conducted on this growing problem despite the broad impact teacher victimizatio...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we critically examine skills that are necessary for the effective learning of science in adolescent populations. We argue that a focus on twenty-first-century skills among adolescents within the context of science instruction must be considered in light of research on cognitive and social development. We first review adolescents’ e...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this chapter, we examine relations between achievement goal theory and student engagement. Achievement goal theorists generally examine two types of goals (mastery and performance goals), each of which has been conceptualized as having both approach and avoid components. After reviewing the history and development of achievement goal theory and...
Article
Over 5,000 adolescents enrolled in required rural high school health courses reported their perceptions of mastery and extrinsic goal structures in their health classrooms. Data were collected from all students at three time points (prior to HIV/pregnancy instruction, three months after instruction, and one year after instruction). Results indicate...
Article
This is a critical time for the field of educational psychology. As the roles of colleges and schools of education are being examined, the specific relevance of our research also may be questioned. In this article, I argue that educational psychologists need to engage in specific types of outreach activities so that our research can truly impact po...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study (N = 633), we examine the role of teacher credibility and teacher affinity in classrooms. We explore the relations among these two characteristics and student gains in knowledge and valuing of learning about HIV and pregnancy prevention across high school classrooms. Results marshaled support for the notion that teacher charact...
Article
Over 5,000 adolescents enrolled in required rural high school health courses reported their perceptions of mastery and extrinsic goal structures in their health classrooms. Data were collected from all students at three time points (prior to HIV and pregnancy instruction, 3 months after instruction, and 1 year after instruction). Results indicated...
Article
In this article, we examine the relations of value-added models of measuring academic achievement to student motivation. Using an achievement goal orientation theory perspective, we argue that value-added models, which focus on the progress of individual students over time, are more closely aligned with research on student motivation than are more...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, I examine developments in research on achievement motivation and comment on how those developments are reflected in Wittrock's generative model of learning. Specifically, I focus on the roles of prior knowledge, the generation of knowledge, and beliefs about ability. Examples from Wittrock's theory and from current motivational the...
Article
The authors examined the relations between academic cheating and impulsivity in a large sample of adolescents enrolled in high school health education classes. Results indicated that impulsivity predicts academic cheating for students who report extensive involvement in cheating. However, students who engage in extensive cheating are less likely to...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the associations between sexual self-concept (sexual esteem and sexual anxiety) and sexual self-efficacy (situational and resistive) in a sample of 388 high school students (59% Caucasian, 28% African American). Males reported lower sexual esteem and lower sexual self-efficacy than females. Males and African Americans reported h...
Article
Full-text available
Ninth grade health education classrooms were randomly assigned to conditions in which a 14-lesson unit on HIV and pregnancy prevention was provided either by the permanent classroom teacher or by a temporary health educator. Student data were collected prior to the lessons and approximately 3 weeks after the completion of the unit. Results indicate...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we examine the relations between goal orientation theory (i.e., mastery and performance goals) and academic cheating. After reviewing basic demographic characteristics of students who engage in academic cheating, we examine the relations of achievement goals to cheating. Results generally indicate that mastery goals are related to le...
Chapter
This chapter examines the demographic, academic, behavioral, and personality characteristics of students who are either self-identified or observed cheaters in recent research. Individual differences in student cheating have been studied in relation to multiple demographic factors including age, gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and school t...
Chapter
This chapter examines the relations of achievement goal orientation theory to academic cheating. The instructional practices used by teachers in their classrooms can have an impact on academic cheating. When teachers structure their classrooms around grades, competition, and ability differences, students will be able to justify cheating behaviors....
Article
Cheating on academic work involves a diverse array of psychological phenomena, including learning, development, and motivation. These phenomena form the core of the field of educational psychology. From the perspective of learning, cheating is a strategy that serves as a cognitive shortcut. Whereas effective learning often involves the use of compl...
Article
A comprehensive multiple domain model (MDM) to understand condom use in adolescents was proposed and tested using structural equation modeling of data at three time points. The proposed model integrates social psychological theory, demographic and personality factors, social environment, and situational/contextual variables. Adolescents who were se...
Article
Using cluster analysis to combine specific adaptive measures related to mastery motivation (intrinsic motivation, self-adequacy, and locus of control), a total of 654 high school students were placed into distinct adaptive motivation groups. Mean scores on a variety of self-reported and peer-reported measures of interpersonal, intrapersonal, and ac...
Article
Full-text available
This article uses theoretical concepts from self-efficacy theory, goal theory, expectancy value, and intrinsic motivation theory as a way to organize the vast and largely atheoretical literature on academic cheating. Specifically, it draws on 3 particular questions that students encounter when deciding whether to cheat: (a) What is my purpose?, (b)...
Article
Full-text available
Over the past 25 years, achievement goal theory has emerged as one of the most prominent theories of achievement motivation. This chapter uses an achievement goal framework to examine the influence of classroom and school environments on students' academic motivation and achievement. Considerable evidence suggests that elementary and secondary stud...
Article
The overall purpose of this chapter is to review and provide evidence for the importance of goals, values, and affect to achievement motivation. To achieve this objective, the chapter is organized into four sections. In the first section, we provide brief historical perspectives and examine important distinctions within each area. In the second sec...
Article
Changes in early adolescents' self-reported cheating behaviors in mathematics before and after the transition from middle school to high school are examined. Students were surveyed in school regarding their cheating behaviors in math, and the motivational goal structures perceived in their math classrooms. Surveys were completed twice during the ei...
Article
Full-text available
Though HIV preventive and other health interventions in educational settings have often been grounded in health behavior theory, such interventions have rarely taken into account achievement motiva- tion theory. The purpose of this article is to discuss how and why theo- ries of both health behavior and achievement motivation have the potential to...