Enza Lacivita

Enza Lacivita
Università degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro | Università di Bari · Dipartimento di Farmacia - Scienze del Farmaco

PhD

About

124
Publications
10,043
Reads
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2,668
Citations
Citations since 2016
52 Research Items
1632 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250300
Education
November 1997 - November 2000
Dipartimento Farmaco-Chimico
Field of study
  • medicinal chemistry

Publications

Publications (124)
Article
Full-text available
Serotonergic receptors of the 5-HT 7 type (5-HT 7 Rs) are widely expressed in the central nervous system (CNS), where they modulate several functions, such as pain. Behavioral experiments in vivo have shown both anti- and pro-nociceptive actions of 5-HT 7 Rs, although an analgesic effect seems to be prevalent. In the spinal cord dorsal horn, the me...
Article
Mounting evidence suggests that the serotonin system serves in signal transmission to regulate insulin secretion in pancreatic islets of Langerhans. Among the 5‐HT receptor subtype found in pancreatic islets, serotonin receptor 1A (5‐HT 1A ) demonstrates a unique ability to inhibit beta‐cell insulin secretion. We report on the design, synthesis, an...
Article
Full-text available
Long-chain arylpiperazine scaffold is a versatile template to design central nervous system (CNS) drugs that target serotonin and dopamine receptors. Here we describe the synthesis and biological evaluation of ten new arylpiperazine derivatives designed to obtain an affinity profile at serotonin 5-HT1A, 5-HT2A, 5-HT7 receptor, and dopamine D2 recep...
Article
Full-text available
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are a group of heterogeneous neurodevelopmental conditions characterized by social deficits, repetitive stereotyped behaviors, and altered inflammatory responses. Accordingly, children with ASD show decreased plasma levels of lipoxin A4 (LXA4), a mediator involved in the resolution of inflammation, which is the endog...
Article
Full-text available
The major histopathological hallmarks of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) include β-amyloid (Aβ) plaques, neurofibrillary tangles, and neuronal loss. Aβ 1–42 (Aβ 1-42 ) has been shown to induce neurotoxicity and secretion of proinflammatory mediators that potentiate neurotoxicity. Proinflammatory and neurotoxic activities of Aβ 1-42 were shown to be mediat...
Article
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Prolonged or excessive microglial activation may lead to disturbances in the resolution of inflammation (RoI). The importance of specialized pro-resolving lipid mediators (SPMs) in RoI has been highlighted. Among them, lipoxins (LXA4) and aspirin-triggered lipoxin A4 (AT-LXA4) mediate beneficial responses through the activation of N-formyl peptide...
Article
Full-text available
Sigma-2 (σ2) is an endoplasmic receptor identified as the Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER) transmembrane protein TMEM97. Despite its controversial identity, which was only recently solved, this protein has gained scientific interest because of its role in the proliferative status of cells; many tumor cells from different organs overexpress the σ2 recepto...
Article
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Accumulating evidence indicates a pivotal role for chronic inflammatory processes in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative and psychiatric disorders. G protein-coupled formyl peptide receptor 2 (FPR2) mediates pro-inflammatory or anti-/pro-resolving effects upon stimulation with biased agonists. We aimed to evaluate the effects of a new FPR2 ureido...
Article
Full-text available
Formyl peptide receptors (FPRs) belong to the family of seven-transmembrane G protein-coupled receptors. Among them, FPR2 is a low affinity receptor for N-formyl peptides and is considered the most promiscuous member of FPRs. FPR2 is able to recognize a broad variety of endogenous or exogenous ligands, ranging from lipid to proteins and peptides, i...
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Fragile X Syndrome is a genetic form of intellectual disability associated with autism, epilepsy and mood disorders. Electrophysiology studies in Fmr1 knockout (KO) mice, a murine model of Fragile X Syndrome, have demonstrated alterations of synaptic plasticity, with exaggerated long‐term depression induced by activation of metabotropic glutamate r...
Article
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) includes a group of neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by core symptoms such as impaired social interaction and communication, repetitive and stereotyped behaviors, and restricted interests. To date, there are no effective treatments for these core symptoms. Several studies have shown that the brain serotonin...
Article
Rett syndrome (RTT) is a rare neurological disorder caused by mutations in the X-linked MECP2 gene, characterized by severe behavioral and physiological impairments for which no cure is available. The stimulation of serotonin receptor 7 (5-HT7R) with its selective agonist LP-211 (0.25 mg/kg/day for 7 days) was proved to rescue neurobehavioral alter...
Article
Full-text available
Serotonin receptors are extensively examined by academic and industrial researchers, due to their vital roles, which they play in the organism and constituting therefore important drug targets. Up to very recently, it was assumed that the basic nitrogen in compound structure is a necessary component to make it active within this receptor system. Su...
Article
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5-HT receptors expressed throughout the human body are targets for established therapeutics and various drugs in development. Their diversity of structure and function reflects the important role 5-HT receptors play in physiologic and pathophysiological processes. The present review offers a framework for the official receptor nomenclature and a de...
Article
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Mitochondria in neurons contribute to energy supply, the regulation of synaptic transmission, Ca2+ homeostasis, neuronal excitability, and stress adaptation. In recent years, several studies have highlighted that the neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT) plays an important role in mitochondrial biogenesis in cortical neurons, and regulates mitochondria...
Article
Dysregulated inflammation is a central pathological process in diverse disease states, including neurodegenerative disorders. The recent concept of “resolution of inflammation” is offering a conceptual change for the diagnosis and the development of new therapeutic approaches for chronic inflammatory diseases. Resolution of inflammation terminates...
Article
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miRNAs are master regulators of gene expression in diverse biological processes, including the modulation of neuronal cytoarchitecture. The identification of their physiological target genes remains one of the outstanding challenges. Recently, it has been demonstrated that the activation of serotonin receptor 7 (5-HT7R) plays a key role in regulati...
Article
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Chronic inflammatory processes within the central nervous system (CNS) are in part responsible for the development of neurodegenerative and psychiatric diseases. These processes are associated with, among other things, the increased and disturbed activation of microglia and the elevated production of proinflammatory factors. Recent studies indicate...
Article
Formyl peptide receptor 1 (FPR1) is expressed on a variety of immune system cells and is a key regulator of the inflammatory environment. Therefore, the development of FPR1 antagonists may represent a novel approach for modulating innate immunity and treating inflammatory diseases. Starting from a dipeptide scaffold that is structurally related to...
Article
Full-text available
The serotonin receptor subtype 7 (5-HT7R) is clearly involved in behavioral functions such as learning/memory, mood regulation and circadian rhythm. Recent discoveries proposed modulatory physiological roles for serotonergic systems in reward-guided behavior. However, the interplay between serotonin (5-HT) and dopamine (DA) in reward-related behavi...
Article
Full-text available
We have previously demonstrated that activation of serotonin 5-HT7 receptors (5-HT7R) reverses metabotropic glutamate receptor-mediated long term depression (mGluR-LTD) in the hippocampus of wild-type (WT) and Fmr1 Knockout (KO) mice, a model of Fragile X Syndrome (FXS) in which mGluR-LTD is abnormally enhanced. Here, we have investigated intracell...
Data
LP-211 treatment increased levels of both phospho-ERK1 and phospho-ERK2 in hippocampal slices of wild-type (WT) mice. (A) Semi-quantitative analysis of phosphorylated ERK1 vs. total ERK1 in control and LP-211 (10 nM, 5 min) treated hippocampal slices from WT mice (FVB strain). Relative optical density is presented as percentage of control. Data rep...
Data
(A) Original images of immunoblots shown in Figure 5B. (B) Original images of immunoblots shown in Figure 5C.
Data
Experimental procedures for marble burying test. Marbles distribution before testing shows twenty marbles equidistantly distributed. Mice were left in the cage for 20 min and number of buried marbles was analyzed in four different groups (vehicle-treated WT; WT treated with LP-211; vehicle-treated Fmr1 KO; Fmr1 KO treated with LP-211).
Data
Original images of immunoblots shown in Figure 5A.
Article
Mutations in the X-linked cyclin-dependent kinase-like 5 (CDKL5) gene cause CDKL5 Deficiency Disorder (CDD), a rare neurodevelopmental syndrome characterized by severe behavioural and physiological symptoms. No cure is available for CDD. CDKL5 is a kinase that is abundantly expressed in the brain and plays a critical role in neurodevelopmental proc...
Article
Serotonin 5-HT7 receptor (5-HT7R) has been the subject of intense research efforts because of its presence in brain areas such as hippocampus, hypothalamus, and cortex. Preclinical data link the 5-HT7R to a variety of central nervous system processes such as regulation of circadian rhythms, mood, cognitions, pain processing, and mechanisms of addic...
Article
A decrease in the activation threshold of primary sensory neurons to transient receptor potential V1 (TRPV1) stimulation by serotonin 5-HT7 receptors has been reported but no confirmation if this might translate into facilitation of neurogenic inflammation has been provided. We analysed the modulation of capsaicin (CAP)-induced neurogenic inflammat...
Article
Identifying desired interactions with a target receptor is often the first step when designing new active compounds. However, attention should also be focused on contacts with other proteins that result in either selective or polypharmacological compounds. Here, the search for the structural determinants of selectivity between selected serotonin re...
Article
Bombesin receptor 2 (BB2) and integrin αvβ3 receptor are privileged targets for molecular imaging of cancer because their overexpression in a number of tumor tissues. The most recent developments in heterodimer-based radiopharmaceuticals concern BB2- and integrin αvβ3-targeting compounds, consisting of bombesin (BBN) and RGD peptides, connected thr...
Article
Aims: The serotonin 7 receptor (5-HT7R) subtype, coded by Htr7 gene, is broadly expressed in the central nervous system (CNS) with clear involvement in behavioral functions such as learning/memory, regulation of mood, and circadian rhythms. In this study, we assessed effects of 5-HT7R stimulation by administration of its selective agonist, LP-211...
Article
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by persistent deficits in social communication and interaction, and restricted, repetitive patterns of behaviour, interests and activities. Various factors are involved in the etiopathogenesis of ASD, including genetic factors, environmental toxins and stressors, impaired...
Article
Formyl peptide receptor-2 (FPR2) is a G protein-coupled receptor belonging to the N-formyl peptide receptor (FPR) family that plays critical roles in peripheral and brain inflammatory responses. FPR2 has been proposed as a target for the development of drugs that could facilitate the resolution of chronic inflammatory reactions by enhancing endogen...
Article
Formyl peptide receptor2 (FPR2) is a G-protein coupled receptor that plays critical roles in inflammatory reactions. FPR2-specific interaction can be possibly used to facilitate the resolution of pathological inflammatory responses by enhancing endogenous anti-inflammation systems. Starting from our lead agonist 5, we designed new ureidopropanamide...
Article
Gambling disorder is associated to an increased impulsivity, a high level of novelty-seeking and a dysregulation of the forebrain neurotransmission systems. However, the neurobiological mechanisms of this addictive disorder are not fully understood and no valid pharmacological approach has yet been approved. The present study aimed to investigate t...
Article
Full-text available
Neuropathic pain is a debilitating pathological condition of high clinical relevance. Changes in neuronal excitability in the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) play a central role in the negative emotional and affective aspects of chronic pain. We evaluated the effects of LP-211, a new serotonin-receptor-type-7 (5-HT7R) agonist that crosses the blood...
Article
Rett syndrome (RTT) is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder, characterized by severe behavioral and physiological symptoms. Mutations in the methyl CpG binding protein 2 gene (MECP2) cause more than 95% of classic cases, and currently there is no cure for this devastating disorder. Recently we have demonstrated that neurobehavioral and brain molecula...
Article
Full-text available
Precise control of dendritic spine density and synapse formation is critical for normal and pathological brain functions. Therefore, signaling pathways influencing dendrite outgrowth and remodeling remain a subject of extensive investigations. Here we report that prolonged activation of the serotonin 5-HT7 receptor (5-HT7R) with selective agonist L...
Article
Background: The mammalian bombesin receptor family comprises three G proteincoupled receptors: the neuromedin B receptor, the gastrin-releasing peptide receptor (BB2), and the bombesin receptor subtype 3. BB2 receptor plays a role in gastrointestinal functions; however, at present the role of this subtype in physiological and pathological conditio...
Article
Gastrin-releasing peptide receptors (GRP-R, also known as bombesin 2 receptors) are overexpressed in a variety of human cancers, including prostate cancer, and therefore they represent a promising target for in vivo imaging of tumors using positron emission tomography (PET). Structural modifications of the non-peptidic GRP-R antagonist PD-176252 ((...
Article
Here, we describe the very first attempt to visualize in vivo formyl peptide receptors (FPRs) in mouse brain by positron emission tomography (PET). FPRs are expressed on microglial cells where they mediate chemotactic activity of β-amiloid peptide in Alzheimer disease and, thus, are involved in neuroinflammatory processes. To this purpose, we have...
Article
The 5-HT7 serotonin receptor is revealing a promising target for innovative therapeutic strategies of neurodevelopmental and neuropsychiatric disorders. Here, we report the synthesis of thirty long-chain arylpiperazine analogs of the selective and brain penetrant 5-HT7 receptor agonist LP-211 (1) designed to enhance stability towards microsomal oxi...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To investigate the antinociceptive effects of pharmacological activation of 5-HT7 receptors on orofacial pain in mice. Material and methods: Nociception was evaluated by using an orofacial formalin test in male Balb-C mice. Selective 5-HT7 receptor agonists, LP 44 and LP 211 (1, 5, and 10 mg/kg), were given intraperitoneally 30 min pr...
Article
The 5-HT7 receptor (5-HT7R) mediates important physiological effects of serotonin, such as memory and emotion, and is emerging as a therapeutic target for the treatment of cognitive disorders and depression. Although previous studies have revealed an expression of 5-HT7R in cerebellum, particularly at Purkinje cells, its functional role and signali...
Article
Brain serotonin 7 (5-HT7) receptors play an important functional role in learning and memory, in regulation of mood and motivation, and for circadian rhythms. Recently, we have studied the modulatory effects of a developmental exposure (under subchronic regimen) in rats with LP-211, a brain-penetrant and selective 5-HT7 receptor agonist. We aimed a...
Article
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) mediate biological signal transduction through complex molecular pathways. Therapeutic effects of GPCR-directed drugs are typically accompanied by unwanted side effects, owing in part to the parallel engagement of multiple signaling mechanisms. The discovery of drugs that are 'functionally selective' towards ther...
Article
Full-text available
Rett syndrome (RTT) is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder, characterized by severe behavioral and physiological symptoms. Mutations in the methyl CpG binding protein 2 gene (MECP2) cause more than 95% of classic cases, and currently there is no cure for this devastating disorder. Recently we have demonstrated that specific behavioral and brain mole...
Article
Full-text available
Serotonin 5-HT7 receptors are expressed in the hippocampus and modulate the excitability of hippocampal neurons. We have previously shown that 5-HT7 receptors modulate glutamate-mediated hippocampal synaptic transmission and long-term synaptic plasticity. In particular, we have shown that activation of 5-HT7 receptors reversed metabotropic glutamat...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies have indicated that the serotonin receptor subtype 7 (5-HT7R) plays a crucial role in shaping neuronal morphology during embryonic and early postnatal life. Here we show that pharmacological stimulation of 5-HT7R using a highly selective agonist, LP-211, enhances neurite outgrowth in neuronal primary cultures from the cortex, hippoca...
Article
Full-text available
Bombesin receptor subtype (BRS)-3 is a G protein coupled receptor (GPCR) for the bombesin (BB)-family of peptides. BRS-3 is an orphan GPCR and little is known of its physiological role due to the lack of specific agonists and antagonists. PD168368 is a nonpeptide antagonist for the neuromedin B (NMB) receptor (R) whereas PD176252 is a nonpeptide an...
Article
Full-text available
LP-211 is a new, selective agonist of serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT) receptor 7 (5-HT7-R), which is part of a neuro-transmission system with a proposed role in neural plasticity and in mood, cognitive and sleep regulation. Adolescent subchronic LP-211 treatment produces some persisting changes in rats' forebrain structural and functional par...
Article
The 5-HT1B/1D receptor antagonist, GR-127935, inhibits hypotensive responses produced by the 5-HT1A, 5-HT1B/1D and 5-HT7 receptor agonist, and 5-HT5A/5B receptor ligand, 5-carboxamidotryptamine (5-CT), in rats. This work further characterized the above mechanism using more selective 5-HT1B and 5-HT1D receptor antagonists. Also, expression of 5-HT5A...