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Enrique Santamaría

Enrique Santamaría
Navarrabiomed Biomedical Research Center · Clinical Neuroproteomics

PhD

About

180
Publications
23,935
Reads
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2,101
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 2011 - June 2013
Universidad de Navarra
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
January 2011 - May 2016
Navarrabiomed
Position
  • Principal Investigator

Publications

Publications (180)
Article
Full-text available
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a neurosurgical procedure that provides therapeutic benefits for movement and affective disorders. The nucleus basalis of Meynert (NBM) and substantia nigra (SN) are considered target areas to apply DBS. Even though the degeneration of NBM and SN underlies the cognitive decline observed in neurological diseases, the...
Article
Full-text available
Lewy body disorders (LBD), characterized by the deposition of misfolded α-synuclein (α-Syn), are clinically heterogeneous. Although the distribution of α-Syn correlates with the predominant clinical features, the burden of pathology does not fully explain the observed variability in clinical presentation and rate of disease progression. We hypothes...
Article
Full-text available
A proteomic approach was used to characterize potential mediators involved in the improvement in cardiac fibrosis observed with the administration of the mitochondrial antioxidant MitoQ in obese rats. MaleWistar rats were fed a standard diet (3.5% fat; CT) or a high-fat diet (35% fat; HFD) and treated with vehicle or MitoQ (200 M) in drinking water...
Article
Full-text available
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is one of the most common neurodegenerative illnesses displaying the highest death rate in old persons. However, the existing AD diagnostic system remains elusive due to lack of a technology that may ensure enough sensitivity and reproducibility, detection accuracy and specificity. Here we report a straightforward approach...
Article
The neocortex of P301S mice, used as a model of fronto-temporal lobar degeneration linked to tau mutation (FTLD-tau), and wild-type mice, both aged 9 months, were analyzed with conventional label-free phosphoproteomics and SWATH-MS (sequential window acquisition of all theoretical fragment ion spectra mass spectrometry) to assess the (phospho)prote...
Article
Full-text available
Altered protein phosphorylation is a major pathologic modification in tauopathies and Alzheimer's disease (AD) linked to abnormal tau fibrillar deposits in neurofibrillary tangles (NFTs) and pre-tangles and β-amyloid deposits in AD. hTau transgenic mice, which express 3R and less 4R human tau with no mutations in a murine knockout background, show...
Preprint
The neocortex of P301S mice, used as a model of frontotemporal degeneration linked to tau mutation, and wild-type mice, both aged 9 months, were analyzed with conventional label-free phosphoproteomics and SWATH-MS (sequential window acquisition of all theoretical fragment ion spectra mass spectrometry) to assess the (phospho)proteomes. The total nu...
Article
Synaptic impairment might precede neuronal degeneration in Parkinson's disease. However, the intimate mechanisms altering synaptic function by the accumulation of presynaptic α-synuclein in striatal dopaminergic terminals before dopaminergic death occurs, have not been elucidated. Our aim is to unravel the sequence of synaptic functional and struct...
Article
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Pyk2 is a non-receptor tyrosine kinase enriched in hippocampal neurons, which can be activated by calcium-dependent mechanisms. In neurons, Pyk2 is mostly localised in the cytosol and dendritic shafts but can translocate to spines and/or to the nucleus. Here, we explore the function of a new localisation of Pyk2 in mitochondria-associated membranes...
Preprint
Full-text available
One of the most common symptoms in COVID-19 is a sudden loss of smell. SARS-CoV-2 has been detected in the olfactory bulb (OB) from animal models and sporadically in COVID-19 patients. To decipher the specific role over the SARS-CoV-2 proteome at olfactory level, we characterized the in- depth molecular imbalance induced by the expression of GFP-ta...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The clinicopathological phenotype of G2019S LRRK2-associated Parkinson's disease (L2PD) is similar to idiopathic Parkinson's disease (iPD), and G2019S LRRK2 nonmanifesting carriers (L2NMCs) are at increased risk for development of PD. With various therapeutic strategies in the clinical and preclinical pipeline, there is an urgent need t...
Article
Propose Obesity-related metabolic risk factors in adolescents with overweight/obesity may be associated with systemic low-grade inflammation, and therefore we investigated whether a 6-month exercise training altered markers of inflammation. Methods Secondary analyses of a randomized controlled exercise-based intervention trial (September 2017 to D...
Article
Full-text available
Several studies have demonstrated the different characteristics of tau seeding and spreading following intracerebral inoculation in murine models of tau-enriched fractions of brain homogenates from AD and other tauopathies. The present study is centered on the importance of host tau in tau seed-ing and the molecular changes associated with the tran...
Article
Full-text available
Checkpoint with forkhead-associated and ring finger domains ( CHFR ) has been proposed as a predictive and prognosis biomarker for different tumor types, but its role in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) remains unknown. The aim of this study was two-pronged: to review the role of CHFR in PDAC and evaluating CHFR as a potential predictive bio...
Article
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The aim of this article is to present the research protocol for a prospective cohort study that will assess the olfactory function and the effect of an intervention based on olfactory training in healthy very old adults (≥75 years old). A convenience sample of 180 older people (50% female) will be recruited in three different environments: hospital...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the well-accepted role of the two main neuropathological markers (β-amyloid and tau) in the progression of Alzheimer’s disease, the interaction and specific contribution of each of them is not fully elucidated. To address this question, in the present study, an adeno-associated virus (AAV9) carrying the mutant P301L form of human tau, was i...
Article
Objective: The HEPAFIT study was aimed at examining the impact of a 6‐month physical education intervention, considering various levels of exercise intensity, on hepatic fat and cardiometabolic health outcomes in adolescents with excess adiposity. Methods: Adolescents (n = 120), 11–17 years with excess adiposity by body fat >30%, were randomly ass...
Article
Global analysis of protein phosphorylation by mass spectrometry proteomic techniques has emerged in the last decades as a powerful tool in biological and biomedical research. However, there are several factors that make the global study of the phosphoproteome more challenging than measuring non-modified proteins. The low stoichiometry of the phosph...
Article
Full-text available
Olfactory dysfunction is considered an early prodromal marker of many neurodegenera-tive diseases. Neuropathological changes and aberrant protein aggregates occur in the olfactory bulb (OB), triggering a tangled cascade of molecular events that is not completely understood across neurological disorders. This study aims to analyze commonalities and...
Article
Full-text available
Maraviroc (MVC), a CCR5 antagonist, reduces liver fibrosis, injury and tumour burden in mice fed a hepatocarcinogenic diet, suggesting it has potential as a cancer therapeutic. We investigated the effect of MVC on liver progenitor cells (LPCs) and macrophages as both have a role in hepatocarcinogenesis. Mice were fed the hepatocarcinogenic choline-...
Article
Full-text available
Tau hyperphosphorylation is the first step of neurofibrillary tangle (NFT) formation. In the present study, samples of the entorhinal cortex (EC) and frontal cortex area 8 (FC) of cases with NFT pathology classified as stages I–II, III–IV, and V–VI without comorbidities, and of middle-aged (MA) individuals with no NFT pathology, were analyzed by co...
Article
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Monocytic and granulocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells together with tumor-infiltrating macrophages constitute the main tumor-infiltrating immunosuppressive myeloid populations. Due to the phenotypic resemblance to conventional myeloid cells, their identification and purification from within the tumors is technically difficult and makes their...
Article
Full-text available
The most common form of mixed dementia (MixD) is constituted by abnormal protein deposits associated with Alzheimer’s disease (AD) that coexist with vascular disease. Although olfactory dysfunction is considered a clinical sign of AD-related dementias, little is known about the impact of this sensorial impairment in MixD at the molecular level. To...
Article
Full-text available
Lipid metabolism is clearly associated to Parkinson’s disease (PD). Although lipid homeostasis has been widely studied in multiple animal and cellular models, as well as in blood derived from PD individuals, the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) lipidomic profile in PD remains largely unexplored. In this study, we characterized the post-mortem CSF lipidomi...
Preprint
Full-text available
The most common form of mixed dementia (MixD) is constituted by abnormal protein deposits associated with Alzheimer´s disease (AD) that coexist with vascular disease. Although olfactory dysfunction is considered a clinical sign of AD-related de-mentias, little is known about the impact of this sensorial impairment in MixD at molecular level. To add...
Preprint
Full-text available
Lipid metabolism is clearly associated to Parkinson´s disease (PD). Although lipid homeostasis has been widely studied in multiple animal and cellular models as well as in blood derived from PD individuals, the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) lipidomic profile in PD remains largely unexplored. In this study, we have characterized the CSF lipidomic imbala...
Article
Full-text available
No therapeutic targets and molecular biomarkers are available in cervical cancer (CC) management. In other cancer types, micro-RNA-877-3p (miR-877-3p) has been associated with events relevant for CC development. Thus, we aimed to determine miR-877-3p role in CC. miR-877-3p levels were examined by quantitative-PCR in 117 cervical lesions and tumors....
Article
Full-text available
A close epidemiological link has been reported between cannabis use and schizophrenia (SCZ). However, biochemical markers in living humans related to the impact of cannabis in this disease are still missing. Olfactory neuroepithelium (ON) cells express neural features and offer a unique advantage to study biomarkers of psychiatric diseases. The aim...
Chapter
The completion and annotation of the human proteome require the availability of information related to protein function. Currently, more than 1800 human genes constitute the “dark proteome,” which include missing proteins, uncharacterized human genes validated at protein level, smORFs, proteins from lncRNAs, or any uncharacterized transcripts. Duri...
Article
In a preregistered, cross-sectional study, we investigated whether olfactory loss is a reliable predictor of COVID-19 using a crowdsourced questionnaire in 23 languages to assess symptoms in individuals self-reporting recent respiratory illness. We quantified changes in chemosensory abilities during the course of the respiratory illness using 0–100...
Article
Full-text available
(1) Background: Despite the indisputable effectiveness of dexamethasone (DEXA) to reduce inflammation in glioblastoma (GBM) patients, its influence on tumour progression and radiotherapy response remains controversial. (2) Methods: We analysed patient data and used expression and cell biological analyses to assess effects of DEXA on GBM cells. We t...
Chapter
Prohibitins are ubiquitous proteins involved in multiple biological functions depending on the cell type and their cellular localization. Prohibitins exert an essential role in the maintenance of mitochondrial structure and functionality. Besides alterations observed in metabolic and oncogenic processes, an imbalance in prohibitin system triggers m...
Article
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p>This is a correction notice for article bjaa041 (DOI: https:// doi.org/10.1093/chemse/bjaa041), published 20 June 2020. An incorrect version of the caption to Figure 5 was mistakenly included in the published paper. An updated version is given below. Neither the data nor the paper's conclusions were affected by this correction. The authors sincer...
Article
Full-text available
In a preregistered, cross-sectional study we investigated whether olfactory loss is a reliable predictor of COVID-19 using a crowdsourced questionnaire in 23 languages to assess symptoms in individuals self-reporting recent respiratory illness. We quantified changes in chemosensory abilities during the course of the respiratory illness using 0-100...
Preprint
Full-text available
The human brain has always been a black box full of mysteries. Here we present one of the most comprehensive proteomics investigation of the brain, focusing on inter-hemispheric differences. An extensive mass spectrometry-based analysis of 19 brain regions from both left and right hemispheres measured more than 3300 proteins and 38700 peptides. Thi...
Article
Full-text available
Sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (sALS) is a fatal progressive neurodegenerative disease affecting upper and lower motor neurons. Biomarkers are useful to facilitate the diagnosis and/or prognosis of patients and to reveal possible mechanistic clues about the disease. This study aimed to identify and validate selected putative biomarkers in t...
Article
Full-text available
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a fatal disease characterized by progressive muscle paralysis due to the degeneration of upper and lower motor neurons. Recent studies point out an involvement of the non-motor axis during disease progression. Despite smell impairment being considered a potential non-motor finding in ALS, the pathobiochemistry...
Article
Full-text available
The Human Proteome Project (HPP) consortium aims to functionally characterize the dark proteome. On the basis of the relevance of olfaction in early neurodegeneration, we have analyzed the dark proteome using data mining in public resources and omics data sets derived from the human olfactory system. Multiple dark proteins localize at synaptic term...
Article
Full-text available
Olfactory dysfunction is one of the prodromal symptoms in Dementia with Lewy Bodies (DLB). However, the molecular pathogenesis associated with decreased smell function remains largely undeciphered. We generated quantitative proteome maps to detect molecular alterations in olfactory bulbs (OB) derived from DLB subjects respect to neurologically inta...
Article
Background: Aging-related traits, including gradual loss of skeletal muscle mass and chronic inflammation, are linked to altered body composition and impaired physical functionality, which are important contributing factors to the disabling process. We sought to explore the potential relationship between lower-body muscle strength decline and infla...
Article
Full-text available
Like other RNA viruses, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) replicates in host cells continuously modulating the molecular environment. It encodes 28 multifunctional proteins that induce an imbalance in the metabolic and proteostatic homeostasis in infected cells. Recently, proteomic approaches have allowed the evaluation o...
Article
Full-text available
Cancer cells acquire resistance to cytotoxic therapies targeting major survival pathways by adapting their metabolism. The AKT pathway is a major regulator of human pancreatic adenocarcinoma progression and a key pharmacological target. The mechanisms of adaptation to long-term silencing of AKT isoforms of human and mouse pancreatic adenocarcinoma...
Preprint
Full-text available
Now published in Chemical Senses doi: 10.1093/chemse/bjaa081. Background: COVID-19 has heterogeneous manifestations, though one of the most common symptoms is a sudden loss of smell (anosmia or hyposmia). We investigated whether olfactory loss is a reliable predictor of COVID-19. Methods: This preregistered, cross-sectional study used a crowdsou...
Article
Full-text available
Circulating levels of soluble interleukin 1 receptor-like 1 (sST2) are increased in heart failure and associated with poor outcome, likely because of the activation of inflammation and fibrosis. We investigated the pathogenic role of sST2 as an inductor of cardiac fibroblasts activation and collagen synthesis. The effects of sST2 on human cardiac f...
Article
Background: COVID-19 has heterogeneous manifestations, though one of the most common symptoms is a sudden loss of smell (anosmia or hyposmia). We investigated whether olfactory loss is a reliable predictor of COVID-19. Methods: This preregistered, cross-sectional study used a crowdsourced questionnaire in 23 languages to assess symptoms in individu...
Article
Full-text available
Recent anecdotal and scientific reports have provided evidence of a link between COVID-19 and chemosensory impairments such as anosmia. However, these reports have downplayed or failed to distinguish potential effects on taste, ignored chemesthesis, and generally lacked quantitative measurements. Here, we report the development, implementation and...
Preprint
Full-text available
Now published in Chemical Senses doi: 10.1093/chemse/bjaa041. Recent anecdotal and scientific reports have provided evidence of a link between COVID-19 and chemosensory impairments such as anosmia. However, these reports have downplayed or failed to distinguish potential effects on taste, ignored chemesthesis, generally lacked quantitative measure...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic, low-grade inflammation is a hallmark of aging and is associated with changes in body composition and declining physical function, making older adults even more vulnerable to the negative impact of hospitalization. The purpose of this study was to identify inflammatory cytokines produced after a 3-day in-hospital intervention including indi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Cancer cells acquire resistance to cytotoxic therapies targeting major survival pathways by adapting their metabolism. The AKT pathway is a major regulator of human pancreatic adenocarcinoma progression. The mechanisms of adaptation to long-term silencing of AKT isoforms of pancreatic cancer cells were studied. Following silencing, cancer cells rem...
Article
Full-text available
Globular glial tauopathy (GGT) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease involving the grey matter and white matter (WM) and characterized by neuronal deposition of hyper-phosphorylated, abnormally conformed, truncated, oligomeric 4Rtau in neurons and in glial cells forming typical globular astrocyte and oligodendrocyte inclusions (GAIs and GOIs,...
Article
Full-text available
The tumor-suppressor protein p16 is paradoxically overexpressed in cervical cancer (CC). Despite its potential as a biomarker, its clinical value and the reasons for its failure in tumor suppression remain unclear. Our purpose was to determine p16 clinical and biological significance in CC. p16 expression pattern was examined by immunohistochemistr...
Article
Full-text available
Alpha-synuclein (aSyn) protein levels are sufficient to drive Parkinson's disease (PD) and other synucleinopathies. Despite the biomedical/therapeutic potential of aSyn protein regulation, little is known about mechanisms that limit/control aSyn levels. Here, we investigate the role of a post-translational modification, N-terminal acetylation, in a...
Article
Full-text available
Recent anecdotal and scientific reports have provided evidence of a link between COVID-19 and chemosensory impairments such as anosmia. However, these reports have downplayed or failed to distinguish potential effects on taste, ignored chemesthesis, and generally lacked quantitative measurements. Here, we report the development, implementation and...