Enrique Alvarez-Casado

Enrique Alvarez-Casado
Cenea - Centro De Ergonomía Aplicada · Research and projects department

Ph.D.

About

37
Publications
23,562
Reads
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144
Citations
Introduction
Education
February 2006 - May 2013
Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya
Field of study
  • Occupational ergonomics

Publications

Publications (37)
Article
Full-text available
The assessment of exposure to biomechanical risk factors requires multiple different working risk factors to be considered and integrated in some way to determine overall exposure levels and risk. A particular challenge is posed when workers rotate between different tasks not only on a daily basis but over longer macro-cycles (which may be weekly,...
Article
Full-text available
Todavía hay muy pocos estudios que proporcionen una comparación exhaustiva entre las evaluaciones de riesgos y los resultados de las valoraciones clínicas para todos los puestos de trabajo de un supermercados, respecto a las condiciones musculoesqueléticas debido al levantamiento manual de cargas y / o al trabajo repetitivo. Sólo hemos encontrado d...
Article
Full-text available
Es claramente reconocido que la manipulación manual de cargas y en concreto, el levantamiento manual de cargas, puede ser un riesgo para la salud. Ya el NIOSH, en 1997, y tras una exhaustiva revisión de la evidencia epidemiológica en la literatura científica, llegó a la conclusión que hay una fuerte evidencia entre el levantamiento manual de cargas...
Chapter
Full-text available
Introduction: The Variable Lifting Index (VLI) is one of the proposal extensions for the application of the Revised NIOSH lifting equation (RNLE) in highly variable work conditions. But is it necessary to apply these complex mathematical models to identify the main risk factor to be improved?
Chapter
Full-text available
Introduction: Although the risk of upper limbs repetitive movements of cashier workers is clear in the scientific literature, there are still very few studies providing a comprehensive risk assessment for all supermarket jobs regarding musculoskeletal conditions due to repetitive movements.
Article
Full-text available
With the introduction of the NIOSH Lifting Equation, specifically after the publication of the Revised Lifting Equation (RLE) (Waters et al., 1993), occupational health and safety professionals across the world have successfully utilized the RLE to evaluate the risks associated with lifting and lowering tasks in the workplace. Although the RLE take...
Article
Full-text available
This article seeks to present methods for preventing work-related musculoskeletal disorders of Spanish fishermen and for redesigning the workplace aboard small fishing vessels. To achieve its objective, the research project was designed in four steps. First, the equipment and procedures for catching, handling, and storing fish were studied. Second,...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: We seek to develop a new approach for analyzing the physical demands of highly variable lifting tasks through an adaptation of the Revised NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health) Lifting Equation (RNLE) into a Variable Lifting Index (VLI). Background: There are many jobs that contain individual lifts that vary fr...
Research
Full-text available
Studies of ergonomic analysis at pruning and harvesting wine grape vines have already been published. But pruning and harvesting are only part of several other tasks that the worker performs in the field over the annual cycle of crop, with estimates showing that a worker operates around 12 times a year at each vine. Additionally, every task implies...
Article
Full-text available
Es muy conocida la fuerte evidencia que soporta la relación entre la exigencia del trabajo y los trastornos musculoesqueléticos en cuello y extremidades superiores, siendo actualmente uno de los principales problemas de salud laboral en la construcción. En este artículo se ha realizado una revisión sistemática de la literatura científica sobre las...
Book
Commonly used throughout the world, manual lifting tasks—whether simple or complex—all involve variable loads, postures, and movements. This practical guide discusses how to analyze the intricate lifting function and prevent injury during its execution. Outlining revised NIOSH Lifting Equation (RNLE) methods, the book illustrates their use in asses...
Article
Full-text available
Background: International standards draw attention to the steps that risk assessment should follow to first identify hazards, then proceed to risk evaluation and lastly, if necessary, risk assessment. The same logic also applies to risk assessment of manual patient handling. Objectives: To check appropriateness of approach to "risk evaluation" o...
Article
Full-text available
Unlabelled: Occupational musculoskeletal disorders in the upper limbs and its consequences on the impact and prevalence in the work force are subject of many investigations in almost all the production fields. However, the exposure to this kind of risk factor on urban gardeners has not been well studied so far. The kind of plant varieties used in...
Article
Full-text available
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are extremely common health problem and have important consequences for the individual and the society which are affecting millions of European workers across all employment sectors. One of the main objectives of TIAM is to collect good practices in prevention of WMSDs and disseminate the good practice...
Article
Full-text available
La actividad laboral del conductor de autobús urbano puede presentar un nivel de riesgo significativo de desarrollar trastornos musculoesqueléticos (Rayo et al, 2007), pero la influencia de las características de la ruta, del autobús, del diseño del puesto y de la interacción con los pasajeros aún no se ha estudiado. En el presente estudio piloto s...
Article
Full-text available
El Real Decreto 487/1997, de 14 de abril, establece que la movilización manual de personas puede derivar en riesgos, en particular dorsolumbares, para los trabajadores. Unos peligros a los que están expuestos de manera frecuente los profesionales de los sectores sanitario y asistencial, que a diario tienen que ayudar a moverse a personas hospitaliz...
Article
Full-text available
La actividad laboral del conductor de autobús urbano puede presentar un nivel de riesgo significativo de desarrollar trastornos musculoesqueléticos (Rayo et al, 2007), pero la influencia de las características de la ruta, del autobús, del diseño del puesto y de la interacción con los pasajeros aún no se ha estudiado. En el presente estudio piloto s...
Article
Full-text available
This paper seeks to present methods for improving the occupational health and safety of Spanish fishermen, and for redesigning the workplace onboard small fishing vessels. To achieve its objective, the research project was designed in four steps: First, the equipment and procedures for catching, handling, and storing fish was studied. Second, the w...
Article
Full-text available
Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) is currently not only a health problem in enterprises across six European regions which are Catalonia (ES), Lombardy (IT), South-West Bohemia (CZ) Upper Austria (AU), Estonia (EE), Provincie Noord-Brabantv(NL), but also impacts negatively on productivity and on the competitiveness of enterprises. This...
Article
Full-text available
Este artículo presenta el método EC2, el cual ha sido diseñado para evaluar el riesgo de trastornos lumbares durante tareas de manipulación manual de materiales realizada en el sector de la construcción. El método EC2 recurre a estándares existentes, métodos para evaluar riesgos de desórdenes lumbares y métodos para optimizar procesos productivos....
Article
Full-text available
El rediseño de una línea de producción en una compañía alimentaria permitió reducir el tiempo del ciclo de los puestos de trabajo en un 40%. Frente a las ventajas, los gastos: el coste de una patología músculoesquelética es de unos 31.000 euros. Son sólo dos ejemplos de los beneficios y costes, respectivamente, de implantar o no medidas ergonómicas...
Article
Full-text available
Safety science, in its multidisciplinary approach, has been enriched by the contributions of economic science practically from the beginning of its development. In this area of knowledge, a particularly relevant subject matter is the impact of economic fluctuations or cycles over the effect indicators of safety (incidence indexes). Two theories hav...
Article
El artículo aborda la problemática de los movimientos repetitivos, como el factor de riesgo asociado a trastornos musculoesqueléticos, el enfoque de este riesgo tiene en España, después de la aparición de la Ley de Prevención de Riesgos Laborales, la cual es la responsable de que en todas las empresas españolas se evalúen y controlen los riesgos qu...
Article
Full-text available
"The views expressed in this article are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health" This paper describes the concept behind the Variable Lifting Index (VLI), a new approach for analyzing the physical demands of highly variable lifting tasks using the Revised NIOSH Li...
Article
Full-text available
Questo lavoro presenta, da un pratico e applicativo punto di vista, le procedure per valutare le attività di sollevamento manuale composte da differenti sub-tasks caratteristica presente sia nei compiti "compositi" che . "variabili", calcolandone i corrispettivi indici di sollevamento denominati CLI e VLI. La metodologia presentata mantiene interam...
Article
Full-text available
This work presents, from a practical and applicative point of view, the procedures for evaluating several manual lifting (sub)tasks including the "variable tasks" and for calculating the corresponding VLI (variable lifting index), maintaining the original NIOSH criteria, via simplifications in data collection and a new dedicated software. This revi...
Article
Full-text available
Risks of upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders are not well investigated in farmers. This study performed risk assessment in some farms in Italy (Tuscany, Piedmont and Marches). To obtain an exposure index in vine–growing and in peach cultivation, we previously analysed work organization recording all the tasks. Then we performed the analysis u...

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Projects (2)