Enrique Aliste

Enrique Aliste
University of Chile · Departamento de Geografía

PhD Geography and Development Studies
Full professor at the University of Chile.

About

93
Publications
28,815
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Introduction
Professor (Department of Geography University of Chile), Geography National Award 2018, PhD in Geography and Development Studies (EHESS of Paris, France). Steering Committee Member at IGU’s Commission “The Cultural Approach in Geography” (2013-2016) and “Global Understanding” (2017-2024). Working in several academic networks with universities in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, France, Germany, Finland, and Chile. In 2016 he held the Pablo Neruda's chair at the Sorbonne-Nouvelle University, France.
Additional affiliations
March 2015 - March 2019
National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research
Position
  • Principal Investigator
Description
  • Proyecto FONDECYT 1150770: Imaginarios del desarrollo sustentable y ecología política del territorio: conflictos socioambientales y disputas en territorios forestales costeros del Bio-Bío y el Maule.
March 2015 - March 2018
National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research
Position
  • Managing Director
Description
  • Proyecto Anillos de Investigación en Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades SOC1404: Dinámicas naturales, espaciales y socio-culturales: perspectivas sobre los conflictos socio-ambientales en territorios forestales de Chile, 1975-2014.
March 2014 - March 2017
National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research
Position
  • Research Associate
Description
  • Fondecyt Regular 1141169: Fronteras tardías, fronteras actuales: el territorio de Aysén en la construcción del imaginario geográfico de la nación. Chile, siglos XX-XXI.
Education
November 2007 - November 2013
École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales
Field of study
  • Geography and development studies

Publications

Publications (93)
Article
There are innumerable "Patagonian" images circulating today through the networks. What does this excess of information seek? The current image of the Reserve of Life related to the territory of Patagonia-Aysén is the result of coupling and capture of flows of thinking configurations. The tourist and conservationist discourse is represented through...
Technical Report
Full-text available
El Informe a las Naciones «Gobernanza Climática de los Elementos» que propone un nuevo modelo de gobernanza socioambiental orientado a responder a los desafíos que nos depara el cambio climático, ofreciendo un diagnóstico de la gobernanza actualmente existente en el país en relación con los cuatros elementos (agua, aire, fuego, tierra) y lineamient...
Chapter
Full-text available
La presente propuesta busca reflexionar en torno a un ecocolonialismo que aquí hemos asociado a lógicas extractivistas, pero en clave eco, y a una geopolítica de lo periférico. Con ello nos referimos a las zonas que son definidas por un centro político/económico como marginales o extremas, pero que en un contexto de globalización han adquirido una...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The purpose of this report is therefore to advance in the conceptualization, diagnosis and public policy guidelines for integrated and transformative climate governance of water, air, fire and land in Chile. The aim is to present a state of the art of the existing evidence regarding the challenges posed by climate change for the governance of the e...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Al poner el foco en la Gobernanza Climática de los Elementos (agua, aire, fuego y tierra), buscamos superar esta mirada antropocéntrica, que tiende a concebir a la naturaleza como recurso a explotar o como una fuerza a controlar. En este contexto, adoptamos una comprensión holística de los elementos, entendiéndose estos como “sistemas socio-ecológi...
Article
Full-text available
Son innumerables las imágenes "patagónicas" que hoy circulan por las redes, ¿qué busca este exceso de información? La actual imagen de Reserva de Vida relacionada al territorio de Patagonia-Aysén, vendría a ser el resultado de un acoplamiento y una captura de flujos de configuraciones pensantes. El discurso turístico y conservacionista se represent...
Book
En Geografías del devenir, Aliste y Núñez le dan soporte y siguen la huella de una noción de espacio en estrecho diálogo con el contexto social y cultural desde donde se va produciendo su sentido o significado. Hay en ello una mirada territorial que es dinámica, que está en permanente transformación, desde una lógica que transita por los diversos s...
Article
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En el contexto de la crisis mundial provocada por el Covid-19, proponemos una reflexión interdisciplinaria a partir de estudios de desastres socionaturales pasados para analizar algunos problemas recurrentes y estructurantes que deberían llevarnos a cambios tanto en la producción científica como en la institucionalidad. La actual crisis mundial po...
Book
El libro nos invita a reflexionar sobre la promesa de un futuro esplendor que ha proyectado el discurso del desarrollo en el Chile de las últimas décadas. Tras esa imagen es posible observar y constatar importantes desigualdades territoriales y ausencias de justicia espacial que asombran. A partir del estudio de la producción de imágenes y símbolos...
Article
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This paper argues that in Patagonia-Aysén (southern Chile) nature discourses and neoliberalism have a close association. The current discourse of “green” development is presented as a capitalist practice, a renewed form of colonization that creates a narrative around the need to protect this pristine environment because it is a “Reserve of Life.” T...
Technical Report
Full-text available
El presente documento es el resultado de un largo proceso que se extiende a lo largo de los años 2018, 2019 y 2020. Su hito participativo inicial tuvo lugar el 12 de octubre del 2018, en el conversatorio “El Riesgo de Vivir en Zonas de Sacrificio”, desarrollado en la Facultad de Arquitectura y Urbanismo de la Universidad de Chile. Su hito participa...
Article
Between January 1 and February 10, 2017, the central southern area of Chile faced several mega-fires events that were considered the second largest of the history, 518,174 ha were affected. The devastating consequences of this fire also include the loss of 12 human lives, as well as an enormous financial cost in the fight against fires. Due to the...
Book
Full-text available
El presente documento es el resultado de un largo proceso que se extiende a lo largo de los años 2018, 2019 y 2020. Su hito participativo inicial tuvo lugar el 12 de octubre del 2018, en el conversatorio “El Riesgo de Vivir en Zonas de Sacrificio”, desarrollado en la Facultad de Arquitectura y Urbanismo de la Universidad de Chile. Su hito participa...
Article
Full-text available
In the following paper we develop the idea that the national citizen is not only formed from the political center of the nation. The concept of the nation is produced and reproduced through daily practices of the everyday, through citizens’ engagements with the symbols and materialities of their surrounding territories. The local and the national a...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN El artículo estudia el vínculo entre imaginarios de la naturaleza y la construcción del Camino Longitudinal Austral (Patagonia-Aysén, Chile) durante la dictadura del general Augusto Pinochet (1976-1990). Sin desmerecer la importancia que tuvieron las cuestiones geopolíticas en la producción material y simbólica del camino, se busca mostrar...
Article
Full-text available
En el presente ensayo se quiere dar una mirada a diferentes ámbitos y alcances que tiene la idea de los procesos migratorios, poniendo especial énfasis en narrativas y formas de representación que han permitido describir espacios que articulan ciertos imaginarios que a su vez colaboran a la idea de una geografía social de la otredad. En tal sentido...
Article
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Drawing from a qualitative approach, this article addresses some of the elements that allow thematizing the socio-environmental problem from its own complexity, and considering the point of view of different actors, which are part of this discussion in the Chilean context, and giving special emphasis on the controversies generated around the terms...
Chapter
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Hoje, é voz bastante comum que a forma como são concebidos, mais usualmente, os processos de desenvolvimento está em evidente contradição com a percepção, sempre mais universal e lúcida, cultivada e afirmada, consensualmente, da chamada “problemática ambiental” e de sua indissolúvel relação com a “problemática humana e social”. Um desenvolvimento...
Chapter
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One of the most important processes since the late 1970s regarding land use and spatial changes in the central-southern Chilean regions has been the expansion of forest plantations. Besides, one of the main consequences in the new field of social and cultural geography is the reconfiguration of urban life and land planning management in some import...
Book
Este libro, más que acercarse a un conocimiento geográfico en sí mismo, busca deconstruir el saber geográfico para colocarlo en perspectiva, en contexto temporal, y de ese modo alejarnos de aquella práctica que fija el espacio como una realidad inerte, como naturaleza muerta...
Article
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The Chilean wine industry has become one of the most dynamic exporting sectors over the last 30 years, pushing deep transformations in the territories where it is established. The paper examines the current imaginaries and discourses prevailing in the Chilean wine industry, in order to identify the role that the landscape and the wine territories p...
Article
Urban liveability must be understood as an interdisciplinary logic and practice. It can be seen as a perceived notion of well‐being and social cohesion among residents of an urban area, produced by the confluence of the material conditions of architecture and urban design, and access to goods and services (broadly speaking social services, property...
Article
Full-text available
There are two barriers to accomplishing restoration of ecosystems: insufficient information about historical baselines to guide restoration, and shifts between the actual baselines and perceptions about historical conditions. These two conditions generate a phenomenon called shifting baseline syndrome (SBS). Our study systematically reviewed and qu...
Article
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p>La penetración de las prácticas de monocultivo forestal de pino y eucalipto en la Baja Frontera de Nahuelbuta, provincia de Arauco, Chile, ha alterado las matrices socio-productivas locales, afectando a los sistemas de recolección y al manejo de los bienes comunes desarrollados en el territorio. En el contexto de un Estado neoliberal con un entra...
Chapter
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En el presente texto se realiza un análisis de los procesos que, desde 1990, configuran y transforman el territorio de la región de Aysén-Patagonia hacia un sentido turístico de intereses especiales. Para esto, se parte de la base que lo sublime y la majestuosidad con que se ofrece e imagina en la actualidad a Aysén-Patagonia no debe buscarse como...
Article
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Landscapes are shaped over time by the changing imaginaries that result from new representations of nature and the value associated with it. This paper discusses the evolving discourses which have shaped the perception of the landscape in two socially and ecologically significant contexts in Chile. The first is the central-southern region of the c...
Article
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Este artículo presenta un aporte a la teoría de la regulación desde una perspectiva geográfica. Trata de entender cómo se produce y se caracteriza la expansión del capitalismo a escala regional mediante el estudio de las dinámicas territoriales que genera en el valle de Elqui. El uso de metodologías cualitativas permite sobrepasar el formalismo jur...
Article
Full-text available
Reseña / Review: Onetto Pavez, Mauricio. Temblores de tierra en el jardín del Edén. Desastre, memoria e identidad. Chile, siglos XVI -XVIII. Santiago de Chile: Ediciones de la Dirección de Bibliotecas, Archivos y Museos - DIBAM, Centro de Investigaciones Diego Barros Arana, 2017. 472p.
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La noción de espacio vivido puede entenderse como un elemento articulador y esencial para asimilar la idea de territorio, toda vez que es el modo de darle vida y experiencia al acto de habitar (Di Méo, 1998). Por ello, su consideración abre interesantes perspectivas de ob- servación y análisis cuando se quiere explorar el modo en que un de- term...
Article
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This article discusses how certain maps and cartographic representations, associated to hegemonic discourses, have participated in the processes of territorial formation and imagined geographies of Patagonia-Aysén. During the 20th century and so far during the 21st century too, Patagonia-Aysén has been a space conceived from a centre-periphery logi...
Article
Full-text available
This article discusses how certain maps and cartographic representations, associated to hegemonic discourses, have participated in the processes of territorial formation and imagined geographies of Patagonia-Aysén. During the 20th century and so far during the 21st century too, Patagonia-Aysén has been a space conceived from a centre-periphery logi...
Article
Full-text available
Society-nature relations in Latin America have always been strained from the discourses of development. The notions that seek to install the idea of a development that is based especially on the exploitation of the natural resources, has led for decades the debate circulates between the strategies that have tended to the search of the development o...
Article
Full-text available
he text suggests a geographic understanding in the context of hermeneutic disciplines. Against this backdrop, there is a constant production of geographic imaginaries regarding Patagonia. True geographic architectures are identified, which, in addition to their solid nature, seem to be inevitably in transit, fleeing, mainly to reshape their memory...
Chapter
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This article aims to discuss the multiplicity of the territory, based on the composition of traditional and hybrid rural microterritorialities organized in the urban space of the Paraná municipality of Ponta Grossa, located in southern Brazil. Thus, it is sought to analyze this socio-pacific phenomenon from the discussion of what is rurality and wh...
Article
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Las principales empresas forestales en Chile poseen sus enclaves de gestión en la Región del Biobío. Desde allí, despliegan programas y diseñan acciones que ponen de manifiesto las convicciones actuales del mundo empresarial respecto del territorio y sus usos. Como objetivo, proponemos examinar aquí el modo en que los imaginarios empresariales de l...
Article
Full-text available
The text seeks to understand ‘the frontier’ as the result of a process of social production of space. Given this, the article states that the Patagonia-Aysén territory is not naturally marginal but rather is the result of a historical-geographical production which configures its peripheral spatial condition and emerges in the geographical imaginati...
Article
Full-text available
We discuss the idea and the representation of a void which was constructed for the coast of Patagonia-Aysen after the supposed abandonment of the area by the Chonos indigenous people in the 18th and 19th centuries. We identify important activities and functions carried out by people from Chiloe during the 19th century in order to challenge this g...
Chapter
En un esfuerzo por contribuir a la sociología del medioambiente latinoameri- cana, la investigación que sirve de base para el presente artículo tiene como propósito aproximarse empíricamente a la relación entre desarrollo y sustenta- bilidad. En términos generales, la pregunta acerca del significado del desarrollo, su modalidad de implementación y...
Chapter
El acuerdo histórico sobre la nueva agenda de desarrollo, llamada agenda post-2015, adoptó el documento “Transformando nuestro mundo: Agenda 2030 para el desarrollo sostenible”. Esta hoja de ruta, elaborada por la ONU en amplia consulta con un conjunto de actores conformado por Estados, instituciones y sociedad civil, define 17 objetivos de desarro...
Article
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El artículo propone una geografía social de los conflictos ambientales en Santiago de Chile, desde el enfoque de la ecología política. Para ello, se realizó un levantamiento y localización de conflictos reflejados en tres fuentes, a saber: poder judicial, medios de prensa escrita y redes sociales, fuentes que luego se cruzan con información de cará...
Article
Full-text available
We analyse the transformations that occurred between 1960 and 2010 in the Metropolitan Area of Concepción, Chile, an emblematic city of national importance. This paper deals with the study of the imaginaries and discourses of development as a possibility of monitoring the changes in a given territory with emphasis on environmental assessment. We su...
Chapter
The study of urban processes and city sustainability proposals is usually based on homogenizing development discourses. Specific socio-cultural features are thus often omitted and, consequently, environmental processes convey relevant interpretative differences in similar ecological situations. In this article, the main subject of analysis is the g...
Article
Full-text available
The interest in space has been a central and classic issue in studies in geography, which have organized their knowledge from different perspectives in relation to social research. Thus, on the one hand it has postulated a direct link with the natural sciences and, on the other hand, it has developed more humanistic approaches that have understood...
Article
Full-text available
The interest in space has been a central and classic issue in studies in geography, which have organized their knowledge from different perspectives in relation to social research. Thus, on the one hand it has postulated a direct link with the natural sciences and, on the other hand, it has developed more humanistic approaches that have understood...
Article
Full-text available
We analyse the transformations that occurred between 1960 and 2010 in the Metropolitan Area of Concepción, Chile, an emblematic city of national importance. This paper deals with the study of the imaginaries and discourses of development as a possibility of monitoring the changes in a given territory with emphasis on environmental assessment. We su...
Article
Full-text available
Socio-environmental conflicts have a close relation with space that has been generally forgotten or relegated to a secondary level in studies, because priority is frequently given to the analysis of their social dimension. From the nineties, the French-speaking social geography has taken an interest in those conflicts developing a territorial appro...
Article
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El presente artículo formula que el territorio de Patagonia-Aysén (Chile) no es un área naturalmente periférica sino que aquella condición es el resultado de una producción histórico-geográfica que la fue constituyendo en una espacialidad periférica. Aquella hipótesis se sustenta en base a la siguiente pregunta: ¿Es posible que el territorio de P...
Article
This paper proposes that the territory of Patagonia-Aysen (Chile) is not naturally a peripheral area but - instead- the result of a historical-geographical production that constructed it in a peripheral spatiality. That hypothesis is sustained on the following question: Is it possible that the territory of Patagonia-Aysen thinks its peripheral cond...
Article
Full-text available
This article identifies and analyzes visions of different stakeholders regarding the so-called F27 based on an ethnographic methodology and it is focused on how individuals distinguish what risk is and what is not. This has been as a result of the configuration of the vulnerability and risk conditions sorted into four socio-historical moments from...
Article
Full-text available
This paper proposes that the territory of Patagonia-Aysén (Chile) is not naturally a peripheral area but -instead- the result of a historical-geographical production that constructed as a peripheral spatiality. The text identifies the production processes of fixed geographical imaginaries in a state-centered perspective and concludes that the terri...
Article
Full-text available
The discussion of a development plan conceived from the notion of territory is proposed here as a central challenge. us, items that are gradually giving support to the notion of the city, on the basis of the di€erent discourses about development prevalent today. From this starting point, we try to problematize the concept of territory in the eld...
Article
Full-text available
The discussion of a development plan conceived from the notion of territory is proposed here as. a central challenge. Thus, items that are gradually giving support to the notion of the city, on the basis of the different discourses about development prevalent today. From this starting point, we try to problematize the concept of territory in the fi...
Chapter
Full-text available
Se realiza una reflexión en torno a una geografía urbana crítica que sea capaz de situarse en la naturaleza de los conflictos que están en pleno desarrollo en las ciudades contemporáneas, y de los cuales estamos siendo testigos privilegiados. Se sostiene aquí la idea de que se necesita de pronunciamientos y cuando menos, esfuerzos genuinos por arti...
Article
Full-text available
This article identifies and analyzes visions of different stakeholders regarding the so-called F27 based on an ethnographic methodology and it is focused on how individuals distinguish what risk is and what is not. This has been as a result of the configuration of the vulnerability and risk conditions sorted into four socio-historical moments from...
Article
Full-text available
El presente trabajo busca dar una mirada panorámica a las transformaciones de la ciudad de Concepción (Chile) durante la segunda mitad del siglo XX y primera década del siglo XXI, para explorar las nociones y aproximaciones a la valoración social del medio natural y construido en tanto hermenéutica de los territorios. Se pretende, por lo tanto, pon...
Article
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El presente trabajo grafica a través del conocimiento local la situación vivida en la caleta El Morro de Talcahuano durante el terremoto y tsunami de la madrugada del 27 de febrero de 2010. En este lugar donde la destrucción provocada por el tsunami fue prácticamente total, no se registraron muertes ni desapariciones entre los habitantes; situación...
Article
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Ideologies behind the development and construction of the metropolitan area of Concepción (Chile) In two and a half centuries Concepción went from colonial city to metropolization. Though this metropolization remains quite limited, since the urban area does not exceed 700-800 000 inhabitants, it nevertheless links the contemporary Grand Concepción...
Article
Full-text available
We explore ministerial and media fi les to account for the narratives and discourses that accompany the process of reconstruction after disasters resulting from earthquakes in 1939 and 1960. This is explored with the intention of following the way the city will conceive from these processes of reconstruction, seeing how they are carried on with thei...
Article
Full-text available
We explore ministerial and media files to account for the narratives and discourses that accompany the process of reconstruction after disasters resulting from earthquakes in 1939 and 1960. This is explored with the intention of following the way the city will conceive from these processes of reconstruction, seeing how they are carried on with thei...
Article
Full-text available
Chile is one of a set of so-called New World countries that has enjoyed a meteoric trajectory over the last thirty years in the field of vine and wine. Indeed, it is the tenth country in terms of area of vineyards, and the ninth country in terms of exports in the world. While Chile has nearly 115,000 hectares of vines in 2010, the equivalent of a b...
Article
In two and a half centuries Concepción went from colonial city to metropolization. Though this metropolization remains quite limited, since the urban area does not exceed 700-800 000 inhabitants, it nevertheless links the contemporary Grand Concepción to the market in a world that is now globalized. Four cultural and ideological forms of developmen...
Article
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Pensar el territorio desde el discurso del desarrollo, colabora en la comprensión de los procesos que espacialmente han configurado la morfología urbana actual y sus atributos y consecuencias tanto ambientales como económicas, sociales, culturales y políticas. El área metropolitana de Concepción en Chile, ciudad ícono del discurso desarrollista de...
Article
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Based on empirical study of the currently development discoursesheld by key-actors in the Gran Concepción, Chile, this article raises up sometheoretical implications according to its results. There are two main issues whenwe talk about the couple if terms development-sustainability: the power of socialrepresentations and the opening question about...
Article
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There have been important transformations regarding the sociodemographic and urban structure in Greater Concepción over the last sixty years; these changes have been related to the import-substitution industrialization and the consequent integration of the national economy within the globalized market. This paper analyzes these transformations by u...
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Without delving a specifi c view on the environmental effects, we are searching for a perspective to look the urban processes and the traces they have left on the city marks. From this, it have been drawn some lines of possible hypotheses about how, from this perspective, the development discourses can be re-problematized and thus seek ways to unde...