Enrico Panai

Enrico Panai
Università degli Studi di Sassari | UNISS · Dipartimento di Scienze Umanistiche e Sociali

PhD

About

16
Publications
4,349
Reads
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13
Citations
Introduction
Enrico Panai currently works at the Dipartimento di Scienze Umanistiche e Sociali , Università degli Studi di Sassari. Enrico does research in Communication and Media and Behavioural Economics. Their current project is 'Cyber Security Awareness in the tourism industry'. www.enricopanai.com
Additional affiliations
January 2020 - April 2020
University of Malta
Position
  • Erasmus
September 2001 - July 2007
Università degli Studi di Sassari
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Education
October 2017 - July 2020
Università degli Studi di Sassari
Field of study
  • Cyber Security Awareness in the Tourism Market (Economic geography)
September 1993 - July 1999
Università degli Studi di Sassari
Field of study
  • Philosophy

Publications

Publications (16)
Preprint
Full-text available
The alignment problem in the context of large language models must consider the plurality of human values in our world. Whilst there are many resonant and overlapping values amongst the world's cultures, there are also many conflicting, yet equally valid, values. It is important to observe which cultural values a model exhibits, particularly when t...
Article
Full-text available
In 2020, tourism was highly affected by COVID-19 and its restrictions, such as tourist traffic. Decisions related to trips were made in a state of high risk and uncertainty. This article’s main aim is to present the results of research on decision making by people practising sailing tourism during COVID-19. The survey was conducted in the first qua...
Article
Full-text available
The article aimed to show which of the restrictions and limitations imposed in connection with the pandemic were the most burdensome for the participants of nautical tourism. It presents the opinions of 580 sailors from six countries: Turkey. Research has shown that in the 2020 sailing season, sailors have observed many changes in the functioning o...
Preprint
Full-text available
Trust has emerged as a key factor in any virtual transaction. Therefore, the protection of trustworthiness should be a central matter of concern in the online tourism sector, especially in emerging and, hence, more fragile markets such as nautical tourism. In this study, an exploratory investigation was conducted of four online sailing platforms us...
Chapter
Il lavoro è incentrato sull'applicazione della Social Network Analysis alla filiera commerciale connessa alle attività della piccola pesca artigianale che si svolge nell'ambito geografico dell'Area Marina Protetta Capo Caccia - Isola Piana. Il contributo esamina le principali rotte e i mercati dei pescatori artigianali dell'AMP, elementi tutti util...
Conference Paper
The article aims to draw attention to the important role of data security in the functioning of online platforms. This phenomenon is an issue that is critically important to the growing popularity of these tools, which are now increasingly used for tourism purposes. The main focus of the article is on platforms related to nautical tourism. The firs...
Conference Paper
L'ingresso delle ICT nell'industria turistica ha generato una crescita costante ed esponenziale degli utenti che in maniera autonoma organizzano la propria vacanza su Internet. La rete estende la competizione nel mercato on line, imponendo ai territori e alle imprese che operano nel comparto di modificare i canali e gli strumenti di promozione e ve...
Preprint
If people are tired, their level of awareness decreases, and they risk more. At the same time, if they are digitally tired, they cyber risk enormously. Cyber risks are not more geographically located, but they can proliferate in the unrestricted space of the infosphere. Therefore, if the goal is to protect people, organizations, and nations, we hav...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Cyber security is becoming a mandatory asset for the tourism market. While chain hotels have already started to implement their cyber security strategies, independent hotels are struggling with the complexity of digital security. We do not yet have standard indicators to measure the economic impact of a cyber threat or the return on investment of i...
Article
The process of digitizing tourist destinations requires global structural modernization of technological system and the procedures within. In particular, the processing and transmission of information becomes a focal point of the hospital- ity industry, which requires a new conceptual framework of the spaces involved in the reception of touristic f...
Article
Every company operating in the market should take preventive measures in terms of IT security. The national bodies of the most advanced countries are aware of the problems related to cyber security issues and they have developed technical and legislative protocols in order to mitigate the impact and frequency of cyber attacks. Despite these efforts...
Article
The growth of tourism in the industry 4.0 exchange has led to the development, also in this sector, of «smart» techniques, defining the concept of «smart destination». The currently most innovative technologies dedicated to it are linked to the Blockchain because the decentralized nature of this technique is less susceptible to manipulation and cou...
Article
Sommario ridotto Come affrontano gli insegnanti della scuola primaria e secondaria la sfida dell'aggiornamento professionale e la formazione all'uso delle nuove tecnologie nella didattica? Le riflessioni nascono dall'osservazione e dalla analisi dei dati raccolti nei mesi di attività di un progetto pilota (rivolto a tutti gli insegnati ed al person...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
On the 6th of December 2016, the four-star hotel Romantik Seehotel Jägerwirt, in Austria, was hit by a ransomware (Wired, the 2nd of February 2017). All data is encrypted and a 2 Bitcoins ransom is paid (approximately 1500 Euros in that period) in exchange for the decryption key. Despite paying for the ransom, the hackers attack the hotel again a few weeks later. Beyond the temporary dysfunctions, the cyber attack has damaged the Austrian hotel e-reputation, causing a loss. That kind of cyber attack is increasingly frequented. Moreover, in the tourism industry, reputation-related effects are stronger because when a hotel customer enters into a hotel, he comes in a private universe that should never be violated. Paradoxically, however, this kind of attack is not technologically very advanced. Generally, it is a human weakness, caused by unaware employees. While security technologies for small business are more available, small is done for actively improving cybersecurity awareness. Additionally, in the tourism industry, entrepreneurs and their employees are generally overwhelmed by intense work concentrate in the peak period. So they do not have the time to assure or implement cybersecurity compliance. Yet without security or the perception of safety the tourism market cannot flourish. For evaluating the level of cybersecurity awareness in an organization, researchers or security agencies generally use surveys or audits. Nevertheless, we cannot impose high-level compliances to small touristic business. To be honest, both are too expensive and time consuming for a small touristic business in the middle of the peak season. We need to find more agile indicators, not only to gauge the cyber risk but also to force to an action. That’s why we need to find specific indicators for small enterprises to identify their cyber-connected risks and improve the cyber hygiene of their work-team. In this way, we will allow managers to find the appropriate and most efficient learning solution for their employees in order to develop the right cyber security awareness. In other words, this research aims to highlight only those indicators that are capable to trigger an action (as acquiring a skill through an adapted learning module) without affecting their business too much.