Enrico Caprio

Enrico Caprio
Università degli Studi di Torino | UNITO · Dipartimento di Scienze della Vita e Biologia dei Sistemi

Natural Science

About

70
Publications
21,506
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,007
Citations

Publications

Publications (70)
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACTCapsule: Restoration of grasslands on ski-pistes caused a recovery in the bird community, but not to the extent that it was equivalent to a natural Alpine grassland community.Aim: To test whether revegetation of ski-pistes in open habitat areas results in bird community recovery.Methods: The bird communities in two ski resorts in the Italia...
Article
Full-text available
Many species have shown recent shifts in their distributions in response to climate change. Patterns in species occurrence or abundance along altitudinal gradients often serve as the basis for detecting such changes and assessing future sensitivity. Quantifying the distribution of species along altitudinal gradients acts as a fundamental basis for...
Article
Abstract Farming systems and management regimes of vineyards may affect local biodiversity of plants and invertebrates. While most studies have focused on the overall biodiversity of vineyards, there has been little consideration of the response of different ecological guilds to vineyard management, or to how vineyard management affects communities...
Article
There is a paucity of research on the wider landscape-level effects of ski-piste construction on alpine fauna. In this study, the response of alpine bird communities to the landscape changes induced by the construction of ski-pistes was investigated in the western Italian Alps. The aims were: (i) to test the hypothesis that ski-pistes have a detrim...
Article
Full-text available
Citations remain a prime, yet controversial, measure of academic performance. Ideally, how often a paper is cited should solely depend on the quality of the science reported therein. However, non-scientific factors, including structural elements (e.g., length of abstract, number of references) or attributes of authors (e.g., prestige and gender), m...
Article
Full-text available
Extrinsic and intrinsic factors may influence the activity budget of wild animals, resulting in a variation in the time spent in different activities among populations or individuals of the same species. In this study, we examined how extrinsic and intrinsic factors affect the behaviour of the alpine marmot (Marmota marmota), a hibernating social r...
Article
Full-text available
Background Increasing temperatures and changes in precipitation patterns threaten the existence of many organisms. It is therefore informative to identify the functional traits that underlie differences in desiccation resistance to understand the response of different species to changes in water availability resulting from climate change. We used a...
Article
Mountain ecosystems are subject to many pressures, including changes in land use, rising temperatures and increasing recreational activities. These factors may disrupt food webs, threatening the survival of organisms and, ultimately, ecosystem functioning. However, few studies focus on the trends of different groups joined by trophic links in alpin...
Article
Full-text available
Information about bat migration routes across the Alps is generally scarce and there is no existing data available for the Italian part of the chain. Through acoustic surveys, we explored the possibility that even a region characterized by high Alpine mountains may be crossed by migrant bats. Data were recorded in August–September 2016 at two sites...
Article
Urban biodiversity, and its associated ecosystem services, is an important component of the quality of life of urban residents. The "luxury effect" posits a positive association between biodiversity and socioeconomic status in urban areas, and is thus reflective of environmental injustice, as the benefits associated with biodiversity are not equita...
Article
Predictions derived from species distribution models (SDMs) are strongly influenced by the spatial scale at which species and environmental data (e.g. climate) are gathered. SDMs of mountain birds usually build on large-scale temperature estimates. However, the topographic complexity of mountain areas could create microclimatic refuges which may al...
Article
Full-text available
The Internet and social media have profoundly changed the way the public receives and transmits news. The ability of the web to quickly disperse information both geographically and temporally allows social media to reach a much wider audience compared to traditional mass media. A powerful role is played by sharing, as millions of people routinely s...
Article
Full-text available
To assess how species traits modulate the responses of carabids to elevational gradients, and how consistent these relationships are across different Alpine regions. Italian Alps. Coleoptera, Carabidae (ground beetles). Carabid communities were sampled using pitfall traps along elevational gradients (697–2,840 m) in 416 study sites comprising a ran...
Article
Full-text available
Riparian habitats have gone through major structural changes, and related bird populations had to suffer the consequences or adapt to the newfound conditions. Here, we present the results of the analysis of on the river and quarry evolution, in relation to a long-term monitoring (1970-2016) of a Sand Martins population nesting along the River Po in...
Article
Full-text available
Early Career Researchers (ECRs) represent the next generation of ornithologists. In order to maximise the potential of ECRs to science, it is important to understand their perceptions of the opportunities and constraints that they face. We undertook a pilot study based on a questionnaire survey to gauge attitudes of ECRs in ornithology towards the...
Presentation
Full-text available
Sintesi dell'attività di inanellamento a scopo scientifico degli Uccelli svolta nel Parco Naturale del Lago di Candia - TO (ZPS e ZSC IT1110036) tra il 1998 ed il 2019.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Alcotra LEMED-IBEX Project 2017 - 2020 aims to improve collaborations between Italian (Gran Paradiso National Park, Valle d'Aosta Autonomous Region, Management Unit of the Cottian Alps protected areas, Management Agency of the Maritime Alps protected areas) and French (Asters- CEN74, Vanoise National Park, Ecrins National Park, Mercantour Natio...
Article
1. Species abundance, biomass, and identity are the main factors that influence ecosystem functioning. Previous studies have shown that community attributes and species identity help to maintain natural ecosystem functioning. 2. This study examined how species identity, biomass, and abundance in dung pats (i.e. density) of dung beetles affect multi...
Article
Full-text available
The Luxury Effect hypothesizes a positive relationship between wealth and biodiversity within urban areas. Understanding how urban development, both in terms of socioeconomic status and the built environment, affects biodiversity can contribute to the sustainable development of cities, and may be especially important in the developing world where c...
Article
Full-text available
Mountain habitats are threatened by several factors, including human activities at high elevation, although the negative impacts can sometimes be balanced by positive effects related to human presence. However, knowledge of such interactions is limited in alpine ecosystems. In the study reported here, we assessed the extent of behavioural responses...
Article
Full-text available
We present he results of ringing activities carried on by ringers of GPSO (Gruppo Piemontese Studi Ornitologici) in Piedmont and Aosta Valley between 1974 and 2016. 74 ringers and even more collaborators have undertaken 41180 person-days of ringing activities over 43 years. This involved 1080 ringing stations distributed in all districts of the two...
Article
Full-text available
We present he results of ringing activities carried on by ringers of GPSO (Gruppo Piemontese Studi Ornitologici) in Piedmont and Aosta Valley between 1974 and 2016. 74 ringers and even more collaborators have undertaken 41180 person-days of ringing activities over 43 years. This involved 1080 ringing stations distributed in all districts of the two...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction: Human acceptance over the presence of predators is crucial for their conservation and is highly ruled by people’s perception of the risk they can involve. Even if predator attacks on humans are rare, they arouse a disproportionate media attention. The way the media covers predator attacks and the resonance that these reports have on t...
Presentation
Full-text available
Stato della banca dati del 'Gruppo inanellatori piemontesi e valdostani' e presentazione della monografia 'L'attività di inanellamento a scopo scientifico in Piemonte e Valle d'Aosta: anni 1974-2016'.
Article
Abstract Beech forests are important for biodiversity conservation in Europe and studies to identify sustainable forest management practices are therefore required. The ground beetle Carabus olympiae Sella, 1855, is a large steno-endemic endangered alpine species with very restricted ranges. Its known range is only delimited in two beech forests in...
Article
Full-text available
Cattle farming is a major source of greenhouse gases (GHGs). Recent research suggests that GHG fluxes from dung pats could be affected by biotic interactions involving dung beetles. Whether and how these effects vary among beetle species and with assemblage composition is yet to be established. To examine the link between GHGs and different dung be...
Article
The current intensification of agriculture is leading to growing concern about the sustainability of modern farming systems, since farmland biodiversity has severely declined. While several studies have shown that vineyard management systems (i.e. organic vs. conventional) are important factors determining biodiversity and influencing population tr...
Article
Aim: Human-induced climate change requires conservation strategies incorporating its potential effects on species and communities. Key components of population persistence can be attributed to resistance (the capacity to remain unaffected) or resilience (capacity to absorb and recover) to climate change. In situ climatic refugia can act as resistan...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Vengono presentati i risultati di 30 anni di censimenti dell’avifauna acquatica nell’ambito del progetto IWC (International Waterbird Census) svolti in Piemonte e Valle d’Aosta dal gennaio 1979 al gennaio 2008. Tutte le specie vengono conteggiate durante i censimenti, comprese quelle di origine domestica o rapaci legati alle zone umide,...
Article
Full-text available
In this report, we present selected records of the ornithological observations collected in 2015 by GPSO in the Piemonte and Valle d'Aosta regions. Among the most notable are: Cygnus columbianus, Microcarbo pygmeus, Elanus caeruleus, Aegypius monachus, Falco biarmicus, Panurus biarmicus, Phylloscopus inornatus, Anthus richardi, Carpodacus erythrinu...
Article
Full-text available
In this report, we present selected records of the ornithological observations collected in 2014 by GPSO in the Piemonte and Valle d'Aosta regions. Among the most notable are: Gavia immer, Microcarbo pygmeus, Neophron percnopterus, Aegypius monachus, Haliaeetus albicilla, Phalaropus lobatus, Merops persicus, Falco biarmicus, Panurus biarmicus, Acro...
Article
Full-text available
Maintaining multiple ecological functions (‘multifunctionality’) is crucial to sustain viable ecosystems. To date most studies on biodiversity-ecosystem functioning (BEF) have focused on single or few ecological functions and services. However, there is a critical need to evaluate how species and species assemblages affect multiple processes at the...
Article
Full-text available
The Sand Martin Riparia riparia is a trans-Saharan migrant species, whose populations are declining throughout Europe. We present the results of a multiple year study on a breeding population of Sand Martins along the River Po in Northern Italy through ringing breeding birds at nesting colonies (2002–2014). There was a trend for the abundance of th...
Article
Full-text available
http://www.gpso.it/news/tichodroma/tichodroma-vol-2-2016/ Ornithological report for the year 2013 in Piedmont and Aosta Valley (NW Italy). This is the 29° ornithological report of the GPSO, a series which, all together, spans over 30 years. Selected data concerning migrating, wintering and breeding birds, collected by GPSO, are given in systemati...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Sintesi delle attività condotte nella stazione di inanellamento a scopo scientifico del Colle Vaccera (Angrogna, Torino) nell'ambito del Progetto Alpi.
Article
Full-text available
Understanding of the role of body mass in structural-functional relationships is pressing, particularly because species losses often occur non-randomly with respect to body size. Our study examined the effects of dung beetle body mass on dung removal at two levels. First, we used the lab experiment to evaluate the efficiency of eight dung beetle sp...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the Alps, the skiing industry holds a prominent role as a factor impacting the natural environment because of the large-­‐scale changes it causes. Since the beginning of the 1900s, ski tourism has greatly altered parts of the Alpine environment, where the only human activities were previously low-­‐ intensity agriculture and grazing. The most dr...
Article
Climate change has resulted in upward elevational shifts in the distribution of animals and plants in many areas. The potential consequences of such changes for alpine bird communities were assessed by modelling data on breeding bird distributions along altitudinal gradients in the European Alps in relation to habitat, topography and temperature. M...
Article
Full-text available
The factors influencing the selection of Black Grouse Tetrao tetrix winter roost sites and choice of roosting strategy (open-air roosts vs. snow burrows, or ‘igloos’) were assessed in the Alps, including the influence of winter diet, snow conditions and habitat at different scales. Of 337 roosts detected, 31 % were igloos and 69 % were open-air roo...
Article
Full-text available
SUMMARY - Ornithological report for the year 2012 in Piedmont and Aosta Valley (NW Italy). This is the 28° ornithological report of the GPSO, a series which, all together, spans over 30 years. Selected data concerning migrating, wintering and breeding birds, collected by GPSO, are given in systematic order. The most prominent data include: Phoenico...
Chapter
Full-text available
The focus of this chapter is on the effect of ski-pistes on birds and small mammals. We present the results of previous research carried out in the north-western Italian Alps both below and above the tree line. Data from other mountain areas are also incorporated. Ski-pistes below the tree line produce a negative edge effect: forest plots at their...
Article
Full-text available
The Black Grouse Tetrao tetrix is primarily a lekking species, although in some populations solitary display is also common. We analysed data from a 25-year-long survey of an increasing Black Grouse population in the western Italian Alps in order to test whether the numbers of males adopting different tactics conformed to patterns expected, based o...
Article
Full-text available
In this study we focused on deciduous managed forests in north-western Italy and investigated relationships between bird diversity and forest descriptors both at the habitat and landscape level through a seasonal, guild-based approach. Birds were censused by point counts in randomly selected plots of 50 m radius. Each census plot was described in h...
Article
Full-text available
In June 2006 two pairs of Red-crested Pochard bred in SCI IT1170003 “Stagni di Belangero”, with 10 and 7 pulli respectively. In June 2007 other 3 pairs were found breeding in the same pond.
Article
Full-text available
The bird Atlas of Asti (Piedmont, Italy) is the first project related to the study of birds in this municipality. The study area (151 km2) has been divided into 204 quadrants 1x1 km. Preliminary results obtained thanks to the collaboration of 15 observers, showed the presence of 156 species, and many new sightings for the area, both during the bree...
Book
Full-text available
Climate and biodiversity. Monitoring experiences in Alpine Environment. Available at http://www.arpa.piemonte.gov.it/pubblicazioni-2/pubblicazioni-anno-2012/clima-e-biodiversita
Article
Full-text available
This is the 27th of the GPSO ornithological reports that, all together, span over 20 years. Selected data concerning migrating, wintering and breeding birds, collected by GPSO, are given in systematic order. The most prominent data include: Cygnus columbianus, Phalacrocorax pygmeus, Aegypius monachus, Aquila pomarina, Vanellus gregarius, Calidris m...
Article
Full-text available
Report of bird-ringing activity in Piemonte and Valle d’Aosta (NW Italy) for the year 2009. We present the 24th annual report of bird-ringing activity in Piemonte and Valle d’Aosta (NW Italy), reporting the data collected in the year 2009. In this year 36.389 birds of 150 species were ringed. The most ringed species was the Barn Swallow Hirundo rus...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract In this study we focused on deciduous managed forests in northwest Italy and investigated relationships between bird diversity and forest descriptors both at the habitat and landscape level through a seasonal, guild-based approach. Birds were censused by point counts in randomly selected plots of 50 m radius. Each census plot was described...
Article
Full-text available
Birds can serve as useful model organisms to investigate community level consequences of forestry practices. In this study we investigated the relationships between wintering bird communities and habitat and landscape characteristics of lowland managed forests in Northern Italy. This area is characterized by the spread of the black locust, an alien...
Article
Full-text available
In this contribution, we considered bird species nesting in Mont Blanc Sites of Community Interest. The birds were monitored by means of the listening points technique, in points of 50 metres’ radius scattered in an altitude gradient. The bird community was expressed in terms of Species richness, Abundance and Shannon’s Diversity Index. 81 species...
Article
Full-text available
Wildlife and management issues of galliformes and ungulates of the Mont Blanc Sites of Community Interest are analysed in this article. The populations of ungulates (chamois, roe deer, red deer and ibex) and gallinaceans (black grouse, rock partridge and ptarmigan) have been studied by means of spring censuses and the analysis of historical data. W...
Article
Treeless mountainous areas at high altitudes have increased in value as wildlife habitat, but they are affected and increasingly threatened by ski-resort developments, in particular by the construction and enlargement of ski-pistes. To assess the extent of this threat, we compared bird diversity and community composition in circular plots centred o...
Article
Full-text available
Forest management modified the original structure of most European forests, and in the most extreme cases, genuinely natural and semi-natural forests were turned into plantations through clear felling and replanting, often using non-native species. We compared the bird community structure of native oak woods of northern Italy with that of their ant...
Article
Factors associated with management and logging practices are of particular interest in the perspective of biodiversity management. In this study we focused on overwintering birds of two close and contrasting forest habitats: a 60–120 years old oak forest and a secondary 10–20 years old wood that has lost most of its original vegetation because of c...