Enrico Braidot

Enrico Braidot
University of Udine | UNIUD · Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences

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75
Publications
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Publications

Publications (75)
Article
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Studying changes in partitioning of dry matter and nonstructural carbohydrates (NSC) content in both aboveground and underground perennial tissues in drought-affected grapevines could provide insights into plant response and carbon allocation strategies during stress periods. The analysis of soluble NSC and starch content in leaf petioles, due to t...
Article
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The Green New Deal requires a profound transformation of the agricultural sector, which will have to become more sustainable and ensure universal access to healthy food. Thus, it will be essential to introduce radical technological innovations. Nanotechnologies have the potential to produce a significant boost to the improvement of the food system....
Article
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Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) for industrial use is often considered as a renewable resource for cultivation in polluted areas, on one hand, for the purpose of possible remediation of soil and, on the other hand, for wide options of the possible use of plant material after the harvest in such areas, namely hemp fiber. This study summarizes the effects...
Article
(1) The study of morphological and physiological responses of shrubs to climate is crucial in the understanding of future scenarios regarding climate change. In this light, studying shrub growth and physiological acclimation along elevation gradient might be insightful. Phenolic metabolic pathway represents a powerful tool to interpret such process...
Article
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The mitochondrial F-ATP synthase is responsible for coupling the transmembrane proton gradient, generated through the inner membrane by the electron transport chain, to the synthesis of ATP. This enzyme shares a basic architecture with the prokaryotic and chloroplast ones, since it is composed of a catalytic head (F1), located in the mitochondrial...
Article
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PREMISE: Despite great attention given to the relationship between plant growth and carbon balance in alpine tree species, little is known about shrubs at the treeline. We hypothesized that the pattern of main nonstructural carbohydrates (NSCs) across elevations depends on the interplay between phenotypic trait plasticity, plant–plant interaction,...
Article
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In grapevine, the anatomy of xylem conduits and the non-structural carbohydrates (NSCs) content of the associated living parenchyma are expected to influence water transport under water limitation. In fact, both NSC and xylem features play a role in plant recovery from drought stress. We evaluated these traits in petioles of Cabernet Sauvignon (CS)...
Article
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The reduction of synthetic chemistry use in modern viticulture relies on either the biological control of microorganisms or the induction of pathogenesis-related proteins. In the present study, the effects of hydro-alcoholic plant extracts (PEs) (i.e., by-products of Vitis vinifera L., leaves of Olea europaea L. and Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swin...
Article
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Plant growth and development is significantly influenced by phytohormones – endogenous molecules present naturally in plants. The best known plant hormones are auxins and cytokinins. This study examined the possible effect of externally applied plant hormone analogues (growth regulators): 1-naphthyl acetic acid (NAA) and 6-benzyl aminopurine (BAP)...
Conference Paper
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Grapevines store non-structural carbohydrates (NSC) during late summer to sustain plant development at the onset of the following spring's growth. Starch is the main stored carbohydrate, found in the wood-ray parenchyma of roots and canes. Although the relationship between hydraulic and plant photosynthetic performance is well-recognized, little re...
Article
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The Nutrient Use Efficiency in intensive agriculture is lower than 50% for macronutrients. This feature results in unsustainable financial and environmental costs. Nanofertilizers are a promising application of nanotechnology in agriculture. The use of nanofertilizers in an efficient and safe manner calls for knowledge about the actual effects of n...
Article
Full-text available
Grapevines store non-structural carbohydrates (NSC) during late summer to sustain plant development at the onset of the following spring's growth. Starch is the main stored carbohydrate, found in the wood-ray parenchyma of roots and canes. Although the re
Article
Toxic metal contamination is one of the major environmental concerns of the recent decade, due to the large application of metals in industrial, healthcare and commercial products, even in the form of nanostructures and nanomaterials. Nevertheless, the effects of silver (Ag⁺) on plants have not yet thoroughly elucidated. Therefore, suspension cell...
Article
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In striking analogy with Saccharomyces cerevisiae, etiolated pea stem mitochondria did not show appreciable Ca2+ uptake. Only treatment with the ionophore ETH129 (which allows electrophoretic Ca2+ equilibration) caused Ca2+ uptake followed by increased inner membrane permeability, membrane depolarization and Ca2+ release. Like the permeability tran...
Article
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Enhanced shrub growth and expansion are widespread responses to climate warming in many arctic and alpine ecosystems. Warmer temperatures and shrub expansion could cause major changes in plant community structure, affecting both species composition and diversity. To improve our understanding of the ongoing changes in plant communities in alpine tun...
Data
Linear relationship between standard deviation of the ramet age and the elevation. Results were calculated with general linear mixed-effects models. Confidence intervals (95%) are also shown. (EPS)
Data
Complete outcomes of all the models tested in the piecewise SEM. (DOCX)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Nano-biotechnology is one of the most promising areas in modern nanoscience and technology. In this emerging area of research, nanoparticles (NPs) play an important role since the large-scale production and huge numbers of utilization. Gold and silver nanoparticles are among the most extensively studied nanomaterials, since they show high stability...
Article
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Background Senescence is a key developmental process occurring during the life cycle of plants that can be induced also by environmental conditions, such as starvation and/or darkness. During senescence, strict control of genes regulates ordered degradation and dismantling events, the most remarkable of which are genetically programmed cell death (...
Article
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In the present study, an antibody raised against a peptide sequence of rat bilitranslocase (anti-peptide Ab) was tested on microsomal proteins obtained from red grape berry skin. Previously, this antibody had demonstrated to recognize plant membrane proteins associated with flavonoid binding and transport. Immuno-proteomic assays identified a numbe...
Article
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In animal cells Ca2+ and ROS induce a sudden change in the inner mitochondrial membrane permeability, which has been named Permeability Transition (PT). Recently, it has been proposed that dimers of F-ATP synthase form the Permeability Transition Pore (PTP), the megachannel involved in this phenomenon [1]. This feature has not yet been characterize...
Article
Full-text available
The synthesis of ATP in mitochondria is dependent on a low permeability of the inner membrane. Nevertheless, mitochondria can undergo an increased permeability to solutes, named permeability transition (PT) that is mediated by a permeability transition pore (PTP). PTP opening requires matrix Ca2+ and leads to mitochondrial swelling and release of i...
Article
Full-text available
Flavonoids represent one of the most important molecules of plant secondary metabolism, playing many different biochemical and physiological roles. Although their essential role in plant life and human health has been elucidated by many studies, their subcellular transport and accumulation in plant tissues remains unclear. This is due to the absenc...
Article
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The influence of light on fresh-cut vegetables during storage is controversial, since both positive and negative effects on shelf-life and quality of such products have been observed. In this work, the effect of low-intensity light treatments on lamb's lettuce, a fresh-cut leafy and ready-to-eat vegetable, was investigated during storage at low tem...
Data
Panel A: original western blot of V-ATPase protein expression in pea MV proteins (approx. 30 μg protein), obtained from etiolated stem (lane 1), green stem (lane 2) and leaf (lane 3). The values on the left represent the apparent molecular mass of molecular standards. The primary antibody was used at 1:2,000 dilution. The secondary antibody used wa...
Article
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Putative pea bilin and cyclic tetrapyrrole transporter proteins were identified by means of an antibody raised against a bilirubin-interacting aminoacidic sequence of mammalian bilitranslocase (TC No. 2.A.65.1.1). The immunochemical approach showed the presence of several proteins mostly in leaf microsomal, chloroplast and tonoplast vesicles. In th...
Article
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In this paper, lipase activity was characterized in coffee (Coffea arabica L.) seeds to determine its involvement in lipid degradation during germination. The lipase activity, evaluated by a colorimetric method, was already present before imbibition ofseeds and was further induced during the germination process. The activity showed a biphasic behav...
Article
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Spartina patens (Ait.) Muhl. is a grass native to the Atlantic coastal area of North America currently invading salt marsh ecosystems in several regions of Europe. We investigated leaf water relations and hydraulics, gas exchange, nitrogen and starch content in two populations of S. patens growing under contrasting salinity levels in a salt marsh a...
Article
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This paper aims at analysing the synthesis of flavonoids, their import and export in plant cell compartments, as well as their involvement in the response to stress, with particular reference to grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.). A multidrug and toxic compound extrusion (MATE) as well as ABC transporters have been demonstrated in the tonoplast of grape...
Conference Paper
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Dietary flavonoids contribute to keeping balanced cell proliferation and preventing cell carcinogenesis in mammalians. Flavonoids regulate reactive oxygen species generation, cell signal transduction pathways related to cellular proliferation, and apoptosis [1]. Since these compounds are synthesized exclusively in plant cells, it appears crucial to...
Article
Apple trees (Malus domestica Borkh.) may be affected by apple proliferation (AP), caused by ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma mali’. Some plants can spontaneously recover from the disease, which implies the disappearance of symptoms through a phenomenon known as recovery. In this article it is shown that NAD(P)H peroxidases of leaf plasma membrane-enriched f...
Article
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Some technological and physiological aspects were analysed during seed storage of holm oak (Quercus ilex L.), a typical Mediterranean recalcitrant species. Considering the mild dormancy and desiccation sensitivity of these seeds, the influence of the storage environment on viability was examined. Acorns were maintained at low temperature and at hig...
Article
The mitochondrial permeability transition (PT) is a well-recognized phenomenon that allows mitochondria to undergo a sudden increase of permeability to solutes with molecular mass ≤ 1500Da, leading to organelle swelling and structural modifications. The relevance of PT relies on its master role in the manifestation of programmed cell death (PCD). T...
Article
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The effect of three different storage treatments on holm oak (Quercus ilex L.) acorns was examined over a period of twelve months. Acorns from two seed lots were stored at 3°C with three different treatments: acorns mixed with peat inside a can with a pierced pipe through the middle, acorns mixed in moistened sand, or acorns inside polyethylene bag...
Article
Lipoxygenase (LOX) and hydroperoxide lyase (HPL) activities were characterised in olive pulp microsomes from two cultivars (Ghiacciolo and Nostrana di Brisighella) from Northern Italy. LOX activity exhibited a maximum at pH 5.5 in both cultivars, and the highest value was found in cv Ghiacciolo. This was correlated with the higher total antioxidant...
Article
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Flavonoids are a class of secondary metabolites present in large amounts in grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.), which are involved in several aspects of its physiology (e.g. protection against biotic and abiotic stress). Even if the biosynthetic pathways of flavonoid sub-classes have been largely characterised, the mechanisms of their transport and accu...
Article
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Bromosulfalein is an organic anion dye used in the study of a variety of membrane carriers expressed in animal tissues and involved in transport of drugs and metabolites. The spectrophotometric assay of electrogenic bromosulfalein transport in membrane vesicles, isolated from various mammalian organs or tissues, enables to specifically measure the...
Article
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A homologue of the mammalian bilirubin transporter bilitranslocase (BTL) (TCDB 2.A.65.1.1), able to perform an apparent secondary active transport of flavonoids, has previously been found in carnation petals and red grape berries. In the present work, a BTL homologue was also shown in white berries from Vitis vinifera L. cv. Tocai/Friulano, using a...
Article
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Fruits and vegetables are rich in flavonoids, and ample epidemiological data show that diets rich in fruits and vegetables confer protection against cardiovascular, neurodegenerative and inflammatory diseases, and cancer. However, flavonoid bioavailability is reportedly very low in mammals and the molecular mechanisms of their action are still poor...
Article
Full-text available
Flavonoids are a group of secondary metabolites widely distributed in plants that represent a huge portion of the soluble phenolics present in grapevine (Vitis vinifera L.). These compounds play different physiological roles and are often involved in protection against biotic and abiotic stress. Even if the flavonoid biosynthetic pathways have been...
Article
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During maturation, Vitis vinifera berries accumulate a large amount of several anthocyanins in the epidermal tissue, whereas their precursors and intermediates are ubiquitously synthesized within the fruit. Up to date, several mechanisms of flavonoid transport at subcellular level have been hypothesized, but it is not possible to identify a general...
Article
In this paper lipoxygenase (LOX) presence was investigated in coffee berries to determine its involvement in lipid degradative metabolism of plants grown in organic and conventional cultivations. An immunochemical analysis has evidenced a ca. 80 kDa protein, cross-reacting with an anti-LOX antibody, only in the pulp fraction of berries obtained fro...
Article
Programmed cell death (PCD) is a finely tuned process of multicellular organisms. In higher plants, PCD regulates many developmental processes and the response of host plants to incompatible pathogens (hypersensitive response). Four types of PCD have been described in plants, mainly associated to vacuole rupture, that is followed by the appearance...
Article
Bilitranslocase is a rat liver plasma membrane carrier, displaying a high-affinity binding site for bilirubin. It is competitively inhibited by grape anthocyanins, including aglycones and their mono- and di-glycosylated derivatives. In plant cells, anthocyanins are synthesized in the cytoplasm and then translocated into the central vacuole, by mech...
Article
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In this paper, both biochemical and immunochemical evidence for the presence of lipoxygenase (LOX) in plant mitochondria is presented. Highly purified pea (Pisum sativum L., cv. Alaska) mitochondria show LOX activity, evaluated as conjugated diene formation, oxygen consumption, and hydroperoxide formation. Both 9- and 13-hydroperoxy-octadecadienoic...
Article
Pea (Pisum sativum) stem mitochondria, energized by NADH, succinate or malate plus glutamate, underwent a spontaneous low-amplitude permeability transition (PT), which could be monitored by dissipation of the electrical potential (deltapsi) or swelling. The occurrence of the latter effects was dependent on O2 availability, because O2 shortage antic...
Article
The role of a recently identified K+ATP channel in preventing H2O2 formation was examined in isolated pea stem mitochondria. The succinate-dependent H2O2 formation was progressively inhibited, when mitochondria were resuspended in media containing increasing concentration of KCl (from 0.05 to 0.15 M). This inhibition was linked to a partial dissipa...
Article
An antibody was raised against a synthetic oligopeptide, corresponding to the 19–31 interval of the polypeptide chain of soluble lipoxygenase 1 (LOX 1) from soybean seeds. Cross-reactivity of this antibody towards proteins of a soybean cotyledon plasma membrane (PM) fraction was detected. The anti-LOX 1 antibody cross-reacted with a protein of appr...
Article
Full-text available
BMAP-28, a bovine antimicrobial peptide of the cathelicidin family, induces membrane permeabilization and death in human tumor cell lines and in activated, but not resting, human lymphocytes. In addition, we found that BMAP-28 causes depolarization of the inner mitochondrial membrane in single cells and in isolated mitochondria. The effect of the p...
Article
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The immunosuppressive drug, cyclosporin A (CsA), induces the generation of a transmembrane electrical potential difference (deltapsi) in deenergized plant mitochondria incubated in sucrose-based media. Build up of deltapsi is prevented by external monovalent cations in the order K+ > Rb+ = Li+ > Na+, or by the protonophore carbonyl cyanide p-triflu...
Article
The roles of mild uncoupling caused by free fatty acids (mediated by plant uncoupling mitochondrial protein (PUMP) and ATP/ADP carrier (AAC)) and non-coupled respiration (alternative oxidase (AO)) on H(2)O(2) formation by plant mitochondria were examined. Both laurate and oleate prevent H(2)O(2) formation dependent on the oxidation of succinate. Co...
Article
In this work a plasma membrane-bound lipoxygenase (LOX) from soybean (Glycine max L. Merr.) cotyledons was purified to homogeneity by ion exchange and gel filtration chromatography. The enzyme has a molecular mass of ≈92 kDa and exhibits a maximal activity in the alkaline pH range (7.5–10). The activity, evaluated both as conjugated diene formation...
Article
The generation of H2O2 by isolated pea stem mitochondria, oxidizing either malate plus glutamate or succinate, was examined. The level of H2O2 was almost one order of magnitude higher when mitochondria were energized by succinate. The succinate-dependent H2O2 formation was abolished by malonate, but unaffected by rotenone. The lack of effect of the...
Article
Full-text available
The suitability of the fluorescent dye rhodamine 123 for qualitative and quantitative determinations of the electrical potential difference (ΔΨ) in isolated pea (Pisum sativum L.) stem mitochondria was evaluated. A fluorescence quenching of rhodamine 123, as a consequence of dye uptake, occurred following mitochondria energization by both external...
Article
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The electrical potential difference (δΨ) generation and ATP synthesis due to α-keto acid-stimulated alternative oxidase activity in pea leaf mitochondria, energized by malate plus glutamate, was studied. In the absence of α-keto acids, δΨwas ca. 60% collapsed by KCN or antimycin A (AA), while the remaining part (ca. 30%) was dissipated by salicyl-h...
Article
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Zearalenone (F-2) is a mycotoxin which acts as a protonophoric uncoupler in plant mitochondria [Macri, F. and Vianello, A., (1990) J. Plant Physiol. 136, 754-757]. In the present paper, the mechanism of F-2-induced uncoupling in pea mitochondria was studied. The uncoupling by F-2 was partially reversed by 6-ketocholestanol (kCh) under conditions in...