Enrico Benetto

Enrico Benetto
Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST) | LIST · Environmental Research and innovation (ERIN)

PhD, MBA

About

161
Publications
52,356
Reads
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4,573
Citations
Citations since 2017
56 Research Items
3249 Citations
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Introduction
19-year experience in the field of environmental sustainability and risk assessment of products, technologies and policies. Style of leadership evidence-based, focused on the alignment and engagement of collaborators through trust, transparent communication and business agility. RDI vision built around the smart integration of computational approaches from sustainability science into innovative (software) tools to address today’s socio-economic and business challenges.
Additional affiliations
May 2006 - December 2014
Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST)
Position
  • R&D Manager

Publications

Publications (161)
Article
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is applied to eco-design the H3PO4-assisted hydrothermal carbonization (HTC) process converting biomass residue into high-value products. The main innovation of the process relies on the combination of the H3PO4-assisted HTC with the activation treatment of the obtained hydrochar, resulting in activated carbon that is th...
Technical Report
Full-text available
With the accumulation of extreme events in recent years, the scale and interconnectedness of impacts of climate change on individuals, organisations, and nations, can no longer be ignored, not even in Luxembourg, which usually finds itself sheltered from the storm. In October 2021, the Government in Council nominated the members of the ‘Climate Pol...
Article
Full-text available
The urgency of tackling global environmental issues calls for radical technological and behavioral changes. New prospective (or ex ante) methods are needed to assess the impacts of these changes. Prospective life cycle assessment (LCA) can contribute by detailed analysis of environmental consequences. A new stream of research has taken up the chall...
Article
Supply Networks (SN) can be seriously affected by unplanned disruptions producing important consequences on system’s functioning. These alterations may have implications over dimensions of sustainability due to the re-adaptation of the network to cope with the disruptive event. In this sense, it is relevant to understand how sustainability can be m...
Article
Microalgae recently emerged as an alternative resource to terrestrial plant-based biomass for the bio-economy, limiting the competition with food production. Whereas its main field of application is into biofuels and bioenergy products, recent developments have shown the potential of microalgae biomass for product manufacturing, including Metal Wor...
Article
Full-text available
Finkbeiner (2021) comments on our critique (Heijungs et al., 2021) of the amendment to ISO 14044. We summarize hereafter his comment: • According to him, the ISO amendment does not rule out system expansion (in the sense of expanding the functional unit) in favor of substitution (in the sense of subtracting the avoided impacts of coproducts); inste...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The construction industry is experiencing a technological transition towards Digital Twins from a static digital information environment to a more dynamic one, enriched with real-time sensing and Artificial Intelligence support. This paper describes a method for leveraging a building digital twin for monitoring the indoor environmental quality and...
Article
The sustainability of novel electrified processes for methanol production, including plasma-assisted and electrically heated thermocatalytic dry methane reforming based processes, is assessed. Conceptual process design is applied to obtain the life cycle inventory data to perform the ex-ante life cycle assessment, with a focus on the climate change...
Article
Full-text available
To assess the potential environmental impact of human/industrial systems, life cycle assessment (LCA) is a very common method. There are two prominent types of LCA, namely attributional (ALCA) and consequential (CLCA). A lot of literature covers these approaches, but a general consensus on what they represent and an overview of all their difference...
Article
Full-text available
Investors increasingly demand that asset managers measure the non-financial performance of their investment portfolios. Amidst concerns of greenwashing, reliable sustainability assessment methods are needed to ensure that funds are channeled towards priority sectors for the transition to a low-carbon and more inclusive economy. This critical review...
Conference Paper
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See uploaded conference paper and full video of the presentation in the linked data tabsheet
Article
To evaluate the sustainability of any economic system, the impact of related products and processes should be considered, which is exactly the aim of life cycle sustainability assessment (LCSA). A first challenge for the current LCSA methodology of circular economy systems, is the consideration of finite and variable loops (e. g. paper fibres can c...
Article
Full-text available
Green bonds have emerged as a key instrument to fund projects contributing to climate change mitigation or environmental protection. However, a consistent, robust and comparable standard for the estimation of the environmental impacts of green bonds is lacking, hampering growth in sustainable finance. As encouraged by second-party opinion reports,...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Many decisions are made during the life cycle of a product, e.g., whether to replace a product or to keep using it. To pinpoint the “greener” choice, the consequential environmental effects of each choice should be estimated. Hereto, only activities occurring after the decision should be considered and, thus, not necessarily the complete p...
Chapter
This chapter presents an analysis to support policy makers and other involved parties in the search for sustainable solutions to the problem of excess biogas digestate. It analyzes two plants in Flanders, one using composting and the other using drying and pelletizing processes to treat biogas digestates. The chapter also presents a case study, whe...
Article
Full-text available
In life cycle assessment (LCA), temporal considerations are usually lost during the life cycle inventory calculation, resulting in an aggregated “snapshot” of potential impacts. Disregarding such temporal considerations has previously been underlined as an important source of uncertainty, but a growing number of approaches have been developed to ta...
Article
Reducing the energy consumption of buildings is a priority for carbon emissions mitigation in urban areas. Building stock energy models have been developed to support decisions of public authorities in renovation strategies. However, the burdens of renovation interventions and their temporal distribution are mostly overlooked, leading to potential...
Article
Full-text available
https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.est.0c00450 See full uploaded file below
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The objective is to demonstrate an operational tool for dynamic LCA, based on the model by Tiruta-Barna et al. (J Clean Prod 116:198-206, Tiruta-Barna et al. 2016). The main innovation lies in the combination of full temporalization of the background inventory and a graph search algorithm leading to full dynamic LCI, further coupled to dyna...
Article
Full-text available
Herein, the sustainability of plasma-assisted processes for ethylene production from rich-in-methane gas streams namely, natural and shale gas, is investigated by performing life cycle assessment (LCA). Two plasma-assisted process alternatives, a direct gas conversion to ethylene (one-step) and a stepwise gas conversion to acetylene followed by ace...
Article
Full-text available
According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), in 2010 the transport sector was responsible for 23% of the total energy-related CO2 emissions (6.7 GtCO2) worldwide. Policy makers in Luxembourg are well-aware of the challenges and are setting ambitious objectives at country level for the mid and long term. However, a framework to...
Article
Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a technique widely used to comprehensively characterize the environmental impacts of human activities, and covers a broad range of environmental impact categories. Despite the recognized significant impact of environmental noise on public health, mostly because of road traffic, until now noise has not been systematica...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The use of life cycle assessment (LCA) as a decision support tool can be hampered by the numerous uncertainties embedded in the calculation. The treatment of uncertainty is necessary to increase the reliability and credibility of LCA results. The objective is to provide an overview of the methods to identify, characterize, propagate (uncert...
Article
Full-text available
In the constant pursue of the sustainability of socio-industrial systems, the definition of useful, reliable and informative, and at the same time simple and transparent, indicators is an important step for the evaluation of the circularity of the assessed systems. In the circular economy (CE) context, scientific literature has already identified t...
Article
Full-text available
Agent-Based Models (ABMs) have been adopted to simulate very different kinds of complex systems, from biological systems to complex coupled human-natural systems. In particular, when used to simulate man-managed systems, they have the advantage of allowing human behavioral aspects to be considered in the modelling framework. This paper provides a l...
Article
Full-text available
In the constant pursue of the sustainability of socio-industrial systems, the definition of useful, reliable and informative, and at the same time simple and transparent, indicators is an important step for the evaluation of the circularity of the assessed systems. In the circular economy (CE) context, scientific literature has already identified t...
Book
https://link.springer.com/book/10.1007%2F978-3-319-66981-6 This book provides insight into the implementation of Life Cycle approaches along the entire business value chain, supporting environmental, social and economic sustainability related to the development of industrial technologies, products, services and policies; and the development and ma...
Chapter
The Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) method has been adopted by the European Commission in 2013 as part of the Communication “Building the Single Market for Green Products” [1]. Since then a pilot phase involving about 300 companies, industry associations, NGOs and governments has been launched to develop product ca...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper synthesizes the authors’ experience in the area of integrated approaches coupling multi-objective optimization (MOO), industrial process modeling and simulation, and life cycle assessment (LCA), with particular application to the sector of drinking water production. An industrial process is intended as any process using a certain technol...
Conference Paper
Pumping systems account for a very relevant share of the energy consumption of infrastructures for water supply, treatment, use and disposal. For example, in wastewater treatment plants, (WWTPs) hydraulic pumps are responsible on average for more than 12% of the total energy demand of a plant. Acting on the correct sizing and operational control of...
Article
Full-text available
Scholars in environmental accounting have developed many methods, capable to transform raw environmental and socio-economic data into useful information, both to protect natural ecosystems and to define the most appropriate policy and planning options to meet the existing sustainable development goals. Due to the high number of existing research ch...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In life cycle assessment (LCA) the main focus is on damage assessments of production systems. These damages are conventionally characterized per so called functional unit. In practice, however, these functional units are partially descriptive, e.g. white light from a point source with 1500 lumen, and not well assessed. In the first part of this stu...
Article
This paper presents a pragmatic framework to inform stakeholders about the sustainability of canteen meals. The framework consists of four parts: (1) an ecological scoring system, based on life cycle assessment results, to score the ecological impact of meals or their components, from which the customer can select to compose a meal; (2) a nutrition...
Chapter
We build an ABM for simulation of incentives for maize to produce bio-fuels in Luxembourg with an aim to conduct life cycle assessment of the additional maize and the consequent displacement of other crops in Luxembourg. This paper focuses on the discovery of market price for crops. On the supply side we have farmers who are willing to sell their p...
Article
Engineering software products allow for quantifying environmental noise and a population's exposure to road traffic noise which can then be linked to human health damage. This paper investigates the impact of the search radius, a parameter used in emission and propagation models, on noise exposure results. The search radius is the threshold distanc...
Presentation
Life Cycle Assessment (LCA), whose goal is to assess the environmental impact of a system or product over its life cycle, has been argued appropriate to answer various research questions such as: “Are electric cars more environmentally friendly than conventional internal combustion engine cars and what are the important parameters deciding this?”....
Article
Full-text available
Local search (LS) is an essential module of most hybrid meta-heuristic evolutionary algorithms which are a major approach aimed to solve efficiently multi-objective optimization (MOO) problems. Furthermore, LS is specifically useful in many real-world applications where there is a need only to improve a current state of a system locally with limite...
Article
Innovative treatment technologies and management methods are necessary to valorise the constituents of wastewater, in particular nutrients from urine (highly concentrated and can have significant impacts related to artificial fertilizer production). The FP7 project, ValuefromUrine, proposed a new two-step process (called VFU) based on struvite prec...
Article
Buildings are responsible for 40% of total final energy consumptions in Europe. Numerous bottom-up models were recently developed to support local authorities in assessing the energy consumption of large building stocks and reduction potentials. However, current models rarely consider uncertainty associated to building usage and characteristics wit...
Article
Buildings are responsible for a large share of the energy consumption and environmental impacts worldwide. An assessment of the energy demand and environmental performance of building stocks at large spatial scales is increasingly needed for decision support in sustainable planning and policy making. While current bottom-up building stock models ma...
Poster
Full-text available
Life cycle inventory (LCI) data collection is limited by temporal and financial constraints, leading to compromises on the system boundaries and resulting in cut-offs. Producing hybridised inventories by merging the inventory data with multi-regional Environmentally Extended Input–Output (EEIO) databases, can improve the completeness of the modelle...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeDespite that different methods for the inclusion of transport noise in life cycle assessment (LCA) have been proposed, none of them has become consensual. Leveraging a case study on car tires, this paper aims at comparing two among these characterization approaches to identify strengths and weaknesses and to investigate the relative contribu...
Article
The evolution of life cycle assessment (LCA) from a merely comparative tool for the assessment of products to a policy analysis tool proceeds by incorporating increasingly complex modelling approaches. In more recent studies of complex systems, such as the agriculture sector or mobility, agent-based modelling (ABM) has been introduced as tool for l...
Article
The 62nd life cycle assessment (LCA) forum was held on 9 September 2016 to discuss the state of research and application with regard to consequential life cycle assessment. This conference report presents the highlights of the LCA forum. The state of the art of consequential LCA was presented from different viewpoints. It was pointed out that conse...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a novel multi-stage optimization model for farm management during a certain planning time horizon. The salient features of this optimization model are the proper incorporation of crop rotation schemes and the consideration of crop impacts on the environment via linear environmental constraints. This decision support tool produce...
Chapter
The paper is focused on the application of ABM (Agent Based Models) to simulate the evolution of the agricultural system of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, which aims at the evaluation of the potential environmental impacts arising from policy implementation, following the methodology known as Consequential Life Cycle Assessment (CLCA). The novelty...
Article
The use of cover crops (CCs) during winter can improve the structure and water retention capacity of the soil. Additionally, the harvested CCs could be used as substrate in an anaerobic digestion (AD) plant. This paper aims at assessing the environmental and economic consequences of planting rye as a winter CC (after maize) and its use as co-substr...
Article
Agent-Based Models (ABMs) are becoming a widespread approach to model human-environment interactions. They belong to the class of individual-based modelling approaches, which allow a bottom-up representation of the system being modelled, eliciting its macro-level evolution while modelling the micro-level behavior of its individuals. This paper deal...
Presentation
The evolution of life cycle assessment (LCA) from a merely comparative tool for products to a policy analysis tool proceeds by incorporating ever more complex modelling approaches. In more recent studies of complex systems, such as the agriculture sector or terrestrial mobility, agent-based modelling (ABM) has been introduced as a complement to the...
Article
The concept of urban metabolism has often been used to model and analyze urban regions to provide insights on their environmental sustainability. However, no consensus exists on the assessment methods that should be used to analyze the sustainability of these complex systems. This lack of consistency prevents data sharing and comparison between mos...
Article
Demolition waste represents a significant portion of the total generated waste and has a high importance from both a waste management and a resource efficiency perspective. The urban context is highly relevant to assess the environmental impact of the end-of-life stage of buildings and potential for future reduction to properly design corresponding...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the frameworks of environmental management and computational sustainability , this paper aims at improving, in a cost-effective manner, the sustainability of existing drinking water production plants (DWPPs) via multi-objective constrained optimization (MOO). Specifically, the paper explores the ability of global sensitivity analysis (SA) method...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Many real-world multi-objective optimization (MOO) problems rely on compu-tationally expensive simulators of industrial processes and require solutions within a limited time budget. In this context, we propose a heuristic approach which aims at building a surrogate problem model, solvable by computationally efficient optimization methods, in order...
Article
Empowering decision makers with cost-effective solutions for reducing industrial processes environmental burden, at both design and operation stages, is nowadays a major worldwide concern. The paper addresses this issue for the sector of drinking water production plants (DWPPs), seeking for optimal solutions trading-off operation cost and life cycl...
Article
In eco-design, the integration of environmental aspects into the earliest stage of design is considered with the aim of reducing adverse environmental impacts throughout a product's life cycle. An eco-design problem is therefore multi-objective, where several objectives (environmental, economic, and technological) are to be simultaneously optimized...
Article
Conventional Life Cycle Inventories (LCIs) are static models of product systems without time dependent functioning of plants and time lags between supply and demand of products. The aggregation of environmental interventions without consideration of the time dimension represents an acknowledged limitation of the Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) method....
Article
Full-text available
The analysis of ecosystem services (ES) is becoming a key-factor to implement policies on sustainable technologies. Accordingly, life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) methods are more and more oriented towards the development of harmonized characterization models to address impacts on ES. However, such efforts are relatively recent and have not reach...
Article
Conventional Life Cycle Inventories (LCIs) are static models not considering any mechanism of revenue maximization and price equilibrium under external constraints. The underlying assumption is that demand of a given commodity, irrespective of the amount, can always be supplied by the average supplier (fully elastic market). This constitutes a reco...
Article
Multi-objective constrained optimization problems which arise in many engineering fields often involve computationally expensive black-box model simulators of industrial processes which have to be solved with limited computational time budget, and hence limited number of simulator calls. This paper proposes two heuristic approaches aiming to build...
Article
Toxicity characterization of chemical emissions in Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a complex task which usually proceeds via multimedia (fate, exposure and effect) models attached to models of dose-response relationships to assess the effects on target. Different models and approaches do exist, but all require a vast amount of data on the properties...
Article
The expansion of Short Rotation Coppice (SRC) practices is mainly driven by the viability of SRC wood as an alternative to other renewable and non-renewable fuels in energy production, but also to the capacity of increasing biodiversity and the supply of ecosystem services locally. To delve into these environmental synergies and possible trade-offs...
Article
Full-text available
The implementation process of sustainable development goals poses considerable challenges to policy makers, as well as to scientists. This requires improving the knowledge on linkages between the key types of resources, the resources and the environment and the resources and the economy. The underlying challenges are inherently integrated and shall...
Article
Full-text available
This paper deals with the optimization of key decision variables of a potable water production plant. To this end we propose a multi-objective constrained optimization approach which trades-off operational costs and environmental impact while satisfying outlet water drinkability criteria. The proposed solution approach consists in coupling a meta-h...