Enrica Roccotiello

Enrica Roccotiello
Università degli Studi di Genova | UNIGE · Dipartimento di Scienze della terra, dell'ambiente e della vita (DISTAV)

PhD

About

65
Publications
24,962
Reads
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Citations
Introduction
Research area concerns many aspects of plant science like: the selection of plant bioindicators of soil quality, the development of protocols for monitoring of environmental matrices, the quality assessment of environmental matrices (wastewater, compost, mine waste) through plant ecophysiological evaluation, the enhancement of native species for environmental restoration, the selection and/or use of plant species for habitat restoration and phytoremediation of quarries, landfills and mines.
Additional affiliations
January 2007 - present
Università degli Studi di Genova
Position
  • Research Associate
November 2004 - October 2007
Amedeo Avogadro University of Eastern Piedmont
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (65)
Article
This study investigated the accumulation and distribution of nickel in the leaves and roots of the Mediterranean shrub Alyssoides utriculata to assess its potential use in phytoremediation of Ni contaminated soils. Total (AAS and ICP-MS) Ni, Ca and Mg contents were analyzed in the plants and related to their bioavailability (in EDTA) in serpentine...
Article
Abandoned industrial sites and mines may constitute possible hazards for surrounding environment due to the presence of toxic compounds that may contaminate soils and waters. The possibility to remove metal contaminants, specifically nickel (Ni), by means of fungi was presented exploiting a set of fungal strains isolated from a Ligurian dismissed m...
Article
Zn uptake and compartmentalisation were studied in two ferns, the European Polypodium cambricum L., a possible Zn tolerant, and the sub-tropical Pteris vittata L., an As accumulator also able to accumulate Zn. Ferns growing in hydroponic systems were exposed to Zn concentrations ranging from non-toxic to lethal doses (0, 50, 125, 250, 500 mg kg(-1)...
Article
Urban vegetation has been shown to improve air quality. Green envelopes can provide wide vegetated surfaces in dense cities. This research investigates the performances of four selected plant species used for vertical greening systems, comparing the fine and ultrafine dusts (PM10, PM2.5) collecting capacity by leaves, under the same conditions (hei...
Article
Full-text available
Urbanisation, due to its contribution to climate change and loss of biodiversity, damages ecosystems, thereby affecting human health and well-being. Current urban and architectural design approaches, that aim to reduce the environmental impact of buildings, include, among other strategies, the integration of greening systems but focusing primarily...
Article
A low cost and lightweight moss envelope system for buildings has been developed to address the problem of the lack of greening in densely urbanized areas. Several moss species have been sampled in the wild, selected, based on their ability to tolerate the abiotic stresses of urban environments, cultivated in controlled conditions and tested for th...
Article
Full-text available
Dense urban areas are facing relevant issues related to their high vulnerability to the impacts of climate change and ecosystem health. The study presents a case study of a regeneration project with Nature-based Solutions in the city of Genoa (Italy) and, more specifically, in a neighbourhood characterised by relevant health and well-being issues....
Article
Full-text available
Vegetables represent a major source of Ni exposure. Environmental contamination and cultural practices can increase Ni amount in tomato posing significant risk for human health. This work assesses the tomato ( Solanum lycopersicum L.) response to Ni on the agronomic yield of fruits and the related production of allergens. Two cultivars were grown i...
Article
Full-text available
The co-growth and synergistic interactions among fungi and bacteria from the rhizosphere of plants able to hyper accumulate potentially toxic metals (PTMs) are largely unexplored. Fungi and bacteria contribute in an essential way to soil biogeochemical cycles mediating the nutrition, growth development, and health of associated plants at the rhizos...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Urban areas are facing significant challenges regarding degradation of environments and ecosystems, species loss, and increased vulnerability to climate hazards, all of which impact negatively upon human health and well-being.Focusing on building envelopes can offer an effective approach to the regeneration of urban ecosystems, by providing new spa...
Article
Full-text available
Is it possible to improve the efficiency of bioremediation technologies? The use of mixed cultures of bacteria and fungi inoculated at the rhizosphere level could promote the growth of the associated hyperaccumulating plant species and increase the absorption of metals in polluted soils, broadening new horizons on bioremediation purposes. This work...
Article
Full-text available
The soil–root interface is the micro-ecosystem where roots uptake metals. However, less than 10% of hyperaccumulators’ rhizosphere has been examined. The present study evaluated the root and shoot response to nickel in hyperaccumulator and non-hyperaccumulator species, through the analysis of root surface and biomass and the ecophysiological respon...
Article
Saxifraga florulenta is a monocarpic species endemic to SW Alps, whose reproductive biology is still unknown. Its knowledge may provide useful information on how the species may face the global warming. In this study, we investigated the plant–pollinator interactions and the mating system of the plant. We described the phenology of the inflorescenc...
Article
According to projects and practices that the Italian botanists and ecologists are carrying out for bringing “more nature in the city”, new insights for a factual integration between ecological perspectives and more consolidated aesthetic and agronomic approaches to the sustainable planning and management of urban green areas are provided.
Article
Vertical greening systems and green roofs provide ecosystem services in the urban context. Despite the important benefits they provide, economic (initial and maintenance costs) and environmental issues may limit the widespread diffusion of these greening systems. Mosses can be a low-cost and low-maintenance alternative green envelope for large-scal...
Chapter
Applying vertical greening systems (VGS) on both new and existing buildings can offer multiple environmental benefits, including air pollutants’ mitigation and air quality improvement. The direct effects of VGS on air quality are mainly related to the absorption of fine dust particles and the uptake of gaseous pollutants. Indirect effects, e.g., co...
Chapter
In this chapter, the mitigation effect of greening solutions on air pollution within urban canyons is reviewed. First, a glance at the specific scientific literature is made and the different outcomes by authors about the effectiveness of greening solutions on air quality improvements are stressed. The main parameters to consider, the most promisin...
Article
Full-text available
High nickel (Ni) levels exert toxic effects on plant growth and plant water content, thus affecting photosynthesis. In a pot experiment, we investigated the effect of the Ni concentration on the physiological characteristics of the Ni hyperaccumulator Alyssoides utriculata when grown on a vermiculite substrate in the presence of different external...
Article
Full-text available
Main conclusion: The heterologous expression of AtPCS1 in tobacco plants exposed to arsenic plus cadmium enhances phytochelatin levels, root As/Cd accumulation and pollutants detoxification, but does not prevent root cyto-histological damages. High phytochelatin (PC) levels may be involved in accumulation and detoxification of both cadmium (Cd) an...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
L’inquinamento dei suoli prodotto dall’attività mineraria è al quarto posto nel mondo come causa di contaminazione. In Europa il numero di attività potenzialmente inquinanti (es. industrie, cave, miniere) interessa circa 3 milioni di siti, tra questi circa 250000 richiederebbero urgenti operazioni di bonifica. Le proprietà fisico-chimiche dei siti...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A multidisciplinary study has been performed in order to evaluate the mycoflora in a Cu-rich waste rock dump from the derelict Fe-Cu sulphide mine (Libiola Mine, Eastern Liguria, Italy). The goals of this research were to test the growth responses of isolated strains in copper enriched media and to evaluate their potential use in mycoremediation. T...
Article
Full-text available
The relationship between waste rocks and trees growing on the Hop waste-rock dump from the Rosia Montana gold mine (Romania) and also on soils along Rosia river were investigated. Plant samples, consisting in leaves, branches and roots of Salix spp., Popolus trenud a, Betula pendula, Pinus sylvestris species, and rhizospheric soils of the same spec...
Article
Two field exercises were carried out to compare chlorophyll a fluorescence measurements taken in the field by field teams working on the same project. In the first exercise (2007, Passo Pura, Ampezzo, Udine, Northern Italy) the operators took measurements on the same leaf areas (maintaining fixed leaf clips); in the second (2009, Monterotondo Marit...
Article
Liguria (NW Italy) is a region characterised by a great richness in habitats, flora, and mycobiota. In the first half of last century, many areas of Liguria were frequently reforested with conifers, mainly pines. This type of habitat is still uninvestigated from a mycological perspective. As a consequence, our work aims at assessing mycodiversity u...
Article
Full-text available
Reduction of pollen flow can affect plant abundance and population viability and cause selection on plant mating system and floral traits. Little is known on the effect of this phenomenon in species naturally restricted to small and isolated habitats, that may have developed strategies to cope with long-term isolation and small population size. We...
Article
Full-text available
Daphne gnidium L. is a circum-Mediterranean evergreen shrub. The production of flowers and fruits of single individuals within a population were recorded. Despite very high efforts along the flowering season, all plants seemed to show a different allocation of resources during the reproductive process. All plants bore flowers with a complete male f...
Article
Full-text available
Primula allionii is a primrose endemic to the Maritime Alps. In order to evaluate its conservation status, we investigated its demographic structure and reproductive success. We studied the plant in three different plots in Roya Valley (France), representing the different structure of cliffs where the plant usually lives. The mean dimensional attri...
Article
Full-text available
Primula allionii is a primrose endemic to Maritime Alps. The plant was studied in three different plots representing the different structures of cliffs where the species usually lives. The reproductive success of the plant was analyzed in order to evaluate its conservation status. Mean plant dimensions and distribution within the plots were evaluat...
Article
Full-text available
This work illustrates the results of a multidisciplinary study aimed at understanding the relations among the mineralogy and chemistry of a sulphidic waste rock-dumps from the Libiola mine (eastern Liguria, Italy) and the metal uptake by fungi and plants spontaneously growing in a flat part at the bottom of this dump. The soil of the studied dump i...
Article
Full-text available
The authors carried out quantitative ecological investigations in Gruppo di Voltri (Liguria, Italy) in order to compare vascular flora, vegetation and soil in two different types of outcrops - serpentinites and calc-schists - in close contact with each other. In particular, the authors analyzed: richness and species diversity, floristic peculiariti...
Article
Pteris vittata is known to hyperaccumulate arsenic, and a large number of studies on this fern species can be found in the literature aimed at evaluating its behavior when coexposed to other toxic elements. In the present study, P. vittata was treated with different concentrations of As and/or Cd in a hydroponic system, that is, under complete bioa...
Article
Plants growing under zinc excess store it in leaves, the organs in charge with carbon assimilation. Therefore, leaf modifications can help to understand the plant responses to environmental stresses. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that high zinc concentration can affect leaf anatomy and physiology of Populus alba cv. Villafranca, a tree sp...
Article
Full-text available
Seeds of 27 species of Moehringia and four related representatives of Arenaria (old M. sect. Pseudomoehringia) were examined by scanning electron microscopy. Novel morphological features were observed in addition to those found in a previous similar study. The new information thus obtained provided new insight into the taxonomic value of discrete m...
Article
Full-text available
Phytotoxicity test were performed to evaluate their application in environmental monitoring on different substrates e.g. commercial detergents (D1, D2) and surface water from the dismissed Cu and Fe mine of Libiola (NW Italy), respectively. Seeds of Vicia faba were grown in 0, 10, 30, 60, 100 g/l of D1 and D2. Number of germinated seeds and root le...
Article
Two field exercises were carried out to compare chlorophyll a fluorescence measurements taken in the field by field teams working on the same project. In the first exercise (2007, Passo Pura, Ampezzo, Udine, Northern Italy) the operators took measurements on the same leaf areas (maintaining fixed leaf clips); in the second (2009, Monterotondo Marit...
Article
Full-text available
The research was carried out in the abandoned Libiola sulphide mine (NW Italy). This site presents serious environmental problems due to active Acid Mine Drainage processes, which determine acidification and heavy metals pollution of soils and waters. In this area most of the soil related to waste-rocks deposits exceeds commercial and industrial li...
Article
Full-text available
This study evaluated relationships between the serpentine soil from a waste-rock dump of the abandoned Libiola sulphide mine (NW Italy) and its pioneer vegetation. We identified the tolerance of various species to environmental conditions and evaluated physical or chemical factors that influenced the first plants to colonize this stressful environm...
Article
Cerastium utriense Barberis (Caryophyllaceae) is an endemic plant growing on ultramafi c outcrops in northwestern Italy. Despite its great phytogeographical importance, little is known about its ecological requirements and environmental range. Thus, the main objective of the present work was to examine and clarify these aspects. On the basis of a p...
Article
Full-text available
Daphne gnidium is a circum-Mediterranean evergreen shrub. Flower and pollen features related to pollination mechanism were analyzed, and the seasonal presence of insects visiting the plant was monitored. The morphology and functionality of flowers are compatible with entomophily, as are pollen viability, which is maintained for a few hours only aft...
Article
The function of diaspores in Moehringia genus was investigated and field observations pointed out the elaiosome role in seed predation and dispersal by ants. Histochemical stainings underlined the presence of lipid in the strophiole.Our results are congruent with the hypothesis that some representatives of the genus Moehringia adopt myrmecochory, e...
Article
A screening of Pteridophytes growing on serpentine and metalliferous soils in Northern Italy was carried out to assess the ability of these plants to tolerate or accumulate trace elements of toxicological interest. Few data are available on metal tolerance/accumulation of terrestrial ferns growing in the Mediterranean region, and several species pr...
Article
Full-text available
Seeds of 30 species of Moehringia and 12 representatives of the Caryophyllaceae were examined with the Scanning Electron Microscope. High diversity was found in seed coat micromorphology, and a number of novel morphological features have been observed. Comparison with other representatives of the Caryophyllaceae has provided new insight into the po...
Article
Thymelaea hirsuta is a subdioecious plant, bearing hermaphroditic (perfect) or monosexual (male or female) flowers from September to May. Flowers are grouped in a condensed raceme (capitulum) in which the flower sequence may occur within the same flowering season or from year to year; nevertheless floral variation is constant within sexually stable...
Article
Full-text available
The development of isidia in thalli of Pseudevernia furfuracea from the Carnic Alps (North-eastern Italy), and the effects of these structures on CO. gas exchanges were investigated. The ontogenetic events were studied by comparison of sections stained with different histochemical tests and SEM observations. A high cell turnover rate in both symbio...
Article
Full-text available
Thymelaea hirsuta is a circum-Mediterranean subdioecious shrub used to model the evolutionary pathway from heterodichogamy to dioecy. Since discordant data on the pollination mechanism of this plant have been reported, in this study we have tried to clarify the complex of features and events involved in the breeding system of this species at the No...
Article
Thymelaea hirsuta (L.) End. is a circum-Mediterranean, subdioecious, evergreen shrub supposed to be an evolutionary example of the pathway from heterodichogamy to dioecy. However, discordant data concerning the pollination mechanism of the plant have been reported in different zones of the species range (France, Egypt and Italy). The present study,...

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Projects (4)
Project
ECOlogical building enveLOPES: a game-changing design approach for regenerating urban ecosystems ECOLOPES is an innovative HORIZON 2020 funded research project proposing a radical change for city development: instead of minimizing the negative impact of urbanisation on nature, we aim at urbanisation to be planned and designed such that nature – including humans – can co-evolve within the city. We envisage a radically new integrated ecosystem approach to architecture that focuses equally on humans, plants, animals, and associated organisms such as microbiota. ECOLOPES will provide the technology that will help to achieve this vision. Urbanization constitutes a major environmental issue of the 21st century. Within cities, densification, the decrease of green open spaces, and a continued reliance on grey infrastructure approaches result in increasing separation of people from nature and decreased access to ecosystem services. This decreases the livability of cities and reduces human well-being. Current approaches fall short in providing breakthrough solutions, because they perpetuate the human-nature dichotomy due to anthropocentric design. In ECOLOPES we propose a radical change for city development: instead of minimizing the negative impact of urbanisation on nature, we aim at urbanization to be planned and designed such that nature – including humans – can co-evolve within the city. We envisage a radically new integrated ecosystem approach to architecture that focuses equally on humans, plants, animals, and associated organisms such as microbiota. Over the next few years, ECOLOPES will provide the technology that will help to achieve this vision. In ECOLOPES, we focus on the envelope, the building enclosure. We will transform the envelope into an ecolope, a multi-species living space for four types of inhabitants, humans, plants, animals, and microbiota. ECOLOPES will develop the core technologies for designing ecolopes in a systematic way, considering the needs of both humans, as well as of plants, animals and beneficial microbes. ECOLOPES will make biological knowledge available for the architectural design process, to find architectural solutions that enable synergies and limit conflicts between the inhabitants. The ecolopes designed by this multi-species approach will restore the beneficial human – nature relationships in cities. A key element of ECOLOPES will be an Information Model that integrates ecological and architectural knowledge, data and models into a data-integrated design recommendation system. The ECOLOPES Information Model will guide the development of the ECOLOPES Computational modelling and simulation environment, to make biological and architectural knowledge available for design. The ECOLOPES team is comprised of 6 partners, including TU Munich, TU Wien, University of Genoa, TECHNION, software technology company MCNEEL, and Studio Animal Aided Design. Project Coordinator Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Weisser Chair for Terrestrial Ecology Department of Ecology and Ecosystemmanagement Technische Universität München Hans-Carl-von-Carlowitz-Platz 2 D-85350 Freising-Weihenstephan Project related Inquiries info@ecolopes.org Dissemination related Inquiries dissemination@ecolopes.org