Enny Das

Enny Das
Radboud University | RU · Centre for Language Studies

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99
Publications
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Introduction

Publications

Publications (99)
Article
Full-text available
Background The quality of communication between healthcare professionals (HCPs) and patients affects health outcomes. Different coding systems have been developed to unravel the interaction. Most schemes consist of predefined categories that quantify the content of communication (the what ). Though the form (the how ) of the interaction is equally...
Article
Objective Gender can be a valuable resource in communication but also a problem, perpetuating gender stereotypes. So far, there has been little attention for how healthcare professionals and patients make gender relevant in medical interactions. The approach of Membership Categorization Analysis (MCA) is particularly pertinent to meticulously analy...
Article
Background: Informing patients about chemotherapy-related cognitive symptoms (CRCS) may increase perceived cognitive symptoms. This longitudinal randomized study evaluated this Adverse Information Effect (AIE) in breast cancer patients and examined whether self-affirmation (SA) can reduce AIEs (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT04813965). Patient...
Article
Self-transcendent media experiences can instill a sense of connectedness, the sense of being part of a bigger whole. Proposing that this experience is relevant for people who have lost a loved one, the present research examined processing and effects of transcendent narratives of loss among the bereaved. Study 1 (N = 1,012) examined if personal exp...
Article
Objective Intercultural difficulties between GPs and patients are important contributors to health disparities. Framed in an interpretivist paradigm, this paper’s thematic analysis examined how Turkish-Dutch patients’ expectations of Dutch GPs may result in intercultural communication difficulties. Methods Five focus group discussions were conduct...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Patients with medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) are believed to have a deviant way of talking about complaints. This study systematically compared linguistic markers in symptom presentations of patients with MUS and medically explained symptoms (MES). Methods This content analysis (cross-sectional study) conceptualized relevant lingui...
Preprint
Full-text available
Harnessing benefits and preventing harms of AI cannot be solved alone through technological fixes and regulation. It depends on a complex interplay between technology, societal governance, individual behaviour, organizational and societal dynamics. Enabling people to understand AI and the consequences of its use and design is a crucial element for...
Article
Full-text available
Patients have ever-increasing access to web-based news about hopeful scientific developments that may or may not cure them in the future. Science communication experts agree that the quality of news provision is not always guaranteed. However, literature does not clarify in what way users are actually affected by typical news characteristics such a...
Article
Full-text available
Language is an essential part of psychotherapeutic work. In psychotherapy involving more than one language and/or culture, acknowledging the impact of the therapist's and the client's language(s) can facilitate achieving the most beneficial therapeutic process and outcome. The field has witnessed a surge in interdisciplinary work combining research...
Article
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This study aims to increase insights into the potential role of the media in the amplification and attenuation of modern risks in society, by studying the dynamics and contents of the newspaper coverage about the potential health risk posed by rubber granulate in the Netherlands. We thematically analysed 153 national newspaper articles about the ri...
Article
Full-text available
Dental caries is the most common chronic condition among children, it is thus a necessity to develop health communication tools to increase children’s dental hygiene. Prior research among adults indicates that entertaining narrative communication can promote health behaviors, but knowledge on narrative effects on children’s health outcomes is limit...
Article
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A common explanation for medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) relates patients’ psychosocial concerns to their physical ailments. The present study used conversation analysis to examine how general practitioners (GPs) ascribe psychosocial causes to patients’ unexplained symptoms during medical consultations. Our data consisted of 36 recorded consul...
Article
Although the question of whether women and men speak differently is a topic of hot debate, an overview of the extent towhich empirical studies provide robust support for a relationship between sex/gender and language is lacking. Therefore, the aim of the current scoping review is to synthesize recent studies from various theoretical perspectives on...
Article
Objective The apparent absence of any specific underlying diseases challenges patient-provider communication about medically unexplained symptoms (MUS). Previous research focused on general communication patterns in these interactions; however, an overview of more detailed interactional and linguistic aspects is lacking. This review aims to gain a...
Article
Objective: General practitioners (GPs) disclose more uncertainty (e.g. "I don't know") in consultations with patients presenting medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) versus medically explained symptoms (MES), which could negatively affect patient outcomes. This study assessed if this pattern also holds for more subtle, implicit uncertainty express...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Although experts agree that online health information often contains exaggeration and misrepresentation of science, it is unclear how the readers’ sentiment is associated with message characteristics. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether characteristics of online diabetes research news are associated with positive and negative sentiments of...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Although experts agree that Web-based health information often contains exaggeration and misrepresentation of science, it is not yet known how this information affects the readers' sentiments. Objective: This study aimed to investigate whether specific aspects of Web-based diabetes research news are associated with positive or negati...
Article
Full-text available
We tested the effect of prior vaccination on response to communication strategies in a hypothetical news article about an influenza pandemic. Vaccinated were more likely than nonvaccinated participants to plan future vaccination, and future vaccination intent was greater with certain communication strategies. Using these findings to target communic...
Article
Full-text available
Background Life expectancy is one of the most important factors in end-of-life decision making. Good prognostication for example helps to determine the course of treatment and helps to anticipate the procurement of health care services and facilities, or more broadly: facilitates Advance Care Planning. Advance Care Planning improves the quality of...
Article
Rationale: Nocebo studies show that informing patients about treatment side effects can adversely impact expectancies and symptom reporting. Objective: The current study examined how to inform patients fully about treatment side effects without increasing their occurrence. Extending theoretical assumptions about self-affirmation from the social-...
Article
Citizens who accrue pension via defined benefit systems, do not always have a correct idea of how the concept of retirement accrual works. Basic understanding of the pension system is desirable as incorrect conceptions affect the attitude towards retirement and planning for retirement. Visuals, specifically visual metaphors, help to understand abst...
Article
Samenvatting Deze studie onderzocht of een humoristisch narratief over een tegendraadse aap kinderen kan aanzetten tot tandenpoetsen. Het boekje werd driemaal voorgelezen aan 37 kleuters. Na het voorlezen hadden de kleuters een positievere houding ten aanzien van tandenpoetsen. Parasociale interactie met het hoofdpersonage speelde een cruciale rol...
Article
Objectives: Researchers have discussed that journalistic reporting of medical developments is often characterised by exaggeration or lack of context, but additional quantitative evidence to support this claim is needed. This study introduces a quantitative approach to assessing coverage of medical innovations, by aiming at provided references to o...
Article
Objective: Positive communication is advocated for physicians during consultations with patients presenting medically unexplained symptoms (MUS), but studies generally focus on what is said rather than how it is said. This study quantified language use differences of general practitioners (GPs), and assessed their relation to patient anxiety. Met...
Article
Interest in the meaningful sides of media entertainment has blossomed over the last decade, with numerous scholars examining how certain media content can enhance social good and well-being. Because social scientific work in this area is relatively new and is rapidly evolving, numerous conceptualizations of meaningful media experiences have been in...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Peer-to-peer online support groups and the discussion forums in these groups can help patients by providing opportunities for increasing their empowerment. Most previous research on online empowerment and online social support uses qualitative methods or questionnaires to gain insight into the dynamics of online empowerment processes. O...
Article
Previous research underscores the power of stories in persuading target audiences towards healthy lifestyles but not much is known about their effects among children. An empirical study with repeated measures investigated the effects of reading a funny Johnny Joker narrative, in which a negative role model tries out various behaviors related to too...
Chapter
According to terror management theory, acquiring wealth and consuming culturally valued materials and goods helps bolster the validity of one’s cultural worldview and the perception that one is a valued member of that culture. In this chapter we present a detailed critical overview of research on the effects that activated thoughts of death (mortal...
Article
This study examined the veracity of the common assumption that news coverage of epidemic outbreaks spawns heightened fears and risk perceptions. An online experiment with 1,324 participants investigated the interplay of the form of news coverage (factual/emotion-laden) and key aspects of actual risk (low/high vulnerability, low/high severity) on au...
Article
Persons who read information about a hypothetical influenza strain with scientific (H11N3 influenza) or exotic-sound-ing (Yarraman flu) name reported higher worry and vaccination intentions than did those who read about strains named after an animal reservoir (horse flu). These findings suggest that terms used for influenza in public communications...
Data
Description of 3 mock pandemic scenarios used in this study to compare whether labels, such as H11N3, Horse flu, or Yarraman flu, affected participants’ tendency to worry about infection with the virus and intentions to be vaccinated. The scenarios describe effects of fictional influenza viruses reported by fabricated public health personnel.
Article
Full-text available
Background In 2014, the world was startled by a sudden outbreak of Ebola. Although Ebola infections and deaths occurred almost exclusively in Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia, few potential Western cases, in particular, caused a great stir among the public in Western countries. Objective This study builds on the construal level theory to examine...
Article
Background: Graphics are increasingly used to represent the spread of infectious diseases (e.g., influenza, Zika, Ebola); however, the impact of using graphics to adequately inform the general population is unknown. Objective: To examine whether three ways of visually presenting data (heat map, dot map, or picto-trendline)-all depicting the same...
Article
To investigate determinants of the public’s perceptions of disease threat, in 2015 we conducted a randomized survey experiment in the Netherlands. Adults who read a mock news article describing average +or extreme outcomes from a hypothetical influenza pandemic were more influenced by average than by extreme case information. Presenting both types...
Data
Participants, scenarios, and limitations of a survey about a hypothetical influenza pandemic, the Netherlands, 2015.
Article
Full-text available
Journalistic role perceptions have been extensively studied in general contexts, but little is known as to how roles – or role prioritization – may shift across contexts, and professional characteristics. The aim of this study was gaining an understanding of journalists’ changing role perceptions in health crisis coverage, and moreover to examine p...
Article
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Objective: Information about treatment side effects can increase their occurrence; breast cancer (BC) patients showed increased cognitive problem reporting (CPR) and decreased memory performance after information about cognitive side effects. The current study extends previous research on Adverse Information Effects (AIE) by investigating (a) risk...
Article
Integrity in research: hunger for perfection and production Solutions for observed integrity problems in scientific practice often involve reorganizations of the publication system, but systemic solutions do not warrant changes in culture. Perfect form does not guarantee interesting content. Next to looking at the system, academics should also look...
Article
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In 2009, influenza A H1N1 caused the first pandemic of the 21st century. Although a vaccine against this influenza subtype was offered before or at the onset of the second epidemic wave that caused most of the fatal cases in Europe, vaccination rates for that season were lower than expected. We propose that the contradiction between high risk of in...
Data
Chronology of Key Events during the A-H1N1 Pandemic in CZ DK DE ES and UK plus References. (PDF)
Data
Influenza A-H1N1 combined dataset—CZ DE DK ES and UK—(used for the time-series analysis). (XLSX)
Chapter
Full-text available
To keep up with rapidly changing market conditions, revitalizing a brand through an adjustment of brand logos is a natural and necessary element of brand management (Muzellec & Lambkin, 2006; Aaker, 1991; Kapferer, 1998). On average, one in fifty companies change their logo per year (Spaeth, 2002). For example, Philips redesigned its brand logo in...
Article
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Background: Understanding public opinion and attitudes regarding vaccination is crucial for successful outbreak management and effective communication at the European level. Methods: We explored national differences by conducting focus group discussions in The Netherlands, Poland and Sweden. Discussions were structured using concepts from behavi...
Article
Purpose – This paper aims to develop an experimental paradigm to assess effects of degrees of logo change on logo processing speed to provide rigid tests of the effects of objectified degrees of logo changes and to understand how degrees of logo change interact with consumer and market conditions. Design/methodology/approach – Experiment 1 (N = 12...
Article
This systematic review identified and synthesised evidence from published research regarding personal and environmental factors associated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination uptake among gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM) in low prevalence, high-income countries. A systematic literature search identified 18 eligible papers that...
Article
Do the beneficial or detrimental effects of CMC activity depend on the specific social comparison strategy individuals use? The present study aimed to answer this question by examining social comparison strategies, different measures of online activity within the community, and psychological well-being of users of online breast cancer support commu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Extending previous findings regarding the effects of brand logo redesigns, a crossnational experiment tested the effects of different degrees of logo change (original, small change, substantial change) on logo recognition and appreciation, fit between logo design and core values, and brand attitudes (N= 396). Higher degrees of logo change induced l...
Article
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Background In May 2013, a measles outbreak began in the Netherlands among Orthodox Protestants who often refuse vaccination for religious reasons. Objective Our aim was to compare the number of messages expressed on Twitter and other social media during the measles outbreak with the number of online news articles and the number of reported measles...
Article
Although it is well known that sex and humour can help sell products, hardly any research has examined whether there is something particular about sexual advertisements that makes them more persuasive than other appeals. The present research proposed an empirically robust way to test the persuasiveness of different emotional appeals (sex, humour, c...
Article
Full-text available
How can we best support others in difficult times? Studies testing the effects of supportive communication revealed mixed findings. The current study focuses on the effects of supportive communication following different disclosure styles, and includes outcome measures to assess emotional well-being. Hypotheses were tested in a 2 (disclosure style:...
Article
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Highly disconcerting at the time, in retrospective, the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic looks like much ado about nothing. As a consequence, many accused the media of having created an artificial hype or hysteria around the new virus, thus contributing to unwarranted public fear. The current paper set out to examine the validity of such accusations. W...
Article
Full-text available
Although good logos are essential for creating brand awareness and brand equity, the effects of logo design features have not been tested empirically. Extending previous findings regarding the effects of design complexity and exposure in advertising to the field of brand logos, two experiments tested the effects of logo complexity and exposure on b...
Article
Building on terror management theory, three experiments tested whether advertisements with a mortality reminder increase purchase intentions for products that provide an (un)important source of self-esteem. Study 1 tested the effects of mortality salience in advertisements (mortality reminder: yes vs. no) for art library and newspaper subscriptions...
Article
Full-text available
Due to mixed findings in research on the effect of online peer-to-peer support on psychological well-being, there is a need for studies explaining why and when online support communities are beneficial for cancer patients. Previous studies have typically not taken into account individual coping differences, despite the fact that patients have diffe...
Article
The potentially detrimental effects of cancer and related treatments on cognitive functioning have emerged as one of the key foci of cancer survivorship research, but little is known about how psychological variables other than depression influence these relationships. To illustrate the potential of social psychological perspectives, we examine how...
Article
This study assessed the separate and joint effects of having a goal intention and the completeness of implementation intention formation on the likelihood of attending an appointment to obtain vaccination against the hepatitis B virus among men who have sex with men in the Netherlands. Extending previous research, it was hypothesized that to be eff...
Chapter
In present times, individuals are affected most often by health conditions resulting from their own behaviors, such as smoking; unhealthy diets; insufficient physical exercise or unprotected sex. Mass-mediated health campaigns aim to change unhealthy habits by increasing perceptions of personal health risk, outcome expectancies regarding the potent...
Article
Although increasing attention is directed at identifying biological mechanisms underlying cognitive changes observed in cancer patients without central nervous system disease following chemotherapy, psychological factors that can contribute to these cognitive changes are much less studied. In an online experiment, the influence of informing patient...
Article
Full-text available
The present research examines the effects of vivid ad content in two types of appeal in print ads as a function of individual differences in chronically experienced vividness of visual imagery. For informational ads for a functional product, vivid ad content strongly affected individuals high in reported vividness of visual imagery, in that the viv...
Article
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This paper explores the importance of business meals in shaping boundaries in informal contacts, through in-depth interviews with consultants. Building on the sociology of food and embodiment, we propose three concepts as being important to understanding food mediating mechanisms: liminality, subtlety and similarity. One of the remarkable findings...
Article
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This paper focuses on how online health forums may benefit the wellbeing of caregivers. An online questionnaire of caregivers assessed caregiver strain, forum use, and mental and physical wellbeing. Results show a positive relation between caregiver strain and using online health forums to seek emotional support. Furthermore, we find that caregiver...
Article
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An experimental study tested the effects of positive and negative mood on the processing and acceptance of health recommendations about smoking in an online experiment. It was hypothesised that positive mood would provide smokers with the resources to systematically process self-relevant health recommendations. One hundred and twenty-seven particip...
Article
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This study assessed the effects of role models in persuasive messages about risk and social norms to increase motivation to obtain hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccination in men who have sex with men (MSM). MSM at risk for HBV in The Netherlands (N = 168) were recruited online via a range of websites and were randomly assigned to one of four conditions...
Article
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A language barrier prevents us from understanding how other cultures look at public administration, as “semantic fields” differ between languages. These differences can never be fully grasped, but what we can do is study what happens when a particular concept crosses the border. In this article we select a concept, public—private partnership, that...
Chapter
Internet advertising has become big business. Online advertising revenues were estimated at $23 billion for the U.S. market alone in 2008 (IAB 2009). Whether or not advertisers’ money is spent effectively is hard to determine (Dreze and Hussherr 2003). Although click-through or conversion rates may give some indication of an ad’s impact on Internet...
Article
Although desirable brands may positively affect impressions of its owner, brand ownership may also evoke negative reactions if a brand’s image is seen as incongruent with the brand owner. An experimental study tests the influence of physical attractiveness of a brand owner and observers’ level of materialism on the transference of brand sophisticat...
Article
Full-text available
Self-affirmation reduces defensive responses to threatening health information, but little is known about the cognitive processes instigated by self-affirmation. This study tested whether self-affirmation increases responsiveness to threatening health information at the implicit level. In an experimental study (N = 84), the authors presented high-...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present study was to examine whether self-affirmation promotes acceptance of threatening type 2 diabetes information and risk-testing behaviour. In an experimental study (N = 84), we manipulated self-affirmation by allowing participants to affirm a value that was either personally important or unimportant to them, and measured partic...
Article
Many cancer patients report cognitive changes following chemotherapy. In social psychology, there is ample evidence that psychological and physical complaints can increase with increased accessibility of relevant schemata. The accessibility of related concepts in memory may be facilitated through priming or by pre-existing knowledge, resulting in a...
Article
Full-text available
Three studies tested predictions derived from terror management theory (TMT) about the effects of terrorism news on prejudice. Exposure to terrorism news should confront receivers with thoughts about their own death, which, in turn, should increase prejudice toward outgroup members. Non-Muslim (Studies 1–3) and Muslim (Study 3) participants were ex...
Article
The present research examines the hypothesis that brands can automatically activate mortality-related thoughts and, in turn, affect consumer behavior. Terror Management Theory (TMT; [Greenberg Jeff, Pyszczynski Tom, Solomon Sheldon. The Causes and Consequences of a Need for Self-esteem: A Terror Management Theory. In: Baumeister Roy F, editor. Publ...