Eneko Iriarte

Eneko Iriarte
Universidad de Burgos | UBU · Departamento de Ciencias Históricas y Geografía

PhD Geology

About

200
Publications
78,344
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Introduction
My research concerns the Quaternary Geology with a focus on sedimentary record (lake cores, speleothems, archaeological sites, etc.) to investigate and understand past, present and future Earth conditions and the human impact. The sedimentary record is a representation of Earth surface processes through time and, as such, can be analyzed to reconstruct the intrinsic dynamics of depositional systems and their environmental controls.
Additional affiliations
September 2011 - present
University of Burgos
Position
  • Lecturer
September 2006 - present
Universidad de Cantabria
Position
  • Lecturer

Publications

Publications (200)
Article
Major disruptions in the North Atlantic circulation during the last deglaciation triggered a series of climate feedbacks that influenced the course of Termination I, suggesting an almost synchronous response in the ocean-atmosphere system. We present a replicated δ18O stalagmite record from Ostolo cave in the northern Iberian Peninsula with a robus...
Article
Full-text available
Land reclamation is the process of creating new land from regularly flooded surfaces. This paper explores the role of land reclamation on the historical transformation of estuarine landscapes in the Basque coast (N Spain & SW France) during the Early Modern period (sixteenth-nineteenth centuries). Documentary sources, historical cartography, and fi...
Article
Full-text available
The cooling and drying associated with the so-called ‘8.2 ka event’ have long been hypothesized as having sweeping implications for human societies in the Early Holocene, including some of the last Mesolithic hunter-gatherers in Atlantic Europe. Nevertheless, detailed ‘on-site’ records with which the impacts of broader climate changes on human-rele...
Article
Full-text available
In European and many African, Middle Eastern and southern Asian populations, lactase persistence (LP) is the most strongly selected monogenic trait to have evolved over the past 10,000 years1. Although the selection of LP and the consumption of prehistoric milk must be linked, considerable uncertainty remains concerning their spatiotemporal configu...
Article
The finding of Upper Paleolithic engravings in 2016 triggered a multidisciplinary investigation of the Alkerdi cave system (Urdazubi, N Spain). The study of the speleogenetic processes led to the identification of at least 6 paragenetic cave levels with associated sedimentary infill. In order to unravel the timing of changes in the karst dynamics a...
Article
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La excavación arqueológica en Pariburu (Durana, Álava) ha revelado un conjunto de estructuras megalíticas muy originales, considerando la naturaleza de sus elementos constructivos y su diseño final. Cada edificio tiene como núcleo una cámara ortostática circular, donde las losas no mantienen contacto lateral. Le rodea un torus construido como un mu...
Article
Full-text available
The Middle East plays a central role in human history harbouring a vast diversity of ethnic, cultural and religious groups. However, much remains to be understood about past and present genomic diversity in this region. Here we present a multidisciplinary bioarchaeological analysis of two individuals dated to the late 7th and early 8th centuries, t...
Article
Full-text available
Evidence of dog consumption at the El Portalón de Cueva Mayor site (Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain) from the Holocene is revealed for the first time. The taxonomical and taphonomical studies of the animal bones from the El Portalón site have been carried out. The morphological and metrical analyses indicate that 130 dog bone remains have been identifie...
Article
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The Châtelperronian open-air site of Aranbaltza II presents a set of very particular characteristics, such as the large number of well-preserved lithic materials in a small area and the presence of lobular accumulations that represents the 33% of different size and shape of lithic materials of the whole assemblage. Through the application of densit...
Article
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Multiple factors have been proposed to explain the disappearance of Neandertals between ca. 50 and 40 kyr BP. Central to these discussions has been the identification of new techno-cultural complexes that overlap with the period of Neandertal demise in Europe. One such complex is the Châtelperronian, which extends from the Paris Basin to the Northe...
Article
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The Irulegi castle, located at the top of Mountain Iru- legi or Peña de Lakidain (Aranguren, Valley), is one of the most outstanding examples of medieval castles within the Kingdom of Navarre. The castle was built for defensive purposes and to control the surrounding territory between the 11th and early 12th centuries, and it was occupied unine- te...
Article
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LABURPENA. Euskal Herriaren isurialde atlantiarreko landa-espazioaren okupazio eredu nagusia da baserria, sakabanatutako etxe-unitate autonomoz osatua. Azken hamarkadetan, baserriaren arkitektura ikuspegi arkeologiko batetik ikertu da, serie krono-tipologiko zehatzak definituz. Lan honetan, baserriak artikulatzen dituen paisaia kulturalak aztertzea...
Article
Full-text available
We report an archeomagnetic study from the Early Iron Age archeological site of Cerro de San Vicente (Salamanca, Spain). The studied materials were sampled from one roundhouse and its central fireplace, a surrounding burnt floor, and slags with a twofold objective. First, to archeomagnetically determine the last use of the central fireplace, becaus...
Article
Full-text available
– New approach to mineral-magnetic characterization. – Evaluation of factors influencing geophysical results. – Origin of a fringe without magnetic contrast explained by waterlogging.
Article
El Portalón de Cueva Mayor located in the UNESCO World Heritage Centre of Atapuerca, is a unique reference Late Prehistory archaeological site in the Iberian Peninsula, covering some 7 kyr of Holocene occupations. Herein we present the study of lipid residue analyses from 108 pottery sherds coupled with faunal kill-off patterns from the Neolithic,...
Article
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Mountain landscapes reflect the interaction between human groups and their environment. This relation relies on social practices aimed at the appropriation and management of mountain resources, like agriculture, forestry, and husbandry. This paper proposes a reconsideration of mountain landscapes in the Atlantic sector of the Basque Country as high...
Article
Full-text available
The Chalcolithic levels of El Portalón de Cueva Mayor (Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain) offer a good opportunity to test whether the small-mammal contents of different archaeo-stratigraphical units may be useful to characterize them as independent entities. With that purpose, we studied representative samples of small-mammal remains from the two main cont...
Article
Full-text available
Entre los años 2019 y 2020 un equipo de la Sociedad de Ciencias Aranzadi ha llevadoa cabo una serie de trabajos arqueológicos en el poblado de la Edad del Hierro del yacimientode Irulegi, en el municipio de Laquidáin (valle de Aranguren). Durante variascampañas se han realizado prospecciones visuales, prospecciones geofísicas, sondeosgeoarqueológic...
Article
Full-text available
En el marco del proyecto de «Caracterización del macizo y sistema kárstico de Alkerdi, de la cueva de Alkerdi y de su entorno de protección», se procede a la exploración de la cavidad de Alkerdi 2. Las labores coordinadas han permitido identificar un conjunto de arte parietal asociado a evidencias arqueológicas en superficie. El estilo de las grafí...
Article
Full-text available
The Modern period in Europe is marked by the introduction of deep agricultural changes. In the Basque Country (northern Spain), the implantation of an intensive crop rotation was made possible by the expansion of agricultural liming, although the extent and implications of this practice have not been previously explored in depth. The present paper...
Chapter
Full-text available
The ‘Asturian culture’ is an archaeological techno-complex characteristic of the coastal areas of central and eastern Asturias and western Cantabria in northern Spain. Despite a long tradition of research on this archaeological phenomenon, little information has been acquired about domestic structures. Even locations of living areas have been po...
Article
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Speleothems are a recognized source of palaeoclimatic information, but their value as a source of signals from human activities in caves with an archaeological record has rarely been explored. Previous studies of speleothems in the Sierra de Atapuerca karst system (Burgos, northern Spain) revealed an important human fossil record, provided informat...
Article
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Kontinenteen apurketa luzaroan ikertu den prozesu geologikoa da. Rifting deritzon prozesu honek milioika urte irauten ditu eta fenomeno tektoniko honen aztarnak kontinente-ertzetan, mendikateetan eta bestelako ingurune geologikoetan topatzen dira. Plaka tektonikoen banaketaren interpretazioa, ordea, ikertzaileen ulermenaren eta aurrerapen teknologi...
Data
Supporting material of the 'Phyllosilicate-content influence on the spectroscopic properties and antioxidant capacity of Iberian Cretaceous clays' paper. Photographs, IR and EPR spectra and assignments, XRF and ICP-MS analyses and lipid peroxidation scavenging capacity of the sediment samples.
Article
Full-text available
Kaolinite-rich Cretaceous clay sediment samples from Burgos (Spain) have been analyzed by elemental analylis, X-ray fluorescence, inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry, X-ray diffraction and different spectroscopic techniques, as Fourier Transform Infrared, ultraviolet-visible and electron paramagnetic resonance. The clay sediment samples ma...
Chapter
Full-text available
En este trabajo se hace una presentación de las investigaciones arqueológicas desarrolladas en el yacimiento de Aranbaltza (Barrika, Bizkaia), uno de los escasos yacimientos paleolíticos al aire libre conservados en la región cantábrica. Su registro es especialmente rico en ocupaciones realizadas por grupos de neandertales, desde finales del Pleist...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Abstract: The archaeological research at Els Trocs cave is a good example of a successful transdisciplinary project. Together with a great team of specialists in different areas of knowledge, we present an update of our research process. The site is a cave that was occupied for more than two millennia, from the Early Neolithic (the end of the 6th m...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Middle East plays a central role in human history harbouring a vast diversity of ethnic, cultural and religious groups. However, much remains to be understood about past and present genomic diversity in this region. Here, we present for the first time, a multidisciplinary bioarchaeological analysis of two individuals dated to late 7th and early...
Article
Full-text available
During the Early Neolithic in the Near East, particularly from the mid ninth millennium cal BC onwards, human iconography became more widespread. Explanations for this development, however, remain elusive. This article presents a unique assemblage of flint artefacts from the Middle Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (eighth millennium BC) site of Kharaysin in...
Article
The discrimination of wild and domestic forms of animals is crucial to understanding the subsistence strategy of a site's inhabitants. In this study, a metrical analysis was carried out for the taxonomical identification of Bos taurus and Bos primigenius. Abundant bovine bone remains have been recovered from the El Portalón site's Neolithic, Chalco...
Article
Full-text available
Cremation is an unusual burial practice in the Neolithic of the Near East. At Kharaysin, a Pre-Pottery Neolithic site in Jordan, we found a secondary burial with evidence of burnt human bones. This paper assesses (1) the intentionality of fire-induced alterations on human bones, (2) the pre-burning condition of the human remains, and (3) their sign...
Article
The most commonly used paleoclimatic proxies in speleothem studies are the carbon and oxygen stable isotopes and the trace elements of calcite. However, assessing the incorporation of other components, such as organic matter, may also be of interest in interpreting and reconstructing the climate during speleothem growth. In this work, the incorpora...
Article
Full-text available
Submerged sequences of marine terraces potentially provide crucial information of past sea-level positions. However, the distribution and characteristics of drowned marine terrace sequences are poorly known at a global scale. Using bathymetric data and novel mapping and modeling techniques, we studied a submerged sequence of marine terraces in the...
Article
Cremation is a widespread funerary practice that aims to burn the body and create a new appearance of human remains. It has been interpreted as a ritual transition that includes a sequence of acts and processes aimed at commemorating the dead on an individual and collective scale. In the Near East, fire-induced manipulation or cremation was not a u...
Article
Cultural landscapes are the result of human societies interacting with their environment, which is reflected in the onset and evolution of social practices such as settlement and agricultural production. This paper discusses the results of a transdisciplinary research program carried out on the vineyard landscape of the Rioja Alavesa district, one...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this paper we report the results of an archaeomagnetic and rock-magnetic study performed on a set of Ne-olithic and Chalcolithic potsherds from El Portalón de Cueva Mayor site (Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos, Spain) to investigate their thermal history and obtain information about their function during ancient times. Two types of palaeomagnetic beh...
Poster
Full-text available
The last deglaciation (from ≈19 kyr BP to the beginning of the Holocene) is a time interval in which all components of the climate system underwent large-scale changes associated with global warming that led to the end of the last glacial period (Dansgaard et al. ., 1993). Although it is well known that this trend was marked by several heating and...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this work we study the genetic link between calcretes, speleothems and alluvial deposits developed on the epikarst and endokarst of the Nerja Cave (Nerja, Málaga, Spain) and the adjacent Quaternary (Pleistocene) alluvial fan. Field and petrographic observations, and 18O and 13C isotopic data analysis of the host rock, distinct calcrete types a...
Article
Full-text available
The knowledge of climatic and environmental changes at the onset of the Holocene and its impact on human populations and cultures is key for the understanding of their both past and future evolution. In this sense, the study through trenching and cores of the Holocene archaeosedimentary record in the surroundings of the Los Cascajos Neolithic archa...
Article
Full-text available
The Middle East (ME) spans the transition between a temperate Mediterranean climate in the Levant to hyper-arid sub-tropical deserts in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula (AP), with the complex alpine topography in the northeast feeding the Euphrates and Tigris rivers which support life in the Southeastern Fertile Crescent (FC). Climate pro...
Article
Full-text available
Shell midden formation is largely controlled by an- thropogenic processes, resulting from human exploitation of aquatic resources. This makes shell middens archives of both human behaviour and palaeoenvironmental records. However, their often complex stratigraphy hampers the isola- tion of individual anthropogenic events. In the central/ southern c...
Article
Reported here is the first chronostratigraphic study of the Quaternary fluvial terrace deposits of three different valleys (Deba, Nerbioi, Oiartzun) located in the eastern Cantabrian margin (northern Spain), designed to understand long-term fluvial dynamics of this region. Fourteen samples were collected for numerical dating purpose, in the lowest...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Middle East spans the transition between temperate Mediterranean climate in the Levant to hyper-arid sub-tropical deserts in the southern part of the Arabian Peninsula, with the complex alpine topography in the northeast feeding the Euphrates and Tigris rivers which support life in the southeastern Fertile Crescent (FC). Climate projections pre...
Article
Full-text available
In the Eastern margin of the Basque-Cantabrian Basin, fissures filled with sediments crop out in a red Albian-Cenomanian limestone, near the Txoritokieta mount (Errenteria, Gipuzkoa). In this work we study the sedimentology, petrology and tectosedimentary character of fissures and their fills, in order to establish the evolutive sequence of the for...
Article
Full-text available
The construction of rural habitats, as well as the productive spaces linked to them, is a long-term process defined by the intervention of different environmental and anthropic factors. Among the latter, the use of fire plays a major role as a land management strategy. Using a combination of physical (magnetic susceptibility) and chemical (X-ray fl...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the results of a multidisciplinary study of the impact of climate change during the Little Ice Age on a medieval village in Asturias, Spain. The research focused on tracing evidence for a catastrophic flood that buried the village beneath a thick layer of debris, including examining the remains of structures and agricultural lan...
Conference Paper
L´arrivée de l´agriculture et l´élevage, apparait comme une des piliers fondamentaux pour la compréhension de la dynamique historique du Maghreb et sa relation avec l´ensemble des régions méditerranéennes, et en particulier, avec la Péninsule Ibérique. Entre 2011 et 2013 dans le cadre du projet AGRIWSTMED Origins and spread of agriculture in the so...
Article
Full-text available
Electric resistivity tomography (ERT) prospection conducted at the Pre‐Pottery Neolithic site at Kharaysin, Jordan, building on previous surface prospection and excavation, found a number of new sub‐surface anomalies. Subsequent excavations determined that the anomalies corresponded with the stone walls of habitation structures and possibly terrace...
Article
Full-text available
Presentamos el hallazgo de un brazalete de oro encontrado en el sistema kárstico de Cueva Mayor-Cueva del Silo de la Sierra de Atapuerca (Burgos, España). Esta pieza excepcional, se caracteriza tecnológica, cronológica y culturalmente, así como su significado económico e ideológico en el contexto de la tecnología Villena/Estremoz (V/E) del Bronce f...