Enda Murphy

Enda Murphy
University College Dublin | UCD · School of Architecture, Planning & Environmental Policy

PhD

About

116
Publications
70,965
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2,751
Citations
Citations since 2016
45 Research Items
2240 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400

Publications

Publications (116)
Chapter
This chapter provides a considered reflection on the current state of knowledge for SDG partnerships. It does so within the context of the evidence presented in this book and thereafter reflects upon the potential role of global and multi-stakeholder partnerships in implementing the SDGs. In addition, it also critically considers the future of part...
Chapter
This chapter outlines the Irish government’s approach to creating top-down multi-stakeholder partnerships for implementing the UN Sustainable Development Goals. The research presented in the chapter explores the perceptions of non-state actors on the possibilities and barriers of following such a partnership approach in implementing the SDGs in Ire...
Chapter
In this chapter, we provide an overview of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. In doing so, we offer an overview of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and other key elements of the 2030 Agenda. These include a vision, means of implementation, and follow-up and review processes. In addition, we discuss the role of partnerships in t...
Chapter
Quality data collection and distribution are fundamental to SDG achievement. However, the scope of the SDG indicator framework coupled with the potentially conflicting needs of the data producers and data consumers renders the SDGs an unprecedented global data reporting challenge. The magnitude of the challenge is such that international data partn...
Chapter
Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are commonly reported nationally but often implemented locally. The common lack of knowledge about changes or monitoring mechanisms at the local level affects the accuracy of national and global reporting. In this context, local multi-stakeholder partnerships offer two critical opportunities: (1) to raise awaren...
Article
Full-text available
This research contributes to an emerging evidence base that considers a possible relationship between exposure to road traffic noise and mental distress. This study aimed to determine whether chronic exposure to road traffic noise was associated with quality of life or various measures of mental distress. We spatially linked high-quality modelled n...
Article
Full-text available
In 2009 the European Commission sanctioned the development of a new noise calculation method - CNOSSOS-EU - as part of commitments outlined in the Environmental Noise Directive. CNOSSOS-EU aims to develop consistency and cross-national comparability of noise modelling and population exposure results across the EU. This paper assesses the implementa...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on technical and practical approaches for noise abatement. In doing so, a critical overview is provided of the noise action planning process adopted in the EU as part of the Environmental Noise Directive as well as an outline of the typical approaches adopted for noise action planning. The chapter then delineates between source...
Chapter
This chapter offers an introduction to the concept of environmental noise pollution. In doing so, it provides the contextual background for understanding concerns around environmental noise pollution. This includes elucidating variations in the definition of noise vis-à-vis environmental noise. It also provides a reflective introduction to key deba...
Chapter
This chapter describes how the three main modes of transportation – road, rail and air – are accounted for in noise emission calculation models. Each mode is addressed individually and, in each case, the main source mechanisms are identified and described. We refer primarily to the CNOSSOS-EU calculation method to demonstrate how each source is acc...
Chapter
This chapter provides a systematic overview of the existing evidence investigating the health effects of environmental noise. There is now considerable scientific literature linking environmental noise exposure with a wide array of negative health effects. The most significant of these are annoyance and sleep disturbance, and a range of cardiovascu...
Chapter
This chapter provides an overview of the strategic noise-mapping process initiated under the European Environmental Noise Directive (END). Given that the European Union (EU) is the world leader in the area, this chapter focuses on the evolution and development of European environmental noise policy. The principles of the strategic noise mapping pro...
Chapter
This chapter offers reflections on the current state of knowledge in the area of environmental noise pollution. In doing so, it provides an overview of recent progress in understanding environmental noise pollution, its modelling, measurement and assessment as well as its relationship to human health and well-being. In addition, limitations of exis...
Chapter
Historically, noise and technology have been closely related – from assessing, measuring, monitoring and mapping noise, to its control and mitigation as well as engaging the general public. For environmental noise, technology is becoming increasingly important for all these tasks but particularly for passive and dynamic monitoring of noise pollutio...
Chapter
This chapter introduces the basic principles of environmental noise. At the outset, the difference between the terms ‘noise’ and ‘sound’ is discussed followed by the general theory informing the wave motion of sound. Then, key concepts associated with the frequency of sound are presented with an emphasis on how frequency information is represented...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on the assessment of noise from common sources of noise that are not transportation sources. Traditional industrial noise sources are considered but we also discuss other related sources such as port noise, mining noise and noise from construction sites. Further, owing to the increase of prevalence of wind farms around the worl...
Chapter
The usual first step in any environmental noise control study is the development of a strategic noise map to identify areas with excessive noise levels, usually expressed in terms of a single time-averaged noise indicator. There are many different approaches to noise mapping, and this book has summarised the best practices in noise mapping, includi...
Article
Annex III of the Environmental Noise Directive (END), referring to the provision of dose-effect relations for the assessment of harmful effects caused by environmental noise, has been recently amended with the ratification of Commission Directive (EU) 2020/367. It describes how harmful effects from environmental noise may be calculated for ischemic...
Article
Full-text available
Background The World Health Organization published updated Environmental Noise Guidelines in 2018. Included are recommended limit values for environmental noise exposure based on systematic reviews for a range of health outcomes, including cognitive impairment. There is emerging evidence in the literature that chronic exposure to road traffic noise...
Article
Full-text available
European Commission Directive (EU) 2020/367 describes how harmful effects from environmental noise exposure are to be calculated for ischemic heart disease (IHD), high annoyance (HA), and high sleep disturbance (HSD) for road, rail, and aircraft noise under the Environmental Noise Directive's (END) strategic noise mapping process. It represents a m...
Article
Full-text available
Noise pollution is considered to be the third most hazardous pollution after air and water pollution by the World Health Organization (WHO). Short as well as long-term exposure to noise pollution has several adverse effects on humans, ranging from psychiatric disorders such as anxiety and depression, hypertension, hormonal dysfunction, and blood pr...
Article
Full-text available
The United Nations 2030 Agenda emphasizes the importance of multistakeholder partnerships for achieving the 17 UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Indeed, Goal 17 includes a target for national governments to promote multistakeholder partnerships between state and non-state actors. In this paper, we explore how members of civil society organiz...
Preprint
Full-text available
Noise pollution is considered to be the third most hazardous pollution after air and water pollution by the World Health Organization (WHO). Short as well as long-term exposure to noise pollution has several adverse effects on humans, ranging from psychiatric disorders such as anxiety and depression, hypertension, hormonal dysfunction, and blood pr...
Article
Full-text available
Environmental noise mapping has the potential to act as a powerful resource for policymakers as a decision support tool for the mitigation of the negative effects of environmental noise pollution and its impact on public health. The aim of this paper is to review current state-of-the-art developments in how the strategic noise mapping (SNM) process...
Article
The transition path to inclusive and environmentally sustainable economic development must be Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) intensive. As such, we outline an economic framework that demonstrates the need to transform the nature of STI and reorient it towards the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) together with the various public policy...
Article
Full-text available
Over the last decade, resilience has emerged as a key concept in spatial planning theory and practice to understand how places should respond to change in an era marked by insecurity, systemic risks and the coupling of economic uncertainty with global environmental risks. However, commentators have noted that resilience requires further conceptual...
Article
Full-text available
Methodologies employed in the production of systematic reviews used to inform policy must be robust. In formulating the recent World Health Organisation (WHO) Environmental Noise Guidelines for the European Region, seven systematic reviews of evidence were commissioned to assess the relationship between environmental noise exposure and a range of h...
Article
This paper examines the continuing impact of the 2007/08 financial crisis in rural Ireland, examining the vulnerability and coping strategies at the household scale. Therefore, rather than re-examining the causes of the financial crisis, in this paper we seek to focus on the responses to the crisis within rural households, primarily focused on the...
Article
Full-text available
In 2015, the adoption of resolution A/RES/70/1 2030, Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (UN Agenda 2030) was an important statement of future intent for UN member states. The Agenda touches the entire geography of the globe covering potentially all aspects of how society, economy, the environment and the polity are...
Article
The 2008 economic crisis has had significant impacts on labour markets around the world. In Europe, in particular, the need for internal devaluation within European Union nations in financial difficulty precipitated a wave of labour market reforms alongside the reform of welfare systems struggling to cope with high levels of unemployment. Various a...
Article
Full-text available
This paper outlines new indicators for evaluating the probable impacts of introducing different land use/transport policies on the commuting efficiency of a city. It uses Beijing as a case study to describe how smartcard data can be used to derive a large number (n = 216,884, 9% of the population) of bus commuters’ workplace and residential locatio...
Article
Full-text available
Research on neoliberalism tends to conceive of it as fundamentally about ‘free markets’. But this confuses theoretical with actually existing neoliberalism. This article presents a meta-narrative of neoliberalism since the 1970s that conceptualises it as a political economic project seeking to enhance corporate and elite power through market, non-m...
Article
The excess commuting framework has advanced a series of metrics through which a city or a region’s jobs-housing balance and commuting efficiency can be measured. This study seeks to add to the conceptual development and extension of the excess commuting framework. Specifically, it considers the carrying capacity (of links) and related congestion is...
Article
This paper assesses four methods for estimating population exposure to road traffic noise within the terms of the strategic noise mapping process laid down in the Environmental Noise Directive (END). Employing a case study in central Dublin, Ireland, the methods – MAX, MIN, VBEB/CNOSSOS and AVE – are tested utilising the Lden and Lnight indicators....
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to examine rural population/residential movements through a mobilities perspective to provide an inclusive analysis of the diverse processes of movement that (re)produce rural places beyond the dominant counterurbanisation narrative. We seek to contribute to the literature in two ways. Firstly, we examine a sample of rural residents...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a political economic framework for understanding privatization. Its claims are illustrated empirically through examples from contemporary Europe. Theoretically, it starts with the concept of accumulation by dispossession, which refers to the conversion of non-capitalist spaces and practices into the capitalist sphere. This conve...
Conference Paper
This paper assesses four methods for estimating population exposure to road traffic noise within the context of the EU Environmental Noise Directive (END). Employing a case study in central Dublin, Ireland, the methods—MAX, MIN, VBEB/CNOSSOS and AVE—are tested utilising the Lden and Lnight indicators. The study first investigates the extent to whic...
Article
It has been 20 years since the European Commission adopted the Green Paper on Future Noise Policy in 1996, taking the first comprehensive step towards the development of an EU-wide noise policy. This document envisioned a directive that would harmonise methods for the assessment of environmental noise and the dissemination of information to the pub...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
There is growing recognition of the value of using subjective data to assess night-time disturbance from environmental noise. Accordingly, this paper utilises 208 household questionnaire surveys to assess subjective responses to levels of night-time sleep disturbance from four different residential sites. Each residential site is characterised by a...
Chapter
Full-text available
In recent years, attention is drawn to the empirical difference between observed travel patterns and those necessitated by the job and housing distribution in urban areas. In the academic literature, this issue has been investigated extensively within the context of the excess commuting and commuting economy frameworks in city-regions. However, one...
Article
This paper evaluates key indicators of potential changes achieved by new rail investments in transportation-land-use relationships. An enhanced evaluation framework is constructed by combining land development scenarios and a Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) approach to assess the impacts of potential rapid rail investments in the Greater Dublin Area (G...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses the transformations that have taken place in Irish higher education under neoliberalism and, in particular, during the period of austerity since 2008. We adopt a critical political economic framework conceptualizing Ireland as a prototypical neoliberal state and maintain that the period of economic crisis since 2008 has witness...
Article
Full-text available
The role of the planning practitioner has received considerable attention in a diverse range of theoretical and empirical debates within the broad spectrum of planning scholarship from normative debates surrounding the planner’s role in society, to more empirical investigations into the skills, attributes, and evolving nature of planning practition...
Article
The provision of physical and social infrastructure in the form of roads, green spaces and community facilities has traditionally been provided for by the state through the general taxation system. However, as the state has been transformed along more neoliberal lines, the private sector is increasingly relied upon to deliver public goods and servi...
Article
A wave of privatisation is unfolding in Europe in the wake of the financial crisis, but it has yet to receive serious scholarly attention. This paper examines the case of Ireland, where an austerity strategy and European Union International Monetary Fund bailout conditionality have given impetus to the transfer of public assets to the private secto...
Book
Full-text available
From bank bailouts to austerity, Europe's and Ireland's response to the economic crisis has been engineered specifically to shift the burden of paying for the crisis onto ordinary citizens while investors, financiers, bankers and the privileged are protected. The authors expose the class-based nature of Ireland's crisis resolution.
Chapter
As explained in Chapter 2, an important dimension of neoliberalisation is ideological. The crisis in Ireland has provided elites with an opportunity to strengthen their position vis-à-vis ordinary people. This task, however, requires a considerable amount of ideological work in order to contain popular opposition to policies that are not in the com...
Chapter
A core objective of this book has been to demonstrate that neoliberalism is not really about markets; rather, it is about power. There is an over-emphasis on the role of markets and marketisation more generally in contemporary understandings of neoliberalisation processes. We do not disagree with the many scholars who have pointed to the tendency f...
Chapter
This chapter’s first section briefly reviews the development of neoliberalism in Europe and suggests that it has been driven, to a significant extent, by (transnational) industrial and financial interests. The second section discusses how key European rule regimes have been used to discipline and pressurise Ireland to adopt specific neoliberal fisc...
Chapter
The policy of austerity followed by Ireland and Europe over the last several years has received a fair degree of scholarly attention. However, the parallel strategy of privatisation as a response to the economic turbulence in peripheral countries has been neglected. Yet, within the context of neoliberalism and austerity, the conditionality containe...
Chapter
This chapter is focused on the harsh treatment of labour in the aftermath of the Irish crisis. It outlines the extent to which neoliberal logic has played out under post-crash labour market ‘reform’ and ‘restructuring’. The next section describes how, since 2008, labour has been attacked consistently and heavily subdued under government-led post-cr...
Chapter
This chapter identifies Ireland’s most significant encounters with neoliberalism, up until the current crisis. We maintain that there is sufficient evidence to suggest that the historical evolution of neoliberalisation processes conforms, to a large extent, to the template laid down in Chapter 2. Those processes have occurred, on one hand, through...
Chapter
Neoliberalisation has always been about freeing capital from regulatory and institutional constraints. This enables capitalists to gain greater power over not only systems of exchange but also the state itself, and by extension the general population. This chapter demonstrates the role of the taxation system in advancing the neoliberal agenda. Alth...
Chapter
This chapter examines the Irish health care system, its recent proposed reform, and the influence that austerity has had on it. As will be seen, the neoliberal response to the crisis has had particularly negative effects on the quality of health care and its accessibility. The chapter also makes the more fundamental point that the system has always...
Chapter
Full-text available
Neoliberalism has become a relatively popular concept in critical scholarship, having been used in a variety of contexts while taking on a range of meanings (Boas and Gans-Morse, 2009; for surveys, see Saad-Filho and Johnston, 2005b; Roy et al., 2006; Steger and Roy, 2010). In this book, the word is used to refer to a set of ideas and practices who...
Chapter
This chapter describes how the three main modes of transportation – road, rail and air – are accounted for in noise emission calculation models. Each mode is addressed individually and in each case the main source mechanisms are identified and described. To demonstrate how each source is accounted for, the main characteristics of a variety of commo...
Chapter
This chapter provides a systematic overview of the existing evidence investigating the health effects of environmental noise. There is now a considerable literature linking environmental noise exposure with a wide array of negative health effects. The most important of these are annoyance and sleep disturbance, but other emerging effects are potent...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on the assessment of noise from industrial sites. Traditional industrial noise sources are considered but we also discuss other related sources such as port noise, wind farm noise, mining noise and noise from construction sites. Unlike transportation noise sources, it is not possible to model industrial noise sources; there are...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on technical and practical approaches for noise abatement. In doing so, a critical overview is provided of the noise action planning process adopted in the EU as part of the Environmental Noise Directive as well as an outline of the typical approaches adopted for noise action planning. The chapter then delineates between source...
Chapter
This chapter introduces the basic principles of environmental noise. At the outset the difference between the terms ‘noise’ and ‘sound’ is discussed followed by the general theory informing the wave motion of sound. Then, key concepts associated with the frequency of sound are presented with an emphasis on how frequency information is represented i...
Chapter
This chapter provides an overview of the strategic noise mapping process initiated under the European Environmental Noise Directive (END). Given that the European Union (EU) is the world leader in the area, this chapter focuses on the evolution and development of European environmental noise policy. Thereafter, the principles of the strategic noise...
Chapter
This chapter offers an introduction to the concept of environmental noise pollution. In doing so, it provides the contextual background for understanding concerns around environmental noise pollution. This includes elucidating variations in the definition of noise vis-à-vis environmental noise. It also provides a reflective introduction to key deba...
Chapter
This chapter offers reflections on the current state of knowledge in the area of environmental noise pollution. In doing so, it provides an overview of recent progress in understanding environmental noise pollution, its modelling, measurement and assessment as well as its relationship to human health and well-being. In addition, limitations of exis...
Article
There has been significant research undertaken examining the “creative class” thesis within the context of the locational preferences of creative workers. However, relatively little attention has been given to the locational preferences of creative companies within the same context. This paper reports on research conducted to qualitatively analyse...
Article
Existing studies that question the role of planning as a state institution, whose interests it serves together with those disputing the merits of collaborative planning are all essentially concerned with the broader issue of power in society. Although there have been various attempts to highlight the distorting effects of power, the research emphas...
Article
Bicycle-sharing schemes have become an important piece of infrastructure in many cities across the world over the last decade. However, existing research investigating the role and impact of these schemes in cities is sparse. This research analyses the impact of a recently implemented scheme in Dublin, Ireland. Using evidence from 360 questionnaire...
Article
Environmental Noise Pollution: Noise Mapping, Public Health and Policy addresses the key debates surrounding environmental noise pollution with a particular focus on the European Union. Environmental noise pollution is an emerging public policy and environmental concern and is considered to be one of the most important environmental stressors affec...
Chapter
The ideas associated with neoliberalism have become deeply entrenched within state institutions in a large part of the world, and these ideas have a specific political economy. Accompanying them is the notion that the market should discipline the political system (Sager, 2011) and therefore the general population, if we accept the mainstream assump...
Chapter
Full-text available
Notions surrounding ‘creativity’ have become key elements of Dublin’s policy formation over the last decade. Predominantly, this policy focus has been influenced by Richard Florida’s ‘creative-class’ thesis. For Florida (2002), the future of urban economies revolves around the attraction and retention of the ‘creative class’. Loosely speaking, the...
Article
The World Health Organisation has recently acknowledged that contrary to the trend for other environmental stressors, noise exposure is increasing in Europe. However, little research has been conducted on environmental noise exposure to handling activity at shipping ports. This paper reports on research examining the extent of noise exposure for re...
Article
Full-text available
The current economic crisis – the ‘great recession’ – raises numerous questions about neoliberal ideas and practice, not the least of which is whether (and if so, how) neoliberalism can survive it. Our paper takes on these issues using the case of Ireland. This is the first proper neoliberal crisis in Ireland. From the early 1990s to 2008, Ireland...
Data
Explosive volcanism resulting in stratospheric injection of sulfate aerosol is a major driver of regional to global climatic variability on interannual and longer timescales. However, much of our knowledge of the climatic impact of volcanism derives from the limited number of eruptions that have occurred in the modern period during which meteorolog...
Article
Full-text available
Explosive volcanism resulting in stratospheric injection of sulfate aerosol is a major driver of regional to global climatic variability on interannual and longer timescales. However, much of our knowledge of the climatic impact of volcanism derives from the limited number of eruptions that have occurred in the modern period during which meteorolog...
Article
The recent economic crisis has demonstrated the extent to which households are exposed to the financialisation of advanced economies. Much of the debate surrounding the reasons for the crisis has centred on the role of neoliberal policies and particularly lax mortgage lending practices among financial institutions. This paper explores how neolibera...
Article
Numerous recent studies have investigated the relationship between the location of jobs and housing in urban areas and how this relates to urban commuting patterns. Few have utilised the dual of the transportation problem of linear programming (TPLP) to provide insights into these relationships Accordingly, this analysis utilises the TPLP to determ...
Article
The World Health Organisation (WHO) has recently acknowledged that contrary to the trend for other environmental stressors, noise exposure is increasing in Europe. While a considerable amount of research has recently been undertaken assessing the extent of noise from road, rail and air transportation in the EU, relatively little research has been c...
Article
In an effort to alleviate traffic congestion and increase the efficiency of public transport in Dublin’s city centre, a ‘bus gate’ was introduced to one particularly sensitive area in the city centre. The scheme restricts private vehicles from accessing the area during peak traffic hours with the aim of generating significant journey time-savings f...
Article
This paper reports on strategic noise mapping research conducted in Dublin, Ireland. Noise maps are constructed for the day–evening–night-time and night-time periods and levels of population exposure are estimated for the same periods. In methodological terms, the research uses the UK’s calculation of road traffic noise (CRTN) method for calculatin...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Relatively little attention has been given in the planning literature to investigating the nature of legislative change in the planning domain. Utilising a political economy approach, this article analyses recent planning legislative change in the Republic of Ireland. The article argues that changes in planning legislation can be interpreted within...
Article
This paper revisits the notion of random commuting within the excess commuting framework. In doing so, it argues that the average random commute, is a more appropriate basis for measuring the efficiency of urban commuting patterns. Using this as a base, the paper introduces two new measures of commuting efficiency based on measuring the collective...
Article
Relatively little attention has been given in the planning literature to investigating the nature of legislative change in the planning domain. Utilising a political economy approach, this article analyses recent planning legislative change in the Republic of Ireland. The article argues that changes in planning legislation can be interpreted within...
Article
This paper explores issues surrounding the estimation of population exposure data in accordance with EU Directive 2002/49/EC (European Commission 2011) and, in particular focuses on the assessment of night-time noise. It has been identified by many authors that no standardised method for estimating population exposure to noise exists. Thus, results...
Article
The first phase of noise mapping and action planning in Ireland, in accordance with EU Directive 2002/49/EC, is now complete. In total this included one agglomeration, one airport and approximately 600 km of major roads outside the agglomeration. These noise maps describe the level of noise exposure of approximately 1.25 million people. The first p...

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Projects (2)
Project
The purpose of this project is to understand and design a process through which different stakeholders in Ireland can participate in implementing the environmental targets under the UN Sustainable Development Goals.