En Xie

En Xie
Tongji University

About

55
Publications
15,327
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,225
Citations

Publications

Publications (55)
Article
Whereas the damage of bribery on economic development is well recognized, controversy exists regarding whether it can benefit firm-level performance. By integrating the “grease” and “sand” views of bribery, this study offers the novel proposition that even though bribery may provide a means to deal with institutional voids, such that it fosters fir...
Article
This study explores the influence of performance feedback relative to sales growth on emerging economy firms’ (EEFs) outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) in developed and developing economies. It takes a global value chain perspective to examine whether performance feedback motivates EEFs’ location choice for OFDI. Using listed Chinese firms’ d...
Article
This study investigates how performance feedback––the discrepancy between aspiration and actual performance––relates to firms’ relative strategic emphasis on value-creation (VC) versus value-appropriation (VA). With a sample of 7460 firm-year observations collected from 1558 publicly-listed Chinese companies during 2011–2017, we find that negative...
Article
Many firms simultaneously develop multiple alliances with different partners and face the challenges of managing a complex alliance portfolio that contains both strong and weak ties. How does this dispersion of tie strength affect alliance portfolio performance? This study examines the effect of tie strength dispersion on alliance portfolio perform...
Article
In recent decades, emerging economy (EE) firms have taken an aggressive approach to international expansion. Drawing upon option portfolio theory, this study develops the characteristics of the OFDI portfolio based on two attributes of a portfolio and two dimensions of host environments. We examine how the characteristics of the OFDI portfolio dyna...
Article
This study identifies exploratory and exploitative OFDI as two distinct approaches for emerging market (EM) firms to overcome their liability of foreignness in overseas markets. It assesses the performance impacts of both types of OFDI through investigating three sets of questions. (1) What are the differential impacts of exploratory and exploitati...
Article
Repeatedly collaborating with previous partners or following peers' decisions are two primary strategies employed by emerging economy firms in selecting their alliance partners. As a result, the alliance portfolios of firms often feature a high level of ties' repeatedness and partners' social value—the extensiveness of a firm's partners being selec...
Article
Many studies have stated that technological progress is an important driver of carbon dioxide (CO 2) emissions and energy consumption. However, the sectorial differences in the relationship between CO 2 emission and technological progress have been understudied by scholars. This study attempts to fill such gap by empirically investigating the impac...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this study is to investigate how concentrated owners add value to Asian firms. While prior research suggests that relational owners (i.e., business groups, top management team, board, government, banks, families, and corporation) may help firms fill institutional voids, this study proposes that it is transactional owners (i.e...
Article
Integrating the behavioral theory of the firm (the BTF) and the self-enhancement motive of managers, this paper examines how performance feedback—the discrepancy between actual performance and aspiration levels—affects the international expansion of emerging economy firms (EEFs). Empirical results using panel data on 876 publicly-listed Chinese man...
Article
R&D investments are an important precursor to innovation and ultimately affect a firm’s long-term performance. Prior research has treated R&D expenses as static over time, but over the last few years, scholars have switched to a more dynamic perspective of R&D investment. Using data from Chinese listed manufacturing firms, this study investigates t...
Article
Purpose Given that several publicly announced international merger and acquisition deals have been abandoned in recent years, the purpose of this paper is to present a synthesis of influential articles that examine organizational characteristics of cross-border acquisition transactions. The synthesis is framed through general traits and resources,...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to introduce the special issue on state-owned enterprises (SOEs) in the contemporary global business scenario. Against the theoretical background of and the invited themes for the special issue, the paper presents a summary of key findings and practical implications of the accepted papers and suggests future re...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the most interesting research question of the past decade—What Lures the Bears? Leveraging the public sector management and international business strategy literature, the paper first presents an overview of the transformational dynamics of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) in three major phases—institu...
Article
Purpose Nested within the industrial organization and corporate finance literatures, this paper aims to analyze the market for cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&A) in the world economy, developed economies, developing economies, and transition economies. Since multinational companies hold a large proportion of cash reserves and expand into...
Article
Purpose The effect of market orientation (MO) on new product development (NPD) has been widely discussed in recent research. This literature review aims to summarize the theoretical and empirical literature in this field from 1990-2016. Design/methodology/approach A total of 89 articles were published in 15 top management journals over this peri...
Article
Given that global crude oil prices are significantly dropped and business consolidation transactions are markedly increased in recent years, this paper, to date, is the first to examine the cross-border merger and acquisition strategy of oil and gas multinational enterprises. Using a fine-tuned sample of 150 large-scale oil acquisition transactions...
Article
Extant literature exploring the effect of buyer-supplier relationship on information sharing takes a dyadic perspective and overlooks the fact that adjacent relationships play a role in affecting buyer-supplier information sharing. Drawing upon the theory of social conformity, this research tries to reveal the impacts of surrounding buyer-supplier...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines how ties to large-scale state-owned enterprises and ties to banks affect firm performance in emerging economies. The findings, obtained from survey data collected from 208 firms in the Chinese manufacturing industry, indicate that both categories of ties improve firm performance. The value of the two categories of ties changes i...
Article
This article, to date, is the first to consolidate, review, and integrate over 250 earlier studies that examine the country-specific determinants of cross-border mergers and acquisitions. Following 6Ws’ systematic review design and protocol, we survey the taxonomy of research published over the past three decades in international business, strategi...
Article
Drawing upon the behavioral theory of the firm, this study explores the behavioral antecedent of buying firms' decisions in supplier selection through relational referrals, beyond the predominant argument from relational network theory. Centering on the risk and uncertainty of searching for new suppliers, this study attempts to integrate the behavi...
Article
Full-text available
To date, this paper is probably the first to compare Indian and Chinese universities on educational performance metrics such as high-impact research and world university rankings. The study, therefore, examines the current state of higher education, high-impact research metrics, and world university rankings in an emerging market of India. First, w...
Article
Purpose Drawing attention to the significant number of unsuccessful (abandoned) cross-border merger and acquisition (M&A) transactions in recent years, the purpose of this paper is to analyze three litigated cross-border inbound acquisitions that associated with an emerging economy – India, such as Vodafone-Hutchison and Bharti Airtel-MTN deals in...
Article
Traditional political risk theories often focus on a developing host country government's ability to intervene in the activities of foreign multinationals in the extractive or infrastructure sectors. This results in inadequate understanding of (a) how a government's motivation to intervene is influenced by the broader societal context, (b) the impo...
Article
Full-text available
Drawing on the resource-based view and the behavioral theory of the firm, we examine how resources and aspirations affect rapid internationalization of firms from emerging economies. Using a 5-year panel from 257 publicly listed manufacturing firms from China, we find that neither technological resources nor marketing resources—two knowledge-based...
Article
Whereas effective supplier management necessarily involves both partner selection and partner control, extant literature considers each issue separately. With an integrative perspective, this study instead examines the joint effects of two selection mechanisms (i.e., public and social) and two control mechanisms (i.e., contractual and relational) o...
Article
Full-text available
The paper develops a new strategy framework in the enterprise development, especially associated with loss-making firms. A legitimate growth model, contractual buyout is a 'collective ownership and joint administrative policy' in the market for corporate control and also provides an option to buy target firm in a given contract between acquirer, ta...
Article
Full-text available
This paper analyzes the market for cross-border mergers and acquisitions of Asian emerging economy-India during the period 1991–2010. We compare Indian market performance among BRIC economies (Brazil, Russia, and China) for both inbound and outbound acquisitions. To do so, we use statistical data on overseas investment transactions from the UNCTAD'...
Article
Although numerous studies analyze mergers and acquisitions (M&As) in and out of developed economies (DE), a much smaller number of studies focus on M&As in and out of emerging economies (EE). Since there are significant differences in institutional environments, corporate governance practices, and markets between DE and EE, existing knowledge on ac...
Article
Drawing on the strategy tripod perspective, in this study we examine how the performance effect of knowledge creation capability is contingent on key industrial and institutional variables. We find that technological turbulence, competitive intensity and government support all positively moderate the relationship between knowledge creation capabili...
Article
Drawing on organization behavior theory, this study examines how inertia, collective rationality and their interactions affect firms¡¯ partner selection decisions in both emerging and mature market contexts. The empirical study, based on 9314 selections initiated by 61 firms of China in 2005 and 2011, reveals that inertia has a stronger effect than...
Article
External networks provide important knowledge sources of innovation for firms. Drawing on social network theory, this study examines how technological diversity in supplier network influences a focal buyer firm's innovation. The results from a survey of 202 Chinese manufacturing firms and their supplier networks reveal that novel information sharin...
Article
Relational ties between manufacturers and their suppliers serve as an important strategic resource for value creation and realization. However, conflicting evidence exists regarding their role in the acquisition of specific knowledge. This study proposes that relational ties have a nonlinear effect on specific knowledge acquisition and that this no...
Article
Focusing on supplier selection, this article addresses two questions: (1) What are the antecedents that lead to the adoption of various types of selection strategies? (2) What impact do these strategies have on supplier performance? We build a research model showing how both the uncertainty-based and resource-based views drive market-focused and re...
Article
Existing literature has emphasized that leveraging organizational specific advantages across nations and mitigating risk emerging from operating in a single market are two explanations for firms¡¯ international expansions. However, the rapid multinational expansion of emerging-market firms challenges traditional wisdoms, because it is seldom for th...
Article
Drawing on inertia-based model and uncertainty-based perspective, the study examines the factors shaping firms¡¯ preference in exploration in partner selection. Our empirical study based on 514 funds initialed by 62 fund firms during a five years period from 2007 to 2011 in China indicates: (1) inertia in previous partner selection has a significan...
Article
Based on institutional theory, this study investigates the moderating effects of different types of managerial networking (political networking, financial networking, and business networking) on the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation (EO) and new venture performance in China. The study finds that political networking has a negative mo...
Article
Although product innovation is a key tool for firms competing in the marketplace, innovating firms often fail to obtain economic returns from their product innovations. This study examines the moderating effects of legal, marketing, and technological capabilities on the relationship between product innovation and firm performance in different envir...
Article
Lots of studies suggest a positive relationship between entrepreneurial orientation (EO) and firm performance; however, the empirical findings are inconclusive. There are two explanations for the contradictory results: the performance implication of EO is context‐specific and the relationship between EO and performance may be curvilinear. Consulted...
Article
This article builds a model to answer a critical but unsolved research question: What are the resources and/or the resource portfolio firms need to achieve the performance implications of entrepreneurial strategy making (ESM)? Based on a survey of Chinese firms, we find that ESM has a significant positive influence on firm performance. In addition,...
Article
Full-text available
CEO duality, organizational slack, and ownership types have been found to affect firm performance in China. However, existing work has largely focused on their direct relationships with firm performance. Advancing this research, we develop an integrative framework to address an important and previously underexplored question: How do CEO duality and...
Article
This study tests the impacts of environmental uncertainty (market uncertainty, technological uncertainty, and competitive intensity) and firms' capabilities (marketing capability, technological capability, and operations capability) on R&D investment. Based on a survey of Chinese firms, we find that market uncertainty, technological capability, and...
Article
This study examines how local suppliers’ trust towards their foreign buyers is developed in international buyer-supplier cooperation. By identifying cognition- and affect-based trust as two primary dimensions of interfirm trust in international buyer-supplier cooperation, we investigate how the two types of trust are determined by structural and so...
Article
Focusing on long-term buyer–supplier relationships, this article addresses two questions: (1) What are the antecedents that lead to the adoption of formal control, social control, or both? (2) What is the nature of the relationship between formal control and social control - are they substitutes or complements? We develop a model to investigate the...
Article
Sniping agents are increasingly being deployed to assist bidders in acquiring items in online auctions. This paper reviews the extant auction literature and proposes an overarching sniping agent design framework that could potentially increase the commercial viability of snipping agents. For better alignment between the functions of sniping agents...
Article
The conflicting views about the impact of organizational slack on firm performance call for more powerful theoretic lens to explore this link. This study finds that institutional theory is insightful to add a deeper and finer-grained understanding on what is behind the relationship between organizational slack and firm performance during institutio...
Article
Strategic alliance can aid firms to build and sustain their competitive advantages. Firms set up strategic alliance mainly for two purposes: resource acquisition and capability learning. Formal control and social control are two widely adopted control mechanisms to secure the effectiveness of strategic alliance. In this study, we construct a model...
Article
Accurate personal information provision is one of the most important determinants of the commercial development of the Web. However, consumers are usually reluctant to provide personal information or tend to provide false information online because of their concern about privacy violation risks. We employ a 2× 2× 2 experimental design to examine th...

Network

Cited By