Emmanuelle Vaast

Emmanuelle Vaast
McGill University | McGill · Desautels Faculty of Management

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102
Publications
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3,597
Citations

Publications

Publications (102)
Article
This study focuses on algorithmic interactions in open source work. Algorithms are essential in open source because they remedy concerns incompletely addressed by parallel development or modularity. Following algorithmic interactions in open source allows us to map the operational performance of algorithms to understand how algorithms work with mul...
Article
Practice and Policy Oriented Abstract This article views social media for work not only as technologies that enable people to do certain things, but also as contexts with emerging norms and roles in which people participated. As they do so, people are confronted with opportunities and challenges that are inherent to social media polycontextuality,...
Conference Paper
Understanding how online communities sustain their activities is a pressing need in a time where new forms of organizing and knowledge work develop in and through technological platforms. While research on online communities is rich, it is surprisingly disjointed and unable to provide a comprehensive explanation of how an online community achieves...
Conference Paper
We examine the ways AI developers engaged in ethical discourse. AI ethics are defined as values, principles, and techniques that guide moral conduct in developing and deploying AI technologies. Comparing the pluralities of claims about AI ethics among developers, we aim to respond: How do AI developers evaluate their responsibility regarding the so...
Article
Full-text available
In this commentary, we consider the ambivalent role of ubiquitous computing during the COVID pandemic and we point to the risk that some negative, IT-related practices associated with the pandemic will endure after it. We call these lasting effects the digital scars of COVID- 19. The same IT that has positive impacts for some people might have nega...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we build on the longstanding issue of whether and to what extent scholarly research affects stakeholders outside academia and focus on the management and IS fields. We take a practice-based view and build theoretically on the concepts of sites of knowing and knowing in practice. We interviewed experienced practice scholars and review...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we build on the longstanding issue of whether and to what extent scholarly research affects stakeholders outside academia and focus on the management and IS fields. We take a practice-based view and build theoretically on the concepts of sites of knowing and knowing in practice. We interviewed experienced practice scholars and review...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to understand how historical materialities might play a contemporary role in legitimation processes through the memorialization of history and its reproduction in the here-and-now of organizations and organizing. Design/methodology/approach – The authors briefly review the existing Management and Organization...
Article
Full-text available
Online communities rely on the collaborative efforts of their members to function and create value. Yet, the existence of collaboration does not deny that members navigate their way through their interactions also to gain status and power. Through our detailed study of an online collaborative community, we build a theory that explains how online co...
Article
The Cambridge Handbook of Technology and Employee Behavior - edited by Richard N. Landers February 2019
Article
Cambridge Core - Organisation Studies - The Cambridge Handbook of Technology and Employee Behavior - edited by Richard N. Landers
Chapter
De Vaujany et al. examine the relationship between institutional logics, materiality and organizational legitimacy. They analyze how organizations, immersed in a context characterized by competing logics, jointly involve space and institutional logics in their legitimacy claims. To examine the role that material practices play in conveying legitima...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Online communities are sustained with the resources that members bring with them, yet resources such as knowledge and effort are limited. With resources flowing through interactions, we investigate how members decide to spend their limited resources in a way that ensures gained value. We draw on social exchange theory and conversation of resources...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter examines the relationship between institutional logics, materiality and organizational legitimacy. In particular, we try to understand how organizations, immersed in a context characterized by competing logics, jointly involve materiality and institutional logics in their legitimacy claims. We examine the role that material practices p...
Article
This research questions how social media use affords new forms of organizing and collective engagement. The concept of connective action has been introduced to characterize such new forms of collective engagement in which actors coproduce and circulate content based upon an issue of mutual interest. Yet, how the use of social media actually affords...
Article
Open source communities rely on the espoused premise of complete openness and transparency of source code and development process. Yet, openness and transparency at times need to be balanced out with moments of less open and transparent work. Through our detailed study of Linux Kernel development, we build a theory that explains that transparency a...
Article
Full-text available
Legitimacy and legitimation practices are key constructs in the neo-institutional literature. So far, much scholarship has drawn on ideational and discursive approaches of legitimation. Yet, the organizational world has become increasingly iconographical, and visuals seem to have been at the core of contemporary legitimacy claims. This research inv...
Article
This paper builds a process theory of how participants in an online community deal with a new identity threat. Based upon the in-depth, interpretive case study of an online community of retail bankers, it develops a grounded theory that reveals that participants in an online community deal with new taint by protecting their occupation's identity bu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A number of crowdfunding platforms have emerged in recent years, reaching 800 in 2012. However, these platforms have arisen in different countries and contexts, subject to different institutional norms and logics. The perceived affordances of crowdfunding are affected by these differing contexts and these institutional norms and logics may act as c...
Article
Recent crises as well as the rise of social media have made it especially theoretically and topically important to understand how grassroots actors, i.e. actors who are not institutionally recognized and established, frame a crisis. This research contrasts and relates grassroots actors’ to established actors’ framing (e.g. media and social movement...
Book
Full-text available
Sociomaterial research overcomes the dichotomy between social and material worlds by concentrating on organizational practices. These practices are constituted by, but also produce, material and social dynamics. This research is currently having an important impact in management studies and adopts a subjective investigation of time to explore mater...
Book
In this chapter, the authors propose a theoretical lens to critically examine the iconographies of contemporary organizations. In doing so, they seek to understand how iconographies can be used to legitimize organizations. They distinguish between two iconographies – ‘image-object’ and ‘screen-object’ – and examine how they are intricately related...
Article
Full-text available
Organizational spaces project claims of organizational legitimacy while also constituting physical environments where work happens. This research questions how organizational space and legitimacy are mutually constituted over time as organizations experience shifts in work and institutional demands. Building on a qualitative case study of Paris Da...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Crowd funding has been embraced by entrepreneurs across the globe as an alternative to traditional sources of funding. However, it is not clear that ICT entrepreneurs in Sweden have embraced it as warmly, despite the potential benefits it offers. This paper explores this empirical puzzle in light of two complementary theoretical literatures: instit...
Chapter
Throughout this book, our contributors have proposed several important concepts to make sense of the materiality and the material dynamics in organizations and organizing: standards and standardization processes (JoAnne Yates, Nadine Arnold), affordance (Emilie Bérard), iconography (Francois-Xavier de Vaujany and Emmanuelle Vaast), presentism and h...
Chapter
Full-text available
The "materialization of time" (i.e. time as an independant, pre-existing flow expecting its materization) or "time as a materialization" (i.e. the process of materizalization itself as a temporalization) are two tropisms at stake in the literature about materiality and time. In this chapter, we discuss the issue of time, history and materiality in...
Chapter
Contemporary organizations have increasingly relied on “performative imagery” (Quattrone et al., 2012; Rose & Tolia-Kelly, 2012). This trend towards distributed, immaterial, and virtual organizations (Desanctis & Monge, 1999; Griffith et al., 2003), visual branding (Davison, 2009), as well as the development of tertiary, knowledge-oriented cities a...
Book
Throughout this book, our contributors have proposed several important concepts to make sense of the materiality and the material dynamics in organizations and organizing: standards and standardization processes (JoAnne Yates, Nadine Arnold), affordance (Emilie Bérard), iconography (Francois-Xavier de Vaujany and Emmanuelle Vaast), presentism and h...
Book
Sociomaterial research overcomes the dichotomy between social and material worlds by concentrating on organizational practices. These practices are constituted by, but also produce, material and social dynamics. This research is currently having an important impact in management studies and adopts a subjective investigation of time to explore mater...
Chapter
Full-text available
The "materialization of time" (i.e. time as an independant, pre-existing flow expecting its materization) or "time as a materialization" (i.e. the process of materizalization itself as a temporalization) are two tropisms at stake in the literature about materiality and time. In this chapter, we discuss the issue of time, history and materiality in...
Article
This paper examines how a new actor category may emerge in a field of discourse through the new media of the Internet. Existing literatures on professional and organizational identity have shown the importance of identity claims and of the tensions surrounding "optimal distinctiveness" for new actors in a field, but have not examined the roles of n...
Article
This paper relies upon an in-depth case study in order to develop a theory of Information Technology (IT) fashion entrepreneurship, i.e. the discursive practices that a proponent of a new IT innovation concept – what we call an IT fashion entrepreneur – develops to generate and sustain the popularity and institutionalization of the innovation. Buil...
Article
This paper examines how organizations perceive affordances of social media and how they react to their employees' use of social media through policies, a key means of organizational governance. Existing literature identified 4 affordances - visibility, persistence, editability, and association (between people and between people and information) - a...
Article
https://misq.org/skin/frontend/default/misq/pdf/appendices/2017/V41I4Appendices/07_13068_RA_Sergeeva.pdf Information and Communication Technology‐enabled Development (ICT4D) discourse relies upon the idea that ICTs can foster development in particular by encouraging wider participation in development initiatives. In this paper, we question how the...
Article
Electronically mediated social contexts (EMSCs), in which interactions and activities are largely or completely computer-mediated, have become important settings for investigation by Information Systems (IS) scholars. Owing to the relative novelty and originality of EMSCs, IS researchers often lack existing theories to make sense of the processes t...
Article
While an increasing number of crowdfunding platforms, growing interest by the media, and government actions fuel the crowdfunding momentum worldwide, it remains unclear whether this new, technologically-enabled, funding model will become fully embraced by entrepreneurs as a viable alternative to traditional funding models. In fact, in Sweden severa...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the fabric of authorized discourses about Information Technology (IT), i.e. of “organizing visions” (OVs), through the investigation of the discourses, practices, and sociomaterial contexts that make up their micro-social underpinnings. The case of a trade show allows us to explore the production of everyday discourses and pract...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Crowdfunding has been embraced by entrepreneurs across the globe as an alternative, and well-publicized, source of start-up financing. In Sweden, despite the apparent benefits of crowdfunding, high levels of internet connectivity and a reputation for producing global ICT entrepreneurs, crowdfunding has not (yet) been embraced among ICT entrepreneur...
Conference Paper
: Performativity is at the heart of numerous works in management and organization studies. In this article, we focus on the way that information technologies are made socially and materially visible, i.e. “performed”, through discourses in the pre-adoption phase. During this phase, organizations have very little information and experience in regard...
Article
This paper concentrates on a major concern in the IS field - theory building - and couples it with a major development in our field, social media-related environments, to consider how we might build theory, using digital texts, within the case study methodology. The growing popularity and constant innovations of social media platforms and applicati...
Article
The rise of microblogging has drastically transformed the ways in which people become aware of, talk about, experience, and respond to crises. Microblogging allows for multiple stakeholders to express and manage emotions that a crisis may trigger. This research examines how multiple stakeholders engage in emotion strategies through microblogging ov...
Article
Full-text available
The Millennium Summit in 2000 established the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which were agreed upon by 193 countries and 23 international organizations to combat extreme poverty and other pressing global priorities for human development. In the December 2011 issue of CPPM, Borda-Rodriguez and Huzair present an analysis of the close ties and s...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We review three sociological theories of technology innovation and diffusion, which highlight the importance of discourses on the social shaping and trajectory of IT innovations. We consider how key concepts of each theory are applicable to understanding Green IT as an area of innovation. We highlight how these theories might inform action in this...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper asks: "How can we better understand the nature of entrepreneurship in the digital economy?" It posits the following arguments. First, entrepreneurship in the digital economy entails three distinct, yet interrelated, types of opportunities: business, knowledge and institutional. The knowledge intensive and disruptive nature of IT requires...
Conference Paper
End-user driven technologies, such as social media, have dramatically changed organizations' innovation processes. In these new contexts, organizational decision makers have to contend with a de facto adoption of new technologies that they have yet to understand fully. In order to contribute to the understanding of these new contexts and their impl...
Article
This paper investigates the practice-based learning dynamics that emerge among peers who share occupational practices but do not necessarily work with each other or even know each other because of geographical or organizational distance. To do so, it draws on the literatures on situated learning, networks of practice, and information infrastructure...
Article
Web logs, or ldquoblogs,rdquo are fast developing in diverse social and business contexts as influential sources of discourse, knowledge, and community development. In this paper, we investigate an aspect of blogging highly relevant to professional communication: the fast-developing world of ldquotech blogging.rdquo Tech blogs are blogs that focus...
Conference Paper
Discourse plays an important role in innovation and the diffusion of technology. Various types of actors act as knowledge entrepreneurs to collectively build this discourse. This paper examines the emergence of a new type of actor, tech bloggers, within technology discourse communities. Tech bloggers are authors of web logs focused on developments...
Conference Paper
This paper examines the following question: How do government organizations become more “post-bureaucratic” with web-based IT projects? It draws on evolutionary thinking to conceptualize processes of change in government organizations as involving sequences of variation, selection, and retention as well as to identify various sources of change: int...
Article
Purpose – To investigate the presentation of self of participants in occupational online forums. Design/methodology/approach – Interpretation of more than 300 profiles of participants to a banking-related occupational online forum based on Goffman's seminal analysis of presentation of self and on the literature on mystification and fragmentation in...
Article
Based on the analysis of 180 profiles from an online occupational forum and more than 1,600 related postings, this research shows that people build a consistency between presentation of self and contributions to electronic networks of practice, i.e. web-based environments in which people can share experiences and get advice from peers.
Article
This paper investigates the social representations of Information Systems (IS) security of different communities working in a healthcare organization. It considers questions of IS security as socially constructed and dependent on how people make sense of their context of work.The social representations perspective presented in this paper is especia...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates when and how online practices (i.e. practices of management and use of web-based Information Technology) impact offline practices (i.e. regular work practices and communication patterns) within a bureaucratic environment. A case study of implementation and use of a Knowledge Management System by members of a network of pract...
Article
More and more people take part in virtual environments in which they present a virtual selfan online profile that indicates key information about them to other participants and viewers. This research investigates how people present themselves in the virtual yet work-related environments of occupational online forums. To do so, the research analyzes...
Article
Full-text available
P> This paper examines how information technology (IT) transforms relations across fields of practice within organizations. Drawing on Bourdieu's practice theory, we argue that the production of any practice involves varying degrees of embodiment (i.e., relying on personal relationships) and objectification (i.e., relying on the exchange of objects...
Article
Increasingly, firms source more complex and strategic as well as harder to codify IT projects to low cost offshore locations. Completing such projects successfully requires close collaboration among all participants. Yet, achieving such collaboration is extremely difficult because of the complexity of the context - multiple and overlapping boundari...
Article
Full-text available
This paper details a longitudinal interpretative field study of an Information Technology (IT) organization in which a new Chief Information Officer (CIO) implemented a major organizational redesign. The redesign increased the degree of codification in activities of the IT organization so as to control, coordinate, and deliver services more cost ef...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates how an organizational competence in boundary spanning emerges in practice by drawing on the concepts of boundary spanner and boundary object. Using data from two qualitative field studies, we argue that in order for boundary spanning to emerge a new joint field of practice must be produced. Our data illustrate that agents pa...
Article
Full-text available
The implementation of new information technology (IT) often aims at transforming work practices. The information systems (IS) literature has detailed numerous cases of reproduction or changes of practice associated with IT use. The literature has also drawn from the practice and structurationist perspectives to suggest that changes in practice are...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper draws on Bourdieu's theory of practice and on observations from a qualitative case study to investigate how the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) affects boundary-spanning practices inside organizations. To understand boundary-spanning practices, we distinguish between collaborative and transactive practices, where...
Article
Communities of practice are highly situated and, yet, networks of practice supposedly connect them. Assuming the situated dimension of work and identity in communities of practice, how may dispersed agents be connected, and how may the features of communities of practice be extended from the local to the network level? This article proposes that th...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge Management (KM) literature has centrally focused onorganization's ability to build practices that integrate diverseexpertise across professional, organizational, industry and otherboundaries. In this paper we investigate how an organizationalcompetence in boundary spanning emerges in practice. We draw on theconcepts of boundary spanner an...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores the different social structures coexisting within a biology laboratory. This work draws upon an empirical study and the results are analysed using the social network analysis toolbox. We evidence that actors form links between them in order to carry out cognitive activities. Depending on the content of this activity, resulting n...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper makes the case for the application of the dual methodology in the IS field. Leonard-Barton (1988) has initially used this design to investigate innovation processes. A research project devoted to organizational impacts of intranet practices provides an illustration of the appeal of the method in our discipline. The dual methodology combi...
Article
Cet article s'intéresse aux utilisations d'intranets par les membres de communautés de pratique à partir de quatre études de cas. Les usages d'un intranet renforcent les principales dimensions d'une CP, s'inscrivent progressivement dans son fonctionnement et la transforment.Les utilisations des intranets favorisent également l'imbrication de commun...
Article
(Progressive) evolutions and (radical) revolutions characterise the temporal paths of intranets in French firms. Based on the results of 12 case studies, this research has adopted a dynamic perspective. It has focused on the implementation and subsequent evolution of intranets, the ways they are shaped by and impact diverse aspects of organisationa...
Article
Full-text available
Imperfect measurement of uncertainty (deeper uncertainty) in climate sensitivity is introduced in a two-sectoral integrated assessment model (IAM) with endogenous growth, based on an extension of DICE. The household expresses ambiguity aversion and can use robust control via a `shadow ambiguity premium' on social carbon cost to identify robust clim...

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