Emmanuelle Stoetzel

Emmanuelle Stoetzel
French National Centre for Scientific Research | CNRS · Histoire Naturelle de l'Homme Préhistorique - UMR 7194

PhD

About

147
Publications
29,345
Reads
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1,484
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2016 - present
CNRS
Position
  • Chargée de Recherche
July 2014 - February 2015
University of Bordeaux
Position
  • PostDoc Position
July 2013 - June 2014
Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (147)
Article
Full-text available
Rapid phenotypic evolution is observed in response to rapid environmental changes. These phenotypic variations can occur at different scales, from the population to the community. We intended to characterize these multiscale phenotypic responses in rodents from the archaeological site El Harhoura 2 (Rabat, Morocco), dated from the Late Pleistocene...
Article
Full-text available
Located at the crossroads between Africa, Europe and Asia, the Southern Caucasus is a prime location to study occupations by H. heidelbergensis, H. neanderthalensis and anatomically modern humans. Azokh Cave is an important site for the understanding of human evolution in its archaeological, palaeontological, environmental and ecological context. T...
Article
The Guenfouda cave, located in eastern Morocco, has yielded an abundant macro- and microvertebrate fauna associated with a rich lithic industry attributed to several cultures (Middle Stone Age, Later Stone Age and Neolithic). Among the microfauna, on the basis of new morphological and biometric data of the upper and lower first molars, we identifie...
Article
Full-text available
The olive tree was an iconic plant for most of the past Mediterranean civilizations, for which it had important economic value. Here we report the earliest use of fruits and wood from olive trees in Africa so far, around 100,000 years ago. These findings suggest the presence of olive trees on the Atlantic coast of Morocco during most of the last gl...
Article
Full-text available
North African coastal Middle Stone Age (MSA) sites are key to study the development and expansion of early H. sapiens. El Mnasra cave on the Atlantic coast of Morocco (Té mara region) is a crucial site associated with MSA archaeological materials considered advanced cognitive hallmarks of behavioural innovation, such as numerous Nassar-iidae perfor...
Preprint
Full-text available
To reconstruct the paleoenvironmental and chronological context of archaeological/paleontological sites is a key step to understand the evolutionary history of past organisms. Commonly used method to infer paleoenvironments rely on varied proxies such as faunal assemblages and isotopes. However, those proxies often show some inconsistencies. Regard...
Article
Full-text available
Paleo- and neo-taphonomic analyses of bone assemblages rarely consider all the occurring taxa in a single study and works concerning birds of prey as accumulators of microvertebrate bone remains mostly focus on small mammals such as rodents and soricomorphs. However, raptors often hunt and consume a large range of taxa, including vertebrates such a...
Chapter
The Paleolithic site of Mutzig, discovered by chance in 1992 (Sainty 1992), has been the focus of several excavations since 2009. Located in Alsace (Bas-Rhin, France), it is presently one of only a handful of sites reliably attributed to the Mid- dle Paleolithic in this area, thus providing rare evidence for a zone still relatively unknown for Earl...
Article
By producing pellets rich in micromammal remains, owls are important contributors to small vertebrate accumulations in archaeological sites. Neotaphonomic studies are necessary to evaluate predation and fossilization biases before using pellet-derived assemblages to assess palaeoenvironmental reconstructions and micromammal community changes in pli...
Article
Performance traits implicated in feeding interact directly with the environment and are consequently relevant ecological indicators. However, they have rarely been used to better understand palaeoenvironmental variation. Here, we evaluate the usefulness of a performance (i.e. functional) trait, estimated bite force, in reconstructing the palaeoecol...
Article
The apparently regular and favourable climate that characterizes the Holocene as an interglacial period shows, however, important climatic instability well documented in the Northern Hemisphere. These fluctuations from colder to warmer or wetter to drier affected both biodiversity and human societies in the last 12,000 years, although the impact in...
Article
The Middle East, specially the Zagros region, lies in a strategic position as a crossroads between Africa, Europe and eastern Asia. The landscape of this region that prevailed around the Neanderthal and anatomically modern human occupations is not well known. Only a few sites have been studied in detail in this area, often providing only a faunal l...
Article
A small collection of bats composed of six species from Dire Dawa area, eastern Ethiopia, is presented. Besides three species previously known in the region, Rousettus aegyptiacus, Epomophorus minimus and Chaerephon pumilus, three bats were newly documented from the area, Rhinopoma microphyllum, R. cystops and Scotophilus leucogaster. R. microphyll...
Article
Situated at the crossroad between Africa, Asia and Europe, the Middle East is an important region for the knowledge of human and mammal migrations. Among mammals, fossil small mammals are good proxies for palaeoenvironmental reconstructions, and can also play the role of markers of prehistoric movements. In the aim to better characterize the origin...
Article
Northwestern Africa is today characterized by high geographical, climatic and ecological diversity; it is recognized as a hotspot of biodiversity and a major area for both human and faunal evolution. Studies of North African fossil microvertebrates have increased considerably in recent years, but they no longer just provide palaeontological descrip...
Book
Full-text available
This work globally describes about a hundred valid species having existed at historical time on the present territory of the Kingdom of Morocco. Among them, eight have already gone extinct, two have not recently been observed and are on the verge of extinction, two are critically endangered, and several others are threatened with extinction either...
Chapter
Full-text available
Révélé par l’érosion littorale à la fin des années 1960, le site du Rozel (Manche) correspond à un ensemble d’occupations néandertaliennes conservées dans un massif dunaire implanté dans une crique au pied d’une falaise de schiste, topographie favorable au retour périodique des paléolithiques. L’érosion s’intensifiant, une fouille de sauvetage est...
Article
Full-text available
Most small terrestrial vertebrate accumulations in archaeological and palaeontological sites result from predation but we are far from having an exhaustive knowledge of modern predators’ diet, ecological niches and bone modification patterns especially in North African sites. The few neotaphonomic referentials available result from taxon-specialize...
Presentation
Marie-Galante Island (Guadeloupe, French West-Indies) has recently been the object of several paleontological investigations in order to characterize the evolution of its terrestrial vertebrate paleobiodiversity during the last 40 000 years. This paper consists in a synthesis these recently obtained results obtained by crossed studies of several la...
Chapter
III. Assessment of the research on Quaternary micromammals and herpetofauna in France Microvertebrates are often found in abundance in Quaternary archaeological and palaeontological sites, and bring numerous information on the age of a sequence, the taphonomic context, the palaeoenvironments, the anthropisation of the habitats, the human subsistenc...
Chapter
Full-text available
Les micromammifères sont souvent retrouvés en abondance dans les sites archéologiques et paléontologiques quaternaires et fournissent de nombreuses informations sur l,âge d'une séquence, le contexte taphonomique, les paléoenvironnements, l'anthropisation des milieux, la subsistance humaine, ainsi que sur certains aspects symboliques. Tous ces aspec...
Article
North Africa is now recognized as a major area for the emergence and dispersal of anatomically modern humans from at least 315 kya. The Mediterranean Basin is thus particularly suited to study the role of climate versus human-mediated changes on the evolutionary history of species. The Algerian mouse (Mus spretus Lataste) is an endemic species from...
Article
Given its proximity to the Strait of Bab el Mandeb and the Red Sea, the Horn of Africa is particularly important for understanding human and faunal migration events to and from Africa. Towards the end of the Pleistocene, the Middle/Later Stone Age (MSA/LSA) transition represents a critical step in human cultural evolution. However, in the Horn of A...
Article
In archaeological sites, large, medium and small vertebrate remains may have been accumulated either by humans, by non-human predators, or both. It is now assumed that neo-taphonomic referentials are essential to contribute to characterizing the accumulators of fossil assemblages. However, such reference data are lacking for many areas (such as Nor...
Article
Full-text available
Most small terrestrial vertebrate accumulations in archaeological and palaeontological sites result from predation but we are far from having an exhaustive knowledge of modern predators’ diet, ecological niches and bone modifcation patterns especially in North African sites. The few neotaphonomic referentials available result from taxon-specialized...
Article
Full-text available
There is limited available data on the environmental context of the arrival of the first anatomically modern humans (AMH) in North Africa, and subsequent Paleolithic and Neolithic occupations within this region. Microvertebrates such as rodents, shrews, amphibians, and squamates are known to be good indicators of climate and landscape changes. They...
Article
Full-text available
In North Africa, the rodents of the species complex Meriones shawii-grandis have a considerable ecological, economic and epidemiological importance. Until now, the systematics of these species was subject to discussion due to the presence of populations displaying high morphological variability. By means of an approach of traditional morphometrics...
Article
Full-text available
In the last decade, research conducted in North Africa, particularly in northwestern Africa, has shed light on the key role that the region has played in improving our understanding of human evolution. Specifically, (1) the increased number of direct dates obtained with new methods has pushed back the age of the Aterian (~ 150,000 to 40,000 BP); (2...
Article
Fossil teeth are used for palaeoenvironmental reconstructions. Among the criteria used, the geochemical composition is favoured, because it is said that the enamel is exempt from diagenetic changes. The combined microstructural and chemical analyses of rodent incisors from the cave of El Hahroura 2 (Morocco, Middle Palaeolithic–Neolithic) using sca...
Article
Rodents of the Meriones shawii/grandis complex have been attested to in North Africa since the Middle Pleistocene and are abundant in archaeological sites. Today, they are widely spread and represent a major pest to local human populations. This complex, therefore, represents an accurate model for investigating the roles of climate change and human...
Article
Dating the earliest human occupations in Western Europe and reconstructing links with climatic and environmental constraints is a central issue in Quaternary studies. Amongst the discovery of Palaeolithic artefacts ascribed to the Early Pleistocene in southeast Britain and central France the Somme Basin, where the Acheulean type-site Amiens Saint-A...
Article
Small vertebrates, and especially rodents, are known to be good indicators of past climate and landscape changes. In Europe, models were elaborated on the basis of faunal associations, more particularly on rodents such as Arvicolinae, in order to assess temperature and vegetation changes over time. Among the different methods, the transfer function...
Article
Small vertebrates, and especially rodents, are known to be good indicators of past climate and landscape changes. In Europe, models were elaborated on the basis of faunal associations, more particularly on rodents such as Arvicolinae, in order to assess temperature and vegetation changes over time. Among the different methods, the transfer function...
Article
Full-text available
We present a cost-effective metabarcoding approach, aMPlex Torrent, which relies on an improved multiplex PCR adapted to highly degraded DNA, combining barcoding and next-generation sequencing to simultaneously analyze many heterogeneous samples. We demonstrate the strength of these improvements by generating a phylochronology through the genotypin...
Article
Full-text available
Stoetzel E., Fraysse A., Grouard S., Bochaton C., Gala M., Lenoble A. & Denys C. This study presents new information on the diet of Tyto insularis in Dominica, Lesser Antilles. The study of 57 pellets and bulk material collected in 1999 (23) and 2000 (34) contained 517 prey items of relatively high diversity. These included squamates (2 species),...
Article
Palaeoenvironmental data and climatic reconstructions show that the Mediterranean ecoregion of North Africa underwent drastic ecological changes during the Pleistocene. Given its rich palaeontological record, North Africa is a pertinent region for documenting the role of climate change and human mediated-habitat changes on the demography and geneti...
Article
Available evidence indicates that climate in North Africa has varied strongly since the Last Interglacial between periods of humidity and aridity. Here we sought to develop an independent proxy for past humidity shifts in Mediterranean NW Africa over the last 125 ka using stable oxygen and carbon isotope from Gerbillinae (gerbil) teeth. A modern st...