Emmanuel Serrano

Emmanuel Serrano
Autonomous University of Barcelona | UAB · Wildlife Ecology & Health group (WE&H) and Servei d'Ecopatologia de Fauna Salvatge (SEFaS)

PhD
Ramón y Cajal Felowship

About

568
Publications
81,753
Reads
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2,757
Citations
Introduction
Dr. Emmanuel SERRANO leads the Wildlife Ecology & Health (WE&H) group and is a member of the SEFaS at the UAB. He is a wildlife ecologist and his research integrated different disciplines to address wildlife disease and management issues. I am particularly committed to understanding the impact of pathogen comunities and food shortages on wildlife populations. Understanding the role of ungulates as ecosystem engineers is my research agenda.
Additional affiliations
January 2018 - February 2023
Autonomous University of Barcelona
Position
  • Fellow
Education
January 2000 - November 2004
Universidad de Jaén
Field of study
  • Wildlife Management
September 1996 - January 2000
Universidad de Jaén
Field of study
  • Biology
September 1993 - June 1996
University of Granada
Field of study
  • Biology

Publications

Publications (568)
Article
Full-text available
The Iberian ibex is one of the most singular species of the Iberian Peninsula. Throughout the years, this species suffered several threats which led the population to its decline. Many reintroductions and translocations were made, however, none of those actions took into account the genetic patterns of both reintroduced individuals and the target p...
Article
Full-text available
Microsporidia comprises a diverse group of obligate, intracellular, and spore-forming parasites that infect a wide range of animals. Among them, Enterocytozoon bieneusi is the most frequently reported species in humans and other mammals and birds. Data on the epidemiology of E. bieneusi in wildlife is limited. Hence, E. bieneusi was investigated in...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Wild boar (Sus scrofa) populations are increasing globally, accompanied by growing synurbization in cities such as Barcelona (Spain). Synurbization increases wild boar aggregation, contact rates and close interactions with humans, with the consequent risk of pathogen transmission, generating a new human-wild boar interface and creating public and a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Wild boar populations have dramatically increased in both number and range in the last six decades. This process, along with the growth of metropolitan areas, has led to an increase in the occurrence of human-wildlife conflicts, including vehicle collisions, attacks on people, and the risk of zoonoses. Population control is the main management stra...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The progressive habituation of wild boar (Sus scrofa) to use urban anthropogenic resources has increased the number of roaming wild boar in peri-urban areas of Barcelona (Spain). In this human-wildlife coexistence scenario, wild boar lose fear of humans, and humans in turn become habituated or sensitized to wild boar. In this process of "reciprocal...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Trophic rewilding is considered a valuable conservation tool and a welcome initiative towards the restoration of trophic chain interactions under an ongoing scenario of biodiversity loss. Despite being a common practise worldwide, there is lack of scientific evidence regarding the ecological consequences of trophic rewilding, which may result in un...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The stability of plant-insect interactions is fundamental to assure the pollination function in natural ecosystems. Likewise, identifying keystone plant species is one of the main challenges of network ecology, with important repercussions for management of ecosystems under severe anthropogenic disturbance. Here, we monitored pollinator visits to f...
Article
Chytridiomycosis, caused by Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (Bd) and Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans (Bsal), has had an unprecedented impact on amphibian biodiversity. Although Bd is globally widespread, Bsal is currently spreading, increasing the probability that these pathogens will co-occur in individual amphibians. Interactions among coinfecti...
Article
2 The chamois Rupicapra spp. is the most abundant mountain ungulate of Europe and the Near East, where it occurs as two species , the northern chamois R. rupicapra and the southern chamois R. pyrenaica. Here, we provide a state-of-the-art overview of research trends and the most challenging issues in chamois research and conservation, focusing on t...
Article
Full-text available
Sarcoptic mange is considered the main driver of demographic declines occurred in the last decades in Iberian ibex (Capra pyrenaica) populations. Mass treatment campaigns by administration of in-feed acaricides are used as a measure to mitigate the impact of mange in the affected populations. However, there are no data on ivermectin (IVM) pharmacok...
Article
Shifts in animal husbandry and landscape use have significantly changed ungulate grazing effects on ecosystem functioning. These changes are now the subject of extensive research with respect to plant and soil communities, but the results of these studies are highly varied and context dependent. The objective of this study is to address contextual...
Article
Full-text available
Despite public concern on the role of free-roaming cats as reservoirs of zoonotic agents, little is known about the influence of urban and peri-urban landscapes on the exposure risk. We evaluated the seroprevalence of three zoonotic agents (Chlamydia felis, Coxiella burnetii and Toxoplasma gondii) in domestic cats (Felis catus). Two hundred and nin...
Article
Full-text available
Invasive rodents have a detrimental impact on terrestrial ecosystem functioning, this is often exacerbated on small islands. Rat eradication campaigns are often used to deal with this environmental perturbation given their classification as invasive species. Studies assessing the effects of rodent control at ecosystem scale are scarce and thus litt...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The INCREMENTO project attempts to evaluate the consequences of a progressive increase of wild ungulate (red deer, Cervus elaphus) abundance on the structure and functioning of two Mediterranean environments (Quintos de Mora, Toledo and Muela de Cortes, Valencia). We are conducting a manipulative approach based on the release of herds of female red...
Article
Alpine grasslands are essential for carbon sequestration and food supply for domestic and wild herbivores inhabiting mountainous areas worldwide. These biomes, however, are alternatively threatened by the abandonment of agricultural and livestock practices leading to a fast-growing shrubification process while other mountain grasslands are sufferin...
Article
Full-text available
Background Herbivores modify the structure and function of tundra ecosystems. Understanding their impacts is necessary to assess the responses of these ecosystems to ongoing environmental changes. However, the effects of herbivores on plants and ecosystem structure and function vary across the Arctic. Strong spatial variation in herbivore effects i...
Conference Paper
Estudio de la frescura de las heces como factor determinante en la vigilancia de las nematodosis gastrointestinales en el ciervo rojo (Cervus elaphus)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The main challenges in studies of immune function in natural populations are focused on deciding which immune parameters best estimate the response of animals to pathogens. As a proxy of individual innate immunity, in this study we develop the Bacterial Killing Assay (BKA) technique to evaluate the in vitro antimicrobial capacity of plasma from a c...
Article
Background: Sarcoptic mange is a globally distributed parasitic disease caused by the burrowing mite Sarcoptes sca-biei. This mite has a certain degree of host specificity, although interspecific transmission can occur among phyloge-netically related species or through prey-predator mediated exposure. In 2018, a wild boar (Sus scrofa) with lesions...
Article
Full-text available
Background Sarcoptic mange is a globally distributed parasitic disease caused by the burrowing mite Sarcoptes scabiei . This mite has a certain degree of host specificity, although interspecific transmission can occur among phylogenetically related species or through prey–predator mediated exposure. In 2018, a wild boar ( Sus scrofa ) with lesions...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Co-infection, coinfection, and concomitant infections are all terms used to describe the occurrence of more than one simultaneous infection in individual hosts, populations, or communities. With a growing number of pathogens being discovered and emerging from shifting between different host species, it is perhaps little surprise that co-infection a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In free-ranging wildlife populations, it is assumed that poor condition predisposes individuals to host infections, which in turn further reduces host condition, creating vicious circles. This approach is based on the concept of resistance to infection through the immune system, so hosts in poor condition have fewer resources for allocation to immu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Text Coprology of faecal samples collected during field surveys is fast gaining popularity in wildlife health surveillance programmes worldwide. A high endoparasite burden is usually interpreted as a signal of poor health status of the target population. Though fresh faecal samples are necessary to conduct coprological analysis, little is known abo...
Article
Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is a pathogenic lentivirus related to human and simian immunodeficiency viruses that has been associated with AIDS-like pathologies in domestic and wild cats, as well as in hyenas. Despite known pathologies, progressive immunosuppression and ill health effects driven by these lentiviruses in association with othe...
Article
Full-text available
Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is a pathogenic lentivirus related to human and simian immunodeficiency viruses that has been associated with AIDS-like pathologies in domestic and wild cats, as well as in hyenas. Despite known pathologies, progressive immunosuppression and ill health effects driven by these lentiviruses in association with othe...
Article
Full-text available
Changes in vegetation phenology related to global warming are having alarming effects on the life history traits of many herbivore species. Such changes are particularly critical in alpine ecosystems, where strong climate limitations on plant growth make seasonal synchronization imperative for the growth, reproduction and survival of herbivores. Ho...
Presentation
Full-text available
Changes in vegetation phenology related to global warming are having alarming effects on the life history traits of many herbivore species. Such changes are particularly critical in alpine ecosystems, where strong climate limitations on plant growth make seasonal synchronization imperative for the growth, reproduction and survival of herbivores. Ho...
Article
Full-text available
Cryptosporidium spp., Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia duodenalis, and Blastocystis sp. infections have been frequently reported as etiological agents for gastroenteritis, but also as common gut inhabitants in apparently healthy individuals. Between July 2016 and March 2017, stool samples (n = 507) were collected from randomly selected individuals (m...
Article
Full-text available
The diet composition of ungulates is important to understand not only their impact on vegetation, but also to understand the consequences of natural and human-driven environmental changes on the foraging behavior of these mammals. In this work, we evaluated the use of near infrared reflectance spectroscopy analysis (NIRS), a quick, economic and non...
Conference Paper
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Article
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Background Tuberculosis (TB) is still a major challenge for humankind. Because regions with the highest incidence also have a high prevalence of helminthiasis and nutritional scarcity, we wanted to understand the impact of these on TB progression. Methods We have developed an experimental murine model for active TB in C3HeB/FeJ, coinfected with Tr...
Article
Full-text available
Recent research has challenged the idea that cervid antlers are such costly traits, supporting the assertion early‐life antler investment is an honest signal of adult phenotypic quality. However, inferences were made based on antler measurements while growing (velvet) and thus, studies on fully‐formed clean antlers are needed to avoid possible bias...
Chapter
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que la conservación de la naturale-za pueda ofrecer y la caza comercial depende de un plan que la haga sos-tenible. Según la Unión Internacio-nal para la Conservación de la Na-turaleza (IUCN), el aprovechamien-to sostenible es aquel que permite la explotación de un organismo, eco-sistema, a un ritmo que permita su renovación. Actividad sostenible E...
Article
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In reply to a comment, we want to mention that we consider this report significant in animal leptospirosis [...]
Chapter
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rEsumo A abundância e a distribuição geográfica das populações de javali (Sus scrofa) têm aumentado nas últimas décadas, com a particularidade que algumas populações realizam incursões cada vez mais frequentes nos núcleos urbanos. O aparecimento de novas espécies nas cidades pode originar novos conflitos e representar novos riscos, o que requer est...
Article
Full-text available
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a complex and global problem. Despite the growing literature on AMR in the medical and veterinary settings, there is still a lack of knowledge on the wildlife compartment. The main aim of this study was to report the global trends in AMR research in wildlife, through a bibliometric study of articles found in the We...
Conference Paper
L'elaboració dels programes de maneig i conservació d'espècies d'ungulats requereix el coneixement de la diversitat, distribució i disponibilitat anual de les plantes que els serveixen d'aliment. Per això, s'elaboren els "mapes de menjar", un treball que exigeix un esforç humà i econòmic que en limita la realització. Aquest estudi, proposa una nova...
Article
Fasciola hepatica is a liver parasite of ruminants whose distribution is determined by its intermediate host, the freshwater snail Galba truncatula. In Europe, F. hepatica is mostly associated with lowlands. Infection from sympatric domestic reservoirs is rarely reported in wild mountain ungulates. This study explores F. hepatica in a multi-host sy...
Article
Full-text available
An understanding of the mechanisms influencing prenatal characteristics is fundamental to comprehend the role of ecological and evolutionary processes behind survival and reproductive success in animals. Although the negative influence of parasites on host fitness is undisputable, we know very little about how parasitic infection in reproductive fe...
Article
This letter comments on the article "The treatment of sarcoptic mange in wildlife: a systematic review"
Article
Full-text available
Abstract This letter comments on the article “The treatment of sarcoptic mange in wildlife: a systematic review” published in Parasites & Vectors 2019, 12:99, and discusses the limitations in the use of endectocides for scabies control in free-ranging wildlife. The ecological impact and drug resistance to ivermectin are also discussed. In our view,...
Article
Human activities have dramatically altered the distribution and density of large herbivores worldwide, particularly on islands. For example, thousands of goats were abandoned to the mountains on Majorca Island, Spain, during the tourism boom in the 1960s. Though this mammal is common throughout the Majorcan mountain range, the impact of goats on th...
Article
Human activities have dramatically altered the distribution and density of large herbivores worldwide, particularly on islands. For example, thousands of goats were abandoned to the mountains on Majorca Island, Spain, during the tourism boom in the 1960s. Though this mammal is common throughout the Majorcan mountain range, the impact of goats on th...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Leptospirosis is a neglected but widespread zoonotic disease throughout the world. The vast majority of mammals are hosts of Leptospira spp., including domestic cats. Though clinical signs of active leptospirosis are generally mild in cats, chronic infections might result in renal injury. However, there is no consensus either on the cli...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Leptospirosis is a neglected but widespread zoonotic disease throughout the world. The vast majority of mammals are hosts of Leptospira spp., including domestic cats, species in which no consensus has been reached on the clinical presentation or diagnosis of the disease. The study of acute-phase proteins (APPs) and biomarkers of oxidati...
Preprint
Full-text available
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is a complex and global problem. Despite the growing literature on AMR in the medical and veterinary settings, there is still a lack of knowledge and research on the wildlife compartment. The main aim of this study was to report the global trends in AMR research in wildlife, through a bibliometric study of articles fo...
Article
Full-text available
Leptospirosis is the most neglected widespread zoonosis worldwide. In Spain, leptospirosis reports in people and animals have increased lately. Cats can become infected with Leptospira, as well as be chronic carriers. The aim of this study was to determine serological antibody prevalence against Leptospira sp., blood DNA, and shedding of DNA from p...