Emmanuel Bujold

Emmanuel Bujold
Laval University | ULAVAL · Faculty of Medicine

MD, MSc, FRCSC

About

450
Publications
64,125
Reads
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13,216
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2013 - April 2018
Centre de recherche du CHU de Québec
Position
  • Managing Director
January 2008 - December 2012
Laval University
April 2006 - present
Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Québec (CHUQ)
Position
  • Obstetrician-gynecologist
Education
September 2007 - June 2009
Laval University
Field of study
  • Epidemiology
July 2001 - June 2004
Wayne State University
Field of study
  • Maternal-Fetal Medicine
July 1996 - June 2001
Université de Montréal
Field of study
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Publications

Publications (450)
Preprint
Objectives To determine the efficacy and safety of sildenafil citrate to improve outcomes in pregnancies complicated by early-onset, dismal prognosis, fetal growth restriction (FGR). Eligibility: women ≥18 years, singleton, 18 +0–27 +6 weeks’ gestation, estimated fetal weight <700g, and ≥1 of (i) abdominal circumference <10 th percentile for gestat...
Article
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Background Early onset fetal growth restriction secondary to placental insufficiency can lead to severe maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Pre-clinical studies and a few small randomised clinical trials have suggested that phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE-5) inhibitors may have protective effects against placental insufficiency in this con...
Article
Introduction To estimate the optimal midtrimester cervical length (CL) threshold for the prediction of spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) in asymptomatic pregnant women. Material and methods This is a prospective observational cohort study including asymptomatic women with singleton pregnancies who underwent CL measurement by transabdominal and/or t...
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Background: To explore the use of maternal urine proteome for the identification of preeclampsia biomarkers. Methods: Maternal urine samples from women with and without preeclampsia were used for protein discovery followed by a validation study. The targeted proteins of interest were then measured in urine samples collected at 20-24 and 30-34 we...
Article
Objectives This study aimed to estimate the impact of third-trimester ultrasound with measurement of the lower uterine segment thickness (LUST) and estimation of fetal weight (EFW) on maternal and perinatal morbidity among women with a prior cesarean delivery. Methods We performed a secondary analysis of the QUARISMA trial, including women who del...
Article
Introduction: Placental Growth Factor (PlGF) is used for the prediction of preeclampsia (PE), a syndrome associated with maternal vascular malperfusion (MVM). Our goal is to determine the correlation between PlGF and MVM. Material and methods: We performed a secondary analysis of the PEARL study that included nulliparous women with PE (cases), and...
Article
Objective The study aimed to estimate the predictive value of midtrimester cervical length (CL) and the optimal cut-off of CL that should be applied with asymptomatic nulliparous women for the prediction of spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB). Study Design This is a prospective cohort study of asymptomatic nulliparous women with a singleton gestation....
Article
Objective Daily aspirin, started in the first trimester of pregnancy, is commonly used for the prevention of preeclampsia and fetal growth restriction in multiple gestation. However, the optimal dose remains controversial and the evidence for the use of aspirin in multiple pregnancies is scarce. We aimed to estimate the impact of 80 mg of aspirin i...
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Full-text available
Preeclampsia (PE) is a multifactorial pregnancy disease, characterized by new-onset gestational hypertension with (or without) proteinuria or end-organ failure, exclusively observed in humans. It is a leading cause of maternal morbidity affecting 3-7% of pregnant women worldwide. PE pathophysiology could result from abnormal placentation due to a d...
Article
Premature placental senescence is a hallmark of pregnancy-related disorders such as intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and preeclampsia (PE), two major cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. Oxidative stress and lipid peroxidation are involved in the pathogenesis of PE and IUGR, and may play a role in placental aging. In this s...
Article
INTRODUCTION: Preeclampsia (PE), but mainly preterm PE, is associated with deep placentation disorders. We aimed to compare placental pathologies in pregnancies affected by term and preterm PE compared to normal pregnancies. METHODS: We performed a prospective case-cohort study. Low-risk nulliparous women were recruited in the first trimester and w...
Article
Objective To evaluate the rate of mid-trimester microbial invasion of the amniotic cavity (MIAC) in asymptomatic women and its association with preterm birth. Study design This is a prospective cohort study of asymptomatic women undergoing mid-trimester amniocentesis for genetic testing between 14 and 24 weeks of gestation. For each participant, a...
Article
Background We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the efficacy and safety of heparin for preventing adverse obstetrical outcomes in pregnant women with antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). Methods We reviewed randomized controlled trials from CENTRAL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, and Web of science (inception to November 5th 2019), and relev...
Article
Background The Fetal Medicine Foundation (FMF) proposed a competing risks model for early identification of women at high risk of preterm preeclampsia, typically associated with deep placentation disorders. The Great Obstetrical Syndromes include a spectrum of pregnancy complications (preeclampsia, intrauterine growth restriction, preterm birth, la...
Article
Résumé Objectifs Résumer les données probantes actuelles et formuler des recommandations pour le diagnostic et la classification du placenta prævia et pour la prise en charge des femmes ayant reçu ce diagnostic. Options En cas de diagnostic soupçonné ou confirmé de placenta prævia ou de placenta bas inséré, prendre en charge la patiente en milieu...
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Objectives: To summarize the current evidence and to make recommendations for diagnosis and classification of placenta previa and for managing the care of women with this diagnosis. Options: To manage in hospital or as an outpatient and to perform a cesarean delivery preterm or at term or to allow a trial of labour when a diagnosis of placenta p...
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OBJECTIVES To estimate the ability of a combination of first-trimester markers to predict preterm preeclampsia in nulliparous women. METHODS : We conducted a prospective cohort study of nulliparous women with singleton gestations, recruited between 110/7 and 136/7 weeks gestation. Data on the following were collected: maternal age; ethnicity; chro...
Article
Circulating RNA (C-RNA) is continually released into the bloodstream from tissues throughout the body, offering an opportunity to noninvasively monitor all aspects of pregnancy health from conception to birth. We asked whether C-RNA analysis could robustly detect aberrations in patients diagnosed with preeclampsia (PE), a prevalent and potentially...
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Full-text available
Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM), defined as rupture of fetal membranes prior to 37 weeks of gestation, complicates approximately 2–4% of pregnancies and is responsible for 40% of all spontaneous preterm births. PPROM arises from complex pathophysiological pathways with a key actor: inflammation. Sterile inflammation is a feature of s...
Article
Objective This study was aimed to estimate the value of transabdominal (TA) ultrasound measurement of cervical length (CL), as an alternative of transvaginal (TV) ultrasound, for universal screening of short cervix in the midtrimester. Study Design We conducted a prospective cohort study of nulliparous women with singleton pregnancy at 20 to 24 wee...
Article
Objective To compare the effects of 80 mg and 160 mg of aspirin, initiated in the first trimester of pregnancy, on mid-trimester uterine artery pulsatility index (UtA-PI) in women with a history of preeclampsia. Methods We performed a pilot double-blind randomized controlled trial. Pregnant women with a history of preeclampsia were recruited betwe...
Article
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a major public health problem and is the second leading cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity worldwide, behind preterm delivery.¹ IUGR refers to a condition in which a fetus is unable to achieve its genetically determined potential growth. IUGR is commonly reported in cases of an estimated fetal weigh...
Article
Objectives There is a controversy regarding the use of routine midtrimester trans-vaginal (TV) ultrasound for the screening of short cervix and the risk of preterm birth. We estimated the value of trans-abdominal (TA) ultrasound measurement of cervical length (CL), as an alternative of TV ultrasound, for universal screening of short cervix. Method...
Article
OBJECTIVE Preeclampsia is associated with a higher maternal blood levels of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt1) and lower levels of placental growth factor (PlGF) that appear before clinical onset. We aimed to estimate the normal progression of these biomarkers in normal pregnancies and in those affected by preeclampsia. METHODS We conducte...
Article
Objective: Prenatal screening for Down syndrome (DS) has evolved greatly over the last decades with the improvement of first- and second-trimester serum screening and the introduction of cell-free fetal DNA. This study aimed to estimate the impact of such changes on practices. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included fetuses and newborn...
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We investigated the association of outcomes with pre-pregnancy body mass index (ppBMI), Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendations about gestational weight gain, and weight gain trajectories during pregnancy. A prospective cohort of 7866 pregnant women was recruited. ppBMI and weight gain at each follow up visit were collected. The outcomes were g...
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We revisited risk factors and outcomes related to the preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM). A total of 7866 pregnant women were recruited during 5 years at their first prenatal visit to the perinatal clinic of the institution. We compared three groups (women without prematurity, women with spontaneous preterm labor with intact membranes (...
Article
Objective: First trimester mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) can be used to predict preeclampsia. This study aimed to compare the performance of first trimester MAP measured with an automated device using a standardized technique versus MAP taken manually in a typical clinical setting. Methods: A case-cohort study niched into a prospective coho...
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We compared clinical validity of two non-invasive prenatal screening (NIPS) methods for fetal trisomies 13, 18, 21, and monosomy X. We recruited prospectively 2203 women at high risk of fetal aneuploidy and 1807 at baseline risk. Three-hundred and twenty-nine euploid samples were randomly removed. The remaining 1933 high risk and 1660 baseline-risk...
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Objectives: This study estimated the effect that a multifaceted intervention aiming to improve the quality of obstetrical care and reduce Caesarean section (CS) had on the rate of vaginal birth after Caesarean (VBAC). Methods: This is a secondary analysis of the cluster randomized controlled trial Quality of Care, Obstetrics Risk Management, and...
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Introduction: Pregnancies resulting from fertility treatments are at higher risk of placenta-mediated complications. Hence, we aimed to estimate the association between fertility treatment and levels of first-trimester markers of placentation. Methods: We conducted a cohort study in an academic center from 03/2011 to 12/2014. Adult nulliparous w...
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Background We investigated the association between antidepressant and anxiolytic exposure during the first and early second trimester of pregnancy (< 16 weeks), and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (including preeclampsia and gestational hypertension) in women with singleton pregnancy. Methods This study is based on a large prospective cohort o...
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Background Fetal growth restriction (FGR) is a complication of pregnancy associated with major neonatal morbidity and commonly diagnosed at birth based on birth weight below the 5th or the 10th centile. There is no consensus on the use of routine third-trimester ultrasound for the detection of FGR in a general population. This systematic review aim...
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Objective This study aimed to estimate the performance of first-trimester uterine artery (UtA) pulsatility index (PI) for the prediction of preeclampsia (PE). Methods We conducted a prospective cohort study of nulliparous women with singleton gestation at 11 0/7–13 6/7 weeks. UtA-Doppler's was performed on both UtAs and the mean UtA-PI was reported...
Article
Background: First-trimester maternal serum markers have been associated with preeclampsia (PE). We aimed to evaluate the performance of first-trimester placental growth factor (PlGF) for the prediction of PE in nulliparous women. Subjects and methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study of nulliparous women with singleton pregnancy at 11-13...
Article
Objective: To estimate the role of first-trimester uterine artery pulsatility index (UtA-PI) for the prediction of small-for-gestational age (SGA). Methods: We conducted a prospective cohort study of nulliparous women with singleton pregnancy (Great Obstetrical Syndromes study). UtA-PI was performed at 11 + 0 to 13 + 6 weeks and was reported in...
Article
Background: Lower uterine segment (LUS) thickness in the third trimester of gestation is associated with the risk of uterine scar defect at delivery. It was suggested that first trimester residual myometrial thickness (RMT) could also predict uterine scar defect at delivery. Objective: This study sought to correlate the RMT measured at the site...
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Objectives: Antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) received within 7 days of delivery reduce perinatal morbidity and mortality associated with preterm birth. We aimed to describe the trends of ACS administration over the last decade. Methods: A cohort study of women who received ACS in 2006, 2011, and 2016 at the CHU de Québec-Université Laval was cond...
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Objectif: Évaluer les avantages et les risques de la corticothérapie prénatale chez les femmes qui présentent un risque d'accouchement prématuré ou qui subissent une césarienne à terme avant début de travail, et formuler des recommandations visant l'amélioration des issues néonatales et des issues à long terme. Options: Administrer ou ne pas adm...
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Objective: To assess the benefits and risks of antenatal corticosteroid therapy for women at risk of preterm birth or undergoing pre-labour Caesarean section at term and to make recommendations for improving neonatal and long-term outcomes. Options: To administer or withhold antenatal corticosteroid therapy for women at high risk of preterm birt...
Article
Objective: This study sought to estimate the ability of first trimester maternal serum placental growth factor (PlGF) to identify fetal aneuploidies. Methods: A prospective cohort study of singleton pregnancy at 11 to 13 weeks was conducted. Maternal serum PlGF concentration was measured using BRAHMS PlGF plus KRYPTOR automated assays (Thermo Sc...
Article
Context Fetal overgrowth is associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes in adulthood. It is unclear whether there are alterations in insulin sensitivity and β-cell function in early life. Objective We sought to determine whether large-for-gestational-age (LGA, birth weight >90th percentile), an indicator of fetal overgrowth, is associated wi...
Article
Objectives: The aim of this 2-group, parallel, double blind single-centre RCT was to evaluate the acute and chronic impacts of high flavanol high theobromine (HFHT) chocolate consumption on endothelial function, arterial stiffness and blood pressure (BP) in women at risk of preeclampsia. Methods: 131 pregnant women considered at risk of preeclampsi...
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Small for gestational age (SGA) infants are at increased risk of type 2 diabetes in adulthood. It is unknown whether any prenatal biomarkers are helpful for identifying SGA infants with altered metabolic health profile at birth or later life. In a nested study of 162 SGA (birth weight < 10th percentile) and 161 optimal birth weight (25th–75th perce...
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Objective: To estimate the discriminative capacity of first-trimester subcutaneous (SATT), visceral (VATT), and total (TATT) adipose tissue thickness in predicting gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), including that requiring insulin. Methods: We prospectively recruited a cohort of 1048 nulliparous women. Ultrasound images were used to determine...
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Full-text available
Background: Intra-amniotic inflammation is associated with adverse pregnancy and neonatal outcomes. However, the impact on child neurodevelopment remains unclear. We aim to assess the effect of intra-amniotic inflammation on neurodevelopmental outcomes in children. Methods: The databases MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and Cochrane will be searched fro...
Article
Objectives: To compare the first-trimester uterine artery pulsatility index (PI) measured by abdominal and transvaginal ultrasound (US). Methods: We performed a prospective study of singleton pregnant women recruited at 11 to 13 weeks' gestation. The mean uterine artery PI was obtained by abdominal followed by transvaginal US. The mean of the le...
Article
Background: Impaired placentation in the first 16 weeks of pregnancy is associated with increased risk of subsequent development of preeclampsia, birth of small for gestational age neonates and placental abruption. Previous studies reported that prophylactic use of aspirin reduces the risk of preeclampsia and small for gestational age neonates wit...
Article
Objective: First-trimester low concentration of pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) has been associated with adverse perinatal outcomes in high-risk populations. This study aimed to estimate the ability of PAPP-A to identify adverse outcomes in a low-risk population. Methods: The study investigators recruited nulliparous women with si...
Article
Background: Meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials have reported contradictory results concerning the effect of aspirin in the prevention of preeclampsia both in terms of the gestational age at the onset of treatment and the dose of the drug. The controversy may be resolved by a meta-analysis that includes several recently published trials...
Article
Objective: To estimate the predictive value of first-trimester mean arterial pressure (MAP) for the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP). Study methods: We performed a prospective cohort study of nulliparous women recruited at 110/7-136/7 weeks. MAP was calculated from blood pressure measured on both arms simultaneously using an automated d...