Emmanuel Barillot

Emmanuel Barillot
Institut Curie · Department of Computational Systems Biology of Cancer

PhD

About

462
Publications
55,878
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
16,688
Citations

Publications

Publications (462)
Article
Full-text available
We developed BIODICA, an integrated computational environment for application of Independent Component Analysis (ICA) to bulk and single-cell molecular profiles, interpretation of the results in terms of biological functions and correlation with metadata. The computational core is the novel Python package stabilized-ica which provides interface to...
Article
Full-text available
Mathematical modeling aims at understanding the effects of biological perturbations, suggesting ways to intervene and to reestablish proper cell functioning in diseases such as cancer or in autoimmune disorders. This is a difficult task for obvious reasons: the level of details needed to describe the intra-cellular processes involved, the numerous...
Article
Full-text available
Prostate cancer is the second most occurring cancer in men worldwide. To better understand the mechanisms of tumorigenesis and possible treatment responses, we developed a mathematical model of prostate cancer which considers the major signalling pathways known to be deregulated. We personalised this Boolean model to molecular data to reflect the h...
Article
Full-text available
Cell cycle is a biological process underlying the existence and propagation of life in time and space. It has been an object for mathematical modeling for long, with several alternative mechanistic modeling principles suggested, describing in more or less details the known molecular mechanisms. Recently, cell cycle has been investigated at single c...
Preprint
Full-text available
Motivation Cancer progression is a complex phenomenon that spans multiple scales from molecular to cellular and intercellular. Simulations can be used to perturb the underlying mechanisms of those systems and to generate hypotheses on novel therapies. We present a new version of PhysiBoSS, a multiscale modelling framework designed to cover multiple...
Article
Full-text available
WebMaBoSS is an easy-to-use web interface for conversion, storage, simulation and analysis of Boolean models that allows to get insight from these models without any specific knowledge of modeling or coding. It relies on an existing software, MaBoSS, which simulates Boolean models using a stochastic approach: it applies continuous time Markov proce...
Article
Full-text available
Retinoblastoma is the most frequent intraocular malignancy in children, originating from a maturing cone precursor in the developing retina. Little is known on the molecular basis underlying the biological and clinical behavior of this cancer. Here, using multi-omics data, we demonstrate the existence of two retinoblastoma subtypes. Subtype 1, of e...
Article
Full-text available
The identification of miRNAs’ targets and associated regulatory networks might allow the definition of new strategies using drugs whose association mimics a given miRNA’s effects. Based on this assumption we devised a multi-omics approach to precisely characterize miRNAs’ effects. We combined miR-491-5p target affinity purification, RNA microarray,...
Preprint
Full-text available
Prostate cancer is the second most occurring cancer in men worldwide. To better understand the mechanisms of tumorigenesis and possible treatment responses, we developed a mathematical model of prostate cancer which considers the major signalling pathways known to be deregulated. We personalised this Boolean model to molecular data to reflect the h...
Preprint
Full-text available
A bstract Cell cycle is the most fundamental biological process underlying the existence and propagation of life in time and space. It has been an object for mathematical modeling for long, with several alternative mechanistic modeling principles suggested, describing in more or less details the known molecular mechanisms. Recently, cell cycle has...
Article
Full-text available
The study of response to cancer treatments has benefited greatly from the contribution of different omics data but their interpretation is sometimes difficult. Some mathematical models based on prior biological knowledge of signaling pathways, facilitate this interpretation but often require fitting of their parameters using perturbation data. We p...
Article
Full-text available
Single‐nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in over 180 loci have been associated with breast cancer (BC) through genome‐wide association studies involving mostly unselected population‐based case‐control series. Some of them modify BC risk of women carrying a BRCA1 or BRCA2 (BRCA1/2) mutation and may also explain BC risk variability in BC‐prone families...
Article
Full-text available
After the success of the new generation of immune therapies, immune checkpoint receptors have become one important center of attention of molecular oncologists. The initial success and hopes of anti-programmed cell death protein 1 (anti-PD1) and anti-cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated protein 4 (anti-CTLA4) therapies have shown some limitations sinc...
Article
Full-text available
Background Large observational clinical datasets are becoming increasingly available for mining associations between various disease traits and administered therapy. These datasets can be considered as representations of the landscape of all possible disease conditions, in which a concrete disease state develops through stereotypical routes, charac...
Poster
Full-text available
In this work we present PhysiBoSS-COVID, an effort to integrate MaBoSS, a stochastic Boolean modelling software, into PhysiCell-COVID to allow the leverage of cell- and pathway-specific Boolean models in this framework. To obtain these COVID-19-specific models, we have taken advantage of CaSQ ability to convert all Covid19 Disease maps into SBML-qu...
Article
Full-text available
As opposed to the standard tolerogenic apoptosis, immunogenic cell death (ICD) constitutes a type of cellular demise that elicits an adaptive immune response. ICD has been characterized in malignant cells following cytotoxic interventions, such as chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Briefly, ICD of cancer cells releases some stress/danger signals that at...
Article
Full-text available
An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Preprint
Full-text available
Large observational clinical datasets become increasingly available for mining associations between various disease traits and administered therapy. These datasets can be considered as representations of the landscape of all possible disease conditions, in which a concrete pathology develops through a number of stereotypical routes, characterized b...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Solutions to stochastic Boolean models are usually estimated by Monte Carlo simulations, but as the state space of these models can be enormous, there is an inherent uncertainty about the accuracy of Monte Carlo estimates and whether simulations have reached all attractors. Moreover, these models have timescale parameters (transition r...
Preprint
Full-text available
One of the aims of mathematical modeling is to understand and simulate the effects of biological perturbations and suggest ways to intervene and reestablish proper cell functioning. However, it remains a challenge, especially when considering the dynamics at the level of a cell population, with cells dying, dividing and interacting. Here, we introd...
Preprint
Full-text available
The study of response to cancer treatments has benefited greatly from the contribution of different omics data but their interpretation is sometimes difficult. Some mathematical models based on prior biological knowledge of signalling pathways, facilitate this interpretation but often require fitting of their parameters using perturbation data. We...
Article
Full-text available
Researchers around the world join forces to reconstruct the molecular processes of the virus-host interactions aiming to combat the cause of the ongoing pandemic.
Article
Full-text available
The processes leading to, or avoiding cell death are widely studied, because of their frequent perturbation in various diseases. Cell death occurs in three highly interconnected steps: Initiation, signaling and execution. We used a systems biology approach to gather information about all known modes of regulated cell death (RCD). Based on the exper...
Article
Full-text available
CCCTC-binding factor (CTCF) is a conserved architectural protein that plays crucial roles in gene regulation and three-dimensional (3D) chromatin organization. To better understand mechanisms and evolution of vertebrate genome organization, we analyzed genome occupancy of CTCF in zebrafish utilizing an endogenously epitope-tagged CTCF knock-in alle...
Article
Full-text available
Multidimensional datapoint clouds representing large datasets are frequently characterized by non-trivial low-dimensional geometry and topology which can be recovered by unsupervised machine learning approaches, in particular, by principal graphs. Principal graphs approximate the multivariate data by a graph injected into the data space with some c...
Article
Full-text available
English Wikipedia, containing more than five millions articles, has approximately eleven thousands web pages devoted to proteins or genes most of which were generated by the Gene Wiki project. These pages contain information about interactions between proteins and their functional relationships. At the same time, they are interconnected with other...
Article
Full-text available
EWSR1-FLI1, the chimeric oncogene specific for Ewing sarcoma (EwS), induces a cascade of signaling events leading to cell transformation. However, it remains elusive how genetically homogeneous EwS cells can drive the heterogeneity of transcriptional programs. Here, we combine independent component analysis of single-cell RNA sequencing data from d...
Article
Full-text available
Motivation: CellDesigner is a well-established biological map editor used in many large-scale scientific efforts (Funahashi et al., 2007). However, the interoperability between the Systems Biology Graphical Notation (SBGN) Markup Language (SBGN-ML) and the CellDesigner's proprietary Systems Biology Markup Language (SBML) extension formats remains...
Article
Full-text available
Cancer driver gene alterations influence cancer development, occurring in oncogenes, tumor suppressors, and dual role genes. Discovering dual role cancer genes is difficult because of their elusive context-dependent behavior. We define oncogenic mediators as genes controlling biological processes. With them, we classify cancer driver genes, unveili...
Chapter
ACSN (https://acsn.curie.fr) is a web-based resource of multi-scale biological maps depicting molecular processes in cancer cell and tumor microenvironment. The core of the Atlas is a set of interconnected cancer-related signaling and metabolic network maps. Molecular mechanisms are depicted on the maps at the level of biochemical interactions, for...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Sequencing technologies give access to a precise picture of the molecular mechanisms acting upon genome regulation. One of the biggest technical challenges with sequencing data is to map millions of reads to a reference genome. This problem is exacerbated when dealing with repetitive sequences such as transposable elements that occupy...
Article
Full-text available
Motivation Matrix factorization (MF) methods are widely used in order to reduce dimensionality of transcriptomic datasets to the action of few hidden factors (metagenes). MF algorithms have never been compared based on the between-datasets reproducibility of their outputs in similar independent datasets. Lack of this knowledge might have a crucial...
Article
Full-text available
The lack of integrated resources depicting the complexity of the innate immune response in cancer represents a bottleneck for high-throughput data interpretation. To address this challenge, we perform a systematic manual literature mining of molecular mechanisms governing the innate immune response in cancer and represent it as a signalling network...
Preprint
Full-text available
Motivation Solutions to stochastic Boolean models are usually estimated by Monte Carlo simulations, but as the state space of these models can be enormous, there is an inherent uncertainty about the accuracy of Monte Carlo estimates and whether simulations have reached all asymptotic solutions. Moreover, these models have timescale parameters (tran...
Article
Background Deep learning (DL) is one of the best approaches to predict nonlinear behaviors from high dimensional data. Nevertheless predicting the outcome of patients affected by cancers from transcriptomic data has shown limited performance, even with DL (C-index usually <0.65). Transfer learning is a DL two-step method where a model is pre-traine...
Article
Full-text available
Independent component analysis (ICA) is a matrix factorization approach where the signals captured by each individual matrix factors are optimized to become as mutually independent as possible. Initially suggested for solving source blind separation problems in various fields, ICA was shown to be successful in analyzing functional magnetic resonanc...
Article
Full-text available
Matrix factorization (MF) is an established paradigm for large-scale biological data analysis with tremendous potential in computational biology. Here, we challenge MF in depicting the molecular bases of epidemiologically described disease–disease (DD) relationships. As a use case, we focus on the inverse comorbidity association between Alzheimer’s...
Preprint
Full-text available
Matrix Factorization (MF) is an established paradigm for large-scale biological data analysis with tremendous potential in computational biology. We here challenge MF in depicting the molecular bases of epidemiologically described Disease-Disease (DD) relationships. As use case, we focus on the inverse comorbidity association between Alzheimer’s di...
Preprint
Full-text available
EWSR1-FLI1, the chimeric oncogene specific for Ewing sarcoma (EwS), induces a cascade of signaling events leading to cell transformation. However, it remains elusive how genetically homogeneous EwS cells can drive heterogeneity of transcriptional programs. Here, we combined independent component analysis of single cell RNA-sequencing data from dive...
Preprint
Full-text available
English Wikipedia, containing more than five millions articles, has approximately eleven thousands pages devoted to proteins or genes most of which were generated by the Gene Wiki project. These pages contain information about interactions between proteins and their functional relationships. At the same time, they are interconnected with other Wiki...
Article
Full-text available
Background The interplay between metabolic processes and signalling pathways remains poorly understood. Global, detailed and comprehensive reconstructions of human metabolism and signalling pathways exist in the form of molecular maps, but they have never been integrated together. We aim at filling in this gap by integrating of both signalling and...
Article
Cancer initiation and progression are associated with multiple molecular mechanisms. The knowledge of these mechanisms is expanding and should be converted into guidelines for tackling the disease. Here, we discuss the formalization of biological knowledge into a comprehensive resource: the Atlas of Cancer Signalling Network (ACSN) and the Google M...