Emma Perez-Costas

Emma Perez-Costas
University of Alabama at Birmingham | UAB · Department of Medicine

PhD

About

36
Publications
5,419
Reads
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1,016
Citations
Introduction
—SKILLS & EXPERIENCE— *Life Sciences/ Biomedical Research *Clinical Research: contract negotiation, regulatory, IRB processing and approval, grant/project account monitoring and projections. * Science Editing and Writing: -Review of scientific manuscripts -Critical review of science books -Grant review —CERTIFICATIONS— *Clinical Research Training Program—UAB (2015) *Oracle Finance Certifications—UAB (2015) -Procurement -Grant Management -General Ledger
Additional affiliations
April 2017 - January 2020
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Position
  • Managing Director
Description
  • Dual role: 1) Program Director - Research Administration. Division of Gerontology, Geriatrics and Palliative Care. 2) Program Director - Integrative Center for Aging Research (ICAR). UWIRC- UAB Office of the VP for Research
June 2015 - July 2017
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Position
  • Program Coordinator II
April 2007 - July 2014
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Position
  • Professor
Education
January 2003 - January 2006
University of Maryland School of Medicine
Field of study
  • Neurosciences/Neuropathology

Publications

Publications (36)
Article
Full-text available
The ‘classical’ renin–angiotensin system (RAS) is a circulating system that controls blood pressure. Local/paracrine RAS, identified in a variety of tissues, including the brain, is involved in different functions and diseases, and RAS blockers are commonly used in clinical practice. A third type of RAS (intracellular/intracrine RAS) has been obser...
Article
Individual differences in human temperament can increase risk for psychiatric disorders like depression and anxiety. Our laboratory utilized a rat model of temperamental differences to assess neurodevelopmental factors underlying emotional behavior differences. Rats selectively bred for low novelty exploration (Low Responders, LR) display high leve...
Article
Full-text available
Reelin expression and function have been extensively studied in the brain, although its expression has been also reported in other tissues including blood. This raises the possibility that reelin might be able to cross the blood-brain barrier, which could be functionally relevant. Up-to-date no studies have been conducted to assess if reelin is pre...
Article
Full-text available
Brain glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK3) is hyperactive in several neurological conditions that involve impairments in both cognition and neurogenesis. This raises the hypotheses that hyperactive GSK3 may directly contribute to impaired cognition, and that this may be related to deficiencies in neural precursor cells (NPC). To study the effects of h...
Article
Glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK3β) activity has been previously linked to Alzheimer's disease (AD) by its phosphorylation of tau and activation by amyloid. GSK3β intracellular distribution is important in regulating its activity by restricting access to compartment-specific substrates. This study investigated regional and intracellular distributio...
Article
Cytochrome oxidase (COX) is the enzyme that constitutes the last step of the mitochondrial electron transport chain for the production of ATP. Measurement of COX activity can be achieved by histochemistry, thus providing information about the metabolic status of the brain. Brain regions with high metabolism will present high COX activity in histoch...
Article
In the present study, we applied the principles of immunoblotting and light microscopy immunohistochemistry to develop a combined methodology that allows obtaining optical density data in films, as well as morphological and protein distribution data on slides using the same brain tissue section, thus maximizing the data obtained from a single sampl...
Article
Full-text available
Neuronal function in the brain requires energy in the form of ATP, and mitochondria are canonically associated with ATP production in neurons. The electrochemical gradient, which underlies the mitochondrial transmembrane potential (DeltaPsi(mem)), is harnessed for ATP generation. Here we show that DeltaPsi(mem) and ATP-production can be engaged in...
Article
Schizophrenia is a severe mental illness that affects 1% of the world population. The disease usually manifests itself in early adulthood with hallucinations, delusions, cognitive and emotional disturbances and disorganized thought and behavior. Dopamine was the first neurotransmitter to be implicated in the disease, and though no longer the only s...
Article
Full-text available
Glycogen synthase kinase-3β (GSK3β) is highly abundant in the brain. Various biochemical analyses have indicated that GSK3β is localized to different intracellular compartments within brain cells. However, ultrastructural visualization of this kinase in various brain regions and in different brain cell types has not been reported. The goal of the p...
Article
The study of dendritic spine shape and number has become a standard in the analysis of synaptic transmission anomalies since a considerable number of neuropsychiatric and neurological diseases have their foundation in alterations in these structures. One of the best ways to study possible alterations of dendritic spines is the use of Golgi impregna...
Chapter
Full-text available
Different chapters of the present book provide background about the molecular, genetic, and biochemical features of the reelin gene, its transcript, and final protein forms. It is not, therefore, our intention to provide an extensive background about the features of the reelin gene and protein, but to emphasize some relevant features that will be h...
Article
Full-text available
The administration of neuroleptics in animal models has been extensively reported and plays an important role in the study of schizophrenia. Our study was designed to address the following questions: (1) Is it possible to achieve steady-state receptor occupancy levels administering neuroleptics in drinking water? (2) Is there an appropriate dose to...
Article
Lampreys belong to the most primitive extant group of vertebrates, the Agnathans, which is considered the sister group of jawed vertebrates. Accordingly, characterization of neuronal groups and their development appears useful for understanding early evolution of the nervous system in vertebrates. Here, the development of the serotonergic system in...
Chapter
Full-text available
Microscope techniques have been largely underestimated as powerful tools for the study of cell function and with some exceptions mostly restricted to descriptive studies. The development of new techniques and methods as well as the development of more powerful image analysis software in the last decade finally has provided the conditions to use mic...
Article
The neurochemistry of the retina of the larval and postmetamorphic sea lamprey was studied via immunocytochemistry using antibodies directed against the major candidate neurotransmitters [glutamate, glycine, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), aspartate, dopamine, serotonin] and the neurotransmitter-synthesizing enzyme tyrosine hydroxylase. Immunoreact...
Article
Cell proliferation in the forebrain and midbrain of the sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus L.) was investigated by proliferation cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) immunocytochemistry, with BrdU labeling as a complementary technique. Correspondence between proliferation regions and areas of early neuronal differentiation was also assessed using antibodies ag...
Article
We studied the organization of the dorsal column nucleus (DCN) of larval sea lamprey with immunohistochemical and tract-tracing techniques. Texas red-coupled dextran amine was injected into the spinal cord, which allowed tracing the dorsal column fibers and characterizing the DCN. The dorsal column fibers formed a dense tract coursing adjacent to t...
Article
The expression of reelin, a large extracellular matrix glycoprotein, was studied in the brain of pre-spawning adult sea lampreys by immunohistochemistry using two monoclonal antibodies against this protein. Reelin immunoreactive (reln-ir) neurons were observed in the olfactory bulb, and pallial and subpallial regions in the telencephalon. In the di...
Article
The development of neurons expressing gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the rhombencephalon and spinal cord of the sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) was studied for the first time with an anti-GABA antibody. The earliest GABA-immunoreactive (GABAir) neurons appear in late embryos in the basal plate of the isthmus, caudal rhombencephalon, and rostral...
Article
Although brain organization in lampreys is of great interest for understanding evolution in vertebrates, knowledge of early development is very scarce. Here, the development of the forebrain and midbrain gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA)-ergic systems was studied in embryos, prolarvae, and small larvae of the sea lamprey using an anti-GABA antibody. A...
Article
In order to analyze the presence of a reelin-like protein in the brain of a primitive vertebrate with a laminar-type brain, such as the sea lamprey, Western blot and immunohistochemical approaches were employed by using the G10 and 142 reelin-specific monoclonal antibodies. Western blots of lamprey brain extracts showed bands of about 400 kDa, 180...
Article
The development of the pineal complex and the habenula of the sea lamprey was studied with proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) immunocytochemistry. The pineal organ and the habenula primordia appeared in late embryos, and neuron differentiation began in prolarvae, as indicated by the presence of PCNA-negative cells. The parapineal primordium...
Article
Lampreys have a complex life cycle, with largely differentiated larval and adult periods. Despite the considerable interest of lampreys for understanding vertebrate evolution, knowledge of the early development of their eye and pineal complex is very scarce. Here, the early immunocytochemical organization of the pineal complex and retina of the sea...
Article
The distribution of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) immunoreactivity in the olfactory bulbs of the adult sea lamprey was studied using an antibody against this transmitter. Five types of GABA-immunoreactive (GABAir) cells were observed. Medium-sized GABAir cells (periglomerular cells) were located around the olfactory glomeruli and occasionally with...
Article
The presence of internuclear neurons in the abducens and oculomotor nuclei of lampreys [González, M.J., Pombal, M.A., Rodicio, M.C. and Anadón, R., Internuclear neurons of the ocular motor system of the larval sea lamprey, J. Comp. Neurol. 401 (1998) 1-15] indicates that coordination of eye movements by internuclear neurons appeared early during th...
Article
The structures of the retina immunoreactive to GABA are described in larval lamprey. Although GABAergic cells develop early in the retinas of vertebrates, no GABA-immunoreactive perikarya were observed in the retina of lamprey larvae. The only GABA-immunoreactive structures were beaded fibers of the centrifugal system, which produced a dense plexus...

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