Emma Olsson

Emma Olsson
Örebro University Hospital | USÖ · Neonatal Intensive Care Unit

RN, PhD

About

24
Publications
3,021
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242
Citations

Publications

Publications (24)
Article
Full-text available
Background Clinical research has shown that therapeutic hypothermia after neonatal hypoxic-ischemic injury improves survival without disability. There is no consensus regarding pain relief or sedation during therapeutic hypothermia in newborns; however, therapeutic hypothermia seems to be associated with pain and stress, and adequate analgesia and...
Article
Full-text available
This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (methodology). The objectives are as follows: To systematically review the current literature describing the development, content, and measurement properties of clinical rating scales for the assessment of pain in newborn infants.
Article
This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (intervention). The objectives are as follows: To determine the effects of opioid analgesics in term or preterm neonates exposed to procedural pain, compared to placebo or no drug, non-pharmacological intervention, other analgesics or sedatives, other opioids, or the same opioid administered by a different r...
Article
Full-text available
This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (intervention). The objectives are as follows: To determine the effects of pharmacological interventions for pain and sedation management in newborn infants undergoing therapeutic hypothermia.
Article
Full-text available
Preterm and sick newborn infants undergo several painful procedures during their hospital stay, potentially leading to short‐ and long‐term negative consequences. Pain assessment should be performed regularly to provide optimal pain management. Nurses' knowledge of and attitude toward neonatal pain assessment affect how pain is assessed and managed...
Article
Full-text available
Background Human milk is recommended as the only nutritional source during the first 6 months of life. For preterm infants, the benefits of human milk are even more important and can alleviate the negative influences of preterm birth. Research aim To describe how Swedish human milk donors experienced the donation process. Method A prospective mix...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Performing randomised controlled trials (RCTs) in neonatal intensive care is challenging in many ways. While restrictive inclusion criteria or busy study protocols are obvious barriers, external barriers leading to termination of a study are seldom discussed. The aim of this study was to describe barriers for inclusion of families in neo...
Article
Background Systematic use of pain intensity scales is considered a prerequisite for treatment of pain in hospitalized children, but already a decade ago, attention was called to the lack of robust evidence supporting the presumed positive association between their use and desired outcomes. Objectives To re-evaluate the evidence supporting the asso...
Article
Full-text available
Background During the first period of life, critically ill as well as healthy newborn infants experience recurrent painful procedures. Parents are a valuable but often overlooked resource in procedural pain management in newborns. Interventions to improve parents’ knowledge and involvement in infants’ pain management are essential to implement in t...
Article
Full-text available
The burden of pain in newborn infants has been investigated in numerous studies, but little is known about the appropriateness of the use of pain scales according to the specific type of pain or infant condition. This systematic review aimed to evaluate the reporting of neonatal pain scales in randomized trials. A systematic search up to March 2019...
Poster
Slutsats Sjuksköterskor och läkare var i stor utsträckning positiva till smärtskattning. Bristen på åtgärder efter smärtskattningen bidrog till att sjuksköterskor inte smärtskattade i den utsträckning som rekommenderas. Bakgrund För tidigt födda och sjuka nyfödda i behov av intensivvård utsätts för en mängd smärtsamma procedurer samtidigt som de är...
Article
Aims: To investigate registered nurses' (RNs') and physicians' knowledge, attitudes, and experiences regarding assessing and managing pain in infants at seven level III neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in Sweden. Design: Descriptive and explorative study using an online questionnaire. Methods: A researcher-developed online questionnaire w...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that neonatal hip examination causes pain in newborns. Pain assessment using instruments such as the Premature Infant Pain Profile-Revised (PIPP-R) scale is recommended, but recently physiological and neurophysiological measures, for example, near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and galva...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Preterm infants are especially vulnerable to pain. The intensive treatment often necessary for their survival unfortunately includes many painful interventions and procedures. Untreated pain can lead to both short- and long-term negative effects. The challenge of accurately detecting pain has been cited as a major reason for lack of pa...
Article
Full-text available
Aim To determine if oral glucose can have a pain relieving effect during routine hip exams in newborn infants. Methods In this randomized controlled study 100 newborn infants undergoing the routine physical examination including the potentially painful hip exam were included between March 2016 and April 2017. 50 infants were randomized to water (c...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Separation after preterm birth is a major stressor for infants and parents. Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) is a method of care suitable to use in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) to minimise separation between parents and infants. Less separation leads to increased possibilities for parent-infant interaction, provided that the paren...
Article
This clinical trial tested the pain relieving effect of live lullaby singing on behavioral and physiological pain responses during venepuncture in 38 preterm and full term neonates. Acute and repeated pain, as well as the use of analgesic drugs, may have long-term negative impact on infants’ development and future behaviour. This emphasizes the nee...
Article
Design and methods: A descriptive design was used where 20 fathers of premature infants were interviewed using a semi-structured interview-guide. The guide contained the following five topics: the fathers' feelings about and experiences of using skin-to-skin contact (SSC), the physical environment at the Neonatal Intensive Care unit, staff attitud...
Article
This study investigated if skin-to-skin contact could provide pain relief, measured with near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS), during venepuncture in premature infants. Ten infants born at 26-35 weeks of gestation were examined during a blood sampling procedure with venepuncture under two different conditions: in skin-to-skin contact with their mother...
Article
Aim: To investigate the application of skin-to-skin care (SSC) in the Nordic countries, the existence of guidelines for SSC and the attitudes of neonatal staff towards SSC. Methods: One questionnaire was distributed at unit level and one at staff level in all Nordic neonatal intensive care units (n = 109). Results: The unit questionnaire was answer...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Aims: Skin-to-skin contact (SSC) has positive physiological and psychological effects and is implemented in neonatal care to various degree all over the world. Little is known though, to what extent and for which populations. The primary aim or this study was to investigate the level of implementation of SSC in the Nordic countries,...
Article
The aim of this study was to determine whether oral glucose could have a pain-relieving effect during the eye examinations that premature neonates undergo in the screening for retinopathy of prematurity. Studies have shown that orally administered sweet-tasting solutions reduce signs of pain during painful procedures such as venepuncture and heel s...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
PEARL stands for Pain in Early Life Research group. We are dedicated to help children to a life without pain. See more att www.pearl.direct