Emma Garcia

Emma Garcia

Ph.D.
Senior Researcher, Learning Policy Institute

About

55
Publications
21,517
Reads
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912
Citations
Citations since 2017
22 Research Items
807 Citations
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Introduction
Emma Garcia currently works at the Learning Policy Institute. Her research focuses on the Economics of Education and Education Policy. Visit https://learningpolicyinstitute.org/ for more information.

Publications

Publications (55)
Article
This study examines the effect of teachers’ unions on the stress that teachers experience in their schools. Relying on a nationally representative district-teacher matched dataset in pre-pandemic periods, we employ principal factor analysis to assess to teacher stress and use both contractual status and union membership to measure union strength. B...
Article
This paper examines the relationship between teacher pay and students’ academic achievement, using nationally representative, district-level linked data between districts’ performance on standardized tests and average teacher base salary. By employing state fixed effects and multilevel mixed effects models, we find that both mathematics and English...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines various factors influencing teacher attrition. Relying on nationally representative, district-teacher matched data, we attempt to identify key determinants of teacher attrition by employing multilevel mixed-effects linear models, which control for commonalities among teachers within the same school district. We find that a stron...
Research
https://www.epi.org/blog/policymakers-cannot-relegate-another-generation-to-underresourced-k-12-education-because-of-an-economic-recession/
Technical Report
Full-text available
What this paper finds: Legislative measures restricting public-sector collective bargaining rights enacted in Idaho, Indiana, Michigan, Tennessee, and Wisconsin in 2011 and 2012 significantly reduced school districts' spending on teacher compensation, including both teacher salaries and teacher benefits. The cuts in spending were sizable: In the ye...
Article
The question of whether teaching is a profession, with all the status and responsibilities that entails, is not as settled as some believe. Emma García and Elaine Weiss look at the requirements and characteristics of a profession and examine data from teachers and find that teaching, as currently experienced by teachers, does not measure up to the...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report is the second in a series examining the magnitude of the teacher shortage and the working conditions and other factors that contribute to the shortage. What this series finds: The teacher shortage is real, large and growing, and worse than we thought. When indicators of teacher quality (certification, relevant training, experience, etc....
Preprint
Full-text available
This report is the first in a series examining the magnitude of the teacher shortage and the working conditions and other factors that contribute to the shortage. What this report finds: The teacher shortage is real, large and growing, and worse than we thought. When indicators of teacher quality (certification, relevant training, experience, etc.)...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report is the first in a series examining the magnitude of the teacher shortage and the working conditions and other factors that contribute to the shortage. What this report finds: The teacher shortage is real, large and growing, and worse than we thought. When indicators of teacher quality (certification, relevant training, experience, etc.)...
Article
This study examines how the use of peer tutoring instructional practices links to students’ outcomes during kindergarten. Examining this pedagogical strategy allows us to contribute to the literature in three ways. First, we can study one potential mechanism by which peers might influence the outcomes of other peers in the classroom. Second, in tha...
Article
Full-text available
This article reports a benefit–cost evaluation of the Accelerated Study in Associate Programs (ASAP) of the City University of New York (CUNY). ASAP was designed to accelerate associate degree completion within 3 years of degree enrollment at CUNY’s community colleges. The program evaluation revealed that the completion rate for the examined cohort...
Chapter
Multiple traits compose a broad definition of what it means to be an educated person. Indisputably, being an educated person is associated with having a certain command of a curriculum, and knowledge of theories and facts from various disciplines. But the term educated also suggests a more far-reaching concept associated with individuals’ full deve...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates the relationship between student engagement—with teachers and schools- and academic performance in Mexico. It uses hierarchical linear models and data from the OECD 2003 PISA study to examine the relative importance of engagement in comparison to other educational inputs—school and family characteristics—as predictors of per...
Article
Full-text available
Este artículo describe un marco general de evaluación aplicable a la evaluación de programas y políticas públicas (en especial aquellas destinadas a promover el desarrollo y a las investigaciones en el campo de la educación). En primer lugar, se ofrece un análisis de qué significa y cómo se evalúa la efectividad de los programas. En esa sección se...
Technical Report
Full-text available
http://s1.epi.org/files/2014/epi-segregation-and-peers-characteristics.pdf
Article
Full-text available
The authors examined school readiness from the parental perspective, focusing on parents’ efforts and expectations for kindergarten in conjunction with their child's academic development. Using self-reported survey data from two waves of the National Household Education Surveys, the authors tested for changes in school readiness between 1993 and 20...
Article
This study evaluates CUNY’s Accelerated Study in Associate Programs (ASAP) from a benefit-cost perspective. ASAP is designed to accelerate degree completion within three years at community colleges. This report builds on the CUNY evaluations of ASAP, which provide consistent evidence for the dramatic success of ASAP on increasing the timely complet...
Article
Full-text available
This article explores country-by-country differences in academic performance and attitudes towards school between students who repeated a grade in primary school, in secondary school or neuer repeated a grade. The analyses use PISA 2009 for 30 countries in which a relatively high proportion of students repeated a grade before the age of 15. The com...
Article
Full-text available
Although community colleges enroll almost half of the students engaged in postsecondary education, they have poor success in student completion of degrees. Nationally it appears that less than a quarter of community college students obtain the two-year associate degree, and the success rate is even lower in urban community colleges. In response, th...
Article
This report sets out to estimate the total annual expenditures on children in New York City and to create a "fiscal map" to detail them. This fiscal map describes these expenditures according to a series of classifications, including age of child (early childhood, elementary, and high school); source of funding (public, tax-related, and philanthrop...
Data
A finales de los ochenta en el anteriormente denominado Ministerio de Economía y Hacienda se construyó el modelo macroeconométrico de la economía española MOISEES que llevaba asociada una base de datos que, a pesar de haberse recopilado para servir las necesidades específicas del modelo, resultó de gran utilidad en otros ámbitos del análisis económ...
Method
Full-text available
Base de datos anuales de la economía española BDMACRO A finales de los ochenta en el anteriormente denominado Ministerio de Economía y Hacienda se construyó el modelo macroeconométrico de la economía española MOISEES que llevaba asociada una base de datos que, a pesar de haberse recopilado para servir las necesidades específicas del modelo, resultó...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In this paper we explore to which extent the increase in childhood overweight and obesity are consequences of the participation of mothers in the labour market. We think that the increase in female labor force participation can explain, at least in part, the observed increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children. Since it is v...
Article
In this paper we assess the empirical relevance of an expectations version of purchasing power parity in forecasting the dollar/euro exchange rate. This version is based on the differential of inflation expectations derived from inflation-indexed bonds for the euro area and the USA. Using the longest daily data for both the dollar/euro exchange rat...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This work presents the evaluation results of the investments programmes cointained in the “Programa Operativo Integrado of Castilla-La Mancha (POICLM)”, for the 2000-2006 period. The program amounts to 2102 million of 1995-euros. In order to calculate them, we use the adaptation of the HERMIN-España model for the economy of Castilla-La Mancha. Data...
Article
Full-text available
Las sociedades actuales están inmersas en una serie de comportamientos sociales y económicos de gran magnitud y de consecuencias muy relevantes en numerosos ámbitos. El envejecimiento relativo de la población y el comportamiento laboral de ésta evolucionan por vías divergentes: por un lado, los individuos viven cada vez más años, en unas condicione...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The social and economic performances that our societies are experiencing announce a wide set of implications in many areas of our life. Relative ageing and labour market participation of the eldest dynamics evolve along two separated paths: in one way the duration of life is continuously increasing, while in the other the number of years of work is...
Article
This paper presents a selective survey on some recent empirical attempts to test the validity of Purchasing Power Parity (PPP) to explain exchange-rate movements in the main currencies, as well as the econometric methodology used in such tests. Finally, we offer some encouraging results regarding the forecastability of exchange rate using PPP.
Technical Report
Full-text available
In this paper we assess the empirical relevance of an expectations version of Purchasing Power Parity in forecasting the Dollar/Euro exchange rate. This version is based on the Uncovered Interest Rate Parity and tbe Fisher Hypothesis, and it makes use of the differentials of inflation expectations derived from inflation-indexed bonds for the Euro a...
Technical Report
Full-text available
One of the reasons for persistent high unemployment in Spain has been attributed to a low mobility of workers between regions. We examine workers’ geographical mobility indirectly through migration willingness of unemployed. We focus on two observed patterns in migration willingness, downward trend and persistent regional differences. The changes i...
Article
Full-text available
A pesar de su innegable importancia, el análisis empírico de los determinantes del bienestar individual ha sido un tema prácticamente ignorado por la literatura económica hasta mediada la década de los noventa. Esta ausencia contrasta con la atención que han otorgado psicólogos y sociólogos al estudio de las causas e implicaciones de la felicidad,...

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