Emma Derbyshire

Emma Derbyshire
Nutritional Insight

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57
Publications
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465
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Publications

Publications (57)
Article
Full-text available
Food-Based Dietary Guidelines (FBDG) lack uniformity globally, with the integration of protein food sources being highly variable. Protein guidance tends to be dichotomous, e.g., animal versus plant with other categories such as fungal proteins being overlooked. In 2019 the EAT Lancet Food in the Anthropocene report was a chief driver questioning t...
Chapter
Mycoprotein was first discovered in the 1960s, yet today, its consumption and applications within the food industry continue to grow. This protein is derived from the soil-dwelling fungus Fusarium venenatum A3/5 and is used to produce mycoprotein found in Quorn—the leading fungal-derived protein source that is commercially available for consumption...
Article
Full-text available
Choline is an important nutrient during the first 1000 days post conception due to its roles in brain function. An increasing number of studies have measured choline intakes at the population level. We collated the evidence focusing on habitual choline intakes in the preconceptual, pregnancy, and lactation life stages. We conducted a review includi...
Article
Full-text available
br/> Bronchiectasis is a chronic condition in which areas of the bronchial tubes become permanently widened predisposing the lungs to infection. Bronchiectasis is an age-associated disease with the highest prevalence in people older than 75 years. While the prevalence of bronchiectasis is higher in males, disease is more severe in females who have...
Article
Full-text available
Mycoprotein is a protein-rich fungal-derived sustainable food source that was first discovered in the early 1960's. Since then, a sizeable body of research has investigated the health benefits of mycelium protein. Given this, the present publication aims to systematically review the effects of mycoprotein on human health. A literature search of hum...
Article
Full-text available
br/>Upper and lower respiratory tract infections are amongst the most common infections globally, and in the United Kingdom they account for about half of all oral antibiotics prescribed. Antibiotic overuse and the emergence of “superbugs” that are resistant to their effects is a global problem that is becoming a serious concern. Considering this,...
Chapter
This chapter aims to discuss patterns of human consumption of pulses, their nutritional value, and their role in health and disease prevention. The potential to include pulses within food products and their promising role as functional foods and nutraceuticals will also be discussed in this chapter. Pulses have long been known for their nutritional...
Article
Full-text available
In the 21st century, we face a troubling trilemma of expanding populations, planetary and public wellbeing. Given this, shifts from animal to plant food protein are gaining momentum and are an important part of reducing carbon emissions and consumptive water use. However, as this fast-pace of change sets in and begins to firmly embed itself within...
Article
Plant-based diets are accelerating in their popularity and yet their nutritional viability remains a matter of interest. In the present review, data has been extrapolated from available studies assessing micronutrient profiles amongst those following plant-based diets. A total of five systematic review and meta-analysis papers collating evidence fr...
Article
Full-text available
The foundations of neurodevelopment across an individual’s lifespan are established in the first 1000 days of life (2 years). During this period an adequate supply of nutrients are essential for proper neurodevelopment and lifelong brain function. Of these, evidence for choline has been building but has not been widely collated using systematic app...
Article
Full-text available
In late December 2019 severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) first emerged in Wuhan, Hubei, China, resulting in the potentially fatal COVID-19. It went on to be officially recognised as a pandemic by the World Health Organisation on 11 March 2020. While many public health strategies have evolved, there has been little mention...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Increasingly, interest in and the uptake of herbal infusions has advanced, namely, owing to their bioactive properties and potential links to health. Given this, the purpose of the present review was to collate evidence from human trials for five popular herbal infusions. Design/methodology/approach The systematic review comprised ten huma...
Article
Full-text available
Background: There is a tendency to report oily fish intakes for adults collectively. This means that certain population groups tend to be overlooked. The purpose of the present article is to derive and evaluate oily fish and omega-3 intakes across the lifespan. Methods: A secondary analysis of the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey (years 2008–2...
Article
Objective: Cutaneous disorders can impact on the psycho-social well-being of children and adults alike, which has been reviewed elsewhere (Body Image 27, 2018 and 98). The present review sets out to evaluate progressions in skin masking and camouflaging techniques together with evaluating the efficacy of these. There does not appear to have been a...
Article
Mycoprotein is derived from the filamentous fungus Fusarium venenatum, first discovered in the 1960s. Mycoprotein is high in protein and fiber and low in energy and saturated fat and contains no trans-fat or cholesterol. A systematic search of the PubMed identified 13 human studies investigating the health properties of mycoprotein, with some evide...
Article
Full-text available
The brain is the most significant and complex organ of the human body. Increasingly, we are becoming aware that certain nutrients may help to safeguard brain health. An expanse of research has investigated the effects of omega fatty acids in relation to brain health but effects across the lifespan have not been widely evaluated. The present systema...
Article
Full-text available
Background: There is a tendency to report micronutrients intakes collectively for adults, with broad age ranges being used. This means that certain sub-population groups such as young adults are often overlooked. The objective of the present article was to derive and evaluate micronutrient intakes across UK adults in their twenties, thirties, forti...
Chapter
A healthy, balanced diet containing adequate amounts of nutrients both before and throughout pregnancy is essential in supporting fetal health. It is especially important to acquire adequate stores of iron upon conception to prevent deficiency during pregnancy. Nutritional needs change throughout the course of pregnancy. For example, folate, vitami...
Article
Helping children to learn and focus is a central part of educational pedagogy. Given that the human brain is around 60 per cent fat the present review sets out to evaluate the role of omega-3/6 fatty acids in relation to aspects of classroom learning. This is particularly relevant in modern day given that there has been a shift in children’s fatty...
Article
Full-text available
Background Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a debilitating behavioural disorder affecting daily ability to function, learn, and interact with peers. This publication assesses the role of omega-3/6 fatty acids in the treatment and management of ADHD. Methods A systematic review of 16 randomised controlled trials was undertaken. Tr...
Article
Full-text available
Blanket health messages to lower red meat intakes are being communicated at present. These could have adverse implications on the micronutrient quality of women’s diets. The current paper evaluates the nutritional impact of lower red meat intakes on British women’s micronutrient intakes and status. A secondary analysis of the UK National Diet and N...
Article
Full-text available
Osteoporosis is a prevalent and debilitating condition with no signs of subsiding. Rising numbers of people consuming nutrient-poor diets coupled with ageing populations and sedentary lifestyles appear to be the main drivers behind this. While the nutrients calcium and vitamin D have received most attention, there is growing evidence that wholefood...
Article
Full-text available
A flexitarian or semi-vegetarian diet (SVD) is one that is primarily vegetarian with the occasional inclusion of meat or fish. Of late, there appears to be an increasing movement toward this practice. There has not been a recent update on these diets from a health perspective. Using the National Centre for Biotechnology Information PubMed database,...
Article
The purpose of this paper is to acquaint the readers with the latest guidelines and research related to smoothies. This paper sets out to provide an update of evidence in the field and put findings into context. A secondary analysis of the UK National Diet and Nutrition Survey from Years 5 and 6 was undertaken to explore fruit and vegetable, fibre...
Article
Purpose - The purpose of this paper was to evaluate the latest mounting evidence reporting associations between the important role of whole grains and fibre in lowering the risk of chronic diseases and health. Design/methodology/approach - A general systematic review was conducted to locate and summarise up-to-date published studies within the fie...
Article
This chapter discusses patterns of human consumption of pulses, their nutritional value, and role in health and disease prevention. The potential to include pulses within food products and their promising role as functional foods and neutraceuticals are also described. Pulses are known for their nutritional and health-promoting properties. Pulses a...
Chapter
Once a woman has given birth, a series of hormonal and physiological changes take place to help the body return to its pre-pregnant state. Although these processes may be facilitated by breastfeeding, a large proportion of women do not return to their original weight before pregnancy, for reasons that will be discussed. In turn, failure to lose exc...
Chapter
Minerals can be defined as macro- or microminerals depending on whether they are required by the body physiologically in small or large amounts. For most pregnant women, daily requirements for minerals can be met through the consumption of a balanced diet. However, there is evidence to suggest that certain minerals such as iron, iodine and selenium...
Chapter
It is important that women are aware of ‘how much’ weight to gain during pregnancy. Failure to gain weight within recommended guidelines (11.5–16 kg for women with a normal pre-pregnancy weight) may affect the short- and long-term health of both mother and child. Inadequate levels of weight gain may increase the risk of miscarriage, premature deliv...
Chapter
Most women hope to deliver a happy and healthy baby. However, unfortunately this is not always the case. Although a range of factors, including social, environmental and the inheritance of genetic conditions, may affect the health of the child, scientists are becoming increasingly aware of the role that dietary and lifestyle factors can play in ter...
Chapter
Nutritional needs are not necessarily the same for every expectant mother. Adolescents are an example of one group that are particularly nutritionally vulnerable should they fall pregnant. Equally, it is becoming increasingly common for women to delay conception towards the end of their childbearing years. Not only does this increase the risk of ge...
Chapter
The hormonal and physiological changes that take place during pregnancy are vast and generally not experienced at any other healthy life phase. The changes that occur help the mother's body to accommodate the growing child and create a suitable environment to support its development. During this time, most body systems undergo a degree of change th...
Chapter
Vitamins are generally defined as organic compounds that are required by the body for good health. During pregnancy, there is a metabolic demand for high-quality nutrients, so it is important that these are obtained from the mother's diet. Both over- and underconsumption of vitamins can have health implications in pregnancy (and for the offspring),...
Article
This volume has been written to review the significance of human activity to the range of environmental processes studied by the physical geographer. All the 15 chapters including the editors' introduction and postscript are abstracted separately. There are 5 groups of chapters: atmosphere, hydrosphere, lithosphere, pedosphere and biosphere.-K.Clay...

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