Emily P Stephen

Emily P Stephen
Massachusetts Institute of Technology | MIT · Institute for Medical Engineering and Science

PhD

About

8
Publications
726
Reads
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44
Citations

Publications

Publications (8)
Preprint
During propofol-induced general anesthesia, alpha rhythms undergo a striking shift from posterior to anterior, termed anteriorization. We combined human intracranial recordings with diffusion imaging to show that anteriorization occurs with opposing dynamics in two distinct thalamocortical subnetworks. The cortical and thalamic anatomy involved, as...
Article
Full-text available
A controversy has developed in recent years over the roles of frontal and posterior cortices in mediating consciousness and unconsciousness. Disruption of posterior cortex during sleep appears to suppress the contents of dreaming, yet activation of frontal cortex appears necessary for perception and can reverse unconsciousness under anesthesia. We...
Preprint
Phase Amplitude Coupling (PAC) is thought to play a fundamental role in the dynamic coordination of brain circuits and systems. There are however growing concerns that existing methods for PAC analysis are prone to error and misinterpretation. Improper frequency band selection can render true PAC undetectable, while non-linearities or abrupt change...
Preprint
A controversy 5 has developed in recent years over the role that frontal and posterior cortices play in mediating consciousness and unconsciousness. One hypothesis proposes that posterior sensory and association cortices are the principal mediators of consciousness, citing evidence that strong slow-wave activity over posterior cortex during sleep d...
Conference Paper
Understanding how different brain areas interact to generate complex behavior is a primary goal of neuroscience research. One approach, functional connectivity analysis, aims to characterize the connectivity patterns in brain networks. For example, resting state functional connectivity analysis infers statistical relationships between brain areas f...
Conference Paper
Neural oscillations reflect the coordinated activity of neuronal populations across a wide range of temporal and spatial scales, and are thought to play a significant role in mediating many aspects of brain function, including atten- tion, cognition, sensory processing, and consciousness. Brain oscillations are typically analyzed using frequency do...
Article
Full-text available
Although general anesthetics are routinely administered to surgical patients to induce loss of consciousness, the mechanisms underlying anesthetic-induced unconsciousness are not fully understood. In rats, we characterized changes in the extradural EEG and intracranial local field potentials (LFPs) within the prefrontal cortex (PFC), parietal corte...
Article
Full-text available
The brain is a complex network of interconnected elements, whose interactions evolve dynamically in time to cooperatively perform specific functions. A common technique to probe these interactions involves multi-sensor recordings of brain activity during a repeated task. Many techniques exist to characterize the resulting task-related activity, inc...

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