Emilio I Alarcon

Emilio I Alarcon
University of Ottawa · Cardiac Surgery Research

PhD

About

57
Publications
14,129
Reads
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1,575
Citations
Citations since 2017
12 Research Items
922 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
Additional affiliations
October 2011 - present
University of Ottawa
Position
  • Research Associate
October 2011 - June 2014
University of Ottawa
Position
  • Research Associate
July 2005 - August 2009
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (57)
Article
Full-text available
Antibacterial properties of copper against planktonic bacteria population are affected by surface microstructure and topography. However, copper interactions with bacteria in a biofilm state are less studied. This work aims at better understanding the difference in biofilm inhibition of bulk, cold-sprayed and shot-peened copper surfaces and gaining...
Preprint
Full-text available
Rapid synthesis of nanomaterials in scalable quantities is critical for accelerating discovery and commercial translation of nanoscale-based technologies. The synthesis of metal nanogold and silver in volumes larger than 100 mL is not automatized and might require of the use of harsh conditions that in most cases is detrimental for the production o...
Article
The interaction of a terminal tryptophan residue within collagen mimetic peptides when tethered to nanometric silver surfaces was studied using a combination of steady state spectroscopy, ultrafast spectroscopy, and molecular dynamic experiments. Our findings indicate that the effective interaction between the tryptophan and the metal surface occur...
Article
We studied the effect of human serum albumin protein surrounding spherical nanosilver on the nanoparticle stability upon peroxyl radical oxidation. The nanoparticle-proteins composite is less prone to oxidation compared to...
Article
Polydispersity variability in the determination of the colloidal nanoparticle concentration results in significant differences in the total number of available nanoparticles, which ultimately affects the bioavailability and biodistribution of nanoparticles....
Article
Three new collagen mimetic peptides containing the CLK motif as anchoring arms were tested for silver nanoparticle surface stabilization. Our experimental and molecular dynamic data indicate that peptide length has...
Article
The interaction between nanoparticles and molecules plays a key role in determining the activity and performance of a given nanostructure. Those interactions are pivotal for a variety of applications including drug delivery, surface manipulation for targeted therapies, and catalysis. However, to this day, gathering precise association parameters fo...
Article
We report for the first time the preparation of a fibrous material composed of surface grafted spherical nanosilver and collagen using one-step electrospinning. The resulting composite showed comparable morphology to the control without nanosilver, but had improved electrical conductivity. Under electrical stimulation, fibrous materials containing...
Article
Sprayable formulations of AgNPs were prepared by exchanging citrate capping agents with LL37-SH peptides. The AgNP@LL37 material was then combined with type I collagen to form a stable film once sprayed. The AgNP@LL37 spray prevented Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) proliferation and eradicated a P. aeruginosa biofilm, while being non-toxic f...
Article
Despite the broad antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), their use in bioengineered corneal replacements or bandage contact lenses has been hindered due to their intense yellow coloration. In this communication, we report the development of a new strategy to pre-stabilize and incorporate AgNPs with different...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we derivatized type I collagen without altering its triple helical conformation to allow for facile hydrogel formation via the Michael addition of thiols to methacrylates without the addition of other crosslinking agents. This method provides the flexibility needed for the fabrication of injectable hydrogels or pre-fabricated implant...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing number of multidrug resistant bacteria has revitalized interest in seeking alternative sources for controlling bacterial infection. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), are amongst the most promising candidates due to their wide microbial spectrum of action. In this work, we report on the safety and efficacy of the incorporation of collagen...
Article
Injectable biomaterials have shown promise for cardiac regeneration therapy. However, little is known regarding their retention and distribution upon application in vivo. Matrix imaging would be useful for evaluating these important properties. Herein, hexadecyl-4-[(18)F]fluorobenzoate ((18)F-HFB) and Qdot labeling was used to evaluate collagen mat...
Article
Full-text available
Plasmon excitation of spherical gold nanoparticles carrying a fluorescent labeled 30 bp dsDNA cargo, with one chain covalently attached through two S-Au bonds to the surface, results in release of the complementary strand as ssDNA that can be examined in situ using high-resolution fluorescence microscopy. The release is dependent on the total energ...
Chapter
Silver nanoparticles are the latest version of silver preparations that have been revived and tested as anti-microbials, particularly as an alternative to antibiotics since the emergence of drug resistant bacteria. Silver nanoparticles share commonalities with other silver preparations and other metallic nanoparticles, but also several significant...
Article
In situ light initiated synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNP) was employed for AgNP incorporation within the polymeric matrices of medical grade polyurethane. The resulting materials showed improved antibacterial and antibiofilm activity against Pseudomonas aeruginosa with negligible toxicity for human primary skin cells and erythrocytes.
Article
The association of biomolecules with silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) has been shown to modify the nanoparticles’ stability as well as their behavior in the physiological environment. However, the details of how silver nanoparticle surfaces -- replete with heterogeneities -- interact with the equally heterogeneous surfaces of biomolecules remain elusiv...
Article
Full-text available
Silylation of riboflavin allowed its incorporation into spherical SiO2 nanoparticles that were able to generate singlet oxygen and oxidize human serum albumin while conferring riboflavin remarkable photostability.
Article
Full-text available
We report the preparation of water-dispersible, ca. 30 nm-sized nanohybrids containing NaYF4:Er3+, Yb3+ up-conversion nanoparticles (UCNPs), capped with a polyethylene glycol (PEG) derivative and highly loaded with a singlet oxygen photosensitizer, specifically a diiodo-substituted Bodipy (IBDP). The photosensitizer, bearing a carboxylic group, was...
Article
Capping silver nanoparticles with LL37 peptide eradicates the antiproliferative effect of silver on primary skin cells, but retains the bactericidal properties of silver nanoparticles with activities comparable to silver nitrate or silver sulfadiazine. In addition, LL37 capped silver nanoparticles have anti-biofilm formation activity.
Data
Full-text available
We report the preparation of water-dispersible, ca. 30 nm-sized nanohybrids containing NaYF4:Er3+, Yb3+ up-conversion nanoparticles (UCNPs), capped with a polyethylene glycol (PEG) derivative and highly loaded with a singlet oxygen photosensitizer, specifically a diiodo-substituted Bodipy (IBDP). The photosensitizer, bearing a carboxylic group, was...
Article
Ketorolac shows reduced photohemolytic activity and low phototoxicity against human skin fibroblasts when compared to ketoprofen. The low decarboxylation quantum yield together with the efficient non-radiative deactivation of the triplet and singlet excited states of ketorolac are believed to be responsible for this behaviour.
Article
Full-text available
In this work we study the incorporation into dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) small unilamellar vesicle (SUV), of three indols: Trp, indol-3 acetamide and N-acetyl tryptophan ethyl ester (NATE), and of three flavins: riboflavin (RF), lumiflavin (LF), and 2'3'4'5' riboflavin tetrapropionate (TPRF). The incorporation into the vesicle was determi...
Article
In memoriam of Elsa Abuin (1942-2012), teacher, mentor and friend. This Special Issue presents a collection of review articles and papers dedicated to the memory of Elsa Abuin and most of them presented during the Meeting of the Latin-American photochemists (Encuentro Latino-Americano de Fotoquímica y Fotobiología, ELAFOT) held in October 2012 in C...
Article
The rarely recognized electron donating ability of the benzophenone triplet excited state provides an unusual route for the photochemical synthesis of gold nanoparticles.
Article
Ablated, "pseudo-naked" gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) catalyze the cis-trans isomerization of substituted azobenzenes. para-Substitution was found to affect the rate of isomerization, suggesting the participation of AuNP-mediated electron transfer in the isomerization mechanism.
Article
Full-text available
The anti-peroxyl radical quality of two aqueous rooibos infusions and solutions of their most abundant glycosylated polyphenols was evaluated using pyrogallol red and fluorescein-based oxygen radical absorbance ratios. It was observed that the artificial infusions, prepared using only the most abundant polyphenols present in rooibos and at concentr...
Article
The size of photochemically-prepared niobium nanoparticles (NbNP) can be controlled by varying the concentration of the photoinitiator in the reaction mixture. The particles, which may be metallic in nature, are readily oxidized upon air exposure to form stable niobium(v) oxide nanoparticles (NbONP) that act as strong Brønsted acids.
Article
Full-text available
We demonstrate for the first time, a portable multimodal coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscope (exoscope) for minimally invasive in-vivo imaging of tissues. This device is based around a micro-electromechanical system scanning mirror and miniaturized optics with light delivery accomplished by a photonic crystal fibre. A single Ti:sapphir...
Article
The role of recombinant type I human collagen in the free form or forming AgNP@collagen on the photophysical and photochemical behavior of rose Bengal was analyzed. The formation of dye aggregates on the protein surface was experimentally observed and corroborated by docking calculations. The formation of such aggregates is believed to change the m...
Article
Full-text available
Thermally denatured human serum albumin interacts with ~3.0 nm spherical AgNP enhancing the fluorescence of Trp-214 at large protein/nanoparticle ratios. However, using native HSA, no changes in the emission were observed. The observation is likely due to differences between native and denatured protein packing resulting from protein corona formati...
Article
We report a novel nanosecond laser ablation synthesis for spherical gold nanoparticles as small as 4 nm in only 5 s (532 nm, 0.66 J/cm(2)), where the desired protecting agent can be selected in a protocol that avoids repeated sample irradiation and undesired exposure of the capping agent during ablation. This method takes advantage of the recently...
Article
Spherical 3.5 nm diameter silver nanoparticles (AgNP) stabilized in type I collagen (AgNP@collagen) were prepared in minutes (5-15 min) at room temperature by a photochemical method initiated by UVA irradiation of a water-soluble non-toxic benzoin. This biocomposite was examined to evaluate its biocompatibility and its anti-bacterial properties and...
Article
Methylene blue shows an isotope dependent triplet lifetime that is 50% longer in D(2)O compared with H(2)O as a result of electronic-to-vibrational relaxation. The effect is enhanced when the dye is bound to curcubit[7]uril due to a combination of restricted mobility and a unfavorable vibrational coupling.
Article
We have explored the photogeneration of the coumarin 314 radical cation by using nanosecond laser excitation at wavelengths longer than 400 nm in benzene, acetonitrile, dichloromethane, and aqueous media. In addition, time-resolved absorption spectroscopy measurements allowed detection of the triplet excited state of coumarin 314 (C(314)) with a ma...
Article
The association and photobehavior of Rose Bengal (RB) in the presence of dipalmitoylphosphatidyl choline (DPPC) small unilamellar liposomes is determined by the temperature. At temperatures above the main phase transition of the bilayer, the incorporation of the dye is ca. 2.5 times more efficient than that taking place when the bilayer is in the g...
Article
Steady state fluorescence measurements, due to their relative simplicity and fast and easy implementation, are one of the most employed techniques for evaluating the non-covalent binding of small molecules to proteins. In the present review we discuss the main characteristics of solute binding and the experimental procedures that can be employed fo...
Article
The effect of γ-radiation on green onion DNA integrity, phenol content, oxygen radical absorbance capacity, employing pyrogallol red and fluorescein as probes, as well as ascorbic acid content has been evaluated. Measurements using thiazole orange-DNA fluorescence and agarose gel electrophoresis show that γ-radiation does not lead to an apparent DN...
Article
The ketone-photoinduced formation of Au, Ag, and Cu nanoparticles from their corresponding ions in solution has been carried out using benzoin photoinitiators. Ketones are good photosensitizers for nanoparticle synthesis not because of the energy they can absorb or deliver, but rather because of the reducing free radicals they can generate. Efficie...
Article
Phthalocyanines are macrocyclic compounds that can be employed as photosensitizers in the treatment of various infections and diseases, as well as in photodynamic therapy. Nevertheless, a disadvantage for the clinical application of these compounds is their strong tendency to form oligomers (especially dimers), a phenomenon that reduces their effic...
Article
The influence of the phenolic hydroxyl group of ortho-hydroxy atorvastatin metabolite (Ato-OH) on the photochemistry of atorvastatin (Ato) has been evaluated by steady and time-resolved experiments. Direct excitation of Ato and Ato-OH led to phenanthrene-like intermediate formation, being ∼30% for Ato-OH less efficient than that for its parent comp...
Article
The dependence of the interaction between human serum albumin (HSA) and two epimeric bioconjugates, which contain (S)- or (R)-naproxen (NPX) bound to a cyclopentapeptide with an arginine-glycine-aspartate sequence (cRGD), on the absolute configuration of the naproxen moiety has been studied using several complementary experiments, such as direct ph...
Article
The photobehavior of merocyanine 540 (MC) was studied in homogeneous media (ethanol, buffer and glycerol), and in microheterogenous systems (Triton X-100 micelles and in the presence of human serum albumin) using stationary and time-resolved techniques. Merocyanine 540 in aqueous solution mostly forms aggregates, which in the presence of Triton X-1...
Article
Aqueous gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) cause a large increase in the yield of methylene blue triplets ((3)MB*) obtained upon 650 nm laser excitation as a result of surface plasmon field interactions that can be described as transmitter-receiver antenna effects. Two distinct (3)MB* populations are observed; a fast decaying one (tau(T) approximately 25 n...
Article
Full-text available
The photophysics and photochemistry of rose bengal (RB) and methylene blue (MB) bound to human serum albumin (HSA) have been investigated under a variety of experimental conditions. Distribution of the dyes between the external solvent and the protein has been estimated by physical separation and fluorescence measurements. The main localization of...
Article
A new strategy to evaluate accessibility of antioxidants to radical proteins has been developed using nitroxide prefluorescent probes anchored into human serum albumin (HSA). Binding association constants for the nitroxide probes C(343)T and QT with HSA were 5 x 10(4) and 9 x 10(4)M(-1), respectively. Rate constants for the nitroxide reduction by a...
Article
Full-text available
Rose bengal (RB) readily binds to human serum albumin (HSA). At low RB concentrations, 90% of the dye is associated to the protein (5 microM), This association takes place in specific binding sites I and/or II. At higher RB concentrations, unspecific binding takes place with up to 10 RB molecules bound per protein molecule. The behavior of excited...
Article
Full-text available
Zinc phthalocyanine (ZnPc) is a well known Type II (singlet oxygen mediated) hydrophobic photosensitizer with potential use in PDT. We have found that the presence of bovine serum albumin diminishes the aggregation degree of ZnPc in aqueous solution, indicating that albumins could be potentially useful carriers for this type of photosensitizer in P...
Article
Oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) values have been obtained for a series of teas and herbal infusions employing 2,2′-azo-bis(2-amidinopropane) as free radical source, and fluorescein and pyrogallol red as target molecules. The amounts of phenols in the extracts were evaluated by Folin’s methodology. ORAC values are extremely dependent upon...
Article
Oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) values have been obtained for a series of teas and herbal infusions employing 2,2′-azo-bis(2-amidinopropane) as free radical source, and fluorescein and pyrogallol red as target molecules. The amounts of phenols in the extracts were evaluated by Folin’s methodology. ORAC values are extremely dependent upon...
Article
The distribution of urocanic acid (UCA) isomers between aqueous solutions and n-octanol, egg yolk phosphatidylcholine (eggPC) liposomes or bovine serum albumin (BSA) has been evaluated. Regarding its partitioning between water and n-octanol, the behaviour of both isomers is very similar, and the amount incorporated to the organic solvent is mostly...
Article
Low level chemiluminescence (CL) is observed after protein oxidation mediated by singlet oxygen produced in Rose Bengal (RB) irradiation. This CL lasts for several minutes after the end of the photolysis. In this work, the mechanism of the process was assessed from the spectral characteristics of the CL and the effect of antioxidants (Trolox or asc...
Article
A comparative study of the photosensitizing activity of advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) prepared by incubating glucose (Glc), threose (Threo) and ascorbate (AH-) in the presence of lysine (Lys) was performed. Photochemical activity was evaluated under low oxygen pressure with the aim to simulate the conditions of the eye lens. AGE-sensitized...

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