# Emanuele G. Dalla TorreBar Ilan University | BIU · Department of Physics

Emanuele G. Dalla Torre

Ph.D.

## About

69

Publications

5,793

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2,132

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Citations since 2017

Introduction

Researcher in the field of quantum science and technologies. Specialized in the theoretical modelling of many-body quantum dynamics, with applications to ultracold atoms, quantum optics and superconducting circuits.

Additional affiliations

September 2011 - August 2014

## Publications

Publications (69)

Adiabatic quantum algorithms solve computational problems by slowly evolving a trivial state to the desired solution. On an ideal quantum computer, the solution quality improves monotonically with increasing circuit depth. By contrast, increasing the depth in current noisy computers introduces more noise and eventually deteriorates any computationa...

Periodically driven (Floquet) systems are said to prethermalize when their energy absorption is very slow for a long time. This effect was first discovered in quantum spin models, where the heating rate is exponentially small in the ratio between the driving frequency and the spin bandwidth. Recently, it was shown that prethermalization occurs also...

Nonlocal games are extensions of Bell inequalities, aimed at demonstrating quantum advantage. These games are well suited for noisy quantum computers because they only require the preparation of a shallow circuit, followed by the measurement of non‐commuting observable. Here, the minimal implementation of the nonlocal game proposed in Science 362,...

Symmetry-protected topological order in one dimension leads to protected degeneracies between symmetry blocks of the reduced density matrix. In the presence of periodic driving, topological Floquet phases can be identified in terms of a cycling of these symmetry blocks between different charge quantum numbers. We discuss an example of this phenomen...

Quantum computers are a leading platform for the simulation of many-body physics. This task has been recently facilitated by the possibility to program directly the time-dependent pulses sent to the computer. Here, we use this feature to simulate quantum lattice models with long-range hopping. Our approach is based on an exact mapping between perio...

Symmetry protected topological order in one dimension leads to protected degeneracies between symmetry blocks of the reduced density matrix. In the presence of periodic driving, topological Floquet phases can be identified in terms of a cycling of these symmetry blocks between different charge quantum numbers. We discuss an example of this phenomen...

Periodically driven (Floquet) systems are said to prethermalize when their energy absorption is very slow for long time. This effect was first discovered in quantum spin models, where the heating rate is exponentially small in the ratio between the driving frequency and the spin bandwidth. Recently, it was shown that prethermalization occurs also i...

The coexistence of a homogeneous d-wave gap and short-ranged pairing density waves (PDW) accounts for the apparent "ring" charge order in all directions of the copper oxide plane, observed by recent RIXS measurements in Bi$_2$Sr$_2$CaCu$_2$O$_{8+\delta}

We study large networks of parametric oscillators as heuristic solvers of random Ising models. In these networks, known as coherent Ising machines, the model to be solved is encoded in the coupling between the oscillators, and a solution is offered by the steady state of the network. This approach relies on the assumption that mode competition stee...

Quantum computers are a leading platform for the simulation of many-body physics. This task has been recently facilitated by the possibility to program directly the time-dependent pulses sent to the computer. Here, we use this feature to simulate quantum lattice models with long-range hopping. Our approach is based on an exact mapping between perio...

We study large networks of parametric oscillators as heuristic solvers of random Ising models. In these networks, known as coherent Ising machines, the model to be solved is encoded in the dissipative coupling between the oscillators, and a solution is offered by the steady state of the network. This approach relies on the assumption that mode comp...

Identifying topological properties is a major challenge because, by definition, topological states do not have a local order parameter. While a generic solution to this challenge is not available yet, a broad class of topological states, namely, symmetry-protected topological (SPT) states, can be identified by distinctive degeneracies in their enta...

The Dicke model is a fundamental model of quantum optics, which describes the interaction between light and matter. In the Dicke model, the light component is described as a single quantum mode, while the matter is described as a set of two-level systems. When the coupling between the light and matter crosses a critical value, the Dicke model shows...

We explore the coherent dynamics in a small network of three coupled parametric oscillators and demonstrate the effect of frustration on the persistent beating between them. Since a single-mode parametric oscillator represents an analogue of a classical Ising spin, networks of coupled parametric oscillators are considered as simulators of Ising spi...

Competing density waves play an important role in the mystery of high-temperature cuprate superconductors. In spite of the large amount of experimental evidence, the fundamental question of whether these modulations represent charge or pairing density waves (CDWs or PDWs) is still debated. Here we present a method to answer this question using both...

The manipulation of many-body systems often involves time-dependent forces that cause unwanted heating. One strategy to suppress heating is to use time-periodic (Floquet) forces with large frequencies. In particular, for quantum spin systems with bounded spectra, it was shown rigorously that the heating rate is exponentially small in the driving fr...

We explore the coherent dynamics in a small network of three coupled parametric oscillators and demonstrate the effect of frustration on the persistent beating between them. Since a single-mode parametric oscillator represents an analog of a classical Ising spin, networks of coupled parametric oscillators are considered as simulators of Ising spin...

In superconductivity, electrons exhibit unique macroscopic collective quantum behavior that is the key for many modern quantum technologies. This electron behavior stems vastly from coupling to a correlated motion of atoms in the material, as well as from synchronized directional movement that screens external magnetic fields perfectly. Hence, the...

Identifying topological properties is a major challenge because, by definition, topological states do not have a local order parameter. While a generic solution to this challenge is not available yet, toplogical states that are protected by a symmetry can be identified by protected degeneracies in their entanglement spectrum. Here, we provide two c...

Coupled parametric oscillators were recently employed as simulators of artificial Ising networks, with the potential to solve computationally hard minimization problems. We demonstrate a new dynamical regime within the simplest network—two coupled parametric oscillators, where the oscillators never reach a steady state, but show persistent, full-sc...

We introduce well-defined characterizations of prethermal states in realistic periodically driven many-body systems with unbounded chaotic diffusion of the kinetic energy. These systems, interacting arrays of periodically kicked rotors, are paradigmatic models of many-body chaos theory. We show that the prethermal states in these systems are well d...

Coupled parametric oscillators were recently employed as simulators of artificial Ising networks, with the potential to solve computationally hard minimization problems. We demonstrate a new dynamical regime within the simplest network—two coupled parametric oscillators, where the oscillators never reach a steady state, but show persistent, full-sc...

Periodically driven parametric oscillators offer a convenient way to simulate classical Ising spins. When many parametric oscillators are coupled dissipatively, they can be analogous to networks of Ising spins, forming an effective coherent Ising machine (CIM) that efficiently solves computationally hard optimization problems. In the companion pape...

Competing density waves play an important role in the mystery of high-temperature superconductors. In spite of the large amount of experimental evidence, the fundamental question of whether these modulations represent charge or pairing density waves (CDWs or PDWs) is still debated. Here we present a method to answer this question using two-dimensio...

We introduce well-defined characterizations of prethermal states in realistic periodically driven many-body systems with unbounded chaotic diffusion of the kinetic energy. These systems, interacting arrays of periodically kicked rotors, are paradigmatic models of many-body chaos theory. We show that the prethermal states in these systems are well d...

Spin chains with two Ising symmetries are the Jordan-Wigner duals of one-dimensional interacting fermions with particle-hole and time-reversal symmetry. From earlier works on Majorana chains, it is known that this class of models has 10 distinct topological phases. In this paper, we analyze the physical properties of the correspondent 10 phases of...

The Dicke model is a fundamental model of quantum optics that describes the coupling between many two level systems and a single cavity model. One of the key features of the model is a phase transition between a normal phase, in which the atoms are mostly unexcited, and a superradiant phase, in which the atoms emit light coherently into the cavity....

Exceptional points describe the coalescence of the eigenmodes of a non-Hermitian matrix. When an exceptional point occurs in the unitary evolution of a many-body system, it generically leads to a dynamical instability with a finite wavevector [N. Bernier et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 065303 (2014)]. Here, we study exceptional points in the context...

Coupled parametric oscillators have been recently employed as simulators of artificial Ising networks, with the potential to efficiently solve computationally hard minimization problems. We report on a detailed study of two coupled degenerate parametric oscillators, exploring the entire phase diagram, in terms of pump power, phase and coupling stre...

Periodically driven parametric oscillators offer a convenient way to simulate classical Ising spins. When many parametric oscillators are coupled dissipatively, they can be analogous to networks of Ising spins, forming an effective coherent Ising machine (CIM) that efficiently solves computationally hard optimization problems. In the companion lett...

Exceptional points describe the coalescence of the eigenmodes of a non-Hermitian matrix. When an exceptional point occurs in the spectrum of a many-body system, it generically leads to a dynamical instability with a finite wavevector [N. Bernier et al. , Phys. Rev. Lett. 113, 065303 (2014)]. Here, we study exceptional points in the context of the c...

The Dicke model describes the coupling between a quantized cavity field and a large ensemble of two‐level atoms. When the number of atoms tends to infinity, this model can undergo a transition to a superradiant phase, belonging to the mean‐field Ising universality class. The superradiant transition was first predicted for atoms in thermal equilibri...

Scale invariance usually occurs in extended systems where correlation functions decay algebraically in space and/or time. Here we introduce a new type of scale invariance, occurring in the distribution functions of physical observables. At equilibrium these functions decay over a typical scale set by the temperature, but they can become scale invar...

The Dicke model describes the coupling between a quantized cavity field and a large ensemble of two-level atoms. When the number of atoms tends to infinity, this model can undergo a transition to a superradiant phase, belonging to the mean-field Ising universality class. The superradiant transition was first predicted for atoms in thermal equilibri...

We present a fermionic description of non-equilibrium few-level systems. Our approach uses the Keldysh path integral formalism and allows us to take into account periodic drives, as well as dissipative channels. The technique is based on the Majorana fermion representation of spin-1/2 models which follows earlier applications in the context of spin...

Controlling both the amplitude and the phase of the superconducting quantum order parameter ψ in nanostructures is important for next-generation information and communication technologies. The lack of electric resistance in superconductors, which may be advantageous for some technologies, hinders convenient voltage-bias tuning and hence limits the...

Periodic drives are a common tool to control physical systems, but have a limited applicability because time-dependent drives generically lead to heating. How to prevent the heating is a fundamental question with important practical implications. We address this question by analyzing a chain of coupled kicked rotors, and find two situations in whic...

Scale invariance usually occurs in extended systems where correlation functions decay algebraically in space and/or time. Here we introduce a new type of scale invariance, occurring in distribution functions of physical observables. At equilibrium, these functions decay over a typical scale set by the temperature, but they can become scale invarian...

We explore the universal properties of spin-1/2 chains with two Ising symmetries. This class of models does not possess any of the symmetries that are required to protect the Haldane phase. Nevertheless, we show that there are 4 symmetry-protected topological phases, in addition to 6 phases that spontaneously break one or both Ising symmetries. By...

Disordered thin films close to the superconducting-insulating phase transition (SIT) hold the key to understanding quantum phase transition in strongly correlated materials. In spite of the sharp drop of conductivity across the SIT, tunneling experiments reveal a spectral gap that smoothly evolves through the transition. This gap is accompanied by...

The periodically driven quantum Ising chain has recently attracted a large attention in the context of Floquet engineering. In addition to the common paramagnet and ferromagnet, this driven model can give rise to new topological phases. In this work we systematically explore its quantum phase diagram, by examining the properties of its {\em Floquet...

We study the dynamics of phase relaxation between a pair of one-dimensional condensates created by a bi-directional, supersonic `unzipping' of a finite single condensate. We find that the system fractures into different \emph{extensive} chunks of space-time, within which correlations appear thermal but correspond to different effective temperatures...

We develop a new fermionic path-integral formalism to analyze the phase diagram of open nonequilibrium systems. The formalism is applied to analyze an ensemble of two-level atoms interacting with a single-mode optical cavity, described by the Dicke model. While this model is often used as the paradigmatic example of a phase transition in driven-dis...

We study the slow crossing of non-equilibrium quantum phase transitions in periodically driven systems. We explicitly consider a spin chain with a uniform time-dependent magnetic field and focus on the Floquet state that is adiabatically connected to the ground state of the static model. We find that this Floquet ground state undergoes a series of...

The analysis of Fourier-transformed scanning-tunneling-microscopy (STM)
images with subatomic resolution is a common tool for studying properties of
quasiparticle excitations in strongly correlated materials. While Fourier
amplitudes are generally complex valued, earlier analysis mostly considered
only their absolute values. Their complex phases we...

In periodically-driven quantum many-body systems we find a low-entanglement
eigenstate of the dynamics analogous to the ground state of static systems.
This state can be reached by adiabatically lowering the frequency, until a
non-equilibrium quantum phase transition occurs. We exemplify this method with
a one-dimensional spin chain: we find that t...

When immersed in a see of cold electrons, local impurities give rise to
density modulations known as Friedel oscillations. In spite of the generality
of this phenomenon, the exact shape of these modulations is usually computed
only for non-interacting electrons with a quadratic dispersion relation. In
actual materials, one needs to take into accoun...

We consider a many-body generalization of the Kapitza pendulum: the
periodically-driven sine-Gordon model. We show that this interacting system is
dynamically stable to periodic drives with finite frequency and amplitude. This
finding is in contrast to the common belief that periodically-driven unbounded
interacting systems should always tend to an...

One of the key challenges in the field of high-temperature superconductivity
is understanding the nature of fermionic quasiparticles. Experiments
consistently demonstrate the existence of a second energy scale, distinct from
the d-wave superconducting gap, that persists above the transition temperature
into the "pseudogap" phase. One common class o...

By applying complementary analytic and numerical methods, we investigate the
dynamics of spin-$1/2$ XXZ models with variable-range interactions in arbitrary
dimensions. The dynamics we consider is initiated from uncorrelated states that
are easily prepared in experiments, and can be equivalently viewed as either
Ramsey spectroscopy or a quantum que...

We study the dynamics of phase relaxation between a pair of one-dimensional
condensates created by a supersonic unzipping of a single condensate. We use
the Lorentz invariance of the low energy sector of such systems to show that
dephasing results in an unusual prethermal state, in which right- and
left-moving excitations have different, Doppler-sh...

We consider the dynamics of a Bose-Einstein condensate with two internal
states, coupled through a coherent drive. We focus on a specific quench
protocol, in which the sign of the coupling field is suddenly changed. At a
mean-field level, the system is transferred from a minimum to a maximum of the
coupling energy and can remain dynamically stable,...

We study the linear response to time-dependent probes of a symmetry-protected topological phase of bosons in one dimension, the Haldane insulator (HI). This phase is separated from the ordinary Mott insulator (MI) and density-wave (DW) phases by continuous transitions, whose field theoretical description is reviewed here. Using this technique, we c...

We consider a quantum quench in which two initially independent condensates are suddenly coupled and study the subsequent "rephasing" dynamics. For weak tunneling couplings, the time evolution of physical observables is predicted to follow universal scaling laws, connecting the short-time dynamics to the long-time nonperturbative regime. We first p...

The time evolution of a single particle in a harmonic trap with time
dependent frequency omega(t) is well studied. Nevertheless here we show that,
when the harmonic trap is opened (or closed) as function of time while keeping
the adiabatic parameter mu = [d omega(t)/dt]/omega(t)^2 fixed, a sharp
transition from an oscillatory to a monotonic exponen...

Equilibrium thermal noise is known to destroy any quantum phase transition.
What are the effects of non-equilibrium noise? In two recent papers we have
considered the specific case of a resistively-shunted Josephson junction driven
by $1/f$ charge noise. At equilibrium, this system undergoes a sharp quantum
phase transition at a critical value of t...

We investigate non-equilibrium phase transitions for driven atomic ensembles,
interacting with a cavity mode, coupled to a Markovian dissipative bath. In the
thermodynamic limit and at low-frequencies, we show that the distribution
function of the photonic mode is thermal, with an effective temperature set by
the atom-photon interaction strength. T...

We present and analyze a new approach for the generation of atomic spin
squeezed states. Our method involves the collective coupling of an atomic
ensemble to a decaying mode of an open optical cavity. We demonstrate the
existence of a collective atomic dark-state, decoupled from the radiation
field. By explicitly constructing this state we find tha...

Spin squeezed states have attracted substantial interest over the last
decades from fundamental and application points of view to study
many-body entanglement and improve high-precision spectroscopy. One
limiting factor for squeezing is the coupling to the environment which
usually has detrimental effects on the generation and entanglement
fidelity...

Dipolar particles in an elongated trap are expected to undergo a quantum phase transition from a linear to a zigzag structure with decreasing transverse confinement. We derive the low-energy effective theory of the transition showing that in the presence of quantum fluctuations the zigzag phase can be characterized by a long-ranged string order, wh...

Since their discovery in 1976, equilibrium quantum critical points have
attracted continuous interest, due to their universality (i.e. the
independence from the microscopic details of the systems). In two recent
papers [1,2] we have extended these concepts to non-equilibrium systems,
by studying the universal properties of quantum systems driven by...

We investigate the dynamical properties of low dimensional systems, driven by
external noise sources. Specifically we consider a resistively shunted
Josephson junction and a one dimensional quantum liquid in a commensurate
lattice potential, subject to $1/f$ noise. In absence of nonlinear coupling, we
have shown previously that these systems establ...

Quantum critical points are characterized by scale invariant correlations and correspondingly long ranged entanglement. As such, they present fascinating examples of quantum states of matter, the study of which has been an important theme in modern physics. Nevertheless very little is known about the fate of quantum criticality under non equilibriu...

We investigate the ground state properties of a newly discovered phase of one dimensional lattice bosons with extended interactions (see E. G. Dalla Torre et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. \textbf{97}, 260401 (2006)). The new phase, termed the Haldane Insulator (HI) in analogy with the gapped phase of spin-1 chains, is characterized by a non local order par...

We investigate the dynamic response of a system of ultracold dipolar atoms or molecules in the one dimensional Haldane Bose insulator phase. This phase, which was recently predicted theoretically [1], is characterized by non-local string order and its elementary excitations are domain walls in this order. We compute experimentally relevant response...

We investigate the phase diagram of spinless bosons with long range (1/r^3) repulsive interactions, relevant to ultracold polarized atoms or molecules, using DMRG. Between the two conventional insulating phases, the Mott and density wave phases, we find a new phase possessing hidden order revealed by non local string correlations analogous to those...

We investigate the phase diagram of spinless bosons with long range (variant 1/r(3)) repulsive interactions, relevant to ultracold polarized atoms or molecules, using density matrix renormalization group. Between the two conventional insulating phases, the Mott and density wave phases, we find a new phase possessing hidden order revealed by nonloca...

## Projects

Project (1)