Emanuele Carpanzano

Emanuele Carpanzano
University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland · Department of Innovative Technologies

Prof. Dr. Eng.
Director of Research, Development and Knowledge Transfer

About

88
Publications
15,631
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
935
Citations
Introduction
Emanuele Carpanzano is Director of Research, Development and Knowledge Transfer at the University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland. He is active in different federal and international associations and institutions dedicated to education, research and innovation programs and initiatives. His research interests and activites are focused on industrial control and automation systems. He is author of about 140 scientific papers, as well as of industrial patents.
Additional affiliations
January 2013 - January 2021
University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland
Position
  • Head of Department
January 2013 - present
University of Applied Sciences and Arts of Southern Switzerland
Position
  • Professor
September 2001 - December 2012
National Research Council
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (88)
Chapter
The evolution of work organizational models and of technology poses an unprecedented set of challenges and opportunities for ensuring workers’ well-being. After an overview of the evolution of these two aspects and the role of humans with their respect, we will frame the current and near-future developments according to the job demands-resources mo...
Article
In the context of the Industry 4.0 approach, applications and solutions supporting monitoring, simulation, optimisation and decision-making in production systems are exponentially growing. These solutions are commonly built on digital twins, i.e., comprehensive, structured and effective digital representations of the production system and its entit...
Article
Full-text available
The tooling industry persistently demands for advanced techniques to boost the tools performances over their lifecycle. Direct Metal Deposition (DMD) presents key opportunities in the tool refurbishment. However, the typical tool paths via DMD consist of alternated smooth segments and sharp corners. Here, the fluctuation of energy density and powde...
Article
Deliberative robots adapt their behavior from cobot to industrial arms as a result of the interaction dynamic with the human teammates and production context. This powerful capability is instrumental to boost robots' adoption within typically manual manufacturing contexts, by enhancing productivity while preserving human safety and job quality. The...
Article
Full-text available
Direct Metal Deposition is an effective additive manufacturing technology to build parts from scratch, add complex features on existing raw parts or even repair highly specialized products. The combinations of high performance materials and free shape complexity achievable by such technology offers great advantages for industrial applications such...
Preprint
Today, there are many examples in the literature where digital copies of machines, devices, products or entire production systems are used to improve performance, make predictions and take decisions. However, humans have been so far excluded from these digital representations, even though their influence on process quality, performance and continuo...
Chapter
Full-text available
The need to comply with shorter product life-cycles, diversified market demands and increased global competitiveness is leading to a dramatic increase in production systems requirements in terms of flexibility and responsiveness. Industry 4.0 and its push for digitalisation are becoming a pervasive reality impacting almost each phase of the company...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Today literature proposes several models to assess the level of digitisation of a company. However, digitisation includes innumerable elements and aspects that require either models that are too complex to be easily applied by Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) or too high-level to provide significant hints for improvement. This paper proposes a m...
Article
Full-text available
Predictive models are crucially relevant for the design and control of manufacturing processes, particularly when process quality is highly sensitive to unknown physical parameters. This paper describes a method to model industrial processes using neural networks and physical prior knowledge. The approach is applied to heat transfer problems, parti...
Article
Today literature proposes several models to assess the level of digitisation of a company. However, digitisation includes innumerable elements and aspects that require either models that are too complex to be easily applied by Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) or too high-level to provide significant hints for improvement. This paper proposes a m...
Article
Full-text available
Multiple and diverse factory digital twins have been proposed in the literature. However, despite the recognized growing importance of workers in smart and autonomous industrial settings, such models still lack or oversimplify human representation. Human digital twins must include human monitoring and behavioural data and models based on psychophys...
Article
Laser ablation considered as a subtractive process working alongside an additive system promotes the geometric integrity of components and compliance with the nominal design. The strategy chosen to remove build deviations has a fundamental role towards streamlining efficient digital workflows for layer-wise manufacturing of high-quality components....
Article
Full-text available
This paper proposes an adaptive human-machine collaboration paradigm based on machine learning. Human-machine collaboration requires more than letting humans and machines interact according to fixed rules. A decision-maker is needed to assess production status and to activate adaptations that improve productivity and workers’ well-being. The propos...
Book
This book gathers the proceedings of the 5th International Conference on the Industry 4.0 Model for Advanced Manufacturing (AMP 2020), held in Belgrade, Serbia, on 1–4 June 2020. The event marks the latest in a series of high-level conferences that bring together experts from academia and industry to exchange knowledge, ideas, experiences, research...
Article
Full-text available
Cold Spray (CS) technology enables structural reinforcement, coating and repairing of metal-based components. The deposition occurs by the impact of small particles accelerated at supersonic velocity on the deposition surface. While processing stainless steel material the CS must be run in high-pressure conditions, thus making any in-situ repairing...
Article
Full-text available
In the metal additive manufacturing technique known as Direct Metal Deposition, parts are manufactured by blowing metal powder particles into a laser beam moved according to a predefined path. The trajectories the laser source follows usually include several changes of direction, in which local increase of energy density occurs due to both high cur...
Chapter
This chapter introduces the state of the art of additive manufacturing (AM) and presents relevant industrial applications, advances, and open challenges, with a focus on metal AM. It introduces the developments on process design, control, and optimization and the roadmap set up by the Automation Robotics and Machine Laboratory at University of Appl...
Chapter
Personalization and sustainability are becoming driving forces to achieve a leading role in a fast-changing market. Therefore, manufacturers need to become more agile and flexible, introduce personalized products and customer-oriented services, measure and capitalize environmental intangibles. To answer to those requirements, this paper addresses t...
Chapter
Full-text available
Emerging factory digitization, along with the increased automation levels it promotes, represents a unique opportunity that manufacturing enterprises must seize. By distributing once centralized decision-making through an ecosystem of smart factory objects, enterprises will be able to increase their productivity, responsiveness and quality levels....
Article
Full-text available
Despite increasing automation levels and digital solutions, production systems still very much rely on the inescapable contribution of the human factor. The changing relationship between man, the technological system and the organization framework together with the increased complexity result in high risks for workers’ safety and their psychophysic...
Article
The increasing demand for flexibility and reconfigurability of assembly lines generates new challenges for the control of these lines and their subsystems, such as robots, grippers, conveyors or automated guided vehicles. Also new requirements for their interaction between each other and the environment as well as with humans arise. On the other ha...
Article
Full-text available
Industrial robots conceived for high-precision assembly processes are demanded to match the best trade-off between precision and speed. This research presents a new approach for defining the motion profiles of robots, based on a smooth trajectory generation model. Execution time is minimized by a novel multi-variable optimization approach, taking i...
Article
State-of-the-art approaches to energy aware scheduling can be centralized or decentralized, predictive or reactive, and they can use methods ranging from mathematical programming to agent-based distributed models. In this paper two methodologies are compared for off-line scheduling, for energy intensive manufacturing systems by using a real industr...
Article
The reconfigurability feature represents an instrumental characteristic for manufacturing systems that are required to frequently adapt the architecture and functionalities to match evolving production environment where changes of product variants and demand volumes frequently occur. Transportation systems embrace a major industrial application of...
Article
Full-text available
In the present paper, a gain scheduling approach is exploited to control the movement of the knee joint in paraplegic patients, who have recovered partial functionality of muscles through Functional Electrical Stimulation. In particular, first a NARX polynomial model is developed, by using data collected during a stimulation session on a patient; t...
Article
In the present paper a modular technique for hybrid control systems modelling is presented. Such a framework has been developed to encompass the main phenomena characterising real-world hybrid control systems. In particular, thermo-idraulic hybrid systems are discussed as an illustrative example.
Article
Reconfigurable Transportation Systems (RTSs) are conceived as multiple independent modules to implement alternative inbound logistic systems’ configurations. Together with mechatronic interfaces and distributed control solutions, the full exploitation of RTS plug&produce features rely on flexible production management policies. The current work pro...
Article
Full-text available
We present an effective approach to perform formal verification of properties of interest of production systems whose behavior is modeled through Stateflow diagrams. The approach hinges on a semantics of Stateflow diagrams given in terms of formulae of a metric temporal logic. The semantics has been implemented in a fully automated tool through whi...
Article
The paper deals with adaptive manufacturing systems to be composed of various machines for optimal productions of jobs. The authors assume three types of constraints to be respected: (1) deals with the system's performance which is related to productivity rates and should be kept acceptable as much as possible, (2) deals with the energy consumption...
Article
In redundant manipulation systems, the end-effector path does not completely determine the trajectories of all the individual degrees of freedom (dof) and the additional dofs can be used to enhance the performance in some sense. The paper deals with utilizing the redundancy to minimize energy consumption. A full linear electromechanical model is us...
Article
The current work outlines a comprehensive development approach to support the realisation of innovative reconfigurable factory control software from the preliminary design to its deployment in the shop floor. The proposed method consists of three major steps: control conceptual design, application development and evaluation of solution robustness....
Article
Full-text available
Reconfigurable Transportation Systems – RTSs rely upon modular transportation units, standard mechatronic interfaces and distributed control solutions. These solutions are frequently preferred in production environments characterized by a very high adaptability, meaning that the production equipment can be adjusted in its own configuration and set...
Chapter
Highly automated production systems are conceived to efficiently handle evolving production requirements. This concerns any level of the system from the configuration and control to the management of production. The proposed work deals with the production scheduling level. The authors present an AI-based online scheduling controller for Reconfigura...
Article
The development of distributed architectures for logic control systems has a number of advantages related to the system capability of being reconfigurable and responsive toward changes of production requirements. However, the execution of various portions of the control system on multiple physical resources represents a challenge as for the control...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Highly automated production systems are conceived to efficiently handle evolving production requirements. This concerns any level of the system from the configuration and control to the management of production. The proposed work deals with the development of an innovative platform jointly managing the production scheduling level and the automation...
Conference Paper
In redundant manipulation systems the end-effector path does not completely determine the trajectories of all the individual degrees of freedom (dof). The redundancy is used in this paper to minimize energy consumption. A full electromechanical model is used, and the invested energy is calculated explicitly. The optimization includes also displacem...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper we present an effective approach to perform formal verification of properties of interest of production systems whose behavior is modeled through Stateflow diagrams. The approach hinges on a semantics of Stateflow diagrams given in terms of formulae of a metric temporal logic. The semantics has been implemented in a fully automated to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In economic terms, the adoption of new technologies for industrial automation and control is characterized by strong “network effects” where the value of a technology increases as more users and vendors adopt it. Because of these effects, and the long life cycle of industrial equipment, the adoption of new technologies in this domain is much slower...
Article
The proposed work outlines the production system (re)configuration problem from the real-time system automation perspective. A multi-level approach to support the development of adaptive automation systems in reconfigurable manufacturing systems is introduced. Starting from the hardware resources selected to face the production demand, the develope...
Article
The development of new methodologies and tools supporting the design and management of eco-effective manufacturing systems represents a major challenge for the emerging sustainable production paradigm. Novel methodologies based on Life Cycle Assessment will be powerful tools to quantify the environmental impacts of factories and manufacturing syste...
Article
In redundant manipulation of machine tools the number of actuators (motors) exceeds the number of degrees of freedom of the end-effector motion. As a result, the end-effector path does not completely determine the trajectories of all the individual degrees of freedom. The redundancy can be used to enhance the performance in a desired sense, e.g. ma...
Article
Highly reconfigurable and agile production systems are selected to operate in production contexts often characterized by changes of the production requirements or changes of the part family demand. The operational level for such system architecture is expected to manage the short term production planning while guaranteeing the automation layer enab...
Article
The design process of advanced control solutions has become more and more challenging due to the increasing complexity of current automation systems. In such a context, structured design approaches based on formal reference models as well as reliable verification processes have to be adopted. In addition, in last years Model-based Design methods ar...
Article
Full-text available
Nowadays, a new generation of responsive factories is needed to face continuous changes in product demand and variety, and to manage complex and variant production processes. To such an aim, innovative self-adaptive automation solutions are required, capable to adapt their control strategies in real-time to cope with planned as well as unforeseen p...
Article
On the factory shop-floor adaptive automation and scheduling plays a sensitive role for production systems’ agility, representing the soft layer between the factory physical resources and business processes. A fundamental requirement for adaptive shop-floor solutions is to incorporate a data structure that comprehensively integrates product, proces...
Conference Paper
Modern automation systems shall be able to conjugate increasing complexity of controlled processes with agile production reconfiguration requirements. In such a context, structured design approaches based on formal reference models as well as integrated verification and validation process, have to be adopted. To such an aim, present paper proposes...
Chapter
Full-text available
Needs and expectations of specific target groups - such as elderly, obese, disabled, or diabetic persons- are arising as challenging opportunities for European companies which are asked to supply small series of functional and fashionable goods of high quality, affordable price and eco-compatible. In order to design, develop, produce and distribute...
Chapter
Full-text available
Nowadays, a new generation of responsive factories is needed to face continuous changes in product demand and variety, and to manage complex and variant production processes. To such an aim, self-adaptive automation solutions are required, capable to adapt their control strategy in real-time to cope with planned as well as unforeseen product and pr...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents some results from a survey concerning the need for new methods and approaches for competence development to support a sustainable manufacturing industry. 360 persons from 43 countries worldwide participated in the survey conducted by the project IMS2020 (IMS group and EU-FP7-NMP). The overall aim of the project was to identify t...
Conference Paper
To cope with quick variation in product demand, modern automation systems shall be able to conjugate increasing complexity of controlled processes with agile reconfiguration of flexible manufacturing systems. To such an aim, structured approaches for reconfigurable system design, based on formal reference models, have to be provided. Mandatory cond...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper describes the results of recent and ongoing major European projects about the virtual factory design topic, highlighting in particular new challenges related to the networked collaborative design of factories layout and configuration. A pilot factory for the production of customized shoes is referred to throughout the paper as app...
Article
This paper deals with an optimised simulation of embedded systems following the international standard IEC61499 in which a Function Block is an event triggered component owning data and an application is a network of blocks that have to satisfy properties described in user requirements. We design these components in different abstraction levels of...
Article
Full-text available
Present paper describes major RTD challenges and key technologies in order to respond to the demand for consumer oriented highly flexible and networked production systems. Shoe manufacturing is considered as a pilot sector, and a factory for the production of highly customized footwear is discussed as an example of agile and balanced production sys...
Article
Factories of the future must be capable to adapt themselves to continuously changing market demand. Therefore new manufacturing technologies are needed: from agile operating machines up to internet based services. In particular, new advanced automation solutions, that integrate all factory levels in a unique real time framework, are mandatory. Nowa...
Conference Paper
This paper presents a new execution model and a concrete application of the IEC 61499 standard in the larger context of a currently running European project, which seeks to preserve shoe-manufacturing activities in Europe through the development of advanced production systems. The present work summarizes an analysis of current practices and researc...
Conference Paper
To properly deal with the increasing complexity of industrial distributed and agile manufacturing control systems, the use of methods and tools that support the designer in the definition, implementation and verification of intelligent logic control software is more and more necessary. Nowadays, many different software tools are available to face t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
To properly deal with the increasing complexity of industrial distributed and agile manufacturing control systems, the use of methods and tools that support the designer in the definition, implementation and verification of intelligent logic control software is more and more necessary. Nowadays, many different software tools are available to face t...
Conference Paper
Innovative development methodologies, standards and tools for the structured design of complex automation systems are very important to configure interoperable, portable and scalable automation systems for next generation manufacturing systems. In the present work a development methodology is applied with particular reference to the automation syst...
Conference Paper
In the present paper a software environment for the study and verification of robot control solutions is described. Such a tool is based on closed loop modelling and simulation in the integrated ADAMS-Simulink environment. The proposed method is applied to the study and optimization of the control of a prototypical system, constituted by a reconfig...
Article
Innovative development methodologies, standards and tools for the structured design of complex automation systems are very important to configure interoperable, portable and scalable automation systems for next generation manufacturing systems. in the present work a development methodology is applied with particular reference to the automation syst...
Conference Paper
Interoperable, portable and scalable automation systems would be a key element for next generation manufacturing systems. Therefore, innovative development methodologies, standards and tools for the structured design of complex automation systems are mandatory. In the present work a development methodology is introduced, which is based on emerging...
Article
In the near future, agile control systems will be a key element for the realization of intelligent manufacturing systems (IMS). Therefore, innovative development methodologies for the structured design and testing of complex control systems are mandatory. In the present work a development methodology is introduced, which is based on reference model...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the present work a modular logic control design methodology for reconfigurable manufacturing systems is presented. The presented method guarantees reachability, liveness, and reversibility for the designed control solution. In particular, the logic control functions are designed through the sequential functional charts graphical language, which...
Article
Even if highly reliable and endowed with powerful development tools nowadays industrial robot controllers don't usually allow the user to operate at the low level required in order to experiment control strategies and algorithms and to specify trajectories at the joint level. Such needs are mandatory in the robot control R & D area. Recently, the w...
Conference Paper
In the present work a modular simulation-based technique for the automatic verification of logic control functions is introduced and exploited to define a structured bottom-up methodology for the testing of the overall control functions of process and power plants. The proposed method has been implemented in a CACSD environment which uses the Matla...
Article
The adoption of a structured development methodology, based on a design cycle and on formal reference models, is a key issue to manage, possibly in a step-by-step fashion, the design of industrial control and supervision systems, as there are in modern robotic applications. In the present work, a development technique is illustrated, which extends...
Conference Paper
In order to face the more and more frequent market changes, reliable and flexible factory automation systems have to be developed or reconfigured with reduced times and costs. Therefore, innovative development methodologies for the structured design and testing of industrial supervision and control systems are mandatory. In the present work a devel...
Conference Paper
In the near future, control systems for autonomous, intelligent manufacturing units will be required to be intelligently self-reconfiguring. Therefore, innovative development methodologies for the structured design and testing of complex control systems are mandatory. In the present work a development methodology is introduced, which is based on re...
Article
The object-oriented approach to modelling has recently made possible to build models of large-scale real systems. However, the resulting system of equations is generally a nonlinear DAE (Differential Algebraic Equations) system of large dimension, which must be reduced in some way to make it tractable for numerical solutions. A way to do this is au...
Article
The paper focuses on how the object-oriented paradigm can be exploited as a valid modelling technique in many engineering fields and, in particular, in advanced automation engineering. The most typical features of object-oriented modelling techniques include encapsulation of data, functions to access such data into objects, and hierarchical composi...