Emanuel Kulczycki

Emanuel Kulczycki
Adam Mickiewicz University | UAM · Scholarly Communication Research Group

PhD, Dr. Habil.

About

121
Publications
43,754
Reads
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1,304
Citations
Introduction
I am the head of Scholarly Communication Research Group (Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań) and a policy advisor for the Ministry of Science and Higher Education in Poland. I got my PhD (2011) and habilitation (2016) in philosophy. In my research, I focus on research evaluation, in particular scholarly communication, academic publishing, and Open Science.
Additional affiliations
October 2011 - present
Education
October 2016 - October 2016
Adam Mickiewicz University
Field of study
  • Philosophy
October 2007 - March 2011
Adam Mickiewicz University
Field of study
  • Philosophy

Publications

Publications (121)
Article
Full-text available
An investigation finds that dozens of academic titles offered ‘Dr Fraud’ — a sham, unqualified scientist — a place on their editorial board. Full article is freely available at: http://www.nature.com/polopoly_fs/1.21662!/menu/main/topColumns/topLeftColumn/pdf/543481a.pdf
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates patterns in the language and type of social sciences and humanities (SSH) publications in non-English speaking European countries to demonstrate that such patterns are related not only to discipline but also to each country’s cultural and historic heritage. We investigate publication patterns that occur across SSH publicatio...
Article
The Polish performance-based research funding system, which is called the Comprehensive Evaluation of Scientific Units, is very complex. It comprises several aspects: the publication counting system, the Polish journal ranking, and translating the assessment criteria into the point system. The Polish model applies to all types of research instituti...
Article
This article discusses the metrics used in the national research evaluation in Poland of the period 2009–2012. The Polish system uses mostly parametric assessments to make the evaluation more objective and independent from its peers. We have analysed data on one million research outcomes and assessment results of 962 scientific units in the period...
Article
This article discusses the Polish Journal Ranking, which is used in the research evaluation system in Poland. In 2015, the ranking, which represents all disciplines, allocated 17,437 journals into three lists: A, B, and C. The B list constitutes a ranking of Polish journals that are indexed neither in the Web of Science nor the European Reference I...
Preprint
Full-text available
This study uses content-based citation analysis to move beyond the simplified category of predatory (or questionable) journals. We present that when we analyze papers not only in terms of the number of their citations but also the content of these citations, we are able to show the much more complicated role of papers published in journals accused...
Article
Full-text available
The study investigates the process of creating evaluative homogeneity within a performance-based research funding system. It does so in reference to the experience of creating a national journal ranking in Poland in 2019. It refers to the cases of two disciplines: biology and history. The use of this case is justified by its unique character, that...
Article
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This paper aims to investigate the structures of 935 conferences organized by OMICS and 296 conferences organized by WASET from 2015 through 2017. These conferences are characterized in existing literature as so-called predatory or questionable conferences that provide low-quality academic meetings. We analyze 40,224 presenters, focusing on top-ran...
Article
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Publication speed is one of the important aspects of scholarly communication since various research performance evaluation systems are based mostly on published papers. This study aims to reveal the factors affecting the publication speed of journals. In this context, six information science journals: ASLIB Journal of Information Management, Journa...
Article
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Developing research systems that promote diverse, multilingual and relevant research for different audiences is a key and often overlooked element in making research accessible. However, biases in traditional research assessment often place researchers looking to produce multilingual research outputs at a disadvantage. Reflecting on the European Co...
Article
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The beauty of science lies within its core assumption that it seeks to identify the truth, and as such, the truth stands alone and does not depend on the person who proclaims it. However, people's proclivity to succumb to various stereotypes is well known, and the scientific world may not be exceptionally immune to the tendency to judge a book by i...
Article
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Self-citation patterns of 1,104 journals indexed in the 2018 edition of the Journal Citation Reports were examined to assess the possibility of underlying rank manipulations. The journals included in this study were all found to have a self-citation rate of more than 25%. Our research shows that by excluding self-citation rates, the rank of journal...
Article
Our study examines the discursive construction of academic subjectivity within the context of the current reforms of academia, driven by the forces of economization and metricization. We focus in particular on the construction of two models of top researchers. Drawing from the theory of Pierre Bourdieu, we call these models 'autonomous' and 'hetero...
Preprint
Full-text available
On the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the Budapest Open Access Initiative (BOAI), the BOAI2020 steering committee asked for input from colleagues in all academic fields and regions of the world, to support the work on a new set of recommendations. We contribute from the perspective of the Helsinki Initiative on Multilingualism in Scholarly Com...
Article
Full-text available
One of the most fundamental issues in academia today is understanding the differences between legitimate and questionable publishing. While decision-makers and managers consider journals indexed in popular citation indexes such as Web of Science or Scopus as legitimate, they use two lists of questionable journals (Beall's and Cabell's), one of whic...
Article
Full-text available
The motivation for our research is the view, widespread among Polish scientists, that under the Communist Party’s rule it was always necessary to refer to Marx, Engels, Lenin or Stalin (we call them ‘classics’), especially in the highly-politicised fields like humanities and social sciences, in order for the work to pass the censorship procedures a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Publication speed is one of the important aspects of scholarly communication today since a good deal of research performance evaluation systems are based on published articles. This study aims to reveal the factors affecting the publication speed of journals. In this context, six library and information science (LIS) journals, ASLIB Journal of Info...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Predatory publishing has recently become the most popular and controversial subject in academia. The main reason is the efforts of policymakers to draw a line between predatory and legitimate publishing. While the journals included in the citation indexes are accepted as 'legitimate' by policymakers, the journals in two lists (Beall's and Cabell's)...
Article
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Jednym z problemów współczesnego środowiska akademickiego jest zrozumienie różnic pomiędzy uznanymi czasopismami naukowymi a tzw. czasopismami drapieżnymi. Podczas gdy osoby kształtujące politykę naukową i menedżerowie nauki uważają czasopisma indeksowane w popularnych indeksach cytowań, takich jak Web of Science czy Scopus, za rzetelne, to do iden...
Article
Full-text available
This study compares publisher ratings to the visibility and impact of individual books, based on a 2017 dataset from three Nordic PRFS systems (Denmark, Norway, and Finland). Although there are Journal Impact Factors (JIFs) for journals, there is no similar indicator for book publishers. National publisher lists are used instead to account for the...
Article
This paper is concerned with the evaluation of artistic production within the Polish science policy. It analyses the performance-based research funding system (PRFS) in Polish higher arts education and discusses the assessment techniques and value hierarchies underlying the evaluation model. We analyse data from the Integrated System of Information...
Article
Full-text available
This study compares publication pattern dynamics in the social sciences and humanities in five European countries. Three are Central and Eastern European countries that share a similar cultural and political heritage (the Czech Republic, Slovakia, and Poland). The other two are Flanders (Belgium) and Norway, representing Western Europe and the Nord...
Article
Full-text available
This study focuses on the evaluation of artistic disciplines (visual and performing arts) within performance-based university research funding systems. It offers an analysis of the Polish academic research evaluation system and investigates its effects on the scholarly productivity of artists-academics. Poland has adopted a performance-based resear...
Article
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In this paper, we investigate potential differences-called the gap-in publication practices between the requirements of three routes established by the cOAlition S to be compliant with Plan S requirements and actual publication patterns, regarding publishing research funded by a national funder. We use Scopus data on 27,302 publications from 2014 t...
Preprint
Full-text available
One of the most fundamental issues in academia today is understanding the differences between legitimate and predatory publishing. While decision-makers and managers consider journals indexed in popular citation indexes such as Web of Science or Scopus as legitimate, they use two blacklists (Beall's and Cabell's), one of which has not been updated...
Article
Full-text available
Knowledge production is an important factor in establishing the geopolitical position of countries. In the recent heated discussion on predatory publishing, the geopolitical dimension of this topic is often ignored or treated superficially. In this paper, we introduce the term “mislocated centres of scholarly communication” to help better understan...
Chapter
In current societies, research takes an important role as a driver of economic and social development. Therefore, research becomes more strategically relevant than ever. Consequently, research evaluation procedures have been implemented to monitor and steer research. This chapter offers an overview of national research assessment practices and reve...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this paper is to investigate how predatory journals are characterized by authors who write about such journals. We emphasize the ways in which predatory journals have been conflated with—or distinguished from—open access journals. We created a list of relevant publications on predatory publishing using four databases: Web of Science, Sco...
Article
This article discusses the use of bibliometric indicators for the assessment of individual academics. We focused on national indicators for the assessment of productivity in Polish higher education institutions. We analysed whether institutions (N = 768) adopted national templates for their own sets of criteria for intra-institutional evaluations....
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This paper presents an overview of different kinds of lists of scholarly publication channels and of experiences related to the construction and maintenance of national lists supporting performance-based research funding systems. It also contributes with a set of recommendations for the construction and maintenance of national lists of jour...
Article
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Open access (OA) has mostly been studied by relying on publication data from selective international databases, notably Web of Science (WoS) and Scopus. The aim of our study is to show that it is possible to achieve a national estimate of the number and share of OA based on institutional publication data providing a comprehensive coverage of the pe...
Preprint
The purpose of this study is to expand the knowledge on publication patterns in Social Sciences and Humanities (SSH) in terms of the coverage of journal articles in Web of Science Core Collection (WoS) and their distribution in citation indexes. Within Journal Citation Reports (JCR), we focus deeper on quartile ranks based on the Journal Impact Fac...
Preprint
Full-text available
Since COVID-19 first appeared, enormous numbers of scientific articles have been published on this subject every day, and these articles have been brought to the attention of millions of people. People make great efforts to obtain information about COVID-19, however, the public cannot access health information under equal conditions. On the other h...
Article
Polish higher education provides a particular example of a system that, until very recently, has been largely reform‐resistant as it has a long‐standing tradition of bottom‐up ‘academic self‐governance’ at both the system and the institutional levels. This article explores the process of the structural reforms of the higher education system, common...
Article
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In this study, we investigate what share of researchers publish monographs across fields, gender and seniority. We acquired data from the Polish current research information system (POL-on) containing metadata of about 1,031,141 peer-reviewed publications from 67,415 Polish researchers, including 30,185 monographs from 2013-2016. The data are aggre...
Article
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We investigate the state of multilingualism across the social sciences and humanities (SSH) using a comprehensive data set of research outputs from seven European countries (Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Flanders [Belgium], Norway, Poland, and Slovenia). Although English tends to be the dominant language of science, SSH researchers often produc...
Article
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W tym artykule omawiamy przemiany polskich czasopism, które spowodowane były wprowadzeniem systemu ewaluacji nauki wykorzystującego wykaz czasopism punktowanych. Skupiliśmy się na umiędzynarodowieniu czasopism z nauk społecznych i humanistycznych (N = 801), aby zbadać, w jaki sposób polityka naukowa przekształciła praktyki redakcyjne w polskich cza...
Article
Full-text available
W tym artykule omawiamy etykiety z otwartymi danymi recenzentów, czyli praktykę ujawniania danych recenzentów w monografiach naukowych, która jest powszechna w krajach Europy Środkowej i Wschodniej. Celem badania było sprawdzenie, czy etykieta z otwartymi danymi recenzentów jest rodzajem etykiety z informacją o recenzowaniu (na podobieństwo tej sto...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper is to provide a comprehensive picture of open access publishing in Finland. Data consists of the complete national peer-reviewed output of 48177 articles and books from 14 Finnish universities in 2016-2017 stored in the VIRTA Publication Information Service. Each publication record contains an indication if it is openly av...
Article
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In this paper, we investigate the effects of using four methods of publication counting (complete, whole, fractional, square root fractional) and limiting the number of publications (at researcher and institution levels) on the results of a national research evaluation exercise across fields using Polish data. We use bibliographic information on 0....
Article
A new initiative highlights the value of multilingual research publishing, say Emanuel Kulczycki and his colleagues. Publishing in their own language remains vital for many researchers worldwide. It can be the best way to communicate with national colleagues, it maximises the chances of local impact and it is almost the only way to reach important...
Article
This study investigates what names of metrics or databases researchers use to present their research portfolio and how their use is influenced by the field. I have analysed the data comprising 3,695 self-presentation documents (82,710 pages) from various academic promotion procedures in Poland. My study aims to determine the differences in the use...
Article
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This article discusses the transformations of Polish journals caused by the Polish Journal Ranking evaluation system. We focused on the internationalization of journals in the social sciences and humanities (N = 801), with the goal of investigating how science policy has transformed editorial practices at Polish journals. We used a mixed-method app...
Article
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This country case study describes how science policy instruments are designed to shape publication patterns and identifies the changes in researchers' productivity that can be observed over the period 2009-2016 in Poland by analysing data on 452,277 publications submitted to the country's national research evaluation system. Our analysis reveals th...
Article
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This article discusses the open-identity label, i.e., the practice of disclosing reviewers’ names in published scholarly books, a common practice in Central and Eastern European countries. This study’s objective is to verify whether the open-identity label is a type of peer-review label (like those used in Finland and Flanders, i.e., the Flemish pa...
Data
Dataset B1 (Authors) from the integrated quantitative and qualitative data. (XLSX)
Data
Dataset B2 (Reviewers) from the integrated quantitative and qualitative data. (XLSX)
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This study aims to present the key systemic changes in the Polish book evaluation model to focus on the publisher list, as inspired by the Norwegian Model. Design/methodology/approach In this study we reconstruct the framework of the 2010 and 2018 models of book evaluation in Poland within the performance-based research funding system. Fi...
Article
In May 2016, an article published in Scientometrics, titled ‘Taking scholarly books into account: current developments in five European countries’, introduced a comparison of book evaluation schemes implemented within five European countries. The present article expands upon this work by including a broader and more heterogeneous set of countries (...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to analyze the evolution in terms of shares of scholarly book publications in the social sciences and humanities (SSH) in five European countries, i.e. Flanders (Belgium), Finland, Norway, Poland and Slovenia. In addition to aggregate results for the whole of the social sciences and the humanities, the authors f...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to determine the characteristic patterns of monographs in the humanities, social sciences and hard sciences published by Polish scholars. The study provides a comprehensive overview of the Polish book evaluation system to explain how monographs are assessed and illustrate how changes in the definitions of the...
Preprint
Full-text available
Expanded version of paper to be presented Friday 14th of September at STI 2018 in Leiden.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Universities have undergone profound changes in the last decades. A shift towards more accountability and to “new public management” practices in the administration of universities took place and led to an increase of the share of project funds in some countries and to the introduction of performance-based funding systems (PRFSs) in others. In all...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this paper we investigate how a publication indicator developed for the performance-based research funding system (PRFS) in Finland takes national language publications into account. Our analysis is based on 47423 peer-reviewed SSH outputs from 14 Finnish universities published in 2011-2016. SSH research community in Finland is increasingly conc...
Article
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This article provides an overview of national bibliographic databases that include data on research output within social sciences and humanities (SSH) in Europe. We focus on the comprehensiveness of the database content. Compared to the data from commercial databases such as Web of Science and Scopus, data from national bibliographic databases (e.g...
Technical Report
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Celem raportu jest prezentacja informacji o polskich czasopismach naukowych. Uwzględnione zostały czasopisma ze wszystkich obszarów nauki, które – według źródeł je indeksujących – uznawane są za czasopisma naukowe. Dane na temat wydawanych czasopism naukowych w Polsce są rozproszone i niepełne. Jednocześnie wiele gromadzonych informacji nie jest p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper investigates internationalization patterns in the language and type of social sciences and humanities publications in non-English speaking countries. This research aims to demonstrate that such patterns are related not only to discipline but also to each country's cultural and historic heritage. We used data from Flemish and Polish datab...
Article
Full-text available
The paper uses the concept of ‘parametric game’ to describe a strategy of academic work which has become wide-spread in Poland, due to the introduction of a particular policy of rewards. The ‘parametric game’ consists of doing research and publishing results in so as to enable fulfilling the requirements of a given research evaluation system. On th...
Technical Report
Raport zawiera dane bibliometryczne na temat 2356 polskich czasopism naukowych ze wszystkich grup nauk umieszczonych na Wykazie czasopism punktowanych z 2016 r. Analizowaliśmy opóźnienia wydawnicze w oparciu o dane zamieszczone na stronach internetowych czasopism. Przyjęliśmy, że czasopisma naukowe w drugiej dekadzie XXI-wieku muszą prowadzić aktua...
Book
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Celem niniejszej zbioru jest włączenie się w dyskusję nad sposobem komunikowania się humanistów z innymi humanistami i naukowcami oraz dostarczenie wyników badań z ilościowej oceny dorobku polskiej humanistyki. Autorzy podjęli się wskazania, w jaki sposób humanistyka wykorzystuje nowy metody upowszechniania wiedzy, jak staje się przedmiotem ilościo...
Chapter
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Otwarta nauka to dostęp do publikacji i danych naukowych – takie właśnie jest najczęstsze rozumienie tego zjawiska. Dlatego w niniejszym tekście postawiłem sobie za zadanie pokazanie, że otwartej nauki nie można zredukować do dostępu oraz że w tak rozumianej nauce fundamentalną rolę pełni komunikacja, której natomiast nie można ograniczać tylko do...
Article
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This article discusses the challenges and problems caused by predatory journals in scholarly communication. By focusing on the editorial practices, I describe the case of Dr. Anna Fraud (Anna O. Szust in Polish): a bogus scientist created by four Polish scholars. Dr. Fraud became a member of editorial boards in over 40 scientific journals although...