Elzbieta Janda

Elzbieta Janda
Universita' degli Studi "Magna Græcia" di Catanzaro | Università Magna Græcia di Catanzaro · Department of Health Sciences

PhD

About

43
Publications
24,575
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2,697
Citations
Citations since 2016
17 Research Items
1270 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250

Publications

Publications (43)
Article
Bergamot citrus (Citrus bergamia Risso et Poiteau), have been used as a strategy to prevent or treat comorbidities associated with metabolic syndrome parameters, such as cardiorenal metabolic syndrome (CRMS). The aim was to test the effect of bergamot leaf extract on CRMS and associated pathophysiological factors in rats fed with a high sugar-fat d...
Article
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Dietary flavonoids stimulate autophagy and prevent liver dysfunction, but the upstream signaling pathways triggered by these compounds are not well understood. Certain polyphenols bind directly to NRH-quinone oxidoreductase 2 (NQO2) and inhibit its activity. NQO2 is highly expressed in the liver, where it participates in quinone metabolism, but rec...
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The aim of the study is to compare the qualitative and semi-quantitative profile of the polyphenol fraction purified from the leaf (BLPF) and fruit (BFPF) of bergamot (Citrus bergamia), and to evaluate their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activity. The analytical qualitative profile was carried out by LC-ESI/MS using three different approaches:...
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The accumulation of aggregated α-synuclein (αSyn) is a hallmark of Parkinson’s disease (PD). Current evidence indicates that small soluble αSyn oligomers (αSynOs) are the most toxic species among the forms of αSyn aggregates, and that size and topological structural properties are crucial factors for αSynOs-mediated toxicity, involving the interact...
Article
NRH:quinone oxidoreductase 2 (NQO2/QR2, EC 1.10.99.2) is a cytosolic enzyme, abundant in the liver and variably expressed in mammalian tissues. Cloned 30 years ago, it was characterized as a flavoenzyme catalyzing the reduction of quinones and pseudoquinones. To do so, it uses exclusively N-alkyl nicotinamide derivatives, without being able to reco...
Presentation
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Bergamot flavonoids counteract dyslipidemia and hyperglycemia but fail to induce a significant weight loss. Here, we evaluated the efficacy of bergamot polyphenol extract complex (BPE-C), a novel bergamot juice-derived formulation enriched with flavonoids and pectins, on several metabolic syndrome parameters. Obese patients with atherogenic index o...
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Obesity is a potent risk factor for kidney disease as it increases the possibility of developing diabetes and hypertension, and it has a direct impact on the development of chronic kidney disease and end-stage renal disease. In this study, we tested the effect of bergamot polyphenolic fraction in a cafeteria with diet-fed rats, an excellent experim...
Article
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Quinone reductase 2 (QR2, E.C. 1.10.5.1) is an enzyme with a feature that has attracted attention for several decades: in standard conditions, instead of recognizing NAD(P)H as an electron donor, it recognizes putative metabolites of NADH, such as N-methyl- and N-ribosyl-dihydronicotinamide. QR2 has been particularly associated with reactive oxygen...
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Wrong alimentary behaviors and so-called "junk food" are a driving force for the rising incidence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) among children and adults. The "junk food" toxicity can be studied in "cafeteria" (CAF) diet animal model. Young rats exposed to CAF diet become obese and rapidly develop NAFLD. We have previously showed tha...
Article
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Bergamot Polyphenol Fraction (BPF®) is a natural mixture of Citrus flavonoids extracted from processed bergamot fruits. It has been shown to counteract cardiovascular risk factors and to prevent liver steatosis in rats and patients. Hepatic effects of BPF correlate with its ability to stimulate liver autophagy. Six aglyconic flavonoids have been id...
Article
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The role of phagocytosis in the neuroprotective function of microglia has been appreciated for a long time, but only more recently a dysregulation of this process has been recognized in Parkinson’s disease. Indeed, microglia play several critical roles in central nervous system, such as clearance of dying neurons and pathogens as well as immunomodu...
Article
Autophagy dysfunction has been implicated in the pathogenesis of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Natural compounds present in Bergamot Polyphenol Fraction (BPF) prevent NAFLD and induce autophagy in rat livers. Here, we employed HepG2 cells expressing DsRed-LC3-GFP, a highly sensitive model system to screen for proautophagic compounds pr...
Article
Background and purpose: Microglia phenotype and phagocytic activity are deregulated in Parkinson's disease (PD). Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) agonists are neuroprotective in experimental PD, but their role in regulating microglial phenotype and phagocytosis has been poorly investigated. We addressed it by using the PPAR...
Article
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Fatty liver disease (FLD), also called commonly as fatty liver or hepatic steatosis, is a condition of the excessive accumulation of lipids in hepatocytes.The prevalence of FLD in the general population ranges from 10% to 24% in various countries [1]. Fatty liver is generally classified as alcoholic steatosis (alcoholic FLD) or nonalcoholic fatty l...
Article
Bergamot (Citrus bergamia Risso et Poiteau) juice has a particularly high content and a unique composition of flavonoids. Neoeriocitrin, neohesperidin, naringin, melitidin and brutieridin represent more than 95% of Bergamot Polyphenol Fraction (BPF), while rhoifolin, diosmin, poncirin and others can be found in the remaining 5%. The brilliant perfo...
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Oxidative stress (OS) stimulates autophagy in different cellular systems, but it remains controversial if this rule can be generalized. We have analyzed the effect of chronic OS induced by the parkinsonian toxin paraquat (PQ) on autophagy in astrocytoma cells and primary astrocytes, which represent the first cellular target of neurotoxins in the...
Chapter
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Bergamot (Citrus bergamia Risso et Poiteau) fruits are characterized by a particularly high content and a unique composition of flavonoids, such as neoeriocitrin, neohesperidin, naringin, melitidin and brutieridin. Bergamot juice and its concentrate, highly enriched in polyphenols-here referred to as Bergamot Polyphenol Fraction (BPF)-has been eval...
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The occurrence of Metabolic Syndrome (MS) represents an independent risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease states in patients suffering from type 2 diabetes mellitus. Moreover, both the size of LDL particles and liver dysfunction identified as non alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) represent important biomarkers for the development of...
Article
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Since their discovery, Parkinsonian toxins (6-hydroxydopamine, MPP+, paraquat, and rotenone) have been widely employed as in vivo and in vitro chemical models of Parkinson's disease (PD). Alterations in mitochondrial homeostasis, protein quality control pathways, and more recently, autophagy/mitophagy have been implicated in neurotoxin models of PD...
Article
Since their discovery, Parkinsonian toxins (6-hydroxydopamine, MPP+, paraquat, and rotenone) have been widely employed as in vivo and in vitro chemical models of PD. Alterations in mitochondrial homeostasis, protein quality control pathways, and more recently, autophagy/mitophagy have been implicated in neurotoxin models of Parkinson’s disease (PD)...
Article
Statins are the most commonly prescribed drugs to reduce cardiometabolic risk. Besides the well-known efficacy of such compounds in both preventing and treating cardiometabolic disorders, some patients experience statin-induced side effects. We hypothesize that the use of natural bergamot-derived polyphenols may allow patients undergoing statin tre...
Article
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Parkinson's disease (PD) is a paradigmatic example of neurodegenerative disorder with a critical role of oxidative stress in its etiopathogenesis. Genetic susceptibility factors of PD, such as mutations in Parkin, PTEN-induced kinase 1, and DJ-1 as well as the exposure to pesticides and heavy metals, both contribute to altered redox balance and deg...
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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The mechanisms of paraquat (PQ)-induced toxicity are poorly understood and PQ poisoning is often fatal due to a lack of effective antidotes. In this study we report the effects of N-[2-(2-methoxy-6H-dipyrido{2,3-a:3,2-e}pyrrolizin-11-yl)ethyl]-2-furamide (NMDPEF), a melatonin-related inhibitor of quinone oxidoreductase2 (QR2)...
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The inhibitor of Bruton tyrosine kinase γ (IBtkγ) is a negative regulator of the Bruton tyrosine kinase (Btk), which plays a major role in B-cell differentiation; however, the mechanisms of IBtkγ-mediated regulation of Btk are unknown. Here we report that B-cell receptor (BCR) triggering caused serine-phosphorylation of IBtkγ at protein kinase C co...
Article
Tianeptine is an antidepressant affecting the glutamatergic system. In spite of its proven clinical efficacy, molecular effects of tianeptine are not entirely clear. Tianeptine modulates cytokine expression in the CNS and protects the hippocampus from chronic stress effects. HIV infection is associated with inflammation and neuronal loss, causing H...
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A substantial body of evidence indicates that protein kinase C (PKC) is involved in the alpha-secretory processing of the amyloid precursor protein (APP), an event that reduces the formation of the pathogenic amyloid-beta peptide. Recently, we have shown that trafficking and processing of APP are both impaired by knockdown of myosin II-B, one of th...
Article
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Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk) is required for B-cell development. Btk deficiency causes X-linked agammaglobulinemia (XLA) in humans and X-linked immunodeficiency (Xid) in mice. Btk lacks a negative regulatory domain and may rely on cytoplasmic proteins to regulate its activity. Consistently, we identified an inhibitor of Btk, IBtk, which binds to...
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Oncogenic Ras interferes with adhesive functions of epithelial cells, but requires tumor growth factor beta (TGFbeta) signaling to cause epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and tumor progression in model systems. To investigate the mechanisms by which Ras and TGFbeta pathways cooperate in EMT induction, we introduced a tamoxifen-inducible versi...
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Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a switch of polarized epithelial cells to a migratory, fibroblastoid phenotype, is increasingly considered as an important event during malignant tumor progression and metastasis. To identify molecular players involved in EMT and metastasis, we performed expression profiling of a set of combined in vitro/...
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Carcinogenesis by oncogenic Ras and Her-2 involves enhanced proliferation of epithelial cells in vivo. However, hyperproliferation induced by these oncogenes, or their downstream pathways in vitro has mainly been studied in cultured, fibroblastic cell lines. Here, we demonstrate that oncogenic Ha-Ras or constitutively active Her-2 cause increased p...
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Multistep carcinogenesis involves more than six discrete events also important in normal development and cell behavior. Of these, local invasion and metastasis cause most cancer deaths but are the least well understood molecularly. We employed a combined in vitro/in vivo carcinogenesis model, that is, polarized Ha-Ras-transformed mammary epithelial...
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c-Raf-1 is a major effector of Ras proteins, responsible for activation of the ERK MAP kinase pathway and a critical regulator of both normal growth and oncogenic transformation. Using an inducible form of Raf in MDCK cells, we have shown that sustained activation of Raf alone is able to induce the transition from an epithelial to a mesenchymal phe...
Article
The long-term and immediate galvanotactic responses of Amoeba proteus to the direct current electric fields (dcEFs) were studied with the methods of computer-aided image analysis. It was found that in contrast to earlier reports, amoebae continued locomotion towards cathode (the negative pole) for hours and the increase in the field strength in the...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
Does anybody have experience with ACC (Acetyl Coenzyme A Carboxylase) and pACC detection by western blotting?  It is often used to confirm the status of AMPK activity. The antibodies we use are from Cell Signaling Tech. and they are cited in several publications. However, our anti-ACC does not work at all, while anti-pACC recognizes an unspecific sharp band at 100 kDa and a signal, which  is running around the expected MW 265 kDa,  not as a defined band, but as a “diffused zone”. It should be pACC, because its intensity mirrors that of pAMPK. I am not sure, if it is a problem related to our SDS-PAGE 6% gels or blotting or lysate preparation (RIPA buffer + protease and phosphatase inhibitors, then treated 5 min at 95 °C in highly reducing  conditions (beta-mercaptoethanol, 5% in lysates). We are trying to detect ACC in HepG2 cells and rat liver lysates. This is really frustrating, because according to several publications pACC and ACC should be sharp bands. Please help us to identify the critical problem and get nice pACC/ACC blots.

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Projects (2)
Project
A special issue of Antioxidants (ISSN 2076-3921). This special issue belongs to the section "Health Outcomes of Antioxidants and Oxidative Stress". Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 July 2020.
Project
1. Identify Citrus flavonoids able to stimulate autophagy in normal and fat-loaded hepatocytes 2. Understand their mechanism of action