Eloisa pérez santos

Eloisa pérez santos
Complutense University of Madrid | UCM · Department of Personality, Evaluation and Psychological Treatment (Personality, Evaluation and Clinical Psychology)

Doctor of Psychology

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47
Publications
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (47)
Conference Paper
El Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales (MNCN-CSIC), consciente del papel creciente del entorno digital en los museos, especialmente tras la crisis por COVID-19, incluyó una sección de recursos digitales en su página web antes de la declaración del estado de alarma, periodo en el que estos recursos se potenciaron y ampliaron mediante la creación de...
Article
An Implicit Association Test was developed to assess the mental illness stigma in people from the general population, mental health professionals, people with a diagnosis, and family members. No differences were found between groups. Implicit stigma was found throughout the sample, with lower scores in the younger age group.
Article
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El objetivo de este estudio es analizar la relación entre el nivel de funcionamiento (NdF) y las variables sociodemográficas y, salud física y mental de las personas mayores de 65 años. La muestra (N = 555) se tomó al azar en la Comunidad de Madrid. Los trastornos mentales se evaluaron con la CIDI65+ y el NdF con la WHODAS II y con la HoNOS65+. Se...
Article
The emergence of the Implicit Association Test (IAT) has encouraged the study of the implicit stigma associated with mental illness in recent years, although further research is still needed in this area. A sample (n = 102) composed of psychology students and people from the general population completed explicit stigma tests: Attribution Questionna...
Article
Goals: The UCLA LS-R is the most extensively used scale to assess loneliness. However, few studies examine the scale's use on older individuals. The goal of the study is to analyse the suitability of the scale´s structure for assessing older individuals. Method: The UCLA LS-R scale was administered to a random sample of 409 community-dwelling resid...
Article
The MentDis_ICF65+ Project is an epidemiological study of mental disorders in people 65 to 85 years old in several European cities, including Madrid. Its aim is to determine the lifetime, 12-month, and 1-month prevalence of the main mental disorders in the elderly. The relationship of age and sex with each mental disorder was examined. The sample w...
Article
Objectives: To adapt the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness scale (ISMI) to examine self-stigma associated with aging and to study the psychometric properties of this adapted version (IS65+). Finally, self-stigma associated with age in older people is studied. Method: The IS65+ was administered to a random sample of 419 people over 65 years from...
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Full-text available
The main purpose of this study was the translation and analysis of psychometric properties of the Attribution Questionnaire for use in Spanish-speaking populations (AQ-27-E) and to test the dangerousness and responsibility models of mental illness stigma in a Spanish sample. The sample consisted of 439 adults from the general population of the comm...
Article
RESUMEN Las personas con enfermedades mentales con frecuencia experimentan procesos de estigmatización que influyen negativamente sobre su bienestar, recuperación e integración social. Pero en los últimos años se han producido avances importantes en la lucha contra el estigma y actualmente existen intervenciones eficaces en los distintos grupos de...
Article
People with mental illness often experience stigmatization processes that adversely affect their well-being, recovery and social integration. In recent years there have been significant advances in the fight against stigma and currently there are efficacious interventions in the different groups of people involved and at different levels, which is...
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Full-text available
The social perception of mental illness is characterised by a wide range of negative stereotypes and prejudices which lead to discrimination and increase the suffering of people with a mental disorder. The media have been repeatedly described as important stigmatizing agents with enormous social influence and repercussion. This study intends to com...
Article
Full-text available
The social perception of mental illness is characterised by a wide range of negative stereotypes and prejudices which lead to discrimination and increase the suffering of people with a mental disorder. The media have been repeatedly described as important stigmatizing agents with enormous social influence and repercussion. This study intends to com...
Article
The social stigma of mental illness has received much attention in recent years and its effects on diverse variables such as psychiatric symptoms, social functioning, self-esteem, self-efficacy, quality of life, and social integration are well established. However, internalized stigma in people with severe and persistent mental illness has not rece...
Article
The purpose of this study is to develop a self-administered version of the Health of the Nation Outcome Scales for Older Adults (HoNOS65+) in Spanish - the HoNOS65+A - and to study its reliability and validity. There are two phases in the study: construction of the HoNOS65+A and the study of its psychometric properties. In the second phase, 179 use...
Article
This paper presents the experience of a program evaluation in Madrid -the evaluation of a social care program for people with chronic and severe mental illness. It is a global evaluation, including different aspects of the program -although a special attention is paid to the resources network. The evaluation process is described, including goals, m...
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Full-text available
En este artículo se presenta una experiencia de evaluación de programas de atención a las personas con enfermedad mental grave y persistente llevada a cabo en la Comunidad de Madrid: la evaluación del Plan de atención social para personas con enfermedad mental grave y crónica 2003-2007, de la Consejería de Familia y Asuntos Sociales. En este caso s...
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Full-text available
The aim is to analyze the stigma associated with severe and persistent mental illness in the general population of the community of Madrid, Spain, as a first step to promote strategies to fight against it. Participants (n = 439) showed adequate general knowledge about mental illness, but a high degree of confusion with mental retardation. Stigmatiz...
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Full-text available
Nowadays, interest in the emerging field of disaster psychology has increased significantly after events such as September 1, 2001 in New York, March 11, 2004 in Madrid, or December 26, 2004 tsunami in Asia. Also this interest has been centred in the need to treat rape, assault or other crime or accident victims. The present article shows a revisio...
Article
Instruments to classify and assess are necessary to understand the dependence situation. This communication deals with assessment in dependence, overall the problems and advances in the last years in Spain. Also an evaluation of an intervention for a group in risk of dependence (people with severe and chronic mental illness) is discussed.
Article
Instruments to classify and assess are necessary to understand the dependence situation. This communication deals with assessment in dependence, overall the problems and advances in the last years in Spain. Also an evaluation of an intervention for a group in risk of dependence (people with severe and chronic mental illness) is discussed.
Article
Introduction: In the present article, the main barriers affecting excluded people¿s access to health services are analyzed and the main intervention alternatives are reviewed. Outreach orientation in the intervention process is presented as the most useful strategy to break down these barriers. The role of training programmes for psychological diso...
Article
On March 11, 2004, Al-Qaeda set off 10 bombs on several train routes in Madrid. 192 people were killed and 2,000 wounded. In this study, 1,179 questionnaires were administered Week 2 after the attacks to residents 18 years and over from the affected geographical areas. The questionnaire included items about sociodemographic variables and exposure t...
Article
This article reports the main health status differences between a representative sample of homeless people and an at-risk for homelessness group consisting of people who use services for the homeless such as soup kitchens and public baths but have and maintain a home. The variables analyzed include health problems by system, risk habits and behavio...
Article
The present paper describes the results of an analysis of individual differences-using multi-dimensional strategies-in stressful life event data collected from a representative sample of homeless people (N = 289) in Madrid, Spain, which revealed the existence of three subgroups within the sample. Each subgroup can be defined by the following differ...
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Full-text available
Reports on the results of a study done after the terrorist attack in Madrid on March 11, 2004. During the second week after the terrorist attacks, some 1,179 people aged 18 or older were interviewed. Standardized instruments were used to measure the presence of characteristic symptoms of acute stress disorder, depression, and psychosocial functioni...
Article
Symptoms of stress are prevalent among the homeless. Growing evidence suggests that disclosure of traumatic experiences is beneficial to health. This pilot study examined the effects of an emotional disclosure protocol on a group of 8 homeless people, using a single-group design. Clinical effectiveness was evaluated using the Impact of Event Scale,...
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Full-text available
En el presente trabajo se enumeran una serie de recomendaciones o aspectos clave a considerar en la elaboración de informes psicológicos clínicos (IPC). Dichas recomendaciones emanan de la consideración de los leyes, normas, estándares y guías técnicas más actuales. Se indican 10 puntos clave: poseer la cualificación adecuada, respetar la dignidad,...

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