Elliot M Berry

Elliot M Berry
Hebrew University of Jerusalem | HUJI · Braun School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Hebrew University, Jerusalem

MD, FRCP

About

327
Publications
170,925
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Introduction
My research interests include the Sociotype and coping with chronic disease especially concerning weight regulation. I have been a visiting scientist at Rockefeller, MIT, Cambridge and Yale Universities. A former Director of the Braun School of Public Health, the Dept of Human Nutrition and head of the WHO Center in Capacity Building. I was co Editor-in-Chief of the Encyclopaedia on Food Security and Sustainability (Elsevier) and am Chief Editor for Nutrition and Environmental Sustainability.
Additional affiliations
June 2012 - June 2013
Sapienza University of Rome
Position
  • VisitingProfessor
Description
  • Working on the metrics of Sustainability of the Mediterranean Diet
January 2000 - September 2000
Yale University
Position
  • Professor
September 1999 - December 1999
University of Cambridge
Position
  • Fellow

Publications

Publications (327)
Article
Full-text available
Background Polypharmacy increases with age and is associated with serious health and economic costs. This study reports changes over a decade in medication-use patterns and polypharmacy, in Israeli community-dwelling older adults aged ≥ 65 years. Methods Demographic and health data from two representative national health cross-sectional surveys –...
Article
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Even in high-income countries like Israel, children have been particularly vulnerable to the surge in food insecurity driven by quarantines, unemployment, and economic hardships of the COVID-19 pandemic. Under normal circumstances, School Feeding Programs (SFPs) can help to ensure child food security. In the wake of the pandemic, policy makers worl...
Article
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PurposeTo compare the adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) in Israeli adolescents in 2003–4 and in 2015–6, and associated factors.Methods Adolescents (aged 11–19 years) from two cross-sectional, school-based, nationally representative surveys, Mabat Youth I (2003–4, n 5005) and II (2015–6, n 3906), completed self-administered questionnaires on...
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Article
Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) are neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by impaired social interaction & communication as well as restricted and repetitive behavior. The currently reported incidence of ASD is 1-2%, and it increases dramatically to 10-20% in families predisposed to ASD. To date, there is no effective way to treat or prevent...
Article
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Five years ago, with the editorial board of Frontiers in Nutrition, we took a leap of faith to outline the Goals for Nutrition Science – the way we see it ( 1 ). Now, in 2020, we can put ourselves to the test and take a look back. Without a doubt we got it right with several of the key directions. To name a few, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)...
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The world, as a global village, is currently taking part in a real-time public health, medical, socio-cultural, and economic experiment on how best to combat the COVID-19 pandemic. Extraordinary times demand extraordinary measures. Depending on the time from the outbreak, strategies have ranged from minimal intervention to mitigation by quarantine...
Article
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Background: Nowadays the food production, supply and consumption chain represent a major cause of ecological pressure on the natural environment, and diet links worldwide human health with environmental sustainability. Food policy, dietary guidelines and food security strategies need to evolve from the limited historical approach, mainly focused o...
Chapter
Full-text available
The purpose of this article is to review the historical development of the healthy food model of the Mediterranean Diet and related scientific knowledge from the early 1960s to the present time. The review presents the origins of the first pyramid of the traditional Mediterranean Diet in 1993 and how it has been revised to produce, in 2010, a new u...
Article
In his 1941 State of the Union address, Franklin D. Roosevelt articulated four fundamental freedoms that people “everywhere in the world” should enjoy – of speech and of worship, and from fear and from want. Food (“freedom from want”) is a fundamental human right, and it is acknowledged that there is enough sustenance in the world to feed everyone....
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Efforts to shape the food environment are aimed at reducing diet-related co-morbidities. Front-of-package labeling (FOPL) may support the consumers to make an informed decision at the point of purchase and encourage industry to reformulate food products. The Israeli Ministry of Health (MOH) implemented a unique FOPL system, using two colors: A mand...
Article
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Regulationof the antioxidant system
Article
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During the past decade, the concept of sustainability has been added to the factors involved in food security. This has led to a more comprehensive and holistic approach to sustainable food systems which considers drivers—environment, geopolitics, demographics, policy regulations, socio-cultural-economic factors, science and technology and infrastr...
Article
Objective To examine the impact of a community culinary coaching programme (CCCP) on cafeteria food alignment with a freshly prepared Mediterranean-style diet, and diners’ consumption habits and satisfaction. Design A non-randomized, controlled, community-based participatory research programme. CCCP included eight 90 min coaching sessions with a c...
Chapter
Full-text available
The problems of the Reduced Obese compared to patients with eating disorders
Article
This study aims to examine the effects of an intervention model, Change Nutrition by Doing, in which children act as agents of change – by ‘doing’ – in taking responsibility for the contents of the lunch box they bring from home to consume at an early childhood centre. This quasi-randomised case-control trial consisted of 35 Israeli kindergartens w...
Chapter
This book takes a transdisciplinary approach and considers multisectoral actions, integrating health, agriculture, environment, economy, and socio-cultural issues, to comprehensively explore the topic of sustainable diets. Consideration is given to the multi-dimensional nature of diets and food systems, and the book explores the challenging issues...
Chapter
Full-text available
This book takes a transdisciplinary approach and considers multisectoral actions, integrating health, agriculture, environment, economy, and socio-cultural issues, to comprehensively explore the topic of sustainable diets. Consideration is given to the multi-dimensional nature of diets and food systems, and the book explores the challenging issues...
Article
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Ensuring Food Security (FS) for all citizens is a fundamental human right and policy for all countries. Dealing with Food Insecurity (FINS) is a challenge causing stress at many levels—national, household, and individual. The conceptual framework of the Sociotype has been developed as a summary ecological construct to organize the multiple, dynamic...
Article
The Community Culinary Coaching Program is a community-based participatory program aimed at improving communal settlement residents' nutrition. The residents, central kitchens, preschools, and communal dining rooms were identified as areas for intervention. Evaluation included goals accomplishment assessed by food purchases by the central kitchens,...
Article
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Objectives Following its publication in 2008, the Global Nutritional Index (GNI) which captures the triple burden of malnutrition, has been updated to assess the overall nutritional status and nutritional trends of countries, regions and the world, including both under-nutrition and over-nutrition. Methods The GNI was modeled on the Human Developm...
Data
Protein energy malnutrition, micronutrient deficiency and excess scores by country groups and year. (DOCX)
Data
An example to calculate the GNI. (DOCX)
Data
The GNI for 186 countries for 1990, 2005 and 2015 according to WHO, World Bank groupings. (DOCX)
Data
The dataset used for GNI 1990–2015 calculation. (XLSX)
Chapter
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Food security is defined as a situation that exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. Four dimensions of food security have been identified in line with different levels. 1) Availability...
Article
Autism-affected individuals are characterized by lower plasma oxytocin and its ectoenzyme regulator CD38. Oxytocin, a hypothalamic hormone secreted upon the release of CD38, plays a role in social behavior and bonding. All-trans retinoic acid is a potent inducer of CD38 and can be used as a novel therapeutic strategy in autism. We investigated the...
Article
We have investigated the effects of 0.001mg/kg 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG) administered in combination with compounds present in the body alongside 2-AG like 2-palmitoylglycerol and 2-linoleylglycerol (also termed “entourage”), on cognitive function,food intake, and neurotransmitter levels in the hippocampus and hypothalamus of mice under diet re...
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Background and objective: the sociotype and its domains – Individual Health (IH), Relationships (R) and Context (C) – extends the bio-psychosocial model as an ecological construct that interacts with the genotype to determine phenotypic behavior throughout life. The sociotype framework enables classifying both the nature of stress and the varying r...
Article
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Achieving sustainable food and nutrition security is dependent on enhancing dietary diversity to address micronutrient deficiency. Biodiversity, which includes diversity within and between species and of ecosystems, is crucial for dietary diversity, a qualitative measure of food variety available for individual and household consumption and a proxy...
Article
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Background: Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ9-THC) is the active compound of Cannabis sativa with appetitestimulating properties. This study evaluated the effect of low doses of oral Δ9-THC on self-reported symptoms of patients suffering from chronic anorexia nervosa (AN). Methods: Nine female subjects over 18 years of age participated in the study. S...
Article
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Background: Anorexia nervosa (AN) is characterized by self-induced malnutrition, affecting body image, mood, cognition and survival. Tyrosine, an essential amino acid is the precursor of catecholamines. The use of tyrosine to treat AN is based on experiments on diet restricted mice, in which it increased food consumption, improved cognitive functi...
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Objective: To characterize the multiple dimensions and benefits of the Mediterranean diet as a sustainable diet, in order to revitalize this intangible food heritage at the country level; and to develop a multidimensional framework - the Med Diet 4.0 - in which four sustainability benefits of the Mediterranean diet are presented in parallel: major...
Article
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Objective To investigate demographic and lifestyle factors associated with adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MD) in Israeli adolescents. Design Cross-sectional. Setting School-based. Subjects Schoolchildren ( n 5268) aged 11–19 years answered self-administered questionnaires on food consumption, eating habits and lifestyle; a subset ( n 578)...
Article
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Background There is increasing evidence of the multiple effects of diets on public health nutrition, society, and environment. Sustainability and food security are closely interrelated. The traditional Mediterranean Diet (MD) is recognized as a healthier dietary pattern with a lower environmental impact. As a case study, the MD may guide innovative...
Article
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Aim: This study aims to assess the Palestinian girls’ dietary habits and physical activity patterns as a baseline for intervention. Methods: A cross-sectional study of grade 4 and 5 pupils (mean age: 11 years) in 14 all-girl schools in East Jerusalem, of four different types of school ownership (overall N=897), was conducted, using self-administer...
Chapter
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Mediterranean diet (MD) patterns have developed over the past 5000 or more years spreading from the Fertile Crescent and influenced by the conquests of many different civilizations. As a result the MD is in continuous evolution. There is not one single MD, but rather a number of variations on a basic theme adapted to individual country’s cultures....
Chapter
The Mediterranean diet is reviewed in the context of history and culture. The health benefits of the Mediterranean diet are scientifically recognized. The ancient Mediterranean diet focuses on the seven biblical species—wheat, barley, grapes, figs, pomegranates, olives, and date honey—together with other indigenous foods from the Middle East that r...
Research
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This white paper is an outcome of the collaborative effort with the FAO/UNEP Sustainable Food Systems Programme, FAO.
Article
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The notion of the Mediterranean diet has undergone a progressive evolution over the past 60 years, from a healthy dietary pattern to a sustainable dietary pattern, in which nutrition, food, cultures, people, environment, and sustainability all interact into a new model of a sustainable diet. An overview of the historical antecedents and recent incr...
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To position the concept of sustainability within the context of food security. An overview of the interrelationships between food security and sustainability based on a non-systematic literature review and informed discussions based principally on a quasi-historical approach from meetings and reports. International and global food security and nutr...
Article
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This review explores the potential overlap between the fields of nutrition and therapeutic humor, together with the role of humor as a possible tool for aiding those in whom emotions, particularly negative ones, trigger eating as a means to improve mood. We review emotional eating, obesity, and the hypothesized mechanisms of emotional eating. We th...
Chapter
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Various researchers have pointed out the affective changes brought about by physical activity (PA) [1–5]. The mood changes documented are generally an increase in “positive” mood states, such as calmness and pleasantness, and a decrease in “negative” mood states, such as depression and anger. The improvement in overall mood scores is seen after mos...
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ABSTRACT Newly synthesized acylethanolamide derivatives: oleoyl-L-valinolamide (1), oleoyl-D-valinolamide (2), elaidoyl-L-valinolamide (3), elaidoyl-D-valinolamide (4) stearoyl-L-valinolamide (5) and palmitoyl-L-valinolamide (6) were investigated in mice as anti-obesity compounds. Compounds 1, 2, 5, 6 significantly decreased body weight by c6.57% f...
Article
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Leptin is a potent AMP kinase (AMPK) inhibitor that induces neuroprotection, neurogenesis, and angiogenesis when administered immediately after stroke. To dissociate these effects, we explored the effects of delayed administration of leptin, at 10 days after stroke onset, on neurogenesis and angiogenesis after stroke. Sabra mice underwent photothro...
Article
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Background: The present study compared the outcome of bariatric surgery against a uniform high-level weightloss program which included vigorous physical exercises, behavior modification and nutritional advice. Method: 44 subjects who underwent bariatric surgery and 47 subjects participating in a weight-loss program completed the Medical Outcomes...
Article
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There is a long history to the representation of the Mediterranean Diet Pyramid which may be seen as a form of cultural--culinary evolution as each country applies the foods best suited to its national diet. Different Mediterranean Diet pyramids have been designed for the population of Greece, Spain and Italy, tailored for their different food habi...
Article
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Cannabinoid 2 (CB2) receptors expressed on immune cells are considered to be antifibrogenic. Hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) directly interact with phagocytosis lymphocytes, but the nature of this interaction is obscure. We aimed to study the effects of CB2 receptors on hepatic fibrosis via their role in mediating immunity. Hepatic fibrosis was induc...
Article
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The term sociotype has been introduced to describe the dynamic relationship of an individual with his/her social environment throughout life. The sociotype is a conceptual framework to highlight, in addition to bio-medical pathways, the psycho-social and environmental factors necessary to understand responses to life stresses and patient self-manag...
Chapter
Full-text available
The purpose of this article is to review the historical development of the healthy food model of the Mediterranean Diet and related scientific knowledge from the early 1960s to the present time. The review presents the origins of the first pyramid of the traditional Mediterranean Diet in 1993 and how it has been revised to produce, in 2010, a new u...
Article
Full-text available
To present the Mediterranean diet (MD) pyramid: a lifestyle for today. A new graphic representation has been conceived as a simplified main frame to be adapted to the different nutritional and socio-economic contexts of the Mediterranean region. This review gathers updated recommendations considering the lifestyle, dietary, sociocultural, environme...
Article
Full-text available
To place the Mediterranean diet (MedDi) in the context of the cultural history of the Middle East and emphasise the health effects of some of the biblical seven species - wheat, barley, grapes, figs, pomegranates, olives and date honey. Review of the literature concerning the benefits of these foods. Middle East and Mediterranean Basin. Mediterrane...
Article
Leptin is a potent AMP kinase (AMPK) inhibitor that is central to cell survival. Hence, we explored the effects of leptin on neurogenesis and angiogenesis after stroke. Neural stem cells (NSC) were grown as neurospheres in culture and treated with vehicle or leptin and neurosphere size and terminal differentiation were then determined. We then expl...