Ellen Verbakel

Ellen Verbakel
Radboud University | RU · Department of Sociology

PhD

About

65
Publications
13,322
Reads
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1,254
Citations
Introduction
Ellen Verbakel is assistant professor in Sociology. Her research interests include partners & relationships, family & work, health & well-being, and informal caregiving. Personal website: www.ellenverbakel.nl
Additional affiliations
August 2012 - present
Radboud University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
January 2008 - July 2012
Tilburg Universiteit
Position
  • PostDoc Position
September 2003 - December 2007
Radboud University
Position
  • PhD Student
Description
  • Thesis: The partner as resource or restriction? Labour market careers of husbands and wives and the consequences for inequality between couples

Publications

Publications (65)
Article
Many countries have been working on revising their long-term care (LTC) policies to meet the increasing demand for care. Generally, little attention is paid to the potential (unintended) consequences of LTC policies for inequality among care users or informal caregivers. Saraceno previously explicitly argued that differences in care use and provisi...
Preprint
Informal caregiving, meaning taking health-related care of an older and/or disabled person in the personal network, often has consequences for paid work. Classically scholars focus on two strategies of informal caregivers to adapt employment: stopping and reducing working hours. Two other, but neglected, plausible strategies may similarly have care...
Article
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Applying fixed-effects models using Waves 2 to 13 (2007–19) of the German Labour Market and Social Security panel study, we examine how unpaid caring changes labour supply and if monthly monetary transfers from the care recipient to the carer motivate a reduction in labour supply. We find that for both women and men, starting high-intensity caring...
Article
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Informal care, meaning taking health-related care of people in their own social network, is a topic that gets more and more attention in social science research because the pressure on people to provide informal care is rising due to ageing societies and policy changes. The Informal Care Model developed by Broese van Groenou and de Boer (2016) prov...
Article
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Caring for a friend or family member in need of care has been found to have negative consequences for wages. This study contributes to the literature by studying how three major life course factors, namely timing of first caregiving, duration of caregiving, and the number of caregiving episodes, help to explain the (hourly) wage penalty for informa...
Article
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Disclosing socioeconomic differences in informal care provision is increasingly important in aging societies as it helps to identify the segments of the population that may need targeted support and the types of national investments to support family caregivers. This study examines the association between individual-level socioeconomic status and i...
Article
Cultural and economic shifts such as increasing individualization and labor market uncertainty may have resulted in an increase in singlehood after leaving home. Using data from the European Social Survey, we compare cohorts born between 1930 and 1989 in 30 European countries. We show that there has been an increase in singlehood after leaving home...
Article
Changes in informal care provision during the first COVID-19 lockdown in 2020 in the Netherlands This study investigates to what extent the intensity of informal care provision has changed during the first lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic in the spring of 2020 in the Netherlands, whether these changes differed by the living situation of the ca...
Article
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This research note presents findings of changes in the gender gap in informal care provision and caregiver burden during the Spring 2020 COVID-19 lockdown in the Netherlands. Government measures in response to the pandemic strongly restricted informal caregivers in providing help and care to persons with health-related needs. At the same time, form...
Article
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Opvattingen over gender en het opvoeden van kleine kinderen voor en na de eerste lockdown in Nederland Katia Begall en Ellen Verbakel MEM 96 (2): 243-269 Abstract Attitudes about gender and the care for small children before and after the first lockdown in the Netherlands The COVID-19 pandemic has led to major changes in the division of paid and un...
Technical Report
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This report on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the data collection 'Retrospective informal care career: Main measurement' within the LISS panel. https://www.dataarchive.lissdata.nl/study_units/view/1067
Article
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Informal volunteering is seen as an important indicator of social relations and community life. We therefore investigate the impact of various socialization practices on informal volunteering, being small helping behaviours outside of organizations for people outside the household. From theoretical notions on socialization, we hypothesize that expe...
Article
Objective The goal of this study is to estimate the effect of one's own and one's partner's job insecurity on relationship satisfaction, with attention to gender and educational differences in these effects. Second, we test whether the effects of individual job insecurity on individual relationship satisfaction depends on partner job insecurity. B...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated how people’s satisfaction with their family life is influenced by economic circumstances. Expectations were formulated that people who experienced or expected economic hardship would be less satisfied with their family life. Additionally, it was hypothesized that current and expected economic hardship would amplify each othe...
Preprint
Studies on marriage and divorce often assume, explicitly or implicitly, that there is a positive relationship between partner similarity and well-being. We test this similarity hypothesis: do individuals who share more socio-demographic characteristics with their partners report higher well-being than individuals whose partners are less similar? We...
Article
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This study examined how peer norms condition the effect of romantic involvement on adolescents’ externalizing and internalizing problem behaviors. We hypothesized that, as a result of social control and social learning, adolescents who start a romantic relationship report more problem behavior when romantic involvement was not normative behavior in...
Article
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Background Our ageing society is putting tremendous strain on public health and welfare programs to meet the needs of ageing individuals. Promoting informal caregiving is one way for policymakers to reduce this burden. However, caregiving may be experienced as stressful and is associated with adverse health consequences. While quite a lot of resear...
Article
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Aims: Motivated by ageing populations, healthcare policies increasingly emphasize the role of informal care. This study examines how prevalence rates of informal caregivers and intensive caregivers (i.e. those who provide informal care for at least 11 hours a week) vary between European countries, and to what extent informal caregiving and intensi...
Article
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In modern welfare states, family policies may resolve the tension between employment and care-focused demands. However these policies sometimes have adverse consequences for distinct social groups. This study examined gender and educational differences in working parents’ perceived work–family conflict and used a comparative approach to test whethe...
Article
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Objectives: We examine gender differences in the experienced burden of partner caregivers using the stress-appraisal model. Gender differences can be explained by differences in conditions of burden (primary stressors, help from others, hours of caregiving, and secondary stressors) and how strong their effects are. Method: The data are from the...
Article
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Background To examine the preferences for comprehensive services and facilities in a new proposed birth center which will be established in a large Dutch city, specifically among pregnant women from different ethnic backgrounds. Methods The analyses of this study were based on a survey among 200 pregnant women living in The Hague, the Netherlands i...
Article
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Background: Against the background of a rising demand for informal care in European societies, this study sets out to provide descriptive information by gender on (i) prevalence rates of (intensive) informal caregiving, (ii) characteristics of (intensive) informal caregivers and (iii) consequences of (intensive) informal caregiving in terms of men...
Article
This article investigates associations between couples’ divisions of time spent on employment and household chores and respondents’ satisfaction with their partner relationship. Theoretical notions of specialization and equity were used to derive hypotheses. Specialization relates to differentiation in the content of tasks, whereas equity in hours...
Article
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This study examines the relationship between various aspects of female labor participation and people's family role attitudes. Following exposure theory, we expect that individuals may adopt more egalitarian family roles as they are more often exposed to employed women because it dispels negative ideas about women's capabilities and brings them int...
Article
This study presents unique descriptive and explanatory analyses of cross-national variation in work ethic in 44 European countries (European Values Study, wave 2008). A strong work ethic is defined as the conviction that all individuals have a moral duty to work. Multilevel regression models show that religious heritage is the most important factor...
Article
Objectives: In response to concerns about the sustainability of health care systems that increasingly rely on informal care, we first investigate explanations of informal caregivers' subjective well-being: primary stressors (care-receivers' cognitive impairment, functional disability, and problem behavior), primary appraisal (hours of informal car...
Article
This study investigates the relationship between the division of household labor and individuals’ perceived fairness concerning this division. We applied multilevel multinomial logistic regression to analyze data on both men and women across 29 countries using the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) from 2012 (N = 16,633). It was found tha...
Article
Informal caregivers in Europe: The role of paid work, generosity of formal health care and national care norms Informal caregivers in Europe: The role of paid work, generosity of formal health care and national care norms This study answers the question why some individuals are informal caregivers and others are not, and why some informal caregiver...
Chapter
http://www.scp.nl/Publicaties/Alle_publicaties/Publicaties_2015/Nederland_in_Europees_perspectief Europeanen krijgen steeds meer met elkaar te maken, zo maakte een aantal ontwikkelingen ook in 2015 weer duidelijk. De economische crisis, de solidariteit tussen landen en de houding tegenover migranten en asielzoekers raken de kern van Europese integ...
Article
This article examines to what extent a social norm to work moderates the relationship between employment status and subjective well-being. It was expected that the detrimental impact of non-employment on subjective well-being would be larger in countries with a stronger social norm. Using a direct measure of the social norm to work and employing da...
Article
This study focuses on the partner choices of immigrant adolescents who are involved in a romantic relationship. We formulate hypotheses about the effect of immigrants' preferences, parental influence and structural effects of the school and neighbourhood on the likelihood of dating a native partner versus a non-native partner. Using unique data fro...
Article
Against the background of an ageing society with an increasing demand for informal caregivers, this study examines (1) to what extent informal caregiving is negatively related to well-being, (2) to what extent the relationship between informal caregiving and well-being varies over countries and (3) to what extent national policies and countries’ no...
Article
De Nederlandse overheid streeft naar een participatiesamenleving. Zo heeft ze sinds de invoering van de Wet maatschappelijke ondersteuning (Wmo) ingezet op een grotere eigen verantwoordelijkheid bij het inzetten van zorg. Weerspiegelt de publieke opinie deze mentaliteitsverandering? Dit artikel gaat na (a) in hoeverre de publieke opinie over verant...
Article
This study aims to explain variation in the level of tolerance towards homosexuality between European countries. Results of multi-level regression analyses on 40 countries from the 2008 wave of the European Values Study show that countries' economic affluence and laws on same-sex unions are positively associated with individuals' tolerance towards...
Article
This study describes and explains parental involvement in partner choice among Turkish and Moroccan immigrants in the Netherlands. It thus contributes to previous research on third-party influence on partner choice. The study provides quantitative findings on the actual extent of parental involvement in partner choice among immigrant groups compare...
Article
This article aims to gain a better understanding of the explanatory value of work ethic and traditional gender role values with regard to variation in female labour market supply. Although women’s labour market participation has increased dramatically over the past decades, it still lacks behind that of men. A high female participation rate is desi...
Article
The authors compared male and female same-sex and different-sex couples in the Netherlands with respect to age and educational homogamy. Because many same-sex couples in the Netherlands are married, differences between married and cohabiting couples were analyzed for all 3 groups. Analyses of data from the Dutch Labor Force Surveys 2001–2007 (N = 1...
Article
In this study, we assess whether divorce experiences in three social contexts shape individual’s permissiveness toward divorce. Using European Values Study data from 44 countries, we find that—net of personal divorce experience—parental divorce before the age of 18 (socialization context); parental divorce after the age of 18, divorce of child, and...
Article
This study describes and explains the gap in occupational status between partnered homosexual and heterosexual (wo)men in the Netherlands. Thirteen waves of the Dutch Labor Force Surveys, including 875 partnered gay men and 901 partnered lesbians, have been analyzed with the Oaxaca decomposition method. Bivariate results show significantly higher o...
Article
Full-text available
Data from five waves (2002–10) of the European Social Survey were examined to see the extent to which heterosexual and homosexual couples differ in their health and happiness. Homosexual people had lower levels of self-rated health and happiness. We suggest that those who experience discrimination are more strongly integrated in their gay community...
Article
This paper presents unique descriptive and explanatory analyses of cross-national variation in work ethic in 44 European countries (European Values Study 2008). A strong work ethic is the conviction that people have a moral duty to work. To explain differences in the adherence of the work ethic between countries two alternative theories are tested:...
Article
This study examines to what extent Europeans find 'relaxing' and 'learning something new' is important in their leisure time and explains variation in these leisure values by individual and country-level characteristics. These values reflect possible responses to a perceived 'time crunch' resulting from demanding work and family obligations and the...
Article
Full-text available
This study first examines the relationship between partnership status and subjective well-being in 45 European countries by analyzing the European Values Study 2008. It was expected and empirically confirmed that married individuals have the highest level of well-being, followed by (in order) cohabiting, dating, single, and finally widowed and divo...
Article
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This study examines the division of paid labor among gay male and lesbian couples in the Netherlands. We hypothesize that same-sex couples have a more equal division of paid labor than different-sex couples, partly because of lower marriage and fertility rates, and partly because equity norms are more strongly embraced regardless of family stage. F...
Article
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In this article we answered the research question to what extent variation in extrinsic and intrinsic job preference orientations can be attributed to and explained by differences between individuals and between countries. We argued that socialization in school, economic deprivation, and job quality influence job preferences, and formulated testabl...
Article
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We study to what extent adjustments in labor market participation, defined as employment entry and exit, and as increases and reductions of weekly working hours, depend on resources of the partner. Moreover, we investigate whether the influence of the partner depends on historical period, human capital, and children. We are especially interested in...
Article
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Social trust in the European context . A multi-level analysis of 18 countries .This study investigates to what extent differences between European countries in the level of social trust may be explained by compositional and contextual factors. Hypotheses were derived with respect to socioeconomic success, social engagement, social distance and reli...
Article
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This study explores explanations for the approval of euthanasia by assessing differences among individuals and countries, using four main arguments used by opponents and proponents in the public debate over euthanasia. We performed multilevel analysis on data from thirty-three countries, obtained from the European Values Study 1999/2000 and the Wor...
Article
This study explores explanations for the approval of euthanasia by assessing differences among individuals and countries, using four main arguments used by opponents and proponents in the public debate over euthanasia. We performed multilevel analysis on data from thirty-three countries, obtained from the European Values Study 1999/2000 and the Wor...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates to what extent a partner’s career resources affect labour market par ticipation and job level. Theories on this topic predict opposing par tner effects: economic theory expects a negative relationship due to financial incentives, whereas a positive relationship can be expected from a social capital point of view. In order to...
Article
This study investigates the role of the partner in career mobility in The Netherlands from the 1940s to the present. Mobility has been defined as upward and downward moves in occupational status. First, we hypothesize that having a partner restricts the labour market career of women, whereas it supports labour market advancement of men. Second, we...
Article
Comparisons of wellbeing between the United States and Western Europe generally show that most Americans have higher standards of living than do Western Europeans at comparable locations in their national income distributions. These comparisons of wellbeing typically privilege disposable income and cash transfers while ignoring other aspects of wel...
Article
This study describes (1) the association between husbands' and wives' employment statuses and occupations in the Netherlands, (2) establishes possible trends in the association, and (3) explores to what extent the association can be attributed to educational homogamy. We use 12 waves of the Dutch Labor Force Survey (1994–2006), and use log-linear m...
Article
Full-text available
The distribution of well-being in society and comparisons of well-being across societies depend both on the amount of inequality at the national level and also on the national average level of well-being. Comparisons between the U.S. and western Europe show that inequality is greater in the U.S. but that average GDP/capita is also greater in the U....
Article
Abstract The distribution of well-being,in society,and comparisons,of well-being,across societies depend both on the,amount,of inequality,at the,national level and,also on the,national average,level of well-being. Comparisons,between,the U.S. and western,Europe show,that inequality is greater in the U.S. but that average GDP/capita is also greater...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
In this project, we will describe and explain the long-term employment consequences of informal caregiving for caregivers in different life stages. By combining sociology and philosophy we aim at establishing a stronger theoretical framework with a deeper understanding of the factors (e.g., values and norms) influencing the conflict between employment and informal caregiving. Building on this theoretical foundation, we will predict and test how informal care influences labour market outcomes in the long run.