Ellen K. Henriksen

Ellen K. Henriksen
University of Oslo · Department of Physics

PhD

About

40
Publications
17,124
Reads
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1,411
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 1999 - present
University of Oslo
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (40)
Article
Science teacher educators (STEs) have key roles in the educational system through their preparation of pre- and in-service science teachers and in implementing future-oriented policy reforms. Given the complexity and importance of their role, what types of knowledge do STEs need? STEs come from a range of backgrounds and there are few systematic ro...
Article
Full-text available
Science teacher knowledge and skills have been thoroughly discussed by researchers; however, less is known about how teachers themselves conceptualise their professional qualities. We asked first and final-year pre-service science teachers and in-service physics teachers to describe the knowledge and skills needed to be a good science/physics teach...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Science teacher educators (STEs) have key roles in the educational system through their preparation of pre-service and in-service science teachers and in implementing future oriented policy reforms. Given the complexity and importance of their role, what types of knowledge do STEs need? STEs come from a range of backgrounds and there are few system...
Presentation
Full-text available
In Norway, school science as well as teacher education are currently undergoing considerable changes resulting in new demands on the role and professional competence of teacher educators (TEs). How are TEs equipped to meet these new demands? Little research exists characterising the nature of TEs' professional competence and their needs for profess...
Book
Fysikkdidaktikk 2. utgave gir en helhetlig framstilling av fysikk som undervisningsfag i norsk utdanningssystem og er et unikt verktøy for alle fysikklærere og fysikklærerstudenter. Boka dekker et stort spenn av temaer, fra fysikkens historie og egenart som vitenskapsfag til hva som kjennetegner elevers forhold til faget, og hvordan læreren kan hje...
Article
Full-text available
Because of its abstract nature, Albert Einstein’s theory of general relativity is rarely present in school physics curricula. Although the educational community has started to investigate ways of bringing general relativity to classrooms, field-tested educational material is rare. Employing the model of educational reconstruction, we present a coll...
Article
Quantum physics challenges our views of the physical world and describes phenomena that cannot be directly observed. The use of language is hence essential in the teaching of quantum physics. With a sociocultural view of learning, we investigate characteristics of preuniversity students’ small‐group discussions and their potential for enhancing und...
Article
Calls for renewal of physics education include more varied learning activities and increased focus on qualitative understanding and history and philosophy of science (HPS) aspects. We have studied an innovative approach implementing such features in quantum physics in traditional upper secondary physics classrooms in Norway. Data consists of 11 foc...
Article
Full-text available
Quantum physics describes light as having both particle and wave properties; however, there is no consensus about how to interpret this duality on an ontological level. This article explores how pre-university physics students, while working with learning material focusing on historical-philosophical aspects of quantum physics, interpreted the wave...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates the experiences of students in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) during their first year in higher education, based on 874 Danish and 1314 Norwegian students' responses to an online questionnaire. Rather than focusing on averages, we compare the experiences of two distinct groups of students: those who...
Article
In this chapter, we analyse written responses from science and technology students in Denmark, Norway and England to the open-ended question “Please describe how you came to choose this course”. Seven hundred eighty-four responses collected with the IRIS questionnaire instrument were analysed through a thematic approach and described in relation to...
Article
This chapter introduces two theoretical perspectives of relevance to understanding educational choice related to scien c e, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). First, expectancy-value theory, as developed by Jacquelynne Eccles and colleagues during several decades, offers a comprehensive model of the different influence factors, conside...
Article
Full-text available
Quantum physics and relativity are demanding for teachers and students, but have the potential for students to experience physics as fascinating and meaningful. Project ReleQuant engaged in educational design research to improve teaching and learning in these topics in Norwegian upper secondary schools. The paper focuses on the first cycle of devel...
Article
Young people’s participation in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education is a matter of international concern. Candidates qualified in physical sciences, mathematics and engineering in particular are expected to be in high demand in the coming years. Moreover, there is a distinct gender imbalance in many STEM disciplines....
Chapter
Full-text available
In this chapter we focus on how the insights which have emerged from the preceding chapters may be useful for stakeholders working to improve STEM participation. Stimulating interest in STEM may impact positively on many young people’s choice process, but on its own it will not improve STEM participation. Part of the problem is that students have l...
Article
Understanding young people's educational choice is of interest in order to recruit sufficient numbers of young people to careers in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM). In this article, questionnaire data (closed and open-ended questions) from 5,007 Norwegian first-year students in all STEM higher-education disciplines are utili...
Article
In this article, we discuss how quantum physics and relativity can be taught in upper secondary school, in ways that promote conceptual understanding and philosophical reflections. We present the ReleQuant project, in which web-based teaching modules have been developed. The modules address competence aims in the Norwegian national curriculum for p...
Book
Drawing on data generated by the EU’s Interests and Recruitment in Science (IRIS) project, this volume examines the issue of young people’s participation in science, technology, engineering and mathematics education. With an especial focus on female participation, the chapters offer analysis deploying varied theoretical frameworks, including so...
Article
In response to insufficient participation and female underrepresentation in physics education, this article uses questionnaire data from Norwegian physics students in upper secondary (N = 585) and first-year tertiary (N = 278) education to characterize the “physics choosers.” An expectancy-value perspective is adopted to describe the motivations an...
Article
Young people’s participation in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) is a matter of international concern. Studies and careers that require physical sciences and advanced mathematics are most affected by the problem and women in particular are under‐represented in many STEM fields. This article views international research about...
Article
This paper describes an exhibition on radiation* and the environment. In the exhibition-development process, students' and lay people's conceptions on radiation issues as described in the literature were considered. How these conceptions and the theoretical frame of constructivism may guide exhibition development is discussed. Whether an exhibition...
Article
The use of electronic audience response systems (ARS) in undergraduate science instruction is increasing. In this article, we argue for combining such a teaching approach with a more active use of student small-group discussions, demonstrating with examples from a Norwegian physics course how 'talking physics' is central to the development of under...
Article
Full-text available
This paper reports on the implementation of an upper secondary physics curriculum with an em- pirical-mathematical modelling approach. In project PHYS 21, we used the notion of multiple repre- sentations of physical phenomena as a framework for developing modelling activities for students. Interviews with project teachers indicate that implementati...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we describe a teaching approach focusing on modelling in physics, emphasizing scientific reasoning based on empirical data and using the notion of multiple representations of physical phenomena as a framework. We describe modelling activities from a project (PHYS 21) and relate some experiences from implementation of the modelling app...
Article
The purpose of the study was to determine the typical teaching methods used in upper secondary physics in Finland and Norway and how students would like to study physics. Moreover, the further aim of seeing how certain background variables may explain students' desire to study their chosen specialist subject, physics or social science (humanities),...
Article
There is widespread concern for the situation of school physics regarding recruitment, contents, teaching methods, etc. In this study based on questionnaire and focus group data, we explore how upper secondary pupils and teachers perceive physics as a subject, how they experience physics instruction, and how physics compares to other subjects.Our s...
Article
In connection with an exhibition on radiation(1)-related environmental issues at the Norwegian Museum of Science and Technology, teaching units including pre- and post-visit activities were developed for visiting students. The units were centered on "real-life" stories concerning radiation issues that were used by the students as starting points fo...
Article
Full-text available
The new goals outlined for museums in recent reports are in line with the efforts to improve the public's civic and practical scientific literacy. We have made a preliminary exploration of the potential of museums to provide information and experiences that the audience finds relevant in the context of science-related issues they encounter in their...
Article
It may be argued that the population should have sufficient understanding of radiation phenomena to secure individual safety as well as democratic decisions. To attain this, it is necessary for the communicators of radiation information to be familiar with the lay person's perceptions of these phenomena. A questionnaire survey was conducted to exam...
Article
The alkaline elution assay has been employed to study the induction and repair kinetics of DNA damage in human lymphocytes after irradiation with biologically relevant doses of UVB (297 and 302 nm) or UVA (365 nm) radiation. At 365 nm, when the predominant lesions are single-strand breaks, the rate of lesion induction was 1.5 x 10(-3) per 10(8) Da...
Article
In this paper, we argue that modelling should be given a more prominent role in physics education based on two lines of argument. First, school physics should reflect the model-like nature of scientific knowledge and knowledge production; second, we argue that modelling is a fruitful approach to the teaching and learning of physics. We have employe...
Article
During the 1990s, there was a worldwide discussion about the decreasing interest in science and technology studies on all levels. Much research has been organised to clarify what might affect student motivation to study science and, in particular, physics. The answers to what might motivate students are typically sought by investigating their inter...
Article
Full-text available
We present a rationale and a framework for empirical-mathematical modelling in upper secondary physics, and report on a project focused on empirical- mathematical modelling in Norwegian physics classrooms. The project particularly aims to give students experience with the many forms of representations applied in models of physical reality.

Projects

Projects (5)
Project
This research project follows the implementation and development of a two year professional development program for science teacher educators who primarily has their phd from a science discipline.
Archived project