Ellen Barnidge

Ellen Barnidge
Saint Louis University | SLU · Department of Behavioral Science & Health Education

PhD, MPH

About

49
Publications
5,474
Reads
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1,136
Citations
Additional affiliations
July 2016 - present
Saint Louis University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
July 2011 - June 2016
Saint Louis University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (49)
Article
Full-text available
Foreign-born immigrants are at greater risks of both food insecurity and depressive symptoms, while the association between the two has yet to be elucidated. Our sample includes 6,857 adults aged 20 years and older from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2005 to 2016. Multivariable logistic regression was used to exa...
Article
Background: Food insecurity (FI) rates in the United States are particularly high among households with children. This research set aims to analyze if high school students experiencing FI had higher risk for mental health and suicidal behaviors. Methods: Using combined data from 11 states that conducted the 2017 Youth Risk Behavior Survey, a tot...
Article
Full-text available
Background Correctional officers (COs) experience elevated rates of mental and physical ill-health as compared with other general industry and public safety occupations. The purpose of this study was to investigate demographic, mental health, job tenure, and work–family characteristics and their prospective association to burnout within and between...
Article
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Importance: Jail officers are an underserved population of public safety workers at high risk for developing chronic mental health conditions. Objective: In response to national calls for the examination of stressors related to the unique work contexts of correctional facilities, we implemented a pilot study informed by the Total Worker Health®...
Article
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Objectives Food insecurity (FI) has serious academic, social, and physical health consequences for children. A recent clinical recommendation suggests FI screening during child well visits. While FI screening research has considered clinician feedback, little is known about caregivers’ experience of disclosing FI to health care providers. Our paper...
Article
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Prevalence and predictors of depression, a debilitating medical illness, are unknown among officers working in jails. We conducted a cross-sectional survey with jail officers at four facilities, utilizing age, ethnicity, gender, musculoskeletal back disorder, global physical health and mental health, and psychological well-being as predictor variab...
Article
Rates of organ donor registration range from 20‐60% throughout the US. The purpose of this study was to examine sociogeographic differences in rates throughout Missouri to identify patterns of organ donation registration. The organ donor registration rate from each Division of Motor Vehicle office in Missouri was extracted from the National Organ R...
Article
Food insecurity (FI)—unreliable access to a sufficient quantity of affordable, nutritious food—is a social and economic condition with direct and indirect consequences, including poor dietary intake, poor physical and mental health, hospitalizations, stress, reduced academic achievement, and fetal epigenetic changes.¹- 3 Food insecurity affects 16....
Article
In 2015, 15.8 million households experienced food insecurity at some point during the year. One out of every 8 American households utilizes a food bank or food pantry to meet their food needs during the year. Understanding the factors that influence whether food pantries provide healthy options to clients can lead to opportunities to improve the he...
Article
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Background: Rates of musculoskeletal disorders in construction remain high. Few studies have described barriers and facilitators to the use of available ergonomic solutions. This paper describes these barriers and facilitators and their relationship to the level of adoption. Methods: Three analysts rated 16 proposed ergonomic solutions from a pa...
Article
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Background The paper examines the role of community-based participatory research (CBPR) within the context of social justice literature and practice. Methods Two CBPR case studies addressing health inequities related to Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular disease were selected from a national cross-site study assessing effective academic-community...
Article
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Food insecurity is a serious health concern among children in the United States with 15.3 million children living in food insecure households. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that pediatricians screen for food insecurity at health maintenance visits as identifying children at risk is a crucial step in the amelioration of food insecuri...
Article
Summer is a vulnerable time for 1 in 3 African American children who live in food insecure households. We examined the factors that affect food insecurity among African American households with children during the summer by rural and urban setting. We conducted concept mapping with 38 African American caregivers from rural and urban Missouri. Urban...
Article
The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) is one of the most important food assistance programs in the United States to ensure children's food security and healthy development. Previous studies have offered mixed results and challenges in estimating the effects of program participation. This study assesses NSLP's effect on household food security us...
Article
Introduction: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death among African Americans in the U.S., with high blood pressure and obesity being two of the main determinants. The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diet is effective in changing behaviors associated with these health concerns, but has not been adapted to community settings....
Article
Assessing the impact of the National School Lunch Program (NSLP) on household food insufficiency is critical to improve the implementation of public food assistance and to improve the nutrition intake of low-income children and their families. To examine the association of receiving free/reduced-price lunch from the NSLP with household food insuffi...
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African Americans have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease partly due to low fruit and vegetable consumption. This article reports the results of an intervention to provide nutrition education and access to fruits and vegetables through community gardens to change dietary behaviors among African Americans in rural Missouri. Cross-sectional...
Article
In 2012, 20% of households in the United States with children lacked consistent access to adequate food. Food insufficiency has significant implications for children, including poor physical and mental health outcomes, behavior problems, and low educational achievements. The National School Lunch Program (NSLP) is one policy solution to reduce food...
Article
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Rural residents are less likely than urban and suburban residents to meet recommendations for nutrition and physical activity. Interventions at the environmental and policy level create environments that support healthy eating and physical activity. Healthier Missouri Communities (Healthier MO) is a community-based research project conducted by the...
Article
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Introduction: Residents of rural communities in the United States are at higher risk for obesity than their urban and suburban counterparts. Policy and environmental-change strategies supporting healthier dietary intake can prevent obesity and promote health equity. Evidence in support of these strategies is based largely on urban and suburban stu...
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Higher rates of unemployment are found among African-American men in rural communities in the US. As part of a community-based participatory research project, we sought to identify characteristics of job-seeking networks of African-American and white employed and unemployed men and women in a rural community in Missouri. We collected cross-sectiona...
Conference Paper
INTRODUCTION: Pemiscot County, Missouri has one of the highest rates of food insecurity in the state with 1 in 4 households with children identified as food insecure. Rates for African American children tend to be disproportionately higher. Food insecurity during childhood is associated with poor health and developmental outcomes. Summer is a vulne...
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African American (AA) men remain one of the most disconnected groups from health care. This study examines the association between AA men's rating of health care and rating of their personal physician. The sample included 12,074 AA men aged 18 years or older from the 2003 to 2006 waves of the Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems...
Article
Purpose: Rural residents are at greater risk of obesity than urban and suburban residents. Failure to meet physical activity and healthy eating recommendations play a role. Emerging evidence shows the effectiveness of environmental and policy interventions to promote physical activity and healthy eating. Yet most of the evidence comes from urban an...
Article
Full-text available
Fruit and vegetable consumption reduces chronic disease risk, yet the majority of Americans consume fewer than recommended. Inadequate access to fruits and vegetables is increasingly recognized as a significant contributor to low consumption of healthy foods. Emerging evidence shows the effectiveness of community gardens in increasing access to, an...
Conference Paper
Public health education is a natural fit for unique learning experiences beyond basic classroom lectures. Service related learning experiences provide opportunities for students to explore cultural interactions and gain skills that would otherwise be difficult to gain through learning only in the classroom. This qualitative study of four service re...
Conference Paper
Background: Although there is growing evidence that physically active children perform better on tests and have improved classroom behavior, schools face challenges in providing the recommended amount of physical activity to students. Purpose: Healthier Missouri Communities, a community-academic partnership in rural southeast Missouri, is working w...
Article
There is increased recognition that the inequitable distribution of social determinants acts as a stressor that influences health outcomes. Men on the Move’s Leadership and Job Readiness (LJR) program was developed to improve employment opportunities and build leadership capacity for African American men living in a rural community. Pre-post questi...
Conference Paper
Fruit and vegetable consumption reduces chronic disease risk, yet the majority of Americans consume fewer than the recommended 5 to 9 servings a day. Inadequate access to fresh produce is increasingly recognized as a significant contributor to low consumption of healthy foods. Emerging evidence shows the effectiveness of community gardens in increa...
Conference Paper
RESEARCH OBJECTIVE: Health information seeking outside of the medical encounter has increased significantly. Patients seek health information to learn more about health conditions, assess symptoms, and to improve communication with health care providers. Men's health is a relatively new area of study. Consequently, the literature is sparse related...
Conference Paper
Rural African American communities have some of the highest rates of cardiovascular disease and obesity. Men on the Move (MOTM) is a community based participatory research project addressing individual, social and environmental factors contributing to these health risks. The individual level interventions include community-wide cooking demonstratio...
Conference Paper
RESEARCH OBJECTIVE: Health information seeking and use are associated with positive health outcomes. An empowered patient is associated with better health status and medical adherence. Men's health continues to lag behind women's health, however men's health remains understudied. The aim of this study is to assess the differences by race in confide...
Article
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Health disparities are a major concern in the United States. Research suggests that inequitable distribution of money, power, and resources shape the circumstances for daily life and create and exacerbate health disparities. In rural communities, inequitable distribution of these structural factors seems to limit employment opportunities. The Susta...
Article
Purpose: Developing partnerships among health care clinics and community organizations is an important strategy for increasing resources and supports for chronic disease care and management. Although several tools assessing partnership characteristics exist, tools to assess the progression from partnership development to the achievement of specifi...
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Co-learning is one of the core principles of community-based participatory research (CBPR). Often, it is difficult to engage community members beyond those involved in the formal partnership in co-learning processes. However, to understand and address locally relevant root factors of health, it is essential to engage the broader community in partic...
Article
Previous research suggests that access to recreational resources might influence physical activity. Little research, however, has looked at both access to and the characteristics of recreational resources and physical activity. Access to recreational resources was assessed by counting the number of recreational resources in the geographic area. Res...
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There are significant differences in physical inactivity in various geographical areas and among demographic groups. Previous research suggests that walking is the most common form of physical activity; however, not all built environments support walking for recreational or transportation purposes. The purpose of this study was to assess the extent...
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Evidence-based practice has emerged as a central tenet of medical care and public health. Despite accumulating evidence for intervention effectiveness, public health professionals have insufficient information to present definitive intervention planning recommendations. Therefore, evidence-based decision-making processes, not just interventions, ne...
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The increase in obesity and disparities in obesity and related chronic diseases across racial and ethnic and income groups have led researchers to focus on the social and environmental factors that influence dietary intake. The question guiding the current study was whether all communities have equal access to foods that enable individuals to make...
Article
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Geographic assessments indicate that the selection of produce in local supermarkets varies by both area-level income and racial composition. These differences make it particularly difficult for low-income African American families to make healthy dietary choices. The Garden of Eden produce market was created to improve access to high-quality, affor...

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