Ella Cohn-Schwartz

Ella Cohn-Schwartz
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev | bgu · Department of Public Health

PhD

About

60
Publications
4,350
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
632
Citations
Citations since 2016
59 Research Items
632 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
Introduction
Ella does research on social networks in old age and their associations with mental health and cognition. She is interested in longitudinal processes and mechanisms through which social relationships influence the lives of older adults.

Publications

Publications (60)
Article
Objective: Positive perceptions of aging are known to have beneficial effects for older adults' health and well-being, but less is known regarding their social correlates. The current study aimed to disentangle the bi-directional associations of perceptions of aging with informal and formal social involvement. Methods: Data for this study came f...
Article
Background Early-life adversity, including food deprivation, has been linked with late-life cognitive function. Our aim was to explore the association between the early experience of hunger (the age at which it was experienced and its duration) and cognitive performance and decline among elderly Europeans. Methods Our sample comprised dementia-fre...
Article
Full-text available
Background and Objectives One of the greatest challenges of old age is the risk of cognitive decline. Engagement in social activities has been identified as a possible protective factor. However, it is not yet clear what are the mechanisms underlying this association. This study aims to elucidate the pathways through which social activities impact...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives One’s personal social network constitutes a contextual framing factor for late-life cognitive function. This study examined the association between network type at baseline and changes in three cognitive measures: immediate recall, delayed recall, and fluency, two years hence, among Europeans aged 50 and older. Participants Data were ta...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To examine the factors associated with older adults' perceptions of ageism in society during the COVID-19 outbreak, in particular the portrayal of older people as a burden and as vulnerable. Methods: Data are based on a nationally-representative survey of adults aged 50+ in Israel, conducted during the COVID-19 outbreak (N=888). Regress...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Cognitive decline is a major public health concern worldwide and it is vital to identify and better understand effective population-based means to improve cognitive performance in old age. The current study set out to examine the links between accelerometer-based physical activity with cognitive performance in later life, as well the i...
Article
Full-text available
Social support functions as an effective buffer against depression, especially among older adults with more limited social networks. In the current study we examined longitudinal bidirectional associations between social support and depression among those 75+ years of age. We recruited and followed a sample of Israeli adults, 75+ years of age (N =...
Article
Full-text available
Marital idealization is defined as an interpersonal mode of self-deception whereby husbands and wives convey an exceedingly positive portrayal of their spouse and relationship (e.g., “My spouse has never made me angry”). For the Marriage and Health Study, we obtained responses from 119 long-wed couples at baseline, 1- and 2-years later (M = 34 year...
Chapter
Subjective views of aging often change in a myriad of different ways across life, yet we are only beginning to understand pivotal questions around the how, when, and why of such transitions. The objective of the current chapter is to provide a systematic overview of conceptual perspectives and empirical research about the ways in which subjective v...
Article
Full-text available
The cognitive health of older adults since the COVID‐19 pandemic onset is unclear, as is the potential impact of pandemic‐associated societal ageism on perceived cognition. We investigated associations between perceptions of societal ageism and changes in subjective memory over a 10‐month period during the COVID‐19 pandemic. We collected longitudin...
Article
Full-text available
Background The current study examines psychological reactions to the COVID-19 pandemic among older adults living in Israel. Based on the ‘life events, stress, coping and health theory,’ we hypothesized that due to their traumatic early life history and dearth of emotional and physical coping resources, Holocaust survivors would be more vulnerable t...
Article
Full-text available
Background People with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may have cognitive decline, a risk which can be particularly threatening at old age. However, it is yet unclear whether initial cognitive decline renders one more susceptible to subsequent PTSD following exposure to traumatic events, whether initial PTSD precedes cognitive decline or wheth...
Article
Objectives To explore the extent that pre-COVID-19 comorbid PTSD-depression symptoms prospectively predict mental distress among older adults during COVID-19. Methods We used the Israeli component of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE-Israel), and focused on older adults who participated in 2015 and 2020 and were aged 60...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeDuring the COVID-19 pandemic older adults are asked to maintain physical distancing, which can be linked to loneliness. While older people are encouraged to use electronic communication to stay socially connected, it remains an open question whether electronic contacts are related to lower loneliness during the pandemic. This study examined...
Article
Full-text available
Relying on the age segregation theory (limited contact between age groups), this study examined the temporal reciprocal associations between age integration—the inclusion of older and younger people in one’s personal network—and one's self-perceptions of aging (SPA). Data came from the 2014 and 2017 waves of the German Ageing Survey and focused on...
Article
Full-text available
Studies indicate that both subjective age—individuals’ perception of their own age as older or younger than their chronological age, and attitudes to ageing are related to physical and mental health. Less is known about the possible dual effect of these two constructs of subjective views of ageing. In the current study, 334 participants (aged 30–90...
Article
Full-text available
Social distancing has been proven to be effective in reducing infections but may cause ill effects on the mental health of older adults. We evaluated the effects of a short-term virtual group intervention that provided tools to promote better coping, and mitigate adverse mental health effects during the outbreak of the covid-19 pandemic. A Randomiz...
Article
Full-text available
Worries associated with COVID-19 health consequences are well-justified. They may motivate people to take safety precautions, but may hinder if they become too intense. Current research examined mainly age and gender as potentially associated with worries. This study instead, focuses on self-perceptions of ageing (SPA) and perceived age discriminat...
Article
Full-text available
Holocaust survivors could be especially vulnerable to the negative effects of the COVID-19 pandemic due to their early life traumas. Thus, the current study examines the effects of the pandemic on the mental health of Holocaust survivors in Israel, compared to adults who did not experience the Holocaust. We collected quantitative data from 305 adul...
Article
Objectives The present study aims to examine possible pathways that potentially account for the relationship between perceived age discrimination in healthcare settings (as one form of ageism) and health outcomes. Methods We relied on 1570 complete surveys, which constitute a representative national sample of adults aged 50 and above in Israel. R...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives We examined differences across three groups in Israel to test the double jeopardy versus the intersection escape hypotheses-which evaluate whether being older and belonging to an underrepresented group serves as a double burden, exposing older minorities to higher levels of perceived ageism or on the contrary, older age serves as a prote...
Article
Objectives: Depression is a major health concern for both individuals and societies. Hence, understanding the risk factors for depression is of importance. As individuals grow older, the way in which they perceive the aging process may have a significant influence on their physical and mental health. More negative perceptions of aging could put ind...
Article
Full-text available
The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has led to an acceleration in the development of web-based interventions to alleviate related mental health impacts. The current study explored the effects of a short-term digital group intervention aimed at providing cognitive behavioral and mindfulness tools and skills to reduce loneliness and depression and...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To examine the factors associated with older adults' perceptions of ageism in society during the COVID-19 outbreak, in particular the portrayal of older people as a burden and as vulnerable. Methods: Data are based on a nationally-representative survey of adults aged 50+ in Israel, conducted during the COVID-19 outbreak (N=888). Regr...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Identifying early-life factors that protect against compromised late-life cognition is of great public health interest. We aimed to explore the associations between book-oriented environment in childhood and late-life cognitive performance in the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). Methods: The sample include...
Article
Full-text available
Worries associated with COVID-19 health consequences are well-justified. They may motivate people to take safety precautions, but may hinder if they become too intense. Current research has examined mainly age and gender as potential correlates associated with worries. This study instead, is focused on self-perceptions of aging (SPA) and perceived...
Article
Full-text available
Systematic efforts have been carried out to study ageism against older populations. Less is known about ageism against younger populations, including how it is defined, how it manifests, its effects, and how it can be addressed. A scoping review was conducted aimed at identifying available evidence on these topics. A comprehensive search strategy w...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction The COVID-19 pandemic places older adults at increased risk for hospitalization and mortality. It also involves social isolation and negative effects of limited mental, social and physical activity. Holocaust survivors could be especially vulnerable to such effects due to their early life traumas. Previous research suggests that in tim...
Article
Objectives: This study set out to examine both the longitudinal association between tooth status and cognitive performance among older adults in Europe, and the mediating effects of loneliness and quality of life on this association. Methods: We conducted a prospective analysis using data from 38,614 participants aged 50 or older, taken from the...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Guided by the human-ecological model, we aimed to identify contextual factors related to protective behaviors during the COVID-19 outbreak. Method Data are based on a nationally representative survey of adults aged 50+ in Israel during the COVID-19 outbreak ( N = 1,019). Regression models predicted three behaviors: using hand sanitizers...
Article
Full-text available
While effective in reducing infections, social distancing during the COVID-19 outbreak may carry ill effects on the mental health of older adults. The present study explored the efficacy of a short-term digital group intervention aimed at providing seniors with the tools and skills necessary for improving their coping ability during these stressful...
Article
Full-text available
Relying on the age segregation theory (limited contact between the generations), this study examined the temporal associations between the age composition of one’s social ties and one’s self-perceptions of aging (SPA). Data came from the 2014 and 2017 waves of the German Ageing Survey (DEAS). Age composition of the network was assessed as the numbe...
Article
Full-text available
The way adults perceive their aging process is an important predictor of later life outcomes, including mental and physical health. Despite the importance of living a socially active life in old age, the inter-connections of individuals’ perceptions of aging with their social lives and behaviors are not well-understood. This symposium addresses que...
Article
Full-text available
Personal network overlap and joint social contact of spouses have positive implications for social support and marital quality. Although these collective aspects of marriage constitute a valuable resource for couples, the factors impacting them during the later stages of life are underexplored. When faced with critical role losses in later life one...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: Everyday information communication technologies (EICT), involving digital services, such as online-shopping, e-banking, and video calling, are perceived to be associated with youth and a modern lifestyle. On the other hand, older adults are often portrayed as technology-alienated, less willing and incapable of using EICT. The internaliz...
Article
Objectives The present study evaluated the reciprocal temporal associations between one’s subjective age (or felt age) and one’s social relations in the adult day care center (ADCC) over two waves of data collection, spread about 1 year apart. Method Participants from four ADCCs in Israel were approached in 2017 and repeatedly, in 2018 ( N = 224 i...
Article
Full-text available
Long term care settings in the times of the COVID-19: Challenges and future directions - Liat Ayalon, Anna Zisberg, Ella Cohn-Schwartz, Jiska Cohen-Mansfield, Silvia Perel-Levin, Elitzur Bar Asher-Sigal
Article
Objectives: Adults' perceptions of aging are known to affect their mental and physical health. However, not much is known about how perceptions of aging within the couple-unit affect each member of the unit. Therefore, the current study explores the effects of husbands' and wives' self-perceptions of aging (SPA) on each other's physical and mental...
Article
Full-text available
Holocaust survivors in Israel and abroad appear to be especially vulnerable to COVID-19 because of their early life history, advanced age, and associated health conditions. And although some survivors may experience retraumatization because of the pandemic, others appear to be especially resilient. We encourage a strength-based approach when workin...
Article
Full-text available
Using SHARE data, this study was based on an earlier analysis that derived social network types among adults aged 65 and over in Europe. The current effort investigated the transitions that occurred across these network types after 4 years (N = 13,767). Four general network transition patterns were identified according to network type (close-family...
Article
Full-text available
Digital technology holds a promise to improve older adults’ well-being and promote ageing in place. However, there seems to be a discrepancy between digital technologies that are developed and what older adults actually want and need. Ageing is stereotypically framed as a problem needed to be fixed, and older adults are considered to be frail and i...
Article
This study examined the influence of warfare exposure on older adults' cognitive functioning and explored the protective role of social connectedness. The study used cross-sectional data from the Israeli component of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE-Israel) collected in 2015. We focused on a composite scale of social con...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined changes in the social networks of older Europeans. It utilizes the framework of the socioemotional selectivity theory and the convoy model to explore the social networks’ changes over time, as well as the turnover of specific social network members. Furthermore, the study analyzed gender as a predictor of these transformations....
Article
Objective: The goal of the current study is to examine whether social connectedness among older adults mitigates the risk of poor health due to exposure to warfare and related symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Prior research has indicated a protective role for social connectedness in the face of trauma in general. However, this sam...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The current study examined the social networks of older adults as moderators of poor health due to traumatic events in the context of warfare. The study used data from the Israeli component of the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE, N = 1,623), collected in 2015. It employed a composite scale of social connectedness and inform...
Conference Paper
The literature presents two opposing explanations of the inter-relationship between informal and formal care. One claims that informal care provides the bulk of health care, leading to lower reliance on formal care. The other maintains that help given by the informal sector can enable formal care and result in higher use of formal health services (...
Article
Objectives: The current study set out to examine the links between contact frequency with one's social network and cognitive health in later life. It assessed both direct and indirect pathways and the possible role of ethnicity in the effect of the social network on cognitive function. Method: We used data from adults aged 50 and above, which was c...
Article
The Mothers Unit is a reunification and treatment programme in a welfare emergency centre in Israel. The unit is the only one in Israel offering joint residence for mothers at risk of abusing or neglecting their children. The unit provides an alternative to out-of-home care for young children suffering from maltreatment in order to enable them and...
Article
Objectives: The current study aimed to understand the reciprocal relationship between social networks and mental health in old age. It explored the dynamic aspects of that relationship and assessed the influence of social networks on mental health, as well as a concurrent influence of mental health on change in social connectedness. Method: The...
Article
Background This study examined internal changes in the personal social networks of older people and the relationship between these changes and mental health over time. It focused on two key aspects: emotional closeness and contact frequency with lost and newly added confidants. Methods The study was based on data from the fourth (2011) and sixth (...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study considered the relationship between social network and mental health among older Europeans. The data came from Waves 4 (2011) and 6 (2015) of the Survey of Health, Aging and Retirement in Europe (SHARE). The analytical sample numbered 26,238 respondents. Social network was measured as the degree of connectedness—an index composed of seve...
Article
Full-text available
What can facilitate at-risk children's involvement in treatment planning and assessment? We examine this question by investigating the perceptions, attitudes, and characteristics of Israeli social workers. We examine whether their seniority, views on the importance of children's participation, and their attitudes toward parents are related to their...
Article
Purpose of the study: The aim of the inquiry was to examine whether cognitively stimulating leisure activity (CSLA) can delay or reduce cognitive decline in late life and whether its effect is moderated by education, age, or activity pattern. Design and methods: Employing secondary analysis of data on respondents aged 65 and older from the 4th a...
Article
This study examined the correlates of religiosity among Jewish Israelis aged 50 and older. Based on the second wave of the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe, the findings show that almost half the Jewish respondents never pray and that, on average, prayer frequency is lower among Jewish Israelis than it is among most of their Europ...
Article
This study examined different components of personal social networks—structure, interaction, and quality—and the extent to which each is related to mental health among a 65+ sample (n = 26,784) taken from the fourth wave of the Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe. The first aim of the study was to determine which network components h...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (3)